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Review of Test Facilities for Distributed Energy Resources

Description: Since initiating research on integration of distributed energy resources (DER) in 1999, the Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions (CERTS) has been actively assessing and reviewing existing DER test facilities for possible demonstrations of advanced DER system integration concepts. This report is a compendium of information collected by the CERTS team on DER test facilities during this period.
Date: May 1, 2003
Creator: AKHIL,ABBAS ALI; MARNAY,CHRIS & KIPMAN,TIMOTHY
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Plastic Laminate Pulsed Power Development

Description: The desire to move high-energy Pulsed Power systems from the laboratory to practical field systems requires the development of compact lightweight drivers. This paper concerns an effort to develop such a system based on a plastic laminate strip Blumlein as the final pulseshaping stage for a 600 kV, 50ns, 5-ohm driver. A lifetime and breakdown study conducted with small-area samples identified Kapton sheet impregnated with Propylene Carbonate as the best material combination of those evaluated. The program has successfully demonstrated techniques for folding large area systems into compact geometry's and vacuum impregnating the laminate in the folded systems. The major operational challenges encountered revolve around edge grading and low inductance, low impedance switching. The design iterations and lessons learned are discussed. A multistage prototype testing program has demonstrated 600kV operation on a short 6ns line. Full-scale prototypes are currently undergoing development and testing.
Date: September 1, 2000
Creator: ALEXANDER,JEFF A.; SHOPE,STEVEN L.; PATE,RONALD C.; RINEHART,LARRY F.; JOJOLA,JOHN M.; RUEBUSH,MITCHELL H. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

ATLAS Inner Detector Event Data Model

Description: The data model for event reconstruction (EDM) in the Inner Detector of the ATLAS experiment is presented. Different data classes represent evolving stages in the reconstruction data flow, and specific derived classes exist for the sub-detectors. The Inner Detector EDM also extends the data model for common tracking in ATLAS and is integrated into the modular design of the ATLAS high-level trigger and off-line software.
Date: December 12, 2007
Creator: ATLAS; Akesson, F.; Costa, M.J.; Dobos, D.; Elsing, M.; Fleischmann, S. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

External-Fuel Thermionic Reactors

Description: The concept of the external-fuel thermionic converter, in which the fuel surrounds an inner emitter annulus, is introduced and the major advantages of its use in a thermionic reactor are discussed. In-core reactors, ranging from 15-ekW to megawatts, can be designed based on external-fuel converter modules of fixed emitter and collector dimensions. Sizes and weights of typical reactors in this power range are shown.
Date: May 1, 1968
Creator: Abbate, M. J.; Eisen, C. L.; Raab, B. & Schock, Alfred
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

DEVELOPMENT OF THE H1700 SHIPPING PACKAGE

Description: The H1700 Package is based on the DOE-EM Certified 9977 Packaging. The H1700 will be certified by the Packaging Certification Division of the National Nuclear Security Administration for the shipment of plutonium by air by the United Stated Military both within the United States and internationally. The H1700 is designed to ship radioactive contents in assemblies of Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators (RTGs) or arrangements of nested food-pack cans. The RTG containers are designed and tested to remain leaktight during transport, handling, and storage; however, their ability to remain leaktight during transport in the H1700 is not credited. This paper discusses the design and special operation of the H1700.
Date: June 5, 2009
Creator: Abramczyk, G.; Loftin, B. & Mann, P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bibliography for the Satellite Power System (SPS) Concept Development and Evaluation Program

Description: This bibliography encompasses systems definition and engineering aspects; environmental assessment of microwave health and ecology, risks to space workers and atmospheric effects; a societal assessment covering resource requirements (land and materials) international and institutional issues; and a comparative assessment of the SPS Reference System relative to other advanced energy technologies, such as fusion. (MHR)
Date: April 1, 1981
Creator: Abromavage, M.; Calzadilla, R. & Murray, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

SNAP re-entry orbit; comments on the atmospheric entry and discussion of a proposed test

Description: In order to evaluate entry into the atmosphere of an oblate (equatorial bulge) earth a standard atmosphere was used in conjunction with the standard rotating oblate spheroid. The density variation encountered in any one polar orbit around the earth will vary by about a factor of ten, due to oblateness. Therefore, the important effects on the re-entry trajectory are atmospheric density and oblateness of the earth. The SNAP configuration burn up characteristics will differ considerably between the steep (6/sup 0/) entry of the NASA Scout test and the orbital decay trajectory. However, the test can verify heat transfer rates on the actual configuration, and by proper calculation of material response, the actual decay breakup prediction can be improved.
Date: August 3, 1962
Creator: Ackermann, W.O.; Arthur, P.D. & Nelson, D.K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Redefining design criteria for Pu-238 gloveboxes

Description: Enclosures for confinement of special nuclear materials (SNM) have evolved into the design of gloveboxes. During the early stages of glovebox technology, established practices and process operation requirements defined design criteria. Proven boxes that performed and met or exceeded process requirements in one group or area, often could not be duplicated in other areas or processes, and till achieve the same success. Changes in materials, fabrication and installation methods often only met immediate design criteria. Standardization of design criteria took a big step during creation of ``Special-Nuclear Materials R and D Laboratory Project, Glovebox standards``. The standards defined design criteria for every type of process equipment in its most general form. Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) then and now has had great success with Pu-238 processing. However with ever changing Environment Safety and Health (ES and H) requirements and Ta-55 Facility Configuration Management, current design criteria are forced to explore alternative methods of glovebox design fabrication and installation. Pu-238 fuel processing operations in the Power Source Technologies Group have pushed the limitations of current design criteria. More than half of Pu-238 gloveboxes are being retrofitted or replaced to perform the specific fuel process operations. Pu-238 glovebox design criteria are headed toward process designed single use glovebox and supporting line gloveboxes. Gloveboxes that will house equipment and processes will support TA-55 Pu-238 fuel processing needs into the next century and extend glovebox expected design life.
Date: December 31, 1998
Creator: Acosta, S.V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preparation and characterization of radioactive samples for various areas of research

Description: Over the past few years, many techniques have been applied by IRML to prepare radioisotope targets and related research materials from actinide and other radioisotopes. Many of these samples were prepared by ceramic technology--an R and D program extending over the past three years. Standard vapor deposition methods have been used to prepare hundreds of fission chamber and other planar samples used in determining cross sections. Refined methods of characterization of all samples have been applied to assure definition of contents to as low as +-0.5% in some cases. Tritium-containing target preparation in support of high yield neutron generators (10/sup 12/ to 10/sup 13/ n/s) has been a continuing development effort both in manufacturing technology and in measurement of tritium content. Of all, however, the largest effort has been development and characterization of neutron dosimetry materials and samples useful for measurement of energy and fluence in reactor core and reflector regions. These dosimeter samples are available for monitoring LWR, CTR, and fast reactor systems.
Date: January 1, 1978
Creator: Adair, H.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Performance of CVR coatings for PBR fuels

Description: As part of the component development process for the particle bed reactor (PBR), it is necessary to develop coatings for fuel particles which will be time and temperature stable. These coatings must not only protect the particle from attack by the hydrogen coolant, but must also help to maintain the bed in a coolable geometry and mitigate against fission product release. In order to develop these advanced coatings, a process to produce chemical vapor reaction (CVR) coatings on fuel for PBRs has been developed. The initial screening tests for these coatings consisted of testing in flowing hot hydrogen at one atmosphere. Surrogate fuel particles consisting of pyrolytic graphite coated graphite particles have been heated in flowing hydrogen at constant temperature. The carbon loss from these particles was measured as a function of time. Exposure temperatures ranging from 2,500 to 3,000 K were used and samples were exposed for up to 14 minutes in a cyclical fashion, cooling to room temperature between exposures. The rate of weight loss measured as a function of time is compared to that from other tests of coated materials under similar conditions. Microscopic examination of the coatings before and after exposure was also conducted and these results are presented.
Date: December 31, 1993
Creator: Adams, J. W.; Barletta, R. E.; Svandrlik, J. & Vanier, P. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Procurement of a fully licensed radioisotope thermoelectric generator transportation system

Description: A fully licensed transportation system for Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators and Light-Weight Radioisotope Heater Units is currently being designed and built. The system will comply with all applicable US Department of Transportation regulations without the use of a DOE Alternative.'' The US Department of Transportation has special double containment'' requirements for plutonium. The system packaging uses a doubly contained bell jar'' concept. A refrigerated trailer is used for cooling the high-heat payloads. The same packaging is used for both high- and low-heat payloads. The system is scheduled to be available for use by mid-1992. 4 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.
Date: October 1, 1990
Creator: Adkins, H.E. & Bearden, T.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Linear induction acclerators for industrial applications

Description: In this paper, we will briefly discuss the principles of the induction accelerator and will describe our development program. The goals of our program are to improve system reliability and to reduce system cost. An accelerator presently under construction which embodies a number of industrial improvements will be described. Unique features are a low cost accelerator design, and an SCR switched, tubeless pulsed power system. 3 refs., 4 figs.
Date: January 1, 1988
Creator: Adler, R.J. & Bayless, J.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

1992 Resource Program, 10 Year Plan : Draft II.

Description: The Resource Program is the Bonneville Power Administration's primary process for deciding how to meet future electricity resource needs, how much new resources to develop, which types of resources to acquire or option and how to go about acquiring them, and how much BPA will have to spend for these resources. Recognizing that BPA must make a long-term commitment to acquiring conservation effectively, the 1992 Resource Program outlines a 10-year plan. Draft 2 of the 1992 Resource Program provides a framework for discussing the funding levels proposed in the Programs in Perspective (PIP) process. Previous final resource programs have been released prior to the PIP process. This version of the Resource Program recognizes that the PIP discussions are an integral part of the resource decision-making process and, therefore, it will be finalized after PIP.
Date: May 1, 1992
Creator: Administration., United States. Bonneville Power
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department