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High-temperature treatment of In-doped CZT crystals grown by the high-pressure Bridgman method

Description: We evaluated the effect of high-temperature treatment of Cd0.9Zn0.1Te:In single crystals using Hall-effect measurements, medium- and high-temperature annealing under various deviations from stoichiometry, and infra-red (IR) transmission microscopy Annealing at ~730 K sharply increased the electrical conductivity (by ~1-2 orders-of-magnitude). Plots of the temperature- and cadmium-pressure dependences of the electrical conductivity, carrier concentration, and mobility were obtained. Treating previously annealed Cd-samples under a Te overpressure at 1070 K allowed us to restore their resistance to its initial high values. The main difference in comparing this material with CdTe was its lowered electron density. We explained our results within the framework of Kröger’s theory of quasi-chemical reactions between point defects in solids.
Date: August 12, 2012
Creator: A., Bolotnikov; Fochuk, P.; Nakonechnyi, I.; Kopach, O.; Verzhak, Ye.; Panchuk, O. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Damage Accumulation in MgAl{sub 2}O{sub 4} and Yttria-Stabilized ZrO{sub 2} by Xe-Ion Irradiation

Description: Magnesium-aluminate spinel (MAS) and yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) are being considered for use as ceramic matrices in proliferation resistant fuels and radioactive storage systems, and may be used either as individual entities or as constituents in multicomponent ceramic systems. It is worthwhile, therefore, to compare radiation damage in these two potentially important materials when subjected to similar irradiation conditions, e.g., ion beam irradiation. To compare radiation damage properties of these two materials, single crystals of spinel and zirconia were irradiated with 340 keV Xe{sup ++} ions at 120 K, and subsequently investigated by Rutherford backscattering and ion channeling (RBS/C), and optical absorption spectroscopy. Results indicate that damage accumulation in both spinel and zirconia follow a three stage process: (1) very slow damage accumulation over a wide range of dose; (2) rapid changes in damage over a range of doses from about 0.25 to 25 displacements per atom (DPA); (3) slower damage accumulation at very high doses and possibly saturation. Optical absorption results indicate that F-centers form in Xe ion-irradiated spinel and that the concentration of these centers saturates at high dose. Absorption bands are also formed in both spinel and zirconia that are due to point defect complexes formed upon irradiation. These bands increase in intensity with increasing Xe dose, and, in the case of zirconia, without saturation. Finally the rate of change in intensity of these bands with increasing Xe dose, mimic the changes in damage observed by RBS/C with increasing dose.
Date: April 25, 1999
Creator: Afanasyev-Charkin, I.V.; Gritsyna, V.T.; Cooke, D.W.; Bennett, B.L. & Sickafus, K.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Understanding the role of defect production in radiation embrittlement of reactor pressure vessels.

Description: Comparative experiments using high energy (10 MeV) electrons and test reactor neutrons have been undertaken to understand the role that primary damage state has on hardening (embrittlement) induced by irradiation at 300 C. Electrons produce displacement damage primarily by low energy atomic recoils, while fast neutrons produce displacements from considerably higher energy recoils. Comparison of changes resulting from neutron irradiation, in which nascent point defect clusters can form in dense cascades, with electron irradiation, where cascade formation is minimized, can provide insight into the role that the in-cascade point defect clusters have on the mechanisms of embrittlement. Tensile property changes induced by 10 MeV electrons or test reactor neutron irradiations of unalloyed iron and an Fe-0.9 wt.% Cu-1.0 wt.% Mn alloy were examined in the damage range of 9.0 x 10{sup {minus}5} dpa to 1.5 x 10{sup {minus}2} dpa. The results to date showed the ternary alloy experienced substantially greater embrittlement in both the electron and neutron irradiated samples relative to unalloyed iron. Surprisingly, despite their disparate nature of defect production, similar embrittlement trends with increasing radiation damage were observed for electrons and neutrons in both the ternary and unalloyed iron.
Date: August 4, 1999
Creator: Alexander, D. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Modeling the effect of irradiation and post-irradiation annealing on grain boundary composition in austenitic Fe-Cr-Ni alloys.

Description: Many irradiation effects in Fe-Cr-Ni alloys such as radiation-induced segregation, radiation-enhanced diffusion, and void swelling are known to vary with bulk alloy composition. The development of microstructural and microchemical changes during irradiation and during post-irradiation annealing is determined by the rate of diffusion of point defects and alloying elements. To accurately predict the changes in grain boundary chemistry due to radiation-induced segregation and post-irradiation annealing, the composition dependence of diffusion parameters, such as the migration energy, must be known. A model has been developed which calculates migration diffusivity. The advantages of this calculational method are that a single set of input parameters can be used for a wide range of bulk alloy compositions, and the effects of local order can easily be incorporated into the calculations. A description of the model is presented, and model calculations are compared to segregation measurements from seven different iron-chromium-nickel alloys, irradiated with protons to doses from 0.1 to 3.0 dpa at temperatures between 200 C and 600 C. Results show that segregation trends can be modeled using a single set of input parameters with the difference between model calculation and measurement being less than 5 at%, but usually less than 2 at%. Additionally, model predictions are compared to grain boundary composition measurements of neutron irradiated 304 stainless steel following annealing. For the limited annealing data available, model calculations correctly predict the magnitude and time scale for recovery of the grain boundary composition.
Date: March 5, 1998
Creator: Allen, T.; Busby, J. T.; Kenik, E. A. & Was, G. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Applications of nuclear reaction analysis for determining hydrogen and deuterium distribution in metals

Description: The use of ion beams for materials analysis has made a successful transition from the domain of the particle physicist to that of the materials scientist. The subcategory of this field, nuclear reaction analysis, is just now undergoing the transition, particularly in applications to hydrogen in materials. The materials scientist must locate the nearest accelerator, because now he will find that using it can solve mysteries that do not yield to other techniques. 9 figures
Date: January 1, 1981
Creator: Altstetter, C.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Impact of defects on the electrical transport, optical properties and failure mechanisms of GaN nanowires.

Description: We present the results of a three year LDRD project that focused on understanding the impact of defects on the electrical, optical and thermal properties of GaN-based nanowires (NWs). We describe the development and application of a host of experimental techniques to quantify and understand the physics of defects and thermal transport in GaN NWs. We also present the development of analytical models and computational studies of thermal conductivity in GaN NWs. Finally, we present an atomistic model for GaN NW electrical breakdown supported with experimental evidence. GaN-based nanowires are attractive for applications requiring compact, high-current density devices such as ultraviolet laser arrays. Understanding GaN nanowire failure at high-current density is crucial to developing nanowire (NW) devices. Nanowire device failure is likely more complex than thin film due to the prominence of surface effects and enhanced interaction among point defects. Understanding the impact of surfaces and point defects on nanowire thermal and electrical transport is the first step toward rational control and mitigation of device failure mechanisms. However, investigating defects in GaN NWs is extremely challenging because conventional defect spectroscopy techniques are unsuitable for wide-bandgap nanostructures. To understand NW breakdown, the influence of pre-existing and emergent defects during high current stress on NW properties will be investigated. Acute sensitivity of NW thermal conductivity to point-defect density is expected due to the lack of threading dislocation (TD) gettering sites, and enhanced phonon-surface scattering further inhibits thermal transport. Excess defect creation during Joule heating could further degrade thermal conductivity, producing a viscous cycle culminating in catastrophic breakdown. To investigate these issues, a unique combination of electron microscopy, scanning luminescence and photoconductivity implemented at the nanoscale will be used in concert with sophisticated molecular-dynamics calculations of surface and defect-mediated NW thermal transport. This proposal seeks to elucidate long standing material science questions for ...
Date: September 1, 2010
Creator: Armstrong, Andrew M.; Aubry, Sylvie; Shaner, Eric Arthur; Siegal, Michael P.; Li, Qiming; Jones, Reese E. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Characterization of defects in Si and SiO{sub 2}-Si using positrons

Description: Positron annihilation spectroscopy of overlayers, interfaces, and buried regions of semiconductors has seen a rapid growth in recent years. The characteristics of the annihilation gamma rays depend strongly on the local environment of the annihilation sites, and can be used to probe defect concentrations in a range inaccessible to conventional defect probes. Some of the recent success of the technique in examining low concentrations of point defects in technologically important Si-based structures is discussed.
Date: December 31, 1993
Creator: Asoka-Kumar, P. & Lynn, K. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Twist map, the extended Frenkel-Kontorova model and the devil's staircase

Description: Exact results obtained on the discrete Frenkel Kontorova (FK) model and its extensions during the past few years are reviewed. These models are associated with area preserving twist maps of the cylinder (or a part of it) onto itself. The theorems obtained for the FK model thus yields new theorems for the twist maps. The exact structure of the ground-states which are either commensurate or incommensurate and assert the existence of elementary discommensurations under certain necessary and sufficient conditions is described. Necessary conditions for the trajectories to represent metastable configurations, which can be chaotic, are given. The existence of a finite Peierl Nabarro barrier for elementary discommensurations is connected with a property of non-integrability of the twist map. The existence of KAM tori corresponds to undefectible incommensurate ground-states and a theorem is given which asserts that when the phenon spectrum of an incommensurate ground-state exhibits a finite gap, then the corresponding trajectory is dense on a Cantor set with zero measure length. These theorems, when applied to the initial FK model, allows one to prove the existence of the transition by breaking of analyticity for the incommensurate structures when the parameter which describes the discrepancy of the model to the integrable limit varies. Finally, we describe a theorem proving the existence of a devil's staircase for the variation curve of the atomic mean distance versus a chemical potential, for certain properties of the twist map which are generally satisfied.
Date: January 1, 1982
Creator: Aubry, S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ion-irradiation studies of cascade damage in metals

Description: Ion-irradiation studies of the fundamental aspects of cascade damage in metals are reviewed. The emphasis of these studies has been the determination of the primary state of damage (i.e. the arrangement of atoms in the cascade region prior to thermal migration of defects). Progress has been made towards understanding the damage function (i.e. the number of Frenkel pairs produced as a function of primary recoil atom energy), the spatial configuration of vacancies and interstitials in the cascade and the cascade-induced mixing of atoms. It is concluded for these studies that the agitation of the lattice in the vicinity of energetic displacement cascades stimulates the defect motion and that such thermal spike motion induces recombination and clustering of Frenkel defects. 9 figures.
Date: March 1, 1982
Creator: Averback, R.S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Diffuse x-ray scattering studies of n and e/sup -/-irradiated Ni and dilute Ni alloys

Description: Pure Ni and dilute NiSi and NiGe alloys were irradiated at 6 K with either fast neutrons or 3 MeV electrons. The resulting defect structures were studied using diffuse x-ray scattering methods after different annealing treatments. For both types of irradiation of pure Ni, large interstitial and vacancy dislocation loops developed on annealing. In contrast, interstitial agglomerates in a NiSi/sub .01/ alloy contained no more than approx. =10 interstitials, and few vacancy loops were observed. Complete recovery was observed at lower temperatures in the alloy. Similar results were found for NiGe/sub .01/, although larger interstitial clusters were observed. The results are discussed within the model for the trapping reactions developed previously to explain the results of e/sup -/ irradiation of these same alloys.
Date: August 1, 1986
Creator: Averback, R.S. & Ehrhart, P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Combinatorial Approach to Determine Mechanisms of Atmospheric Copper Sulfidation

Description: Parallel microscopic experimentation (the combinatorial approach often used in solid-state science) was applied to characterize atmospheric copper corrosion behavior. Specifically, this technique permitted relative sulfidation rates to be determined for copper containing different levels of point defects and impurities (In, Al, O, and D). Corrosion studies are inherently difficult because of complex interactions between material interfaces and the environment. The combinatorial approach was demonstrated using micron-scale Cu lines that were exposed to a humid air environment containing sub-ppm levels of H{sub 2}S. The relative rate of Cu{sub 2}S growth was determined by measuring the change in resistance of the line. The data suggest that vacancy trapping by In and Al impurities slow the sulfidation rate. Increased sulfidation rates were found for samples containing excess point defects or deuterium. Furthermore, the sulfidation rate of 14 {micro}m wide Cu lines was increased above that for planar films.
Date: October 7, 1999
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Determination of vacancy mechanism for grain boundary self-diffusion by computer simulation

Description: It is currently well established that the fast self-diffusion which occurs along grain boundaries (GBs) in metals must occur by a point defect exchange mechanism. For example, it is known that rapid GB diffusion can transport a net current of atoms along GBs during both sintering and diffusional creep, and that the two species in a binary substitutional alloy diffuse at different rates in GBs. However, it has not been possible to establish firmly whether the defect mechanism involves the exchange of atoms with vacancy or interstitial point defects. It has been suspected that the vacancy exchange mechanism must apply but it has been difficult to prove this hypothesis because of a lack of detailed information at the atomistic level. The results are presented of an effort to establish the GB self-diffusion mechanism in a bcc iron ..sigma.. = 5 (36.9/sup 0/) (001) (310) tilt boundary using the combined methods of computer molecular statics and molecular dynamics simulation.
Date: June 1, 1981
Creator: Balluffi, R. W.; Kwok, T.; Bristowe, P. D.; Brokman, A.; Ho, P. S. & Yip, S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

High angle grain boundaries as sources or sinks for point defects

Description: A secondary grain boundary dislocation climb model for high angle grain boundaries as sources/sinks for point defects is described in the light of recent advances in our knowledge of grain boundary structure. Experimental results are reviewed and are then compared with the expected behavior of the proposed model. Reasonably good consistency is found at the level of our present understanding of the subject. However, several gaps in our present knowledge still exist, and these are identified and discussed briefly.
Date: September 1, 1979
Creator: Balluffi, R.W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Kinetic processes at grain boundaries. Progress report, 15 August 1979-14 August 1980

Description: A broad investigation was made of kinetic processes at grain boundaries and the relationship between these kinetic processes and the boundary structure. The approach was both experimental and theoretical. Extensive use was made of high resolution experimental methods of investigating grain boundaries in specimens containing boundaries of controlled geometry. Computer simulation was also employed. Elements of the following projects were completed: a study of intrinsic and extrinsic secondary grain boundary dislocation structure in (001) high angle twist boundaries in MgO; a study of grain boundary dislocations in plane matching grain boundaries; an analysis and review of high angle grain boundaries as sources or sinks for point defects; an analysis and review of grain boundary structure in metals and ceramic oxides; and simulation of the structure of vacancies in high angle grain boundaries. Progress was made: in the development of a model for diffusion induced grain boundary migration; and the determination of the mechanism for grain boundary diffusion in metals.
Date: May 1, 1980
Creator: Balluffi, R.W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Defects in metal crystals. Progress report, May 1, 1973--April 30, 1974

Description: Progress was made in the following areas: FIM (field ion microscopy) studies of defects in W irradiated with W ions or electrons; FIM studies of Au irradiated with Au or Xe ions; FIM and electrical resistivity study of vacancy defects in quenched W; FIM studies of dilute Pt alloys; measurement of the range of focused replacement sequences in Au; investigation of grain boundary strtucture (using Au); FIM observation of dissociated screw dislocations in Mo; calculation of properties of point defects in metals; and atom probe FIM. (auth)
Date: January 1, 1974
Creator: Balluffi, R.W. & Seidman, D.N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Annihilation momentum density of positrons trapped at vacancy-type defects in metals and alloys

Description: Positron annihilation, especially the angular correlation of annihilation radiation, is a powerful tool for investigating the electronic spectra of ordered as well as defected materials. The tendency of positrons to trap at vacancy-type defects should enable this technique to study the local environment of such defects. However, we need to develop a theoretical basis for calculating the two-photon annihilation momentum density rho/sub 2gamma/(p-vector). We have recently formulated and implemented a theory of rho/sub 2gamma/(p-vector) from vacancy-type defects in metals and alloys. This article gives an outline of our approach together with a few of our results. Section 2 summarizes the basic equations for evaluating rho/sub 2gamma/(p-vector). Our Green's function-based approach is nonperturbative and employs a realistic (one-particle) muffin-tin Hamiltonian for treating electrons and positrons. Section 3 presents and discusses rho/sub 2gamma/(p-vector) results for a mono-vacancy in Cu. We have neglected the effects of electron-positron correlations and of lattice distortion around the vacancy. Section 4 comments briefly on the question of treating defects such as divacancies and metal-impurity complexes in metals and alloys. Finally, in Section 5, we remark on the form of rho/sub 2gamma/(p-vector) for a mono-vacancy in jellium. 2 figs.
Date: January 1, 1988
Creator: Bansil, A.; Prasad, R. & Benedek, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Positron-annihilation 2D-ACAR studies of disordered and defected alloys

Description: Theoretical and experimental progess in connection with 2D-ACAR positron annihilation studies of ordered, disordered, and defected alloys is discussed. We present, in particular, some of the recent developments concerning the electronic structure of disordered alloys, and the work in the area of annihilation from positrons trapped at vacancy-type defects in metals and alloys. The electronic structure and properties of a number of compounds are also discussed briefly; we comment specifically on high T/sub c/ ceramic superconductors, Heusler alloys, and transition-metal aluminides. 58 refs., 116 figs.
Date: September 1, 1987
Creator: Bansil, A.; Prasad, R.; Smedskjaer, L.C.; Benedek, R. & Mijnarends, P.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Corrosion Behavior of Plasma-Passivated Cu

Description: A new approach is being pursued to study corrosion in Cu alloy systems by using combinatorial analysis combined with microscopic experimentation (the Combinatorial Microlab) to determine mechanisms for copper corrosion in air. Corrosion studies are inherently difficult because of complex interactions between materials and environment, forming a multidimensional phase space of corrosion variables. The Combinatorial Microlab was specifically developed to address the mechanism of Cu sulfidation, which is an important reliability issue for electronic components. This approach differs from convention by focusing on microscopic length scales, the relevant scale for corrosion. During accelerated aging, copper is exposed to a variety of corrosive environments containing sulfidizing species that cause corrosion. A matrix experiment was done to determine independent and synergistic effects of initial Cu oxide thickness and point defect density. The CuO{sub x} was controlled by oxidizing Cu in an electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) O{sub 2} plasma, and the point defect density was modified by Cu ion irradiation. The matrix was exposed to 600 ppb H{sub 2}S in 65% relative humidity air atmosphere. This combination revealed the importance of oxide quality in passivating Cu and prevention of the sulfidizing reaction. A native oxide and a defect-laden ECR oxide both react at 20 C to form a thick Cu{sub 2}S layer after exposure to H{sub 2}S, while different thicknesses of as-grown ECR oxide stop the formation of Cu{sub 2}S. The species present in the ECR oxide will be compared to that of an air oxide, and the sulfide layer growth rate will be presented.
Date: July 9, 1999
Creator: Barbour, J.C.; Braithwaite, J.W.; Son, K.A.; Sullivan, J.P.; Missert, N, & Sorensen, N.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Point-detect production and migration in plutonium metal at ambient conditions

Description: Modeling thermodynamics and defect production in plutonium (Pu) metal and its alloys, has proven to be singularly difficult. The multiplicity of phases and the small changes in temperature, pressure, and/or stress that can induce phase changes lie at the heart of this difficulty, In terms of radiation damage, Pu metal represents a unique situation because of the large volume changes that accompany the phase changes. The most workable form of the metal is the fcc (6.) phase, which in practice the 6 phase is stabilized by addition of alloying elements such as Ga or AI. The thermodynamically stable phase at ambient conditions is the between monoclinic (a-) phase, which, however, is approximately 20 % lower in volume than the 6 phase. In stabilized Pu metal, there is an interplay between the natural swelling tendencies of fcc metals and the volume-contraction tendency of the underlying phase transformation to the thermodynamically stable phase. This study explores the point defect production and migration properties that are necessary to eventually model the long-term outcome of this interplay.
Date: January 1, 2001
Creator: Baskes, M. I. (Michael I.); Stan, M. (Marius); Sickafus, K. (Kurt E.) & Valone, S. M. (Steven M.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electron beam induced oxygen in YBa sub 2 Cu sub 3 O sub 7-x superconductors

Description: Thin foils of bulk YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7-x} (YBCO) superconductors were subjected to electron irradiation in a Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM). The resulting disordering of the oxygen atoms and vacancies in the Cu-O planes was monitored by measuring the splitting of the (110) diffraction spots in the (001) diffraction pattern. Samples were irradiated at 83K with 100, 150, 200 and 300kV electrons. The 100kV electrons did not cause any disordering, even after prolonged irradiation. The results of the higher energy irradiations showed an excellent fit to a disordering model, indicating a lack of radiation assisted ordering at 83K. This was further confirmed by the insensitivity of the disordering to the dose rate of 300kV electrons at 83K. However, at 300K, an increase in the dose rate of 300kV electrons increased the disordering rate, indicating that radiation assisted reordering was occurring at that temperature. 7 refs., 4 figs.
Date: January 1, 1989
Creator: Basu, S.N.; Roy, T.; Mitchell, T.E. & Nastasi, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Properties of single crystal beta''-aluminas

Description: Large single crystals of sodium beta''-alumina were grown by slow evaporation of Na/sub 2/O at 1690/sup 0/C from a mixture of Na/sub 2/CO/sub 3/, MgO, and Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/. Polarized Raman measurements were made on the Na ..beta..'' single crystals and on single crystals of Li, K, Rb, and Ag ..beta..'' prepared by ion exchange of Na ..beta..''. The low frequency Raman spectra of Na, K, Rb, and Ag ..beta..'' contained four or more bands due to vibrations of the mobile cations. These results were analyzed by assuming the spectra to be due to the normal modes of a defect cluster consisting of a cation vacancy surrounded by three cations. From model calculations, the Raman band of Na ..beta..'' at 33 cm/sup -1/ is assigned to the attempt mode for diffusion of Na/sup +/ ions. The structure of a Ag ..beta..'' single crystal was investigated by neutron diffraction, and 20% of the Ag /sup +/ ion sites were found to be vacant.
Date: January 1, 1979
Creator: Bates, J.B.; Brown, G.M.; Kaneda, T.; Brundage, W.E.; Wang, J.C. & Engstrom, H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Point Defect Incorporation During Diamond Chemical Vapor Deposition

Description: The incorporation of vacancies, H atoms, and sp{sup 2} bond defects into single-crystal homoepitaxial (100)(2x1)- and(111)-oriented CVD diamond was simulated by atomic-scale kinetic Monte Carlo. Simulations were performed for substrate temperatures from 600 C to 1200 C with 0.4% CH{sub 4} in the feed gas, and for 0.4% to 7% CH{sub 4} feeds with a substrate temperature of 800 C. The concentrations of incorporated H atoms increase with increasing substrate temperature and feed gas composition, and sp{sup 2} bond trapping increases with increasing feed gas composition. Vacancy concentrations are low under all conditions. The ratio of growth rate to H atom concentration is highest around 800-900 C, and the growth rate to sp{sup 2} ratio is maximum around 1% CH{sub 4}, suggesting that these conditions are ideal for economical diamond growth under the simulated conditions.
Date: August 2, 1999
Creator: Battaile, C.C.; Srolovitz, D.J. & Butler, J.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Vacancy behavior in a compressed fcc Lennard-Jones crystal

Description: This computer experiment study concerns the determination of the stable vacancy configuration in a compressed fcc Lennard-Jones crystal and the migration of this defect in a compressed crystal. Isotropic and uniaxial compression stress conditions were studied. The isotropic and uniaxial compression magnitudes employed were 0.94 less than or equal to eta less than or equal to 1.5, and 1.0 less than or equal to eta less than or equal to 1.5, respectively. The site-centered vacancy (SCV) was the stable vacancy configuration whenever cubic symmetry was present. This includes all of the isotropic compression cases and the particular uniaxial compression case (eta = ..sqrt..2) that give a bcc structure. In addition, the SCV was the stable configuration for uniaxial compression eta < 1.29. The out-of-plane split vacancy (SV-OP) was the stable vacancy configuration for uniaxial compression 1.29 < eta less than or equal to 1.5 and was the saddle-point configuration for SCV migration when the SCV was the stable form. For eta > 1.20, the SV-OP is an extended defect and, therefore, a saddle point for SV-OP migration could not be determined. The mechanism for the transformation from the SCV to the SV-OP as the stable form at eta = 1.29 appears to be an alternating sign (101) and/or (011) shear process.
Date: December 1, 1981
Creator: Beeler, J.R. Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department