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Story of Surung Thuku recited by Abida

Description: Recording of Abida reciting “Surung Thuku” in the Nagar dialect of Burushaski. This popular story is told to kids. A man named Surung Thuku is taken captive by an evil grandmother who wishes to eat him, but he tricks her into eating her granddaughter instead, and escapes
Date: July 28, 2010
Creator: Abida
Partner: UNT College of Information

TOTAL RADIATION-INDUCED GENETIC DAMAGE IN ENTIRE GENOMES OF DROSOPHILA MELANOGASTER. Technical Progress Report.

Description: Drosophila melanogaster adults are irradiated and then mated to flies containing genetic markers and/or crossover suppressors in all chromosomes. Appropriate genetic schemes are followed to obtain balanced stocks of entire treated genomes. Each chromosome of each genome is observed for visibles, lethals, detrimentals and sterility factors. Tests are made for translocations involving any combination of chromosomes. All chromosomes of each genome are examined cytologically for possible deficiencies, inversions, transpositions, etc. and to determine the break points of the translocations. It is believed that a study such as this will give us a far better idea of the overall magnitude of radiation-induced genetic damage and a better insight into the nature of this damage, expecially the inter­-relationships between the different kinds of genetic alterations, than has heretofore been possible with studies of selected types of damage in selected chromosomes or loci.
Date: July 28, 1968
Creator: Abrahamson, Seymour
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Focused Ion Beam Induced Effects on MOS Transistor Parameters

Description: We report on recent studies of the effects of 50 keV focused ion beam (FIB) exposure on MOS transistors. We demonstrate that the changes in value of transistor parameters (such as threshold voltage, V{sub t}) are essentially the same for exposure to a Ga+ ion beam at 30 and 50 keV under the same exposure conditions. We characterize the effects of FIB exposure on test transistors fabricated in both 0.5 {micro}m and 0.225 {micro}m technologies from two different vendors. We report on the effectiveness of overlying metal layers in screening MOS transistors from FIB-induced damage and examine the importance of ion dose rate and the physical dimensions of the exposed area.
Date: July 28, 1999
Creator: Abramo, Marsha T.; Antoniou, Nicholas; Campbell, Ann N.; Fleetwood, Daniel M.; Hembree, Charles E.; Jessing, Jeffrey R. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

B, D, F, DR, H reactor new aluminum HCR concept: Temperature study

Description: The horizontal control rods presently installed in the older Hanford Reactors have inadequate heat transfer characteristics for present and predicted future operation of the reactors. Continued graphite stack distortion, coupled with higher graphite temperatures, has resulted in ECR failure during reactor operation, such as swelling of the outer aluminum sheaths to the extent that rod movement in the graphite channel is severely restricted. Continued graphite stack distortion will tend to further aggravate the problem of rod operation. A new HCR design concept,was developed by P. H. Hutton of Reactor Design, IPD, to alleviate some of the pressing operational problems. Prior to the acceptance of such a design, the important rod operating parameters should be known to some degree of accuracy. This study was conducted to detexmine, by calculational methods, the temperature distributions that could be expected to occur in such an HCR when used at the present operating power levels and at 120% of the present power levels.
Date: July 28, 1964
Creator: Agar, J. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Level densities and gamma-ray strength functions in 170,171,172-Yb

Description: Level densities and radiative strength functions in {sup 171}Yb and {sup 170}Yb nuclei have been measured using the {sup 171}Yb({sup 3}He{sup 3}He{gamma}){sup 171}Yb and {sup 171}Yb({sup 3}He,{alpha}{gamma}){sup 170}Yb reactions. New data on {sup 171}Yb are compared to a previous measurement for {sup 171}Yb from the {sup 172}Yb({sup 3}He,{alpha}{gamma}){sup 171}Yb reaction. Systematics of level densities and radiative strength functions in {sup 170,171,172}Yb are established. The entropy excess in {sup 171}Yb relative to the even-even nuclei {sup 170,172}Yb due to the unpaired neutron quasiparticle is found to be approximately 2k{sub B}. Results for the radiative strength function from the two reactions lead to consistent parameters characterizing the ''pygmy'' resonances. Pygmy resonances in the {sup 170,172}Yb populated by the ({sup 3}He,{alpha}) reaction appear to be split into two components for both of which a complete set of resonance parameters are obtained.
Date: July 28, 2004
Creator: Agvaanluvsan, U; Schiller, A; Becker, J; Bernstein, L; Garrett, P; Guttormsen, M et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Subsurface Flow and Contaminant Transport Documentation and User's Guide

Description: This report documents a finite element code designed to model subsurface flow and contaminant transport, named FACT. FACT is a transient three-dimensional, finite element code designed to simulate isothermal groundwater flow, moisture movement, and solute transport in variably saturated and fully saturated subsurface porous media. The code is designed specifically to handle complex multi-layer and/or heterogeneous aquifer systems in an efficient manner and accommodates a wide range of boundary conditions. Additionally, 1-D and 2-D (in Cartesian coordinates) problems are handled in FACT by simply limiting the number of elements in a particular direction(s) to one. The governing equations in FACT are formulated only in Cartesian coordinates.
Date: July 28, 1999
Creator: Aleman, S.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Plasma electrode pockels cell for the National Ignition Facility

Description: The National Ignition Facility (NIF), now under construction at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, will be the largest laser fusion facility ever built. The NIF laser architecture is based on a multi-pass power amplifier to reduce cost and maximize performance. A key component in this laser design is an optical switch that closes to trap the optical pulse in the cavity for four gain passes and then opens to divert the optical pulse out of the amplifier cavity. The switch is comprised of a Pockels cell and a polarizer and is unique because it handles a beam that is 40 cm x 40 cm square and allows close horizontal and vertical beam spacing. Conventional Pockels cells do not scale to such large apertures or the square shape required for close packing. Our switch is based on a Plasma-Electrode Pockels Cell (PEPC). In a PEPC, low-pressure helium discharges (1-2 kA) are formed on both sides of a thin slab of electro-optic material. Typically, we use KH{sub 2}PO{sub 4 } crystals (KDP). The discharges form highly conductive, transparent sheets that allow uniform application of a high-voltage pulse (17 kV) across the crystal. A 37 cm x 37 cm PEPC has been in routine operation for two years on the 6 k.J Beamlet laser at LLNL. For the NIF, a module four apertures high by one wide (4x1) is required. However, this 4x1 mechanical module will be comprised electrically of a pair of 2x1 sub-modules. Last year (FY 97), we demonstrated full operation of a prototype 2x1 PEPC. In this PEPC, the plasma spans two KDP crystals. A major advance in the 2x1 PEPC over the Beamlet PEPC is the use of anodized aluminum construction that still provides sufficient insulation to allow formation of the planar plasmas.
Date: July 28, 1998
Creator: Alger, T.; Biltoft, P.; Boley, C. D.; Fochs, S.; Funkhouser, B. & Rhodes, M. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electropolishing as a Decontamination Process: Progress and Applications.

Description: Electropolishing is a rapid and effective technique for removing plutonium and other radionuclide contamination from a variety of metal surfaces. The major objective of this continuing research is to develop electropolishing into a large-scale decontamination technique that can completely and economically remove transuranic and other surface contamination from large volumes of metallic waste. These research studies have demonstrated the ability of electropolishing to reduce the radiation levels of steel tools and stainless steel vacuum system components, which were heavily contaminated with plutonium oxide. Other examples of objects that have been decontaminated within minutes using electropolishing include hot cell manipulator assemblies, analytical instrument components, laboratory transfer containers, offsite shipping containers, fission product storage capsules, laboratory animal cages, and nuclear reactor process tube components. One of the major activities of this research has been the establishment and intensive operation of a 400-gal immersion electropolishing system designed specifically to develop and demonstrate decontamination techniques for representative plutonium- and beta/gamma-contaminated components. Substantial progress has also been made in developing in situ electropolishing techniques that can be used to decontaminate metallic surfaces that cannot readily be transported to or immersed in a conventional electropolishing tank. Sectioning/pretreatment studies are underway to develop and demonstrate optimum disassembly, sectioning, surface preparation, and gross contamination removal procedures. Other supporting studies are also in progress to provide a sound technical basis for scale-up and widespread application of this new decontamination process.
Date: July 28, 1978
Creator: Allen, R. P.; Arrowsmith, H. W.; Charlot, L. A. & Hooper, J. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geological and petrophysical characterization of the Ferron Sandstone for 3-D simulation of a fluvial-deltaic reservoir. Technical progress report, April 1--June 30, 1995

Description: The objective of this project is to develop a comprehensive, interdisciplinary, and quantitative characterization of a fluvial-deltaic reservoir which will allow realistic inter-well and reservoir-scale modeling to be constructed for improved oil-field development in similar reservoirs world-wide. The geological and petrophysical properties of the Cretaceous Ferron Sandstone in east-central Utah will be quantitatively determined. Both new and existing data will be integrated into a three-dimensional representation of spatial variations in porosity, storativity, and tensorial rock permeability at a scale appropriate for inter-well to regional-scale reservoir simulation. Results could improve reservoir management through proper infill and extension drilling strategies, reduction of economic risks, increased recovery from existing oil fields, and more reliable reserve calculations. Technical progress this quarter is divided into regional stratigraphy, case studies, stochastic modeling and fluid-flow simulation, and technology transfer activities. The regional stratigraphy of the Ferron Sandstone outcrop belt from Last Chance Creek to Ferron Creek is being described and interpreted. Photomosaics and a database of existing surface and subsurface data are being used to determine the extent and depositional environment of each parasequence, and the nature of the contacts with adjacent rocks or flow units. For the second field season, detailed geological and petrophysical characterization of the primary reservoir lithofacies typically found in a fluvial-dominated deltaic reservoir, is continuing at selected case-study areas.
Date: July 28, 1995
Creator: Allison, M.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Commercial Spent Nuclear Fuel Waste Package Misload Analysis

Description: The purpose of this calculation is to estimate the probability of misloading a commercial spent nuclear fuel waste package with a fuel assembly(s) that has a reactivity (i.e., enrichment and/or burnup) outside the waste package design. The waste package designs are based on the expected commercial spent nuclear fuel assemblies and previous analyses (Macheret, P. 2001, Section 4.1 and Table 1). For this calculation, a misloaded waste package is defined as a waste package that has a fuel assembly(s) loaded into it with an enrichment and/or burnup outside the waste package design. An example of this type of misload is a fuel assembly designated for the 21-PWR Control Rod waste package being incorrectly loaded into a 21-PWR Absorber Plate waste package. This constitutes a misloaded 21-PWR Absorber Plate waste package, because the reactivity (i.e., enrichment and/or burnup) of a 21-PWR Control Rod waste package fuel assembly is outside the design of a 21-PWR Absorber Plate waste package. These types of misloads (i.e., fuel assembly with enrichment and/or burnup outside waste package design) are the only types that are evaluated in this calculation. This calculation utilizes information from ''Frequency of SNF Misload for Uncanistered Fuel Waste Package'' (CRWMS M&O 1998) as the starting point. The scope of this calculation is limited to the information available. The information is based on the whole population of fuel assemblies and the whole population of waste packages, because there is no information about the arrival of the waste stream at this time. The scope of this calculation deviates from that specified in ''Technical Work Plan for: Risk and Criticality Department'' (BSC 2002a, Section 2.1.30) in that only waste package misload is evaluated. The remaining issues identified (i.e., flooding and geometry reconfiguration) will be addressed elsewhere. The intended use of the calculation is to provide information ...
Date: July 28, 2005
Creator: Alsaed, A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Sanitary Landfill Supplemental Test Final Report

Description: This report summarizes the performance of the Sanitary Landfill Supplemental Test data, an evaluation of applicability, conclusions, recommendations, and related information for implementation of this remediation technology at the SRS Sanitary Landfill.
Date: July 28, 1999
Creator: Altman, D. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Membership of the 108th Congress: A Profile

Description: This report presents a profile of the membership of the 108th Congress. Included is information on numbers of Members, party affiliation, average age and length of service, occupations, religious affiliation, military service, female and minority Members, and foreign-born Members.
Date: July 28, 2004
Creator: Amer, Mildred L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

New shower maximum trigger for electrons and photons at CDF

Description: For the 1994 Tevatron collider run, CDF has upgraded the electron and photo trigger hardware to make use of shower position and size information from the central shower maximum detector. For electrons, the upgrade has resulted in a 50% reduction in backgrounds while retaining approximately 90% of the signal. The new trigger also eliminates the background to photon triggers from single-phototube spikes.
Date: July 28, 1994
Creator: Amidei, D.; Burkett, K.; Gerdes, D.; Miao, C.; Wolinski, D.; Byrum, K. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Die Backside FIB Preparation for Identification and Characterization of Metal Voids

Description: Both the increased complexity of integrated circuits, resulting in six or more levels of integration, and the increasing use of flip-chip packaging have driven the development of integrated circuit (IC) failure analysis tools that can be applied to the backside of the chip. Among these new approaches are focused ion beam (FIB) tools and processes for performing chip edits/repairs from the die backside. This paper describes the use of backside FIB for a failure analysis application rather than for chip repair. Specifically, they used FIB technology to prepare an IC for inspection of voided metal interconnects (lines) and vias. Conventional FIB milling was combined with a super-enhanced gas assisted milling process that uses XeF{sub 2} for rapid removal of large volumes of bulk silicon. This combined approach allowed removal of the TiW underlayer from a large number of Ml lines simultaneously, enabling rapid localization and plan view imaging of voids in lines and vias with backscattered electron (BSE) imaging in a scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Sequential cross sections of individual voided vias enabled them to develop a 3-d reconstruction of these voids. This information clarified how the voids were formed, helping to identify the IC process steps that needed to be changed.
Date: July 28, 1999
Creator: Antoniou, Nicholas; Campbell, Ann N. & Filter, William F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Numerical Limits on Permanent Employment-Based Immigration: Analysis of the Per-country Ceilings

Description: The report opens with brief explanations of the employment-based preference categories and the per-country ceilings governing annual admissions of lawful permanent residents (LPRs). It continues with a statistical analysis of the pending caseload of approved employment-based LPR petitions and concludes with a set of legislative options to revise per-country ceilings that are meant to serve as springboards for further discussions.
Date: July 28, 2016
Creator: Argueta, Carla N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Laser damage of dichroic coatings in a high average power laser vacuum resonator

Description: In our application, dichroics in a high average power, near-infrared, laser system have short operating lifetimes. These dichroics were used as the resonator fold mirrors and permitted the transmission of the pumping argon (Ar) ion laser light. Representative samples of two different dichroic optics were taken off-line and the transmission performance monitored in various scenarios. Irradiating these optics under resonator vacuum conditions, ({le}1 mT, 11.7 kW/cm{sup 2}, Ar laser running all wavelengths) resulted in a degradation of transmission with time. Irradiating these optics in a rarefied oxygen atmosphere (1 to 10 T of oxygen, 11.7 kW/cm{sup 2}, Ar laser running all wavelengths) the transmission remained steady over a period of days. The transmission loss observed in the optic tested in vacuum was somewhat reversible if the optic was subsequently irradiated in a rarefied oxygen atmosphere. This reversibility was only possible if the transmission degradation was not too severe. Further tests demonstrated that an atmosphere of 10 T of air also prevented the transmission degradation. In addition, tests were performed to demonstrate that the optic damage was not caused by the ultra-violet component in the Ar ion laser. Mechanisms that may account for this behavior are proposed.
Date: July 28, 1999
Creator: Arnold, P A; Berzins, L V; Chow, R & Erbert, G V
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Research Opportunities in Crystalline Silicon Photovoltaics for the 21st Century

Description: Crystalline silicon continues to be the dominant semiconductor material used for terrestrial photovoltaics. This paper discusses the scientific issues associated with silicon photovoltaics processing, and cell design that may yield cell and module performance improvements that are both evolutionary and revolutionary in nature. We first survey critical issues in ''thick'' crystalline silicon photovoltaics, including novel separations processes for impurity removal, impurity and defect fundamentals, interface passivation, the role of hydrogen. Second, we outline emerging opportunities for creation of a very different ''thin-layer'' silicon cell structure, including the scientific issues and engineering challenges associated with thin-layer silicon processing and cell design.
Date: July 28, 1999
Creator: Atwater, Harry A.; Ciszek, Ted; Feldman, Leonard C.; Gee, James; Rohatgi, Ajeet & Sopori, Bhushan
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Measurement of B decays to phi K gamma

Description: We measure the branching fraction of the radiative B{sup -} decay {Beta}(B{sup -} {yields} {phi}K{sup -}{gamma}) = (3.46 {+-} 0.57{sub -0.37}{sup +0.39}) x 10{sup -6}, and set an upper limit on the radiative {bar B}{sup 0} decay {Beta}({bar B}{sup 0} {yields} {phi}{bar K}{sup 0}{gamma}) < 2.71 x 10{sup -6} at 90% confidence level. We also measure the direct CP asymmetry of the B{sup -} {yields} {phi}K{sup -}{gamma} mode {Alpha}{sub CP} = (-26.4 {+-} 14.3 {+-} 4.8)%. The uncertainties are statistical and systematic, respectively. These measurements are based on 207 fb{sup -1} of data collected at the {Upsilon}(4S) resonance with the BABAR detector.
Date: July 28, 2006
Creator: Aubert, B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Measurements of the Decays B0->D0barppbar, B0->D*0ppbar, B0->D-ppbar\pi+, and B0->D*-ppbar\pi+

Description: The authors present measurements of branching fractions of B{sup 0} decays to multi-body final states containing protons, based on 232 million {Upsilon}(4S) {yields} B{bar B} decays collected with the BABAR detector at the SLAC PEP-II asymmetric-energy B factory. They measure the branching fractions {Beta}(B{sup 0} {yields} {bar D}{sup 0} p{bar p}) = (1.13 {+-} 0.06 {+-} 0.08) x 10{sup -4} {Beta}(B{sup 0} {yields} {bar D}*{sup 0} p{bar p}) = (1.01 {+-} 0.10 {+-} 0.09) x 10{sup -4}, {Beta}(B{sup 0} {yields} D{sup -} p{bar p}{pi}{sup +}) = (3.38 {+-} 0.14 {+-} 0.29) x 10{sup -4}, and {Beta}(B{sup 0} {yields} D*{sup -} p{bar p}{pi}{sup +}) = (4.81 {+-} 0.22 {+-} 0.44) x 10{sup -4} where the first error is statistical and the second systematic. They present a search for the charmed pentaquark state, {Theta}{sub c}(3100) observed by H1 and put limits on the branching fraction {Beta}(B{sup 0} {yields} {Theta}{sub c}{bar p}{pi}{sup +}) x {Beta}({Theta}{sub c} {yields} D*{sup -}p) < 14 x 10{sup -6} and {Beta}(B{sup 0} {yields} {Theta}{sub c}{bar p}{pi}{sup +}) x {Beta}({Theta}{sub c} {yields} D{sup -}p) < 9 x 10{sup -6}. Upon investigation of the decay structure of the above four B{sup 0} decay modes, they see an enhancement at low p{bar p} mass and deviations from phase-space in the {bar D}{bar p} and {bar D}p invariant mass spectra.
Date: July 28, 2006
Creator: Aubert, B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

B Meson Decays to mega K*, omega rho, omega omega, omega phi, and omega f0

Description: The authors describe searches for B meson decays to the charmless vector-vector final states {omega}K*, {omega}p, {omega}{omega}, and {omega}{phi} with 233 x 10{sup 6} B{bar B} pairs produced in e{sup +}e{sup -} annihilation at {radical}s = 10.58 GeV. They also search for the vector-scalar B decay to {omega}f{sub 0}.
Date: July 28, 2006
Creator: Aubert, B.; Barate, R.; Bona, M.; Boutigny, D.; Couderc, F.; Karyotakis, Y. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Three-dimensional architecture of hair-cell linkages as revealedby electron-microscopic tomography

Description: The senses of hearing and balance rest upon mechanoelectrical transduction by the hair bundles of hair cells in the inner ear. Located at the apical cellular surface, each hair bundle comprises several tens of stereocilia and a single kinocilium that are interconnected by extracellular proteinaceous links. Using electron-microscopic tomography of bullfrog saccular sensory epithelia, we examined the three-dimensional structures of ankle or basal links, kinociliary links, and tip links. We observed clear differences in the dimensions and appearances of the three links. We found two distinct populations of tip links suggestive of the involvement of two proteins or splice variants. We noted auxiliary links connecting the upper portions of tip links to the taller stereocilia. Tip links and auxiliary links show a tendency to adopt a globular conformation when disconnected from the membrane surface.
Date: July 28, 2006
Creator: Auer, Manfred; Koster, Bram; Ziese, Ulrike; Bajaj, Chandrajit; Volkmann, Niels; Wang, Da Neng et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

K [infinity] in Uranium - Water Lattices

Description: This report follows experiments on K[infinity], measuring the element for several red sizes, enrichments, and water-to-uranium volume ratios-(1, 2), by making use of the relation k[infinity] = 0M-[2]B-[2] (M-2 = migration area, B = buckling). The purpose of this report is to compare the experimental data for k[infinity] with values calculated from the four-factor formula k[infinity] = [eta][epsilon]pf.
Date: July 28, 1955
Creator: Auerback, T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department