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Prospects for top at the Tevatron collider in the 1990's

Description: We calculated the signal and background rates for top masses of 90, 120, 150, and 180 GeV for both the CDF and D{null} detectors. This allowed us to determine the prospects for both discovery as well as detailed study of heavy top depending on the luminosity. We have focused on the leptons + jets and dilepton signatures. We also consider the question of tagging b-jets and how that should reduce background and help in making a mass determination. 8 refs., 5 figs., 5 tabs.
Date: January 1, 1989
Creator: Abachi, S.; Butler, J. (Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (USA)); Baden, D. (Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (USA)); Barnett, B.; Matthews, J. A. (Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (USA)); Buchholz, D. (Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (USA)) et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Design of a pulsed switching magnet for the Bevalac

Description: The design and construction of a water cooled, pulsed, laminated core dipole magnet which has recently been installed at the Bevalac is described. This new, energy efficient magnet was funded by the DOE In-House Energy Management Program. The magnet has been specifically designed for maximum efficiency in power utilization and has replaced two dc powered magnets in the Bevalac switchyard. It will reduce energy usage by 747 MWh/yr, and it provides the capability of pulse-to-pulse switching in 0.7 seconds between two major beamline channels serving the nuclear science and radiotherapy programs at the /Bevalac. A unique feature of this magnet is the core design which utilizes an external structure that remains integral with the core laminations after assembly. The structure provides for both torsional and longitudinal rigidity of the core while also facilitating the precision assembly and compression of the core laminations without the use of special assembly fixtures. 2 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.
Date: March 1, 1989
Creator: Abbott, S.; Alonso, J.; Brown, J.; Kalnins, J.; Krebs, G. & Reimers, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Design of an integrally formed RFQ

Description: The design, construction and testing of a 410 MHz RFQ utilizing a new mechanical design concept has been completed at LBL. The RFQ is planned to be used at the Bevatron for injecting protons into the present heavy ion linac. The integral vane-cavity construction is a significant and unique feature of this RFQ design, wherein four walls with integral vanes are assembled to form the RFQ geometry. This design concept provides the capability of achieving precision vane alignment in minimal assembly time with no adjustments required. The design concept including material selection, plating, vacuum seal design, assembly and testing are described. 4 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.
Date: March 1, 1989
Creator: Abbott, S.; Caylor, R.; Gough, R.; Howard, D.; MacGill, R. & Staples, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Survey of results from Brookhaven Experiment 802 at the AGS

Description: Brookhaven Experiment 802 (E-802) is a magnetic spectrometer experiment which is directed toward the measurement of particle momentum spectra and particle-particle correlations following reactions with 14.5 GeV/u O and Si ions. In addition to the spectrometer there are detectors to measure the transverse energy flow, longitudinal energy flow, and the multiplicity. These detectors can be used to characterize the particle spectra or correlated between themselves. Particle spectra have been obtained for protons, pions, and kaons using targets of gold, copper, and aluminum although the data are not entirely analyzed as yet. A first result that is of interest is the K/sup +//..pi../sup +/ ratio for Si + Au reactions which is larger than expected on the basis of the known p + p data. 4 refs., 11 figs.
Date: January 1, 1989
Creator: Abbott, T.; Akiba, Y.; Alburger, D.; Beavis, D.; Bloomer, M.A.; Bond, P.D. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Using computer-based training to facilitate radiation protection review

Description: In a national laboratory setting, it is necessary to provide radiation protection overview and training to diverse parts of the laboratory population. This includes employees at research reactors, accelerators, waste facilities, radiochemical isotope processing, and analytical laboratories, among others. In addition, our own radiation protection and monitoring staffs must be trained. To assist in the implementation of this full range of training, ORNL has purchased prepackaged computer-based training in health physics and technical mathematics with training modules that can be selected from many topics. By selection of specific modules, appropriate radiation protection review packages can be determined to meet many individual program needs. Because our radiation protection personnel must have some previous radiation protection experience or the equivalent of an associate's degree in radiation protection for entry level, the computer-based training will serve primarily as review of major principles. Others may need very specific prior training to make the computer-based training effective in their work situations. 4 refs.
Date: January 1, 1989
Creator: Abercrombie, J.S. & Copenhaver, E.D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A manual accountability system designed to reduce operator error

Description: At the Savannah River Plant, the separations areas are not equipped with automated accountability systems, therefore accountability is performed manually. Several years ago, the Computer Systems Engineering group was requested to develop a computerized accountability system for the separations areas that would rely on manual entry and perform the necessary computations, adjust and maintain the books, and generate the necessary reports. In addition, the system would provide a complete audit trail and help reduce operator errors. Since the separations areas are actually divided into several material balance areas, the Computer Systems Engineering group was faced with several detailed specifications. Rather than designing a computerized accountability system for each material balance area, they designed a generic system that each area could tailor to its process. The system helps in reducing operator errors by displaying simple data entry forms, performing data validations when possible, providing field help, performing all computations, and generating the necessary reports. Many validation tables are user configurable, as well as the equations for computing transfer and inventory values. 8 figs.
Date: January 1, 1989
Creator: Abramczyk, M R
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Z sup 0 physics from the Mark II at the SLC (SLAC Linear Collider)

Description: The MARK II detector has started to take data at the new SLAC Linear Collider. The novel aspects of the accelerator and of the MARK II are briefly described. Displays of event pictures from some of the early-on data are presented to illustrate the quality of the data. A first presentation of the results of an energy scan near the Z{sup 0} mass that is currently in progress shows the expected resonant enhancement near 91 GeV. 2 refs., 23 figs., 1 tab.
Date: June 1, 1989
Creator: Abrams, G.S. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (USA))
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Status report on an engineering design study of hermetic liquid argon calorimetry for the SSC (Superconducting Super Collider)

Description: There is general recognition that engineering issues are critical to the viability of liquid argon calorimetry (LAC) at the Superconducting Super Collider (SSC). We have undertaken to quantitatively address these issues and, if possible, perform a preliminary design of a proof of principle'' LAC for SSC. To establish LAC as viable at SSC, we must demonstrate that the physics performance of the device is acceptable, despite the presence of dead material due to vessels and support structure. Our approach involves the construction, by a team of physicists and engineers, of one three dimensional model of the LAC system, built as a hierarchy of components and structures, from which we directly perform interferences checks, mechanical, thermal and magnetic analyses, particle tracking, hermeticity evaluation, physics simulation and assembly. This study, begun in February 1989 as part of the SSC generic detector R and D program, was immediately preceded by a workshop at which engineering details of existing and planned LAC systems were thoroughly examined. We describe below the status of our work, beginning with short descriptions of the tools used, the study requirements and LAC configuration baseline. We then detail the LAC design as it presently stands, including assembly considerations, and conclude with a quantitative assessment of the LAC hermeticity. 19 refs., 12 figs.
Date: January 1, 1989
Creator: Adams, T.; Davis, M.; DiGiacomo, N.J.; Easom, B.; Gordon, H.; Hupp, J. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A scanning photoelectron microscope (SPEM) at the National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS)

Description: We are in the process of developing and commissioning a scanning photoelectron microscope (SPEM) at the X1A beamline of the National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS). It is designed to make use of the Soft X-ray Undulator (SXU) at the NSLS. This high brightness source illuminates a Fresnel zone plate, which forms a focused probe, {<=} 0.2{mu}m in size, on the specimen surface. A grating monochromator selects the photon energy in the 400-800 eV range with an energy resolution of better than 1 eV. The expected flux in the focus is in the 5 {times} 10{sup 7} {minus} 10{sup 9} photons/s range. A single pass Cylindrical Mirror Analyzer (CMA) is used to record photoemission spectra, or to form an image within a fixed electron energy bandwidth as the specimen is mechanically scanned. As a first test, a 1000 mesh Au grid was successfully imaged with a resolution of about 1{mu}m and the CMA tuned to the Au 4 f photoelectron peak. Once it is commissioned, a program is planned which will utilize the microscope to study beam sensitive systems, such as thin oxide/sub-oxide films of alumina and silica, and ultimately various adsorbates on these films. 14 refs., 4 figs.
Date: January 1, 1989
Creator: Ade, H.; Kirz, J.; Hulbert, S.; Johnson, E.; Anderson, E.; Kern, D. (State Univ. of New York, Stony Brook, NY (USA). Dept. of Physics et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Scanning Photoelectron Microscope (SPEM) with a zone plate generated microprobe

Description: We describe instrumentation of a scanning photoelectron microscope (SPEM), which we are presently developing and commissioning at the X1A beamline of the National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS). This instrument is designed to use the Soft X-ray Undulator (SXU) at the NSLS as a high brightness source to illuminate a Fresnel zone plate, thus forming a finely focused probe, {le} 0.2{mu}m in size, on the specimen surface. A grating monochromator selects the photon energy in the 400-800 eV range with an energy resolution better than 1 eV. The expected flux in the focus is in the 5 {times} 10{sup 7} {minus} 10{sup 9} photons/s range. A single pass Cylindrical Mirror Analyzer (CMA) is used to record photoemission spectra, or to form an image within a fixed electron energy bandwidth as the specimen is mechanically scanned. As a first test, a 1000 mesh Au grid was successfully imaged with Au 4 f primary photoelectrons, achieving a resolution of about 1{mu}m. 10 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.
Date: January 1, 1989
Creator: Ade, H.; Kirz, J.; Hulbert, S.; Johnson, E.; Anderson, E.; Kern, D. (State Univ. of New York, Stony Brook, NY (USA). Dept. of Physics et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Recent results on hadronic D/sub s/ and D meson decays from the Mark III

Description: Recent results on hadronic D/sub s/ and D decays from the Mark III collaboration are presented. The absolute branching ratio B(D/sub s//sup +/ /yields/ /phi//pi//sup +/) is studied by searching for fully reconstructed e/sup +/e/sup /minus// /yields/ D/sub s/*/sup /plus minus//D/sub s//sup /minus plus// events using seven hadronic decay modes of the D/sub s//sup +/. A limit of B(D/sub s//sup +/ /yields/ /phi//pi//sup +/) < 4.1% at 90% C.L. is obtained. Evidence is presented for the decay D/sub s//sup +/ /yields/ f/sub 0/(975)/pi//sup +/ which agrees with a recent experimental observation. Upper limits are set for the relative branching ratios B(D/sub s//sup +/ /yields/ /eta//pi//sup +/)/B(D/sub s//sup +/ /yields/ /phi//pi//sup +/) < 2.5 and B(D/sub s//sup +/ /yields/ /eta//prime//pi//sup +/)/B(D/sub s//sup +/ /yields/ /phi//pi//sup +/) < 1.9, where the /eta/ is studied in both the /gamma//gamma/ and the /pi//sup +//pi//sup /minus///pi//sup 0/ decay modes and the /eta//prime/ in the /eta//pi//sup +//pi//sup /minus//, /eta/ /yields/ /gamma//gamma/ decay chain. The resonant substructure of D/sup 0/ /yields/ K/sup /minus///pi//sup +//pi//sup /minus///pi//sup +/ and D/sup +/ /yields/ /bar K//sup 0//pi//sup +//pi//sup /minus///pi//sup +/ is studied. The branching ratio of D/sup 0/ /yields/ /bar K/*/sup 0//rho//sup 0/ is found to be smaller than the theoretically expected whereas the decay modes D/sup 0/ /yields/ /alpha//sub 1//sup +/K/sup /minus// and D/sup +/ /yields/ /alpha//sub 1//sup +//bar K//sup 0/ are found to be large and account for 50% of these final states. 33 refs., 9 figs., 2 tabs.
Date: July 1, 1989
Creator: Adler, J.; Bai, Z.; Blaylock, G.T.; Bolton, T.; Brient, J.C.; Browder, T.E. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Chemical and nuclear emergencies: Interchanging lessons learned from planning and accident experience

Description: Because the goal of emergency preparedness for both chemical and nuclear hazards is to reduce human exposure to hazardous materials, this paper examines the interchange of lessons learned from emergency planning and accident experience in both industries. While the concerns are slightly different, sufficient similarity is found for each to draw implications from the others experience. Principally the chemical industry can learn from the dominant planning experience associated with nuclear power plants, while the nuclear industry can chiefly learn from the chemical industry's accident experience. 23 refs.
Date: January 1, 1989
Creator: Adler, V.; Sorensen, J.H. & Rogers, G.O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An alignment method for the Mark II silicon strip vertex detector using an x-ray beam

Description: A silicon strip vertex detector consisting of 36 independent detector modules is being constructed for use in the Mark II detector at the SLAC Linear Collider. This paper describes a method for determining the relative alignment of the modules to a precision better than the 5 ..mu..m intrinsic resolution of the detectors. The basic procedure involves moving the vertex detector by known amounts through a fixed, collimated x-ray beam, and using the beam position reconstructed from the detected signals to determine the relative positions and orientations of the modules. Results from tests of the method on a subset of detectors are presented. 5 refs., 11 figs.
Date: April 1, 1989
Creator: Adolphsen, C.; Gratta, G.; Labarga, L.; Litke, A.; Schwarz, A.; Turala, M. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Beam-based alignment technique for the SLC (Stanford Linear Collider) linac

Description: Misalignment of quadrupole magnets and beam position monitors (BPMs) in the linac of the SLAC Linear Collider (SLC) cause the electron and positron beams to be steered off-center in the disk-loaded waveguide accelerator structures. Off-center beams produce wakefields which limit the SLC performance at high beam intensities by causing emittance growth. Here, we present a general method for simultaneously determining quadrupole magnet and BPM offsets using beam trajectory measurements. Results from the application of the method to the SLC linac are described. The alignment precision achieved is approximately 100 ..mu..m, which is significantly better than that obtained using optical surveying techniques. 2 refs., 4 figs.
Date: March 1, 1989
Creator: Adolphsen, C.E.; Lavine, T.L.; Atwood, W.B.; Himel, T.M.; Lee, M.J.; Mattison, T.S. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Chemistry of nitromethane at very high pressure

Description: Decomposition of nitromethane is reported over the range of 115- 180/degree/C and 0.6-8.5 GPa. About 5 /mu/g of nitromethane is compressed with a diamond-anvil cell, heated to the point that reaction occurs, and held typically 10-20 minutes at the reaction temperature. The cell is cooled and the volatile contents of the cell are frozen as a thin layer in vacuo and an infrared absorption spectrum is recorded. The three volatile products observed are N/sub 2/O, CO/sub 2/, and water, with N/sub 2/O production peaking at 1.5 GPa, 135/degree/C, and 35% of NME; CO/sub 2/ production peaking at 3.5 GPa, 135/degree/C, and 65% of NME, and water yields at 20-50% of NME at the highest pressure measured, 8.5 GPa and 175/degree/C. Water yields were difficult to quantify due to background contamination. Results indicate three different reactions for solid NME dependent primarily on the pressure of the reaction, and that fluid NME does not decompose at 0.6 GPa and 175/degree/C, although the solid decomposes readily at 1.1 GPa and 120/degree/C. The authors conclude that, while various decomposition mechanisms are possible, the initial step CH/sub 3/NO/sub 2/ /yields/ /center dot/CH/sub 3/ + /center dot/NO/sub 2/ is very unlikely. 14 refs., 5 figs.
Date: January 1, 1989
Creator: Agnew, S.F.; Swanson, B.I.; Kenney, J. & Kenney, I.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Reflection asymmetric shapes in nuclei

Description: Experimental data show that there is no even-even nucleus with a reflection asymmetric shape in its ground state. Maximum octupole- octupole correlations occur in nuclei in the mass 224 (N{approximately}134, Z{approximately}88) region. Parity doublets, which are the characteristic signature of octupole deformation, have been observed in several odd mass Ra, Ac and Pa nuclei. Intertwined negative and positive parity levels have been observed in several even-even Ra and Th nuclei above spin {approximately}8{Dirac h}. In both cases, the opposite parity states are connected by fast El transitions. In some medium-mass nuclei intertwined negative and positive parity levels have also been observed above spin {approximately}7{Dirac h}. The nuclei which exhibit octupole deformation in this mass region are {sup 144}Ba, {sup 146}Ba and {sub 146}Ce; {sup 142}Ba, {sup 148}Ce, {sup 150}Ce and {sup 142}Xe do not show these characteristics. No case of parity doublet has been observed in the mass 144 region. 32 refs., 16 figs., 1 tab.
Date: January 1, 1989
Creator: Ahmad, I.; Carpenter, M.P.; Emling, H.; Holzmann, R.; Janssens, R.V.F.; Khoo, T.L. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Nuclear shapes from spectroscopic studies of fission fragments

Description: Partial level schemes for several neutron-rich Ba and Ce nuclei have been determined from the study of gamma-gamma coincidences in /sup 252/Cf fission fragments. The experiment was performed with the Argonne-Notre Dame gamma ray facility, which consisted of 7 Compton- suppressed Ge detectors, a low-energy photon spectrometer and an inner ball of fourteen hexagonal BGO detectors. Gamma-gamma coincidence events between the Ge detectors, which were accompanied by a gamma in BGO detectors, were accepted. The triple coincidence requirement eliminated most of the beta-decay background. Transitions in individual Ba and Ce nuclei were identified by gating on the known 2/sup +/ ..-->.. O/sup +/ gamma rays. Level schemes deduced from these studies indicate interleaved negative and positive parity levels in /sup 144/Ba, /sup 146/Ba and /sup 146/Ce which are connected by fast E1 transitions. Both these features are signature of octupole deformation (reflection asymmetric shape) and are reproduced by recent theoretical calculations. 4 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab.
Date: January 1, 1989
Creator: Ahmad, I.; Emling, H.; Holzmann, R.; Janssens, R.V.F.; Khoo, T.L.; Phillips, W.R. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Transient Diffusion From a Waste Solid Into Water-Saturated, Fractured Porous Rock

Description: Numerical illustrations for transient mass transfer from an infinitely long cylinder intersected by a planar fracture are shown based on Chambre's exact analytical solutions. The concentration at the cylinder surface is maintained at the solubility. In the fracture contaminant diffuses in the radial direction. In the rock matrix three-dimensional diffusion is assumed in the cylindrical coordinate. No advection is assumed. Radioactive decay and sorption equilibrium are included. Radioactive decay enhances the mass transfer from the cylinder. Due to the presence of the fracture, the mass flux from the cylinder to the rock matrix becomes smaller, but the fracture effect is limited in the vicinity of the fracture in early times. Even though the fracture is assumed to be a faster diffusion path than the rock matrix, the larger waste surface exposed to the matrix and the greater assumed matrix sorption result in greater release rate to the matrix than to the fracture. 8 refs., 4 figs.
Date: September 1989
Creator: Ahn, J.; Chambre, P. L.; Pigford, T. H. & Lee, W. W.-L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Transient visual evoked neuromagnetic responses: Identification of multiple sources

Description: Neuromagnetic measurements and associated modeling procedures must be able to resolve multiple sources in order to localize and accurately characterize the generators of visual evoked neuromagnetic activity. Workers have identified at least 11 areas in the macaque, throughout occipital, parietal, and temporal cortex, which are primarily or entirely visual in function. The surface area of the human occipital lobe is estimated to be 150--250cm. Primary visual cortex covers approximately 26cm/sup 2/ while secondary visual areas comprise the remaining area. For evoked response amplitudes typical of human MEG data, one report estimates that a two-dipole field may be statistically distinguishable from that of a single dipole when the separation is greater than 1--2 cm. Given the estimated expanse of cortex devoted to visual processes, along with this estimate of resolution limits it is likely that MEG can resolve sources associated with activity in multiple visual areas. Researchers have noted evidence for the existence of multiple sources when presenting visual stimuli in a half field; however, they did not attempt to localize them. We have examined numerous human MEG field patterns resulting from different visual field placements of a small sinusoidal grating which suggest the existence of multiple sources. The analyses we have utilized for resolving multiple sources in these studies differ depending on whether there was evidence of (1) synchronous activation of two spatially discrete sources or (2) two discrete asynchronous sources. In some cases we have observed field patterns which appear to be adequately explained by a single source changing its orientation and location across time. 4 refs., 2 figs.
Date: January 1, 1989
Creator: Aine, C.; George, J.; Medvick, P.; Flynn, E.; Bodis-Wollner, I. & Supek, S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effects of spatial attention on the visual-evoked neuromagnetic response

Description: A number of studies have shown that selective attention to spatial location modulates the amplitudes of several visual evoked potential components recorded from posterior regions of the head (e.g., Eason, Harter White, 1969; Harter, Aine, Schroeder, 1982; Hillyard Munte, 1984; Mangun Hillyard, 1988). The early components, P1 and N1 (peak latencies: 90--135 and 140--170 msec, respectively), are thought to arise in one or more areas of visual cortex. Although it is generally assumed that such ERP effects reflect differential activation of populations of neurons at successive levels of the nervous system, little information is available about the neural structures responsible for such effects. We have employed neuromagnetic techniques in an attempt to identify more precisely the neural structures involved in selective attention to spatial location within the P1-N1 time sequence. In this study, effects of attention were assessed by comparing neural responses evoked by stimuli at a specified spatial location when subjects were required to attend and respond behaviorally to that location with neural responses to the same stimuli when subjects were required to attend and respond behaviorally to another location in the visual field. 7 refs., 3 figs.
Date: January 1, 1989
Creator: Aine, C.J.; George, J.S.; Oakley, M.T.; Medvick, P.A. & Flynn, E.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Heat of detonation, the cylinder test, and performance munitions

Description: Heats of detonation of CHNO explosives correlate well with copper cylinder test expansion data. The detonation products/calorimetry data can be used to estimate performance in the cylinder test, in munitions, and for new molecules or mixtures of explosives before these are made. Confidence in the accuracy of the performance estimates is presently limited by large deviations of a few materials from the regression predictions; but these same deviations, as in the insensitive explosive DINGU and the low carbon systems, appear to be sources of information useful for detonation and explosives research. The performance correlations are functions more of the detonation products and thermochemical energy than they are of the familiar parameters of detonation pressure and velocity, and the predictions are closer to a regression line on average than are those provided by CJ calculations. The prediction computations are simple but the measurements (detonation calorimetry/products and cylinder experiments) are not. 17 refs., 5 tabs.
Date: January 1, 1989
Creator: Akst, I.B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Small scale structure on cosmic strings

Description: I discuss our current understanding of cosmic string evolution, and focus on the question of small scale structure on strings, where most of the disagreements lie. I present a physical picture designed to put the role of the small scale structure into more intuitive terms. In this picture one can see how the small scale structure can feed back in a major way on the overall scaling solution. I also argue that it is easy for small scale numerical errors to feed back in just such a way. The intuitive discussion presented here may form the basis for an analytic treatment of the small structure, which I argue in any case would be extremely valuable in filling the gaps in our resent understanding of cosmic string evolution. 24 refs., 8 figs.
Date: October 30, 1989
Creator: Albrecht, A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fluctuations in the density of charged particles in 200 A GeV /sup 16/O + (C, Au) collisions

Description: Data from 200 A GeV /sup 16/O + (C, Au) reactions are presented. The local fluctuations in the pseudo-rapidity density charged particles were studied with the method of scaled factorial moments. The extracted moments, <F/sub i/>, are found to be proportional to a power of the size of the pseudo-rapidity interval, /delta//eta/. Slopes were determined from the linear relation ln<F/sub i/> = a/sub i/ /minus/ /phi//sub i/ln/delta//eta/ and their dependence on impact parameter and multiplicity of charged particles are shortly discussed. 10 refs., 3 figs.
Date: January 1, 1989
Creator: Albrecht, R.; Awes, T. C.; Baktash, C.; Beckmann, P.; Berger, F.; Bock, R. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A hypervelocity projectile launcher for well perforation

Description: Current oil well perforation techniques use low- to medium-velocity gun launchers for completing wells in soft rock. Shaped-charge jets are normally used in harder, more competent rock. A device to create a much higher velocity projectile was designed. This launcher will provide an alternative technique to be used when the conventional devices do not yield the maximum well performance. It is an adaptation of the axial cavity in a high explosive (HE) annulus design, with the axial cavity being filled with a low density foam material. Two configurations were tested; both had an HE annulus filled with organic foam, one had a projectile. Comparison of the two shots was made. A time sequence of Image Intensifier Camera photographs and sequential, orthogonal flash x-ray radiographs provided information on the propagation of the foam fragments, the first shock wave disturbance, the projectile motion and deformation, and the direct shock wave transmission from the main HE charge. DYNA2D calculations were made to assist in the experimental interpretation. 25 refs., 9 figs.
Date: January 1, 1989
Creator: Albright, J.N.; Fugelso, L.E.; Lagner, G.C. & Burns, K.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department