Description: Natural convection within simulated core debris beds has been investigated experimentally and numerically. The objectives of this research have been: (1) to develop a three-dimensional transient model for analyzing single-phase cooling of debris beds; (2) to validate the model using out-of-pile simulant experiments which measure the detailed structure of the convection cells within the bed as well as integral heat transfer rates; and (3) to apply the model to typical core debris beds over a wide range of parameters in order to determine the relative importance of conduction and convection in sodium-cooled debris beds. The bed has been simulated using directly heated two-dimensional packed tube bundles of different particle diameters, bed loadings, porosities, heat generation rates, and overlaying fluid layer heights. Detailed velocity and temperature profiles within the bed and overlaying fluid have been measured using particle tracing techniques and Mach-Zehnder interferometry. Measurements of the downward and upward power fractions and Nusselt numbers over a wide range of experimental variables have been made. The data have been compared with predictions of the transient three-dimensional natural convection computer code COMMIX-1A. 14 figures.
Date: October 1, 1982
Creator: Abdel-Khalik, S.I.
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Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department