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Electron Charged Graphite-based Hydrogen Storage Material

Description: The electron-charge effects have been demonstrated to enhance hydrogen storage capacity using materials which have inherent hydrogen storage capacities. A charge control agent (CCA) or a charge transfer agent (CTA) was applied to the hydrogen storage material to reduce internal discharge between particles in a Sievert volumetric test device. GTI has tested the device under (1) electrostatic charge mode; (2) ultra-capacitor mode; and (3) metal-hydride mode. GTI has also analyzed the charge distribution on storage materials. The charge control agent and charge transfer agent are needed to prevent internal charge leaks so that the hydrogen atoms can stay on the storage material. GTI has analyzed the hydrogen fueling tank structure, which contains an air or liquid heat exchange framework. The cooling structure is needed for hydrogen fueling/releasing. We found that the cooling structure could be used as electron-charged electrodes, which will exhibit a very uniform charge distribution (because the cooling system needs to remove heat uniformly). Therefore, the electron-charge concept does not have any burden of cost and weight for the hydrogen storage tank system. The energy consumption for the electron-charge enhancement method is quite low or omitted for electrostatic mode and ultra-capacitor mode in comparison of other hydrogen storage methods; however, it could be high for the battery mode.
Date: March 14, 2012
Creator: 0812, Dr. Chinbay Q. Fan R&D Manager Office of Technology and Innovations Phone: 847 768
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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EXAMPLE OF A RISK BASED DISPOSAL APPROVAL SOLIDIFICATION OF HANFORD SITE TRANSURANIC (TRU) WASTE

Description: The Hanford Site requested, and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region 10 approved, a Toxic Substances Control Act of 1976 (TSCA) risk-based disposal approval (RBDA) for solidifying approximately four cubic meters of waste from a specific area of one of the K East Basin: the North Loadout Pit (NLOP). The NLOP waste is a highly radioactive sludge that contained polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) regulated under TSCA. The prescribed disposal method for liquid PCB waste under TSCA regulations is either thermal treatment or decontamination. Due to the radioactive nature of the waste, however, neither thermal treatment nor decontamination was a viable option. As a result, the proposed treatment consisted of solidifying the material to comply with waste acceptance criteria at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WPP) in Carlsbad, New Mexico, or possibly the Environmental Restoration Disposal Facility at the Hanford Site, depending on the resulting transuranic (TRU) content of the stabilized waste. The RBDA evaluated environmental risks associated with potential airborne PCBs. In addition, the RBDA made use of waste management controls already in place at the treatment unit. The treatment unit, the T Plant Complex, is a Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 (RCRA)-permitted facility used for storing and treating radioactive waste. The EPA found that the proposed activities did not pose an unreasonable risk to human health or the environment. Treatment took place from October 26,2005 to June 9,2006, and 332 208-liter (55-gallon) containers of solidified waste were produced. All treated drums assayed to date are TRU and will be disposed at WIPP.
Date: November 14, 2007
Creator: AL, PRIGNANO
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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International Linear Collider Reference Design Report Volume 2: Physics at the ILC

Description: The triumph of 20th century particle physics was the development of the Standard Model and the confirmation of many of its aspects. Experiments determined the particle constituents of ordinary matter, and identified four forces that hold matter together and transform it from one form to another. Particle interactions were found to obey precise laws of relativity and quantum theory. Remarkable features of quantum physics were observed, including the real effects of 'virtual' particles on the visible world. Building on this success, particle physicists are now able to address questions that are even more fundamental, and explore some of the deepest mysteries in science. The scope of these questions is illustrated by this summary from the report Quantum Universe: (1) Are there undiscovered principles of nature; (2) How can we solve the mystery of dark energy; (3) Are there extra dimensions of space; (4) Do all the forces become one; (5) Why are there so many particles; (6) What is dark matter? How can we make it in the laboratory; (7) What are neutrinos telling us; (8) How did the universe begin; and (9) What happened to the antimatter? A worldwide program of particle physics investigations, using multiple approaches, is already underway to explore this compelling scientific landscape. As emphasized in many scientific studies, the International Linear Collider is expected to play a central role in what is likely to be an era of revolutionary advances. Discoveries from the ILC could have breakthrough impact on many of these fundamental questions. Many of the scientific opportunities for the ILC involve the Higgs particle and related new phenomena at Terascale energies. The Standard Model boldly hypothesizes a new form of Terascale energy, called the Higgs field, that permeates the entire universe. Elementary particles acquire mass by interacting with this field. The Higgs field …
Date: November 14, 2011
Creator: Aarons, Gerald; Abe, Toshinori; Abernathy, Jason; Ablikim, Medina; Abramowicz, Halina; Adey, David et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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XAF/XANES studies of plutonium-loaded sodalite/glass composite waste forms.

Description: A sodalite/glass ceramic waste form has been developed to immobilize highly radioactive nuclear wastes in chloride form, as part of an electrochemical cleanup process. Simulated waste forms have been fabricated which contain plutonium and are representative of the salt from the electrometallurgical process to recover uranium from spent nuclear fuel. X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy (XAFS) and x-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy (XANES) studies were performed to determine the location, oxidation state and form of the plutonium within these waste forms. Plutonium, in the non-fission-element case, was found to segregate as plutonium(IV) oxide with a crystallite size of at least 20 nm. With fission elements present, the crystallite size was about 2 nm. No plutonium was observed within the sodalite or glass in the waste form.
Date: July 14, 1999
Creator: Aase, S. B.; Kropf, A. J.; Lewis, M. A.; Reed, D. T. & Richmann, M. K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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High energy photon-neutrino interactions

Description: A general decomposition of the amplitudes for the 2 {r_arrow} 2 processes {gamma}{nu} {r_arrow} {gamma}{nu} and {gamma}{gamma} {r_arrow} {nu}{bar {nu}} is obtained using gauge invariance and Bose symmetry. The restrictions implied by this decomposition are investigated for the reaction {gamma}{gamma} {r_arrow} {nu}{bar {nu}} by computing the one-loop helicity amplitudes in the standard model. In the center of mass, where {radical}s = 2{omega}, the cross section grows roughly as {omega}{sup 6} up to the threshold for W-boson production, {radical}s = 2m{sub W}. Astrophysical implications of very high energy photon-neutrino interactions are discussed.
Date: July 14, 1998
Creator: Abbasabadi, A.; Devoto, A.; Dicus, D.A. & Repko, W.W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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A Measurement of the Spatial Distribution of Diffuse TeV Gamma Ray Emission from the Galactic Plane with Milagro

Description: Diffuse {gamma}-ray emission produced by the interaction of cosmic-ray particles with matter and radiation in the Galaxy can be used to probe the distribution of cosmic rays and their sources in different regions of the Galaxy. With its large field of view and long observation time, the Milagro Gamma Ray Observatory is an ideal instrument for surveying large regions of the Northern Hemisphere sky and for detecting diffuse {gamma}-ray emission at very high energies. Here, the spatial distribution and the flux of the diffuse {gamma}-ray emission in the TeV energy range with a median energy of 15 TeV for Galactic longitudes between 30{sup o} and 110{sup o} and between 136{sup o} and 216{sup o} and for Galactic latitudes between -10{sup o} and 10{sup o} are determined. The measured fluxes are consistent with predictions of the GALPROP model everywhere except for the Cygnus region (l {element_of} [65{sup o}, 85{sup o}]). For the Cygnus region, the flux is twice the predicted value. This excess can be explained by the presence of active cosmic ray sources accelerating hadrons which interact with the local dense interstellar medium and produce gamma rays through pion decay.
Date: May 14, 2008
Creator: Abdo, A. A.; Allen, B.; Aune, T.; Berley, D.; Blaufuss, E.; Casanova, S. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Measurement of the Cosmic Ray e+ plus e- Spectrum from 20 GeV to 1 TeV with the Fermi Large Area Telescope

Description: Designed as a high-sensitivity gamma-ray observatory, the Fermi Large Area Telescope is also an electron detector with a large acceptance exceeding 2 m{sup 2}sr at 300 GeV. Building on the gamma-ray analysis, we have developed an efficient electron detection strategy which provides sufficient background rejection for measurement of the steeply-falling electron spectrum up to 1 TeV. Our high precision data show that the electron spectrum falls with energy as E{sup -3.0} and does not exhibit prominent spectral features. Interpretations in terms of a conventional diffusive model as well as a potential local extra component are briefly discussed.
Date: May 14, 2012
Creator: Abdo, Aous A.; /Naval Research Lab, Wash., D.C.; Ackermann, M.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Ajello, M.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Direct Measurement of A{sub c} using Inclusive Charm Tagging at the SLD Detector

Description: We report a new measurement of A{sub c} using data obtained by SLD in 1993-98. This measurement uses a vertex tag technique, where the selection of a c hemisphere is based on the reconstructed mass of the charm hadron decay vertex. The method uses the 3D vertexing capabilities of SLD's CCD vertex detector and the small and stable SLC beams to obtain a high c-event tagging efficiency and purity of 28% and 82%, respectively. Charged kaons identified by the CRID detector and the charge of the reconstructed vertex provide an efficient quark-antiquark tag, with the analyzing power calibrated from the data. We obtain a preliminary result of A{sub c} = 0.603 {+-} 0.028 {+-} 0.023.
Date: July 14, 1999
Creator: Abe, K
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Current Performance of the SLD VXD3

Description: During 1996, the SLD collaboration completed construction and began operation of a new charge-coupled device (CCD) vertex detector (VXD3). Since then, its performance has been studied in detail and a new topological vertexing technique has been developed. In this paper, we discuss the design of VXD3, procedures for aligning it, and the tracking and vertexing improvements that have led to its world-record performance.
Date: September 14, 1999
Creator: Abe, Toshinori
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Electricity: The Road Toward Restructuring

Description: The Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935 (PUHCA) and the Federal Power Act (FPA) were enacted to eliminate unfair practices and other abuses by electricity and gas holding companies by requiring federal control and regulation of interstate public utility holding companies. Comprehensive energy legislation has passed the House and Senate. The House passed H.R. 6 on April 11, 2003. On July 31, 2003, the Senate suspended debate on S. 14, inserted the text of H.R. 4 (107th Congress) as a substitute, and passed H.R. 6. A conference agreement was reached November 17, 2003, and passed by the House the next day. H.R. 6 includes an electricity title that would, in part, repeal PUHCA, would prospectively repeal the mandatory purchase requirement under PURPA, and would create an electric reliability organization. On June 15, 2004, H.R. 4503, a comprehensive energy policy bill, passed the House.
Date: March 14, 2003
Creator: Abel, Amy & Parker, Larry
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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[RE: Arts Education Assessment Consortium, September 14, 1994]

Description: Photocopy of a letter from Julie Abel, the Getty Center, to the Regional Institute Directors, in regards to the upcoming arts assessment. The Arts Education Assessment Consortium, AEAC, is administered by the Council of Chief State School Officers to all the RIG states. The Center is providing support to the AEAC to develop assessment prototypes in the visual and performing arts and believes that if the DBAE, discipline-based art education, is embedded in the assessment prototypes it will strengthen the impact within the state and nationally. A list of state contacts is attached to the letter.
Date: September 14, 1994
Creator: Abel, Julie
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections
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[RE: Goals 2000 Arts Education Partnership Meeting Notes]

Description: Photocopy of a memo from Julie Abel, program associate of the Getty Center for Education in the Arts, to the Regional Institute Grant Directors. The memo is in regards to the key points and recommendations from the September 20, 1996 Goals 2000 Arts Educational Leadership fund meeting. Attached with the memo is the meeting report.
Date: October 14, 1996
Creator: Abel, Julie
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections
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[RE: Ground Transpiration Information]

Description: A memo from Julie Abel, program associate for Getty Center for Education in the Arts, to the participants in the Regional Institute Directors' Meeting. The memo is in regards to prior correspondence from Vicki Rosenberg, who gave the directors information on the upcoming director's meeting, Abel's memo is about ground transportation for the directors from the Santa Barbara airport to the El Encanto Hotel.
Date: January 14, 1992
Creator: Abel, Julie
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections
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[RE: Surf the Net for the first Rig Directors Forum!]

Description: E-mail correspondence from Julie Abel, Program Associate, Getty Center for Education in the Arts, to the Regional Institute Directors. The e-mail is in regards to the January 1995 Director's meeting about findings from the 1994 Cross-Site report as a way to begin communicating in cyberspace. Abel requests that the directors share their thoughts and ideas about and solutions to major issues discussed in the report between March 15 and April 14. cc'd in the letter are Julie Abel, Candy Borland, David Pankratz, Blanche Rubin, Miki Baumgarten, Lani Duke, Vicki Rosenberg and Brent Wilson.
Date: April 14, 1995
Creator: Abel, Julie
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections
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[Letter to Dr. R. William McCarter from Julie Anne Abel, with attached grant offer letter, budget, guidelines, and timeline - June 14, 1995]

Description: A letter to Dr. R. William McCarter from Julie Anne Abel regarding a grant from the Getty Education Institute for the Arts to the North Texas Institute for Educators on the Visual Arts (NTIEVA). Attached documents appear as follows: Grant offer letter; "Approved FY96 Budget"; "FY96 Reporting Guidelines"; "FY97 Grant Guidelines and Application Procedures"; "FY96 RIG Travel Fund Grant Guidelines"; and "Important Dates."
Date: June 14, 1995
Creator: Abel, Julie A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections
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