An assessment of the methods for determining defect or failure fractions in HTGR coated particle fuels and their relationship to particle microstructure
Description: The methods for determining the fraction of defective or failed coatings in high-temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR) fuel particles, the burn-leach and acid leach methods, are critically analyzed. Evaluation of the method reveals that (1) the efficacy of the methods is limited by access, for leaching and oxidizing fluids, to the interior of defective or failed coatings; (2) the coating defects can be characterized in terms of pores by a distribution of effective pore radii; (3) effective pore radii significantly less than several, hundred nanometers cannot be detected; and (4) pore radii less than the latter limit may contribute significantly to fission product release from the defective or failed particles. The currently used methods are thus inadequate for detecting defective or failed fuel particle coatings. The development of better methods is recommended; the intrusion method, by which a portion of the distribution of effective pore radii was determined in the analysis from limited previous measurements, is suggested as one suitable basis for the development. 32 refs., 10 figs., 11 tabs.
Date: April 1989
Creator: Meyers, B. F.
Item Type: Refine your search to only Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department