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Some Recent Contributions to the Study of Transition and Turbulent Boundary Layers

Description: Report presenting a paper in two parts about transition and turbulent boundary layers. The first part reviews the current problem of the instability of laminar boundary layers. The second part reviews the current state of knowledge of the mechanics of turbulent boundary layers and of the methods now being used for fundamental studies of the turbulent fluctuations in turbulent boundary layers.
Date: April 1947
Creator: Dryden, Hugh L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Considerations of the Total Drag of Supersonic Airfoil Sections

Description: The results of calculations of the viscous and pressure drags of some two-dimensional supersonic airfoils at zero lift are presented. The results indicate that inclusion of viscous drag alters many previous results regarding the desirability of certain airfoil shapes for securing low drags at supersonic speeds. At certain Reynolds and Mach numbers, for instance, a circular-arc airfoil may theoretically have less drag than the previously advocated symmetrical wedge-shape profile; although under different conditions, the circular-arc airfoil may have a higher drag.
Date: July 1947
Creator: Ivey, H. Reese & Klunker, E. Bernard
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Charts for the Computation of Equilibrium Composition of Chemical Reactions in the Carbon-Hydrogen-Nitrogen System at Temperatures from 2000 to 5000 Degrees K

Description: Charts are provided for the estimation and progressive adjustment of two independent variables on which the calculations are based. Additional charts are provided for the graphical calculation of the composition.
Date: July 1948
Creator: Huff, Vearl N. & Calvert, Clyde S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Two-Dimensional Irrotational Transonic Flows of a Compressible Fluid

Description: The methods of NACA TN No. 995 have been slightly modified and extended in include flows with circulation by considering the alteration of the singularities of the incompressible solution due to the presence of the hypergeometric functions in the analytic continuation of the solution. It was found that for finite Mach numbers the only case in which the nature of the singularity can remain unchanged is for a ratio of specific heats equal to -1. From a study of two particular flows it seems that the effect of geometry cannot be neglected, and the conventional "pressure-correction" formulas are not valid, even in the subsonic region if the body is thick, especially if there is a supersonic region in the flow.
Date: June 1948
Creator: Kuo, Yung-Huai
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tables and charts of flow parameters across oblique shocks

Description: Shock-wave equations have been evaluated for a range of Mach number in front of the shock from 1.05 to 4.0. Mach number behind the shock, pressure ratio, derivation of flow, and angle of shock are presented on charts. Values are also included for density ratio and change in entropy.
Date: August 1948
Creator: Neice, Mary M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Propeller and Cooling-Air-Flow Characteristics of a Twin-Engine Airplane Model Equipped With NACA D(Sub S)-Type Cowlings and With Propellers of NACA 16-Series Airfoil Sections

Description: Report presenting an investigation in the 19-foot pressure tunnel to determine the nacelle drag, the cowling-air flow, and the propeller characteristics of a model of a high-performance military airplane. The model is fitted with NACA D(sub S)-type engine cowlings and with propellers embodying NACA 16-series airfoil sections. Results regarding the propeller characteristics, drag and cowling-air flow with the propeller removed, the effect of propeller on flow through cowling, and the influence of cooling requirements on airplane performance are provided.
Date: September 1944
Creator: McHugh, James G. & Pepper, Edward
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Profile-Drag Coefficients of Conventional and Low-Drag Airfoils as Obtained in Flight

Description: "The results of flight investigations of the profile drag of several carefully finished conventional and low-drag airfoils are presented. The results indicated that in all cases lower profile-drag coefficients were obtained with the low-drag than with the conventional airfoils over the range of lift coefficient tested and that, for comparable conditions of lift coefficient and Reynolds number, the low-drag airfoils may have profile-drag coefficients which are at least 27 percent lower than the profile-drag coefficients of the conventional airfoils" (p.1).
Date: May 1944
Creator: Zalovcik, John A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight Measurements of the Effect of Various Amounts of Aileron Droop on the Low-Speed Lateral-Control Characteristics of an Observation Airplane

Description: Report presenting tests of the low-speed lateral-control characteristics of an observation airplane with ailerons and spoilers in combination and with the spoilers disconnected and the ailerons used alone with various amounts of droop. The results indicated that in unstalled flight at low speeds and with flaps deflected, little or no aerodynamic benefit was derived by changing the lateral-control system from the aileron and spoiler combination to a normal aileron installation either with or without aileron droop.
Date: August 18, 1943
Creator: Turner, William N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight Studies of the Horizontal-Tail Loads Experienced by a Fighter Airplane in Abrupt Maneuvers

Description: Report presenting flight measurements made on a modern pursuit airplane to determine the approximate magnitude of the horizontal tail loads in accelerated flight. Pressures at a few points were used as an index of the tail loads by correlating these pressures with complete pressure-distribution data obtained in the NACA full-scale tunnel.
Date: June 1944
Creator: Flight Research Maneuvers Section
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Flow of a Compressible Fluid Past a Circular Arc Profile

Description: Report presenting the use of the Ackeret iteration process to obtain higher approximations than that of Prandtl and Glauert for the flow of a compressible fluid past a circular arc profile. The procedure is to expand the velocity potential in a power series of the camber coefficient.
Date: October 1944
Creator: Kaplan, Carl
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Investigation of a Thermal Ice-Prevention System for a C-46 Cargo Airplane 6: Dry-Air Performance of Thermal System at Several Twin- and Single-Engine Operating Conditions at Various Altitudes

Description: Report presenting flight tests to establish the dry-air-performance characteristics of a thermal ice-prevention system at various operating conditions and altitudes. Results regarding twin-engine tests and single-engine tests of characteristics such as skin temperatures and location of heating are provided.
Date: May 1945
Creator: Selna, James & Kees, Harold L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Investigation of a Thermal Ice-Prevention System for a C-46 Cargo Airplane 5: Effect of Thermal System on Airplane Cruise Performance

Description: Report presenting flight tests conducted to evaluate the effect of a thermal ice prevention system on the aerodynamic performance of a C-46 cargo airplane. The installation of the thermal ice-prevention system was found to reduce the indicated airspeed by about 6 miles per hour. Results regarding the overall performance change resulting from the installation of the thermal system, reduction of power attributed to heat-exchanger exhaust-gas back pressure, reduction of power attributed to the internal and external drag of the thermal system, and the additional airplane gross weight attributed to the thermal system are provided.
Date: May 1945
Creator: Selna, James
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Investigation of a Thermal Ice-Prevention System for a C-46 Cargo Airplane 2: The Design, Construction, and Preliminary Tests of the Exhaust-Air Heat Exchanger

Description: Report presenting an investigation of an exhaust-air heat exchanger, which has been designed, constructed, and flight-tested for a C-46 cargo airplane. The primary purpose of the investigation was to provide the C-46 airplane with a satisfactory source of heated air and to continue the development of the heat exchanger as a part of thermal ice-prevention equipment. Results indicated that the required thermal output and desired air-temperature rise have been achieved and that the exchanger is suitable for use in the C-46 airplane.
Date: February 1945
Creator: Jackson, Richard
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Single-Cylinder Oil-Control Tests of Porous Chrome Plated Cylinder Barrels for Radial Air-Cooled Engines

Description: Report presenting a series of single-cylinder engine tests run to determine a satisfactory method of reducing oil consumption in radial air-cooled engines with flat-face compression rings as standard parts and equipped with cylinder barrels salvaged by porous chrome plating. Testing was conducted using porous chrome-plated cylinders with straight and choke bores with standard flat-face compression rings.
Date: January 1946
Creator: Johnson, Robert L. & Swikert, Max
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Supplement to Comparison of Automatic Control Systems

Description: "This analysis deals with the indirect regulator, wherefrom the behavior of the direct regulator is deduced as a limiting case. The prime mover is looked upon as "independent of the load": a change in the adjusting power (to be applied) for the control link (as, for example, in relation to the adjusting path (eta) with pressure valves or the rudder of vessels) does not modify the actions of the prime mover. Mass forces and friction are discounted; "clearance" also is discounted in the transmission links of the regulator" (p. 1).
Date: August 1941
Creator: Oppelt, W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Theoretical Investigation of the Lateral Oscillations of an Airplane With Free Rudder With Special Reference to the Effect of Friction

Description: Report presenting charts showing the variation in dynamic stability with the rudder hinge-moment characteristics. A stabilizing rudder floating tendency combined with a high degree of aerodynamic balance is shown to lead to oscillations of increasing amplitude.
Date: March 1943
Creator: Greenberg, Harry & Sternfield, Leonard
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight Tests of Several Exhaust-Gas-to-Air Heat Exchangers in the B-17F Airplane

Description: Report presenting flight testing of seven exhaust-gas-to-air heat exchangers on a B-17F airplane to determine their performance characteristics and to investigate their flame-suppression qualities. Testing was conducted to secure performance data of heat exchangers which might be suitable for use in the thermal ice-prevention and cabin-heating system of the heavy bomber-type airplanes.
Date: April 1944
Creator: Look, Bonne C. & Selna, James
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

On the Flow of a Compressible Fluid by the Hodography Method 1: Unification and Extension of Present-Day Results

Description: Report presenting elementary basic solutions of the equations of motion of a compressible fluid in the hodograph variables are developed and used to provide a basis for comparison in the form of velocity correction formulas, of corresponding compressible and incompressible flows.
Date: March 1944
Creator: Garrick, I. E. & Kaplan, Carl
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Icing Tests of Aircraft-Engine Induction Systems

Description: Report presenting a program of icing tests conducted on an aircraft-engine induction system consisting of a Wright R-1820, G-200 blower section, Holley 1375-F carburetor and adapter, and specially built air scoop. The primary purpose of the investigation was to determine the effect of a number of possible factors on icing of engine-induction systems, including carburetor-air temperature, air-moisture content, water-droplet size, throttle opening, mixture ratio, rate of air flow, altitude, and others.
Date: January 1943
Creator: Kimball, Leo B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Compressibility and Heating Effects on Pressure Loss and Cooling of a Baffled Cylinder Barrel

Description: Report presenting testing to obtain experimental confirmation of the effect of air compressibility on cooling and pressure loss of a baffled cylinder barrel and to evaluate various methods of analysis. Testing occurred over a wide range of air flows and density altitudes.
Date: July 1944
Creator: Goldstein, Arthur W. & Ellerbrock, Herman H., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Determination of General Relations for the Behavior of Turbulent Boundary Layers

Description: Report presenting an analysis of data for turbulent boundary layers along wings and bodies of various shapes in order to determine the fundamental variables that control the development of turbulent boundary layers. Results indicate that the type of velocity distribution in the boundary layer could be expressed in terms of a single parameter.
Date: July 1943
Creator: von Doenhoff, Albert E. & Tetervin, Neal
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

On the Flow of a Compressible Fluid by the Hodography Method 2: Fundamental Set of Particular Flow Solutions of the Chaplygin Differential Equation

Description: Report presenting the utilization of the differential equation of Chaplygin's jet problem to give a systematic development of particular solutions of the hodograph flow equations, which extends the treatment of Chaplygin into the supersonic range and completes the set of particular solutions. The solutions serve to place on a reasonable basis the use of velocity correction formulas for the comparison of incompressible and compressible flows.
Date: November 1944
Creator: Kaplan, Carl
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department