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An investigation of four wings of square plan form at a Mach number of 6.86 in the Langley 11-inch hypersonic tunnel

Description: Report presenting the results of pressure-distribution and force tests on four wings at Mach number 6.86 and Reynolds number 980,000 in the 11-inch hypersonic tunnel. Characteristics of the wings tested included a 4-inch square plan form, a 5-percent maximum thickness, and diamond, half-diamond, wedge, and half-circular-arc sections. Information about pressure measurements, wing characteristics, and Schlieren photographs is provided.
Date: June 29, 1951
Creator: McLellan, Charles H.; Bertram, Mitchel H. & Moore, John A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight investigation of the longitudinal stability and control characteristics of the Douglas D-558-I airplane (BuAero No. 37972) at Mach numbers up to 0.89

Description: Report presenting results and analysis of the longitudinal stability and control characteristics of the Douglas D-558-I airplane at a range of altitudes and Mach numbers. It was found that large and rapid changes in elevator deflection and force were required for balance at Mach numbers above 0.84 due to a sharp decrease in elevator-stabilizer effectiveness.
Date: June 25, 1951
Creator: Sadoff, Melvin; Roden, William S. & Eggleston, John M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Recent experimental flutter studies

Description: Report presenting some highlights of recent experimental studies of flutter at high speeds. Flutter problems have become more varied with the advent of transonic flight and importance of aeroelasticity, and the flutter field has merged with other aspect of aeroelasticity such as divergence and buffeting. The two main subjects of flutter, classical flutter and stall flutter, are explored in these studies.
Date: June 12, 1951
Creator: Regier, Arthur A. & Martin, Dennis J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of surface finish on fatigue properties at elevated temperatures I : low-carbon N-155 with grain size of A.S.T.M. 1

Description: Effect of three surface finishes of roughness 4 to 5, 20 to 25, and 70 to 80 micro inches rms on fatigue properties were determined for low-carbon N-155 alloy of grain size A.S.T.M. 1 at temperatures of 80 , 1000, 1350, and 1500 F. The fatigue properties for the various finishes differed appreciably at room temperature; however, after short periods at 1000 F and for all periods investigated at temperatures above 1000 F, the specimen finishes had the same fatigue strength. It was concluded that the primary cause of the difference in room-temperature strength was due to compressive stresses set up in the surface and that at elevated temperatures these compressive stresses were relieved by annealing. Apparently, roughness alone did not significantly affect fatigue strength.
Date: June 26, 1951
Creator: Ferguson, Robert R
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Some effects of spanwise aileron location and wing structural rigidity on the rolling effectiveness of 0.3-chord flap-type ailerons on a tapered wing having 63 degrees sweepback at the leading edge and NACA 64A005 airfoil sections

Description: Report presenting an investigation of some effects of aileron spanwise location and wing structural rigidity on the rolling power of 0.3-chord plain, flap-type ailerons on a wing with a taper ratio of 0.25, an aspect ratio of 3.5, and swept back 63 degrees at the leading edge. Results regarding the aeroelastic effects and aileron span and spanwise location are provided.
Date: June 22, 1951
Creator: Strass, H. Kurt; Fields, E. M. & Schult, Eugene D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Review of the maximum-lift characteristics of thin and swept wings

Description: Report discussing several investigations into the maximum-lift capabilities of aircraft wings at high speeds. Testing of thin unswept and swept wings at subsonic and transonic speeds, thin and thick wings, and the effect of airfoil sections on various airplanes is presented and compared.
Date: June 5, 1951
Creator: Lowry, John G. & Cahill, Jones F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of angle of incidence of second-stage vane assembly on third-stage compressor-blade vibration and engine performance

Description: Strain-gages were used to measure blade vibrations causing failures in the third stage of a production 11-stage axial-flow compressor. After the serious third-stage vibration was detected, a series of investigations were conducted with second-stage vane assemblies of varying angles of incidence. Curves presented herein show the effect of varying the angle of incidence of second-stage vane assembly on third-stage rotor-blade vibration amplitude and engine performance. A minimum vibration amplitude was obtained without greatly affecting the engine performance with a second-stage vane assembly of 9deg. greater angle of incidence than the assembly normally furnished with the engine.
Date: June 12, 1951
Creator: Meyer, André J., Jr. & Calvert, Howard F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ditching Investigation of a 1/24-Scale Model of the Douglas C-124 Airplane

Description: "An investigation of a 1/24- scale dynamically similar model of the Douglas C-124 airplane was made to determine the ditching characteristics and proper technique for ditching the airplane. Various conditions of damage, landing attitude, flap setting, and speed were investigated. The behavior of the model was determined from visual observations, motion- picture records, and time-history deceleration records. The results of the investigation are presented in table form, photographs, and curves" (p. 1).
Date: June 18, 1951
Creator: Fisher, Lloyd J. & Windham, John O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight measurements with the Douglas D-558-II (BuAero No. 37974) research airplane: dynamic lateral stability

Description: The paper presents flight measurements of the dynamic lateral stability of the D-558-II (BuAero No. 37974) research airplane. Data are presented for a range of calibrated airspeed from 167 miles per hour to 474 miles per hour.
Date: June 18, 1951
Creator: Stillwell, W. H. & Wilmerding, J. V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Instrumentation for recording transient performance of gas-turbine engines and control systems

Description: Report presenting design features for the instrumentation used in a study of the transient performance of gas-turbine engines and control systems. The dynamic characteristics of the instrumentation are discussed and examples of typical acceleration data for a controlled and an uncontrolled engine are provided.
Date: June 27, 1951
Creator: Delio, Gene J. & Schwent, Glennon V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Lift and drag coefficients for the Bell X-1 airplane (8-percent-thick wing) in power-off transonic flight

Description: Report presenting drag coefficients determined by the accelerometer method for the Bell X-1 airplane with 8-percent-thick wing and 6-percent-thick tail in power-off flight over a range of Mach numbers and lift coefficients. Results regarding the variation of computed lift and drag coefficients, variation of lift coefficient with Mach number, and effect of Mach number on lift-drag ratio are provided.
Date: June 25, 1951
Creator: Carman, L. Robert & Carden, John R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aerodynamic characteristics of tapered wings having aspect ratios of 4, 6, and 8, quarter-chord lines swept back 45 degrees, and NACA 63(sub 1)A012 airfoil sections: transonic-bump method

Description: Report presenting testing of a series of three wings over a range of Mach numbers by the use of the transonic-bump technique. The lift, drag, pitching-moment, and root-bending-moment data of wings of a variety of aspect ratios but with the same quarter-chord lines and airfoil sections were obtained.
Date: June 13, 1951
Creator: Polhamus, Edward C. & King, Thomas J., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aerodynamic characteristics of four wings of sweepback angles 0 degrees, 35 degrees, 45 degrees, and 60 degrees, NACA 65A006 airfoil section, aspect ratio 4, and taper ratio 0.6 in combination with a fuselage at high subsonic Mach numbers and at a Mach number of 1.2

Description: Report discussing an investigation of the effect of sweepback angle on wing-fuselage characteristics at a subsonic and a supersonic Mach number. Lift, drag, and pitching-moment coefficients, downwash-angle, and total-pressure measurements are all provided.
Date: June 6, 1951
Creator: Luoma, Arvo A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Low-speed longitudinal and wake air-flow characteristics at a Reynolds number of 5.5 x 10(exp 6) of a circular-arc 52 degrees sweptback wing with a fuselage and a horizontal tail at various vertical positions

Description: Report presenting an investigation in the 19-foot pressure tunnel to determine the effects of a fuselage and a horizontal tail located at various vertical positions on the low-speed longitudinal characteristics of a circular-arc 52 degree sweptback wing. Results regarding the effect of fuselage on longitudinal characteristics of the wing, effect of tail position on stability and tail effectiveness, and air-flow characteristics are provided.
Date: June 19, 1951
Creator: Foster, Gerald V. & Griner, Roland F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An experimental study at moderate and high subsonic speeds of the flow over wings with 30 degrees and 45 degrees of sweepback in conjunction with a fuselage

Description: Report presenting pressure distributions, wake measurements, and tuft patterns for wings with 30 and 45 degrees of sweepback in conjunction with a midwing fuselage at Mach numbers to 0.96. The wings have an NACA 65-210 section, a taper ratio of 2.6:1, and aspect ratios of 7.5 and 5.2. The study indicated that when the Mach number reached high subsonic values at low angles of attack, the locations of peak negative pressure coefficients on the upper surfaces of the sections near the wing-fuselage junctures shifted rearward.
Date: June 15, 1951
Creator: Whitcomb, Richard T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An experimental study at moderate and high subsonic speeds of the flow over wings with 30 degrees and 45 degrees of sweepforward in conjunction with a fuselage

Description: Report presenting pressure distributions and wake measurements for wings with 30 and 45 degrees of sweepforward, in conjunction with a midwing fuselage, at Mach numbers up to 0.96. The wings had an NACA 65-210 section, a taper ratio of 0.38, and aspect ratios of 7.5 and 5.2. Results regarding pressure distributions, wake measurements, and corrections are provided.
Date: June 15, 1951
Creator: Whitcomb, Richard T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary study of circulation in an apparatus suitable for determining corrosive effects of hot flowing liquids

Description: "A simple apparatus particularly applicable to the determination of the corrosive effects of flowing liquid metals on structural materials is described. In this apparatus, flow of the liquid medium at known velocities may be induced in toroidal shaped channels fabricated from the test structural material only, with no pump, valves, or flow meter required. A circulating velocity of 25 ft/sec has been obtained in preliminary tests and no basic limitation on increasing the speed was encountered" (p. 1).
Date: June 29, 1951
Creator: Desmon, Leland G. & Mosher, Don R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental investigation of flow in the rotating passages of a 48-inch impeller at low tip speeds

Description: Report presenting a study of the flow phenomena within the rotating passages of a 48-inch radial-inlet impeller at low tip speeds. Total and static pressures were measured within the impeller passages at two different tip speeds by using a suitable pressure-transfer device to transmit the pressures from the rotating passages to the stationary measuring station. Results regarding the overall compressor performance, static-pressure distribution along blades, total-pressure distribution across the passage, static-pressure distribution across the passage, pressure distribution from hub to shroud, and power input to impeller are provided.
Date: June 26, 1951
Creator: Michel, Donald J.; Ginsberg, Ambrose & Mizisin, John
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight Camera for Photographing Cloud Droplets in Natural Suspension in the Atmosphere

Description: "A camera designed for use in flight has been developed by the NACA Lewis laboratory to photograph cloud droplets in their natural suspension in the atmosphere. A magnification of 32 times is employed to distinguish for measurement purposes all sizes of droplets greater than 5 microns in diameter. Photographs can be taken at flight speeds up to 150 miles per hour at 5-second intervals, A field area of 0.025 square inch is photographed on 7-inch-width roll film accommodating 40 exposures on an 18-foot length" (p. 1).
Date: June 29, 1951
Creator: McCullough, Stuart & Perkins, Porter J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Lift, drag, and pitching moment of low-aspect-ratio wings at subsonic and supersonic speeds: twisted and cambered triangular wing of aspect ratio 2 with NACA 0003-63 thickness distribution

Description: This report presents the results of an investigation to ascertain the lift, drag, and pitching moment of a wing-body combination having a triangular wing of aspect ratio 2 with NACA 0003-63 thickness distribution in streamwise planes and twisted and cambered for a nearly elliptical span load distribution. Results are shown for Mach numbers from 0.60 to 0.90 and from 1.30 to 1.70 at Reynolds numbers of 3.0 million and 7.5 million.
Date: June 12, 1951
Creator: Hall, Charles F. & Heitmeyer, John C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pressure-distribution measurements over a 45 degree sweptback wing at transonic speeds by the NACA wing-flow method

Description: Report presenting measurements of pressure made over the chord of a swept-wing model at four stations along the span by the NACA wing-flow method. The model was an untapered 45 degree sweptback wing of aspect ratio 3.5 with 2-inch-chord NACA 65-210 airfoil sections normal to the leading edge. Results regarding the chordwise pressure distributions and spanwise distributions of section lift, drag, and pitching moment.
Date: June 25, 1951
Creator: Danforth, Edward C. B. & O'Bryan, Thomas C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Lift, drag, and pitching moment of low-aspect-ratio wings at subsonic and supersonic speeds: Plane triangular wing of aspect ratio 4 with 3-percent-thick, biconvex section

Description: Report presenting a wing-body combination with a plane triangular wing of aspect ratio 4 and 3-percent-thick, biconvex sections in streamwise planes at subsonic and supersonic Mach numbers. Lift, drag, and pitching moment are presented for a range of Mach and Reynolds numbers.
Date: June 8, 1951
Creator: Heitmeyer, John C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The torsional deflections of several propellers under operating conditions

Description: Report presenting propeller-blade torsional-deflection data obtained during an investigation of the pressure distribution on constant-chord solid aluminum-alloy blades differing only in camber and thickness. Testing indicated that thinner blades were able to produce greater amounts of deflection. Results regarding torsional deflections are also provided.
Date: June 22, 1951
Creator: Gray, W. H. & Allis, A. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department