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Flow diffusion in a constant-diameter duct downstream of an abruptly terminated center body

Description: Report presenting an investigation of the flow properties of a constant-outer-wall annual diffuser in combination with a tailpipe in order to come up with a configuration suitable for turbojet afterburners. Information about axial inlet flow and whirling inlet flow is provided. During testing, a vena contrata region formed downstream from the center body terminal and rendered the first 1/2 diameter of the tailpipe ineffective.
Date: July 8, 1953
Creator: Wood, Charles C. & Higginbotham, James T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of a pulse-jet-powered helicopter rotor on the Langley helicopter test tower

Description: Report discussing testing of a helicopter rotor powered by pulse-jet engines located at the rotor-blade tips. The basic hovering characteristics of the rotor and propulsive characteristics of the pulse-jet engine were obtained at a range of engine speeds with the engines rigidly fixed to the blade tips and with the engines free to pivot. Measurements were also taken to determine the effect of inlet blockage on the power-off drag of the jet engines and the noise intensity in the vicinity of operating engines.
Date: February 8, 1954
Creator: Radin, Edward J. & Carpenter, Paul J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Internal-Film Cooling of Rocket Nozzles

Description: Experiments were conducted with 1000-pound-thrust rocket engine to determine feasibility of cooling convergent-divergent nozzle by internal film of water introduced at nozzle entrance. Water flow of 3 percent of propellant flow reduced heat flow into nozzle to 55 percent of uncooled heat flow. Introduction of water by porous ring before nozzle resulted in more uniform coverage of nozzle than water introduced by single arrangement of 36 jets directed along nozzle wall. Water flow through porous ring of 3.5 percent of propellant flow stabilized wall temperature in convergent section but did not adequately cool throat or divergent sections.
Date: June 8, 1948
Creator: Sloop, J. L. & Kinney, George R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Initial experiments on the aerodynamic cooling associated with large-scale vortical motions in supersonic flow

Description: Report presenting a theory of reduction of convective heat transfer to a surface in supersonic flow by periodically imposing a large-scale vortical motion on the boundary layer and an experimental investigation of that theory. Results regarding the pulsating flow phenomena, heat-transfer characteristics, and aerodynamic characteristics are provided.
Date: March 8, 1955
Creator: Eggers, A. J., Jr. & Hermach, C. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary investigation at transonic speeds of the effect of balancing tabs on the hinge-moment and other aerodynamic characteristics of a full-span flap on a tapered 45 degree sweptback wing of aspect ratio 3

Description: Report presenting an investigation at transonic speeds of the control balancing characteristics of three tabs on a full-span flap on an aspect-ratio-3, 45 degree sweptback wing. The results indicated that all the tabs tested, inset, attached, or detached, would balance the flap hinge moments throughout the speed range.
Date: April 8, 1952
Creator: Lockwood, Vernard E. & Fikes, Joseph E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Comparison between prediction and experiment for all-movable wing and body combinations at supersonic speeds: Lift, pitching moment, and hinge moment

Description: From Summary: "A simple method is presented for estimating lift, pitching-moment, and hinge-moment characteristics of all-movable wings in the presence of a body as well as the characteristics of wing-body combinations employing such wings. In general, good agreement between the method and experiment was obtained for the lift and pitching moment of the entire wing-body combination and for the lift of the wing in the presence of the body. The method is valid for moderate angles of attack, wing deflection angles, and width of gap between wing and body."
Date: August 8, 1952
Creator: Nielsen, Jack N.; Kaattari, George E. & Drake, William C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effects of internal corner fillets on pressure recovery: Mass flow characteristics of scoop-type conical supersonic inlets

Description: Report presenting an investigation in the 8- by 6-foot supersonic tunnel at a range of free-stream Mach numbers at zero angle of attack to determine the effects of internal corner fillets on the pressure recovery characteristics of twin-scoop conical-type inlets utilizing boundary layer removal and mounted on the RM-10 body. Without boundary layer removal, the use of fillets resulted in substantial improvements in pressure recoveries and near critical mass flows up to a certain Mach number.
Date: December 8, 1952
Creator: Valerino, Alfred S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Performance of Inconel 739 buckets in J33-9 turbojet engine

Description: Investigation of the performance of Inconel 739 (a nickel-base alloy of low critical-element content) buckets in a J33-9 engine showed that Inconel 739 had an engine life at least equivalent if not superior to S-816 buckets operated at 1500 degrees F. Inconel 739 buckets had a small scatter in life and exhibited lower total elongation than S-816. Bucket life was less than that predicted on; the basis of stress-rupture considerations alone. The failure mechanism was probably influenced by fatigue.
Date: October 8, 1956
Creator: Gyorgak, C. A. & Johnston, J. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pumping characteristics for several simulated variable-geometry ejectors with hot and cold primary flow

Description: Report presenting an investigation of the pumping characteristics of eight conical ejectors mounted on a fuselage portion of a supersonic airplane. The diameter ratio, spacing ratio, nozzle pressure, and ejector weight flows were varied. Results regarding the ejector pumping characteristics, comparison with previous results, comparison of data for cold and hot primary flow, and ejector air-supply requirements are provided.
Date: September 8, 1954
Creator: Allen, John L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A preliminary study by means of electrical frequency-analysis techniques of the response of an airplane structure during buffeting

Description: Report presenting a flight investigation to study in detail the response of an airplane structure during buffeting. Measurements of acceleration on selected points were made during buffeting for two different conditions of lift coefficient and Mach number and the time histories of acceleration were studied using electrical frequency-analysis techniques. Results regarding the ground response measurements, response to buffeting excitation, verification of the measured results, and the pilot's observation of the buffeting are provided.
Date: December 8, 1953
Creator: Yeates, John E., Jr. & Thompson, Jim Rogers
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A preliminary investigation at Mach number 1.91 of a diffuser employing a pivoted cone to improve operation at angle of attack

Description: Report presenting an investigation to determine the performance of a conical-nose supersonic diffuser at angle of attack. The inlet had a pivoting cone which could be oriented to any of several angles independent of the angle of attack of the diffuser. Results regarding total-pressure recovery and mass-flow characteristics, cowl lip position, cone position relative to angle of attack, shadowgraphs, and contour maps are provided.
Date: December 8, 1953
Creator: Beheim, Milton A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary experimental investigation of flutter characteristics of M and W wings

Description: Report presenting the results of nine experimental flutter tests involving two flat-plate models and two rib and spar models of NACA 0012 airfoil sections in order to give a comparison of the flutter characteristics of wings with M and W type plan forms. The W plan form generally gave higher flutter speeds than the M plan forms.
Date: August 8, 1951
Creator: Herr, Robert W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Longitudinal stability and control characteristics of a canard missile configuration for Mach numbers from 1.1 to 1.93 as determined from free-flight and wind-tunnel investigation

Description: Report presenting a study of the supersonic longitudinal stability and control characteristics of a canard missile configuration using flight tests and wind-tunnel tests at a range of Mach numbers and Reynolds numbers. Good correlation was noted for the two techniques for slopes of lift and moment coefficients against angle of attack and for aerodynamic-center location.
Date: August 8, 1952
Creator: Curfman, Howard J., Jr. & Grigsby, Carl E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Longitudinal stability and wake-flow characteristics of a twisted and cambered wing-fuselage combination of 45 degree sweepback and aspect ratio 8 with a horizontal tail and stall-control devices at a Reynolds number of 4.0 x 10(exp 6).

Description: Report presenting an investigation to determine the effects of a horizontal tail on the longitudinal stability characteristics of a swept-back, twisted, and cambered wing in combination with a fuselage and various combinations of high-lift and stall-control devices. The ideal placement of the horizontal tail appeared to be at 6 percent wing semispan below the wing-root-chord plane.
Date: June 8, 1953
Creator: Foster, Gerald V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Longitudinal stability investigation for a Mach number range of 0.8 to 1.7 of an airplane configuration with a 45 degree swept wing and a low horizontal tail

Description: Report presenting an investigation of an airplane configuration model with a 45 degree swept wing of aspect ratio 4.0 and a taper ratio 0.3 with a low swept horizontal tail to determine its longitudinal stability. Longitudinal aerodynamic coefficients and stability derivatives are presented as functions of Mach number over the test range. The results are compared to wind tunnel and rocket model data and generally show good agreement.
Date: February 8, 1956
Creator: McFall, John C., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Exploratory investigation of the effect of wing slots and leading-edge slats on the longitudinal stability characteristics of a 45 degree sweptback wing-fuselage configuration

Description: Report presenting an exploratory investigation to determine the effects of wing slots on the longitudinal stability characteristics of a 45 degree sweptback wing-fuselage combination. Results regarding pitching-moment characteristics and lift and drag characteristics are provided.
Date: February 8, 1957
Creator: Critzos, Chris C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Results of the flight test of a 0.13-scale rocket-boosted model of the McDonnell F4H-1 airplane between Mach numbers of 0.20 and 1.90: TED No. NACA AD 3115

Description: From Summary: "A flight test was conducted with a 0.13-scale rocket-boosted model of the McDonnell F4H-1 airplane configuration at transonic and supersonic speeds. The external drag coefficient varied from a value of 0.044 at a Mach number of 1.17 to 0.045 at a Mach number of 1.40 and then decreased to 0.041 at a Mach number of 1.90. The limited oscillatory data available indicate the existence of a coupled longitudinal-lateral motion in the Mach number range from 0.20 to 1.17."
Date: November 8, 1957
Creator: Hastings, Earl C., Jr. & Dickens, Waldo L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Heat transfer for Mach numbers up to 2.2 and pressure distributions for Mach numbers up to 4.7 from flight investigations of a flat-face-cone and a hemisphere-cone

Description: Report presenting testing of two blunt-nose models, a flat-face-cone and a hemisphere-cone, at Mach numbers up to 4.7. The main purpose was to determine information about heating rates and transition for different blunt nose shapes for long-range ballistic missiles. Information about pressure measurements and heat transfer is provided.
Date: May 8, 1958
Creator: Speegle, Katherine C.; Chauvin, Leo T. & Heberlig, Jack C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Correlation of vibratory root failures and stress distribution in J65 compressor blades

Description: Report presenting an investigation of the stress distribution in the roots of the first three stages of the J6S axial-flow compressor in order to explain root failures experienced in service. Root failures were producible in the lab when high vibratory stresses were combined with simulated centrifugal loads. Results regarding fatigue tests on the original J6S blade roots and on two redesigned blade roots as well as a comparison of the different root designs are provided.
Date: September 8, 1955
Creator: Meyer, André J., Jr. & Kaufman, Albert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An analytical study of sideslip angles and vertical-tail loads in rolling pullouts as affected by some characteristics of modern high-speed airplane configurations

Description: From Introduction: "The rolling-pullout maneuver (any maneuver in which rolls occur during high g flight conditions) has been shown to be pertinent to design considerations from the standpoint of the loads produced on a vertical tail (refs. 1 to 3). In order to understand this problem better, the results of an analytical study of effects of large variations of some of the lateral-stability-derivative coefficients on the maximum angle of sideslip at first peak of its oscillation are presented in this paper. Also, expressions for estimating the effects of small variations of or errors in these coefficients on the maximum sideslip angle have been developed and are presented. "
Date: October 8, 1953
Creator: Stone, Ralph W., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A comparison of flight-measured carrier-approach speeds with values predicted by several different criteria for 41 fighter-type airplane configurations

Description: Report presenting lift and drag characteristics in the landing-approach configuration on 41 jet-propelled fighter-type airplane arrangements using flight testing. Minimum comfortable approach speeds were evaluated by four test pilots. Suggestions for achieving optimal speeds for approach under various conditions are also provided.
Date: May 8, 1958
Creator: White, Maurice D.; Schlaff, Bernard A. & Drinkwater, Fred J., III
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department