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Average Outside-Surface Heat-Transfer Coefficients and Velocity Distributions for Heated and Cooled Impulse Turbine Blades in Static Cascades

Description: Heat-transfer investigation conducted on cooled as well heated impulse-type turbine blades in a static cascade to determine the effect of direction of heat flow on convective heat-transfer coefficients.
Date: March 9, 1951
Creator: Hubbartt, James E. & Schum, Eugene F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Large-scale low-speed wind-tunnel tests of a model having a 60 degree delta horizontal canard control surface and wing to obtain static-longitudinal-stability and canard surface hinge-moment data

Description: Report presenting a wind-tunnel investigation of a model equipped with a 60 degree delta wing and a 60 degree delta horizontal all-movable canard control surface to determine the stability, control, and canard-surface hinge-moment characteristics at low speeds and at a Reynolds number of 9 x 10(exp 6). Two longitudinal positions of the canard surface were tested. Results regarding lift and pitching moment, drag, and hinge moment are provided.
Date: June 17, 1954
Creator: Burrows, Dale L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An experimental study of five annular air inlet configurations at subsonic and transonic speeds

Description: Report presenting an investigation of an NACA 1-80-100 nose inlet fitted alternately with an elliptical, a parabolic, a 14 degree-inch conical, and a 22 degree-inch conical central body at subsonic and transonic speeds in the 8-foot transonic tunnel. Drag, surface-pressure, and pressure-recovery measurements were obtained at 0 degrees angle of attack through a range of Mach numbers. Results regarding tunnel boundary interference, surface-pressure distribution, external drag, pressure recovery, and propulsive thrust comparison are provided.
Date: August 19, 1953
Creator: Pendley, Robert E.; Milillo, Joseph R.; Fleming, Frank F. & Bryan, Carroll R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A pressure-distribution investigation of a fineness-ratio-12.2 parabolic body of revolution (NACA RM-10) at M = 1.59 and angles of attack up to 36 degrees

Description: Report presenting a pressure-distribution investigation of a parabolic body of revolution with a fineness ratio of 12.2, which was performed in the 4- by 4-foot supersonic tunnel at Mach number 1.59 and Reynolds number 3.6 x 10(sub 6), based on body length, for a range of angles of attack. Results regarding basic pressures, aerodynamic coefficients, asymmetrical pressures, comparison of experimental and theoretical pressures, artificial roughness, section coefficients, and body coefficients are provided.
Date: October 30, 1952
Creator: Cooper, Morton; Gapcynski, John P. & Hasel, Lowell E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Comparison of the performance of a helicopter-type ram-jet engine under various centrifugal loadings

Description: Report presenting an investigation of an 18-foot-radius helicopter rotor powered by tip-mounted ramjet engines in the helicopter test tower. The engine performance is compared with the performance determined in a previous investigation of a 9-foot-radius rotor with the same engines at similar speeds but with twice the centrifugal forces. Results regarding the propulsive characteristics, minimum specific fuel consumption and corresponding propulsive thrust, and operational characteristics are provided.
Date: October 7, 1953
Creator: Radin, Edward J. & Carpenter, Paul J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigations toward simplification of missile control systems

Description: Paper presenting three ideas regarding potential simplifications of missile-control systems in order to make them more reliable without sacrificing system performance. The three methods presented include an autorotating-vane spoiler, a bellows flap, and free controls. All are based on modified airplane control systems.
Date: November 12, 1953
Creator: Curfman, Howard J., Jr.; Strass, H. Kurt & Crane, Harold L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A study of the use of various high-lift devices on the horizontal tail of a canard airplane model as a means of increasing the allowable center-of-gravity travel

Description: Report presenting an investigation to study the use of various high-lift devices on the horizontal tail of a canard airplane model as a means of increasing the allowable center-of-gravity travel. The results indicated that the large increases in allowable center-of-gravity travel could be obtained using the devices. Results regarding the basic aerodynamic data, effect of tail configuration on the allowable center-of-gravity travel, and a comparison of measured and predicted values of the allowable center-of-gravity travel are provided.
Date: January 21, 1953
Creator: Johnson, Joseph L., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Rocket-Model Investigation to Determine the Hinge-Moment and Normal-Force Properties of a Full-Span, Constant-Chord, Partially Balanced Trailing-Edge Control on a 60 Degree Clipped Delta Wing Between Mach Numbers of 0.50 and 1.26

Description: Report presenting a free-flight investigation of a rocket-powered research model to determine the hinge-moment and normal-force characteristics of a trailing-edge control on a delta wing between Mach numbers of 0.50 and 1.26. The hinge-line location of 40 percent control chord satisfactorily reduced the high hinge moments associated with plain flap-type controls. Results regarding hinge moments and normal force are provided.
Date: October 30, 1953
Creator: Martz, C. William & Goslee, John W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-Tunnel Investigation to Determine the Horizontal- and Vertical-Tail Contributions to the Static Lateral Stability Characteristics of a Complete-Model Swept-Wing Configuration at High Subsonic Speeds

Description: Results regarding an investigation to determine the horizontal- and vertical-tail contributions to the static lateral stability of a complete-model swept-wing configuration at high subsonic speeds. Generally, Mach number effects within the range studied and wing effects on the tail contribution were small and the overall trends of the data of the present investigation agreed with those which have been established at low speeds.
Date: July 10, 1953
Creator: Wiggins, James W.; Kuhn, Richard E. & Fournier, Paul G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Effects of a Small Jet of Air Exhausting From the Nose of a Body of Revolution in Supersonic Flow

Description: Report presenting the results of an investigation to determine the effects of a small jet of air exhausting from the nose of an elliptical body of revolution upon boundary-layer transition and the viscous, pressure, and total drag of the forebody at three body stations at Mach number 1.62. The jet effects on body pressure, pressure variations, boundary-layer transition, and total drag are provided.
Date: November 12, 1952
Creator: Love, Eugene S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of the Aerodynamic Characteristics of the NACA RM-10 Missile (With Fins) at a Mach Number of 1.62 in the Langley 9-Inch Supersonic Tunnel

Description: Report presenting an investigation of a fin-stabilized scale model of the NACA RM-10 missile at a Mach number of 1.62. Measurements were made of the lift, drag, and pitching moment of the finned body over a range of angles of attack. Comparisons with the results from other testing facilities are also provided.
Date: December 19, 1952
Creator: Coletti, Donald E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Control characteristics at transonic speeds of a linked flap and spoiler on a tapered 45 degrees sweptback wing of aspect ratio 3

Description: Report presenting an investigation at transonic speeds to determine the control characteristics of a linked flap and spoiler. The control consisted of a linked combination of a quarter-span inboard plug-type spoiler and a full-span flap. Results regarding the hinge-moment, pitching-moment, lift, and rolling-moment are provided.
Date: July 11, 1952
Creator: Lockwood, Vernard E. & Fikes, Joseph E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of engine performance and high-temperature properties of precision-cast turbine blades of high carbon Stellite 21 and controlled grain-size-Stellite 21

Description: Report presenting an investigation to determine the effect of controlled grain size and increased carbon content on engine performance and high-temperature properties of precision-cast Stellite 21 turbine blades. Results regarding blade stresses, engine operation, and metallurgical examination are provided.
Date: June 23, 1952
Creator: Yaker, Charles; Garrett, Floyd B. & Sikora, Paul F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Force, moment, and pressure-distribution characteristics of rectangular wings at high angles of attack and supersonic speeds

Description: Report presenting experimental force and moment data for rectangular wings of aspect ratios 1, 2, and 3 at a range of angles of attack and Mach numbers. Shock-expansion theory was found to adequately predict the span load distribution in the two-dimensional flow region below the shock-detachment angle. Results regarding basic physical data, the attached regime, and the detached regime are provided.
Date: February 13, 1956
Creator: Pitts, William C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

High-Speed Drag and Opening Characteristics of a Kaman Rotochute Model

Description: Report presenting an experimental investigation in the 7- by 10-foot tunnel in a range of Mach numbers to determine the drag and opening characteristics of a model of a Kaman Aircraft Corporation Rotochute. The Rotochute is a two-bladed flapping rotor with governor-controlled blades designed for lowering cargo containers from high-speed aircraft tested at various Mach numbers simulating constant rates of descent.
Date: June 10, 1954
Creator: Lockwood, Vernard E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Vapor pressures and calculated heats of vaporization of concentrated nitric acid solutions in the composition range 71 to 89 percent nitrogen dioxide, 1 to 10 percent water, and in the temperature range 10 to 60 degrees C

Description: From Summary: "Total vapor pressures were measured for 16 acid mixtures of the ternary system nitric acid, nitrogen dioxide, and water within the temperature range 10 degrees to 60 degrees Celsius, and with the composition range 71 to 89 weight percent nitric acid, 7 to 20 weight percent nitrogen dioxide, and 1 to 10 weight percent water. Heats of vaporization were calculated from the vapor pressure measurements for each sample for the temperatures 25, 40, and 60 degrees Celsius. The ullage of the apparatus used for the measurements was 0.46. Ternary diagrams showing isobars as a function of composition of the system were constructed from experimental and interpolated data for the temperatures 25, 40, 45, and 60 degrees C and are presented herein."
Date: February 5, 1954
Creator: McKeown, A. B. & Belles, Frank E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Exploratory investigation of static- and base-pressure increases resulting from combustion of aluminum borohydride adjacent to body of revolution in supersonic wing tunnel

Description: Report presenting pressure distribution associated with the stable combustion of aluminum borohydride about a body of revolution in a wind tunnel at Mach number 2.47. Pressure increases on the cylindrical and base surfaces of the model were measured. Results regarding the burning and associated flow phenomena, axial and meridional static-pressure data obtained during combustion, and base-pressure data during combustion are provided.
Date: October 2, 1957
Creator: Serafini, John S.; Dorsch, Robert G. & Fletcher, Edward A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Exploratory investigation at high and low subsonic Mach numbers of two experimental 6-percent-thick airfoil sections designed to have high maximum lift coefficients

Description: Report presenting an investigation to determine if thin airfoils with increased values of low-speed maximum lift coefficient but also retain the basic advantages of thin sections at high Mach numbers can be developed. Several experimental thin airfoil sections were developed from an analysis of airfoil data and two of them were investigated at high and low subsonic Mach numbers. Results regarding the low-speed characteristics and high-speed characteristics are provided.
Date: December 14, 1951
Creator: Loftin, Laurence K., Jr. & von Doenhoff, Albert E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight determination of the drag of conical-shock nose inlets with various cowling shapes and axial positions of the center body at Mach numbers from 0.8 to 2.0

Description: Report presenting free-flight testing of conical-shock nose inlet models with cowls of fineness ratio 3 with five different profiles. Three of the profiles were mostly conic with different lip shapes, one was parabolic, and one was NACA 1-series. Results regarding the basic data, effect of cone position, comparison of profile shapes, and effect of mass-flow ratio are provided.
Date: September 10, 1954
Creator: Merlet, Charles F. & Putland, Leonard W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A flight and analog computer study of some stabilization and command networks for an automatically controlled interceptor during the final attack phase

Description: Report presenting studies of the final attack phase of an automatically controlled interceptor in flight and electronic simulators to investigate various airplane command and stabilization networks and to develop simple but adequate simulation techniques for the synthesis of automatic control systems. Results regarding automatic control with a simple command system, automatic control with the improved command system, and evaluation of the automatic control system in typical final attack maneuvers are provided.
Date: March 23, 1955
Creator: Turner, Howard L.; Triplett, William C. & White, John S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight measurements of wing loads on the Convair XF-92A delta-wing airplane

Description: Report presenting a flight investigation at a range of altitudes to determine the wing loads on the Convair XF-92A airplane over the lift range of the airplane at subsonic and transonic speeds. Theoretical lift-curve slope for a delta wing was calculated and compared with the flight data at a Mach number of 0.75.
Date: May 25, 1955
Creator: Kuhl, Albert E. & Johnson, Clinton T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Comparison of low-lift drag at Mach numbers from 0.74 to 1.37 of rocket-boosted models having externally braced wings and cantilever wings

Description: Report presenting an investigation to determine whether the low-lift drag of a rocket-model airplane-like configuration could be reduced at transonic and low supersonic Mach numbers by reducing wing thickness while external braces were used to provide the necessary bending strength. The investigation was conducted with two rocket models of aspect ratio 3.04, and unswept braced tapered wings mounted on fuselages with the same fineness ratios and cross-sectional area distributions. Data was compared to a previous study involving a model with a thicker cantilever wing.
Date: September 25, 1957
Creator: Dickens, Waldo L. & Hastings, Earl C., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight evaluation of the lateral stability and control characteristics of the Convair YF-102 airplane

Description: Report presenting the lateral stability and control characteristics of the Convair YF-102 airplane during flights for the NACA research program. The investigation included gradually increasing sideslips, rudder-fixed aileron rolls, rudder pulses, and trim runs at two different altitudes over the test Mach number range. The lateral handling characteristics appeared satisfactory when viewed in terms of gradually increasing sideslips.
Date: January 16, 1957
Creator: Sisk, Thomas R.; Andrews, William H. & Darville, Robert W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight experience with a delta-wing airplane having violent lateral-longitudinal coupling in aileron rolls

Description: From Summary: "During a flight investigation of the lateral stability characteristics of a high-speed delta-wing airplane, violent cross-coupled lateral and longitudinal motions were encountered. The maneuver which produced these motions was an abrupt, rudder-fixed aileron roll performed at a Mach number of 0.75 at about 40,000 feet. The motions were characterized by extreme variations in angle of attack and angle of sideslip which caused the airplane to exceed the normal and transverse acceleration limitations."
Date: October 7, 1955
Creator: Sisk, Thomas R. & Andrews, William H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department