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Flight Measurements of Section Efficiency, Thrust, and Power of a Supersonic-Type Propeller at Mach Numbers to 0.9

Description: Report discussing testing on a supersonic-type propeller designed for a forward Mach number of 0.95, advance ratio of 2.2, and power coefficient of 0.26. Thrust distributions were found to be smooth and uniform over a range of Mach numbers, indicating efficient operation.
Date: January 11, 1956
Creator: Hammack, Jerome B. & O'Bryan, Thomas C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight Tests of a Two-Dimensional Wedge Diffuser at Transonic and Supersonic Speeds

Description: "A two-dimensional wedge diffuser, designed to be used with a ducted-airfoil ram jet, was tested on a rocket-powered test vehicle up to a Mach number of 1.45. Orifice plates and a choking section behind the diffuser exit simulated burning in a combustion chamber by providing the proper pressure drop. Results obtained from these tests showed there was no abrupt changes in mass flow and pressure recovery as the model velocity increased through the transonic region" (p. 1).
Date: August 11, 1948
Creator: Faget, M. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation at Transonic Speeds of the Lateral-Control and Hinge-Moment Characteristics of a Flap-Type Spoiler Aileron on a 60 Degree Delta Wing

Description: This paper present results of an investigation of the lateral-control and hinge-moment characteristics of a 0.67 semispan flap-type spoiler aileron on a semispan thin 60 degree delta wing at transonic speeds by the reflection-plane technique. The spoiler-aileron had a constant chord of 10.29 percent mean aerodynamic chord and was hinged at the 81.9-percent-wing-root-chord station. Results indicated reasonably linear variations of rolling-moment and hinge-moment coefficients with spoiler projection except at spoiler projections of less than -2 percent mean aerodynamic chord and angles of attack greater than 12 degrees with results generally independent of slot geometry.
Date: January 11, 1954
Creator: Wiley, Harleth G. & Taylor, Robert T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation at a Mach Number of 1.2 of Two 45 Degree Sweptback Wings Utilizing NACA 2-006 and NACA 65A006 Airfoil Sections

Description: Report presenting an investigation in the low-turbulence pressure tunnel at Mach number 1.2 to determine lift, drag, and moment characteristics of a wing with an airfoil section designed for maximum lift at low speeds, 45 degrees of sweepback, aspect ratio 4, and taper ratio 0.6. A similar wing with the NACA 65A006 airfoil section was also investigated and compared to the experimental wing.
Date: September 11, 1952
Creator: Wilson, Homer B., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Investigation of the Low-Speed Stability and Control Characteristics of a 1/10-Scale Model of the McDonnell XF3H-1 Airplane: TED No. NACA DE 344

Description: "At the request of the Bureau of Aeronautics, Navy Department, an investigation of the low-speed, power-off stability and control characteristics of a 1/10-scale model of the McDonnell XF3H-1 airplane has been made in the Langley free-flight tunnel. Flight tests of the model in the clean and in the slats-and-flaps-extended conditions were made over a lift-coefficient range from about 0.5 through the stall. Only low-altitude conditions were simulated and no attempt was made to determine the effect on the stability characteristics of freeing the controls" (p. 1).
Date: October 11, 1951
Creator: Draper, John W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Langley Free-Flight-Tunnel Investigation of the Automatic Lateral Stability Characteristics of a Model Equipped with a Gyro Stabilizing Unit that Provided either Flicker-Type or Hunting Control

Description: Memorandum presenting an investigation to determine the automatic lateral stability characteristics of a model equipped with a gyro stabilizing unit that gave response to bank and yaw. Stable flights were obtained with the flicker-type automatic control, and the amplitude of the oscillations was decreased by adding the attachment which provided hunting control.
Date: January 11, 1949
Creator: Schade, Robert O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of Turbojet Engine Performance at Speeds and Gas Temperatures Above Rated Using Turbine-Blade External Water-Spray Cooling from Stationary Injection Orifices

Description: Memorandum presenting a turbojet engine with a centrifugal-flow compressor which permitted overspeed, overtemperature operation and was modified for spray cooling. The effectiveness of spray cooling as a method which permits operation at overspeed, overtemperature conditions with this engine was investigated and the overspeed, overtemperature performance was obtained. Results regarding the cooling system performance, turbine performance, and engine performance are provided.
Date: October 11, 1954
Creator: Freche, John & McKinnon, Roy A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Waters Loads on the XJL-1 Hull as Obtained in Langley Impact Basin, TED No. NACA 2413.3

Description: From Summary: "An investigation was conducted in the Langley impact basin of the water loads on a half scale model of the XJL-1 hull whose forebody has a vee bottom with exaggerated chine flare. The impact loads, moments, and pressures were determined for a range of landing conditions. A normal full-scale landing speed of 86 miles per hour was represented with effective flight paths ranging from 0.6deg to 11.6deg. Landings were made with both fixed trim and free-to-trim mounting of the float over a trim range of -15deg to 12deg into smooth water and into waves having equivalent full-scale length of 120 feet and heights ranging from 1 to 4 feet."
Date: October 11, 1946
Creator: Steiner, Margaret F. & Miller, Robert W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An analysis of available data on effects of wing-fuselage-tail and wing-nacelle interference on the distribution of the air load among components of airplanes

Description: From Introduction: "The purpose of the present paper is to summarize the available data on the effects of wing-fuselage-tail and wing-nacelle interference on the distribution of the air load among aircraft components. Some discussion is also given of the effects of center-of-gravity position."
Date: April 11, 1949
Creator: Wollner, Bertram C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Performance of J33-A-27 Turbojet-Engine Compressor 1: Over-all performance characteristics at equivalent impeller speeds from 6100 to 11,800 rpm

Description: The J33-A-27 compressor was operated at an inlet pressure of 14 inches of mercury absolute and ambient inlet temperature over a range of equivalent impeller speeds from 6100 to 11,800 rpm. At the design equivalent speed of 11,800 rpm, the J33-A-27 compressor had a peak pressure ratio of 4.40 at an equivalent weight flow of 105.7 pounds per second and a peak adiabatic temperature-rise efficiency of 0.745. The maximum equivalent weight flow at design speed was 113.5 pounds per second.
Date: July 11, 1949
Creator: Kovach, Karl & Osborn, Walter M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cooling of Gas Turbines, 3, Analysis of Rotor and Blade Temperatures in Liquid-Cooled Gas Turbines

Description: A theoretical analysis of the radial temperature distribution through the rotor and constant cross sectional area blades near the coolant passages of liquid cooled gas turbines was made. The analysis was applied to obtain the rotor and blade temperatures of a specific turbine using a gas flow of 55 pounds per second, a coolant flow of 6.42 pounds per second, and an average coolant temperature of 200 degrees F. The effect of using kerosene, water, and ethylene glycol was determined. The effect of varying blade length and coolant passage lengths with water as the coolant was also determined. The effective gas temperature was varied from 2000 degrees to 5000 degrees F in each investigation.
Date: February 11, 1947
Creator: Brown, W. Byron & Livingood, John N. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of Incipient Spin Characteristics of a 1/35-Scale Model of the Convair F-102A Airplane, Coord. No. AF-AM-79

Description: From Summary: "Incipient spin characteristics have been investigated on a 1/35-scale dynamic model of the Convair F-102A airplane. The model was launched by a catapult apparatus into free flight with various control settings, and the motions obtained were photographed. The model was ballasted for the combat loading. All tests were made with the speed brakes and landing gear retracted, and engine effects were not simulated."
Date: February 11, 1958
Creator: Healy, Frederick M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Knock-Limited Performance of Triptane and 28-R Fuel Blends as Affected by Changes in Compression Ratio and in Engine Operating Variables

Description: From Summary: "A knock-limited performance investigation was conducted on blends of triptane and 28-P fuel with a 12-cylinder, V-type, liquid-cooled aircraft engine of 1710-cubic-inch displacement at three compression ratios: 6.65, 7.93, and 9.68. At each compression ratio, the effect of changes in temperature of the inlet air to the auxiliary-stage supercharger and in fuel-air ratio were investigated at engine speeds of 2280 and. 3000 rpm. The results show that knock-limited engine performance, as improved by the use of triptane, allowed operation at both take-off and cruising power at a compression ratio of 9.68."
Date: March 11, 1947
Creator: Brun, Rinaldo J.; Feder, Melvin S. & Fisher, William F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Calibration of instruments for measuring wind velocity and direction

Description: From Summary: "Signal Corps wind equipment AN/GMQ-1 consisting of a 3-cup anemometer and wind vane was calibrated for wind velocities from 1 to 200 miles per hour. Cup-shaft failure prevented calibration at higher wind velocities. The action of the wind vane was checked and found to have very poor directional accuracy below a velocity of 8 miles per hour. After shaft failure was reported to the Signal Corps, the cup rotors were redesigned by strengthening the shafts for better operation at high velocities. The anemometer with the redesigned cup rotors was recalibrated, but cup-shaft failure occurred again at a wind velocity of approximately 220 miles per hour."
Date: September 11, 1950
Creator: Vogler, Raymond D. & Pilny, Miroslav J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Development of inboard nacelle for the XB-36 airplane

Description: From Summary: "A series of investigations of several 1/14-scale models of an inboard nacelle for the XB-36 airplane was made in the Langley two-dimensional low-turbulence tunnels. The purpose of these investigations was to develop a low-drag wing-nacelle pusher combination which incorporated an internal air-flow system. As a result of these investigations, a nacelle was developed which had external drag coefficients considerably lower than the original basic form with the external nacelle drag approximately one-half to two-thirds of those of conventional tractor designs. The largest reductions in drag resulted from sealing the gaps between the wing flaps and nacelle, reducing the thickness of the nacelle training-edge lip, and bringing the under-wing air inlet to the wing leading edge."
Date: February 11, 1947
Creator: Nuber, Robert J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Longitudinal Stability Characteristics of the Consolidated Vultee XFY-1 Airplane with Windmilling Propellers as Obtained from Flight of 0.133-Scale Rocket-Propelled Model at Mach Numbers from 0.70 to 1.13

Description: From Summary: "A flight test has been conducted to determine the longitudinal stability and control characteristics of a 0.133-scale model of the Consolidated Vultee XFY-1 airplane with windmilling propellers for the Mach number range between 0.70 and 1.13. The variation of lift-curve slope C(sub L(sub alpha) with Mach number was gradual with a maximum value of 0.074 occurring at a Mach number of 0.97. Propellers had little effect upon the values of lift-curve slope or the linearity of lift coefficient with angle of attack."
Date: June 11, 1954
Creator: Hastings, Earl C., Jr. & Mitcham, Grady L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Component performance investigation of J71 experimental turbine 1: Over-all performance with 97-percent-design stator areas

Description: From Summary: "The over-all component performance characteristics of a J71 experimental three-stage turbine with 97 percent design stator areas were determined over a range of speed and pressure ratio at inlet-air conditions of approximately 35 inches of mercury absolute and 700 degrees R. The turbine break internal efficiency at design operating conditions was 0.877; the maximum efficiency of 0.886 occurred at a pressure ratio of 4.0 at 120 percent of design equivalent rotor speed. In general, the turbine yielded a wide range of efficient operation, permitting flexibility in the choice of different modes of engine operation."
Date: April 11, 1956
Creator: Schum, Harold J. & Davison, Elmer H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of the I-40 Jet-Propulsion Engine in the Cleveland Altitude Wind Tunnel. V - Operational Characteristics, 5, Operational Characteristics

Description: An investigation has been conducted in the Cleveland altitude wind tunnel to determine the operational characteristics of the I-40 jet-propulsion engine over a range of pressure altitudes from 10,000 to 50,000 feet and ram-pressure ratios from 1.00 to 1.76. Engine operational data were obtained with the engine in the standard configuration and with various modifications of the fuel system, the electrical system, and the combustion chambers. The effects of altitude and airspeed on operating speed range, starting, windmilling, acceleration, speed regulation, cooling, and vibration of the standard and modified engines were determined, and damage to parts was noted.
Date: July 11, 1947
Creator: Golladay, Richard L. & Gendler, Stanley L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flow Coefficients for Orifices in Base of Transpiration-Cooled Turbine Rotor Blade

Description: Static tests on a segment of a transpiration-cooled turbine rotor blade with a wire-cloth shell were conducted to determine the flow coefficients associated with some representative metering orifices. Average flow coefficients from 0.96 to 0.79 were obtained for orifices of 0.031 to 0.102 inch diameter.
Date: December 11, 1953
Creator: Donoughe, Patrick L. & Prasse, Ernst I.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Altitude-Wind-Tunnel Investigation of Performance of Several Propellers on YP-47M Airplane at High Blade Loading, 1, Aeroproducts H20C-162-X11M2 Four-Blade Propeller

Description: "An investigation was made in the Cleveland Altitude wind tunnel to determine the performance of an Aeroproducts H20C-162-X11M2 four-blade propeller on a YP-47M airplane at high blade loadings and high engine powers. The propeller characteristics were obtained for a range of power coefficients from 0.30 to 1.00 at free-stream Mach numbers of 0.40 and 0.50. The results of the force measurements are indicative only of trends in propeller efficiency with changes in power coefficient and advance-diameter ratio because unknown interference effects existed during the investigation" (p. 1).
Date: October 11, 1946
Creator: Saari, Martin J. & Wallner, Lewis E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aerodynamic Characteristics of a 0.04956-Scale Model of the Convair F-102A Airplane at Transonic Speeds

Description: "Tests have been conducted in the Langley 8-foot transonic tunnel on a 0.04956-scale model of the Convair F-102A airplane which employed an indented and extended fuselage, cambered wing leading edges, and deflected wing tips. Force and moment characteristics were obtained for Mach numbers from 0.60 to 1.135 at angles of attack up to 20 degrees. In addition, tests were made over a limited angle-of-attack range to determine the effects of the cambered leading edges, deflected tips, and a nose section with a smooth area distribution" (p. 1).
Date: April 11, 1955
Creator: Tempelmeyer, Kenneth E. & Osborne, Robert S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Results of Flight Test of an Automatically Stabilized Model C (Swept Back) Four-Wing Tiamat

Description: "The results of the first flight test of a swept-back four-wing version of Tiamat (MX-570 model C) which was launched at the NACA Pilotless Aircraft Research Station at W4110PB Island, Va. are presented. In general, the flight behavior was close to that predicted by calculations based an stability theory and oscillating table tests of the autopilot. The flight test thus indicates that the techniques employed to predict automatic stability are valid and practical from an operational viewpoint" (p. 1).
Date: June 11, 1947
Creator: Seacord, Charles L., Jr. & Teitelbaum, J. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Supersonic Wave Drag of Sweptback Tapered Wings at Zero Lift

Description: An analysis has been made of airfoil data taken on several NACA 16-series propeller airfoils from tests of 5-inch-chord models in the Langley 24 inch high-speed tunnel and l2-inch-chord models in the Langley 8 foot high-speed tunnel, This analysis has shown that the combined effects of Reynolds number changes and variations in airfoil characteristics resulting from differences in models and tunnels are such that when 5 inch-chord and l2-inch-chord data are applied to full-scale propeller design at or near the design condition, differences of less than 1 percent in efficiency will be involved.
Date: June 11, 1947
Creator: Margolis, Kenneth
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department