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An experimental study of five annular air inlet configurations at subsonic and transonic speeds

Description: Report presenting an investigation of an NACA 1-80-100 nose inlet fitted alternately with an elliptical, a parabolic, a 14 degree-inch conical, and a 22 degree-inch conical central body at subsonic and transonic speeds in the 8-foot transonic tunnel. Drag, surface-pressure, and pressure-recovery measurements were obtained at 0 degrees angle of attack through a range of Mach numbers. Results regarding tunnel boundary interference, surface-pressure distribution, external drag, pressure recovery, and propulsive thrust comparison are provided.
Date: August 19, 1953
Creator: Pendley, Robert E.; Milillo, Joseph R.; Fleming, Frank F. & Bryan, Carroll R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-tunnel investigation to determine the horizontal- and vertical-tail contributions to the static lateral stability characteristics of a complete-model swept-wing configuration at high subsonic speeds

Description: Results regarding an investigation to determine the horizontal- and vertical-tail contributions to the static lateral stability of a complete-model swept-wing configuration at high subsonic speeds.
Date: July 10, 1953
Creator: Wiggins, James W.; Kuhn, Richard E. & Fournier, Paul G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Comparison of the performance of a helicopter-type ram-jet engine under various centrifugal loadings

Description: Report presenting an investigation of an 18-foot-radius helicopter rotor powered by tip-mounted ramjet engines in the helicopter test tower. The engine performance is compared with the performance determined in a previous investigation of a 9-foot-radius rotor with the same engines at similar speeds but with twice the centrifugal forces. Results regarding the propulsive characteristics, minimum specific fuel consumption and corresponding propulsive thrust, and operational characteristics are provided.
Date: October 7, 1953
Creator: Radin, Edward J. & Carpenter, Paul J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigations toward simplification of missile control systems

Description: Paper presenting three ideas regarding potential simplifications of missile-control systems in order to make them more reliable without sacrificing system performance. The three methods presented include an autorotating-vane spoiler, a bellows flap, and free controls. All are based on modified airplane control systems.
Date: November 12, 1953
Creator: Curfman, Howard J., Jr.; Strass, H. Kurt & Crane, Harold L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A study of the use of various high-lift devices on the horizontal tail of a canard airplane model as a means of increasing the allowable center-of-gravity travel

Description: Report presenting an investigation to study the use of various high-lift devices on the horizontal tail of a canard airplane model as a means of increasing the allowable center-of-gravity travel. The results indicated that the large increases in allowable center-of-gravity travel could be obtained using the devices. Results regarding the basic aerodynamic data, effect of tail configuration on the allowable center-of-gravity travel, and a comparison of measured and predicted values of the allowable center-of-gravity travel are provided.
Date: January 21, 1953
Creator: Johnson, Joseph L., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Rocket-model investigation to determine the hinge-moment and normal-force properties of a full-span, constant-chord, partially balanced trailing-edge control on a 60 degree clipped delta wing between Mach numbers of 0.50 and 1.26

Description: Report presenting a free-flight investigation of a rocket-powered research model to determine the hinge-moment and normal-force characteristics of a trailing-edge control on a delta wing between Mach numbers of 0.50 and 1.26. The hinge-line location of 40 percent control chord satisfactorily reduced the high hinge moments associated with plain flap-type controls. Results regarding hinge moments and normal force are provided.
Date: October 30, 1953
Creator: Martz, C. William & Goslee, John W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight determination of the pressure recovery and drag characteristics of a twin side-inlet model at transonic speeds

Description: Report presenting free-flight and free-jet testing of a twin side-inlet configuration, including a pilot's canopy and a wheel-well fairing, between a range of Mach numbers from 0.8 to 1.55. Using side inlets provides two important advantages: the inlet can be located closer to the engine and it frees up the nose for other uses. Results regarding the effects of oscillating flow, external-drag coefficient, and total-pressure recovery are provided.
Date: July 30, 1953
Creator: Carter, Howard S. & Merlet, Charles F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight determination of the longitudinal stability in accelerated maneuvers at transonic speeds for the Douglas D-558-II research airplane including the effects of an outboard wing fence

Description: The results of transonic flight measurements of the longitudinal stability characteristics of the Douglas D-558-II research airplane in the original configuration and with outboard fences mounted on the wings are presented. The levels of normal-force coefficient at which the stability decreases and pitch-up starts have been determined for both airplane configurations at Mach numbers up to about 0.94.
Date: March 13, 1953
Creator: Fischel, Jack & Nugent, Jack
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight determination of drag of normal-shock nose inlets with various cowling profiles at Mach numbers from 0.9 to 1.5

Description: Report discussing free-flight tests of normal-shock nose-inlet models with 1-series, parabolic, and conic cowling profiles in order to investigate the external drag characteristics at an angle of attack of 0 degrees. The testing occurred at a variety of Mach numbers, mass-flow ratios, and Reynolds numbers. Information about the effect of afterbody length, basic data, and effect of cowl shape is provided.
Date: October 22, 1953
Creator: Sears, R. I.; Merlet, C. F. & Putland, L. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Exploratory investigation of transpiration cooling to alleviate aerodynamic heating on an 8 degree cone in a free jet at a Mach number of 2.05

Description: Report presenting testing of the effectiveness of transpiration cooling of an 8 degree total angle conical body with water removed onto the surface through a porous section near the nose. Results regarding a reference test without cooling, a cooling test with 0.010 pound of water per second, a cooling test with 0.0025 pound of water per second, a hypothesis of the phenomena of liquid transpiration cooling, water consumption are provided.
Date: September 14, 1953
Creator: O'Sullivan, William J.; Chauvin, Leo T. & Rumsey, Charles B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight-determined pressure distributions over the wing of the Bell X-1 research airplane (10-percent-thick wing) at subsonic and transonic speeds

Description: Report presenting measurements of chordwise pressure distributions at four spanwise stations over a 10-percent-thick wing of the Bell X-1 airplane. Results regarding pressure distributions at the various stations and section aerodynamic characteristics are presented. The data was obtained for a range of Mach numbers from 0.30 to 11.9 and altitudes from 17,000 to 47,000 with several different types of maneuvers.
Date: June 29, 1953
Creator: Knapp, Ronald J. & Jordan, Gareth H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A flight study of the effects on tracking performance of changes in the lateral-oscillatory characteristics of a fighter airplane

Description: A study of the effects of variations in lateral-oscillatory characteristics on air-to-air tracking performance has been made, using a conventional, propeller-driven fighter airplane equipped with servo devices for varying these characteristics in flight. Tracking runs were made both in smooth air and in simulated rough air. The lateral-oscillation period, damping, and roll coupling were varied over wide ranges during the investigation.
Date: October 9, 1953
Creator: McNeill, Walter E.; Drinkwater, Fred J., III & Van Dyke, Rudolph D., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight Measurements of the Stability Characteristics of the Bell X-5 Research Airplane in Sideslips at 59 Deg Sweepback

Description: Flight measurements of the stability characteristics of the Bell X-5 research airplane at 59 deg sweepback were made in steady sideslips at Mach numbers from 0.62 to 0.97 at altitudes ranging between 35,000 and 40,000 feet. The results showed that the apparent directional stability was positive and increased at Mach numbers above 0.90. The apparent effective dihedral was positive and high, increasing at Mach numbers above 0.75. The cross-wind force coefficient per degree of sideslip was positive and increased rapidly at Mach numbers above 0.94.
Date: February 11, 1953
Creator: Childs, Joan M
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flow diffusion in a constant-diameter duct downstream of an abruptly terminated center body

Description: Report presenting an investigation of the flow properties of a constant-outer-wall annual diffuser in combination with a tailpipe in order to come up with a configuration suitable for turbojet afterburners. Information about axial inlet flow and whirling inlet flow is provided. During testing, a vena contrata region formed downstream from the center body terminal and rendered the first 1/2 diameter of the tailpipe ineffective.
Date: July 8, 1953
Creator: Wood, Charles C. & Higginbotham, James T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Free-flight-tunnel investigation of the low-speed stability and control characteristics of a model having a fuselage of relatively flat cross section

Description: Report presenting an experimental investigation in the free-flight tunnel to determine the low-speed stability and control characteristics of a model with a fuselage of relatively flat cross section. The model was found to exhibit an erratic behavior in pitch and yaw, which appeared to be due to random trim changes associated with the flow from the forward portion of the flat fuselage. Results regarding the longitudinal stability and control characteristics and lateral stability and control characteristics are provided.
Date: February 24, 1953
Creator: Paulson, John W. & Johnson, Joseph L., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Techniques for determining thrust in flight for airplanes equipped with afterburners

Description: From Summary: "An experimental technique has been developed which enables a determination of the net propulsive force acting on an afterburner-equipped airplane in flight. The thrust measurement is based on the variation of static and total pressure and stagnation temperature across the fuselage exit as determined by a swinging pitot-static pressure and temperature probe. The details are also presented for an air-cooled fixed-pressure probe for the determination of basic engine thrust."
Date: January 19, 1953
Creator: Rolls, L. Stewart; Havill, C. Dewey & Holden, George R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Engineering method of ram-jet thrust determination based on experimentally obtained combustor parameters

Description: From Summary: "A parameter is introduced which simplifies the accounting for pressure losses in ram-jet combustors. This parameter, called the combustor-force coefficient, relates the jet force and the total pressure at the combustion-chamber entrance. Experimental data for several different combustors are presented for evaluation and comparison."
Date: August 13, 1953
Creator: Dettwyler, H. Rudolph & Faget, Maxime A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of fuel volatility characteristics on ignition-energy requirements in a turbojet combustor

Description: Report presenting an investigation to determine the effect of fuel volatility characteristics on the minimum spark energy required to ignite a single tubular turbojet-engine combustor. Results regarding the ignition at sea-level conditions, ignition at altitude conditions, relation between distillation data and minimum ignition-energy requirements, and application of relation to data from a previous investigation are provided.
Date: January 13, 1953
Creator: Foster, Hampton H. & Straight, David M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of a supersonic-compressor rotor with turning to axial direction 1: rotor design and performance

Description: Report presenting an approximate, quasi-three-dimensional design procedure adapted to the design of high solidity, impulse-type supersonic compressors. The method is applied to a compressor rotor with a tip speed of 1600 feet per second in air, an inlet hub-tip radius ratio of 0.75, and an axial discharge relative to the rotor. Results regarding the overall performance, rotor-entrance conditions, static-pressure profiles, discharge conditions, and discharge surveys are provided.
Date: August 19, 1953
Creator: Tysl, Edward R.; Klapproth, John F. & Hartmann, Melvin J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of a ram-jet-powered helicopter rotor on the Langley helicopter test tower

Description: Report discussing tests on a helicopter rotor powered by ram-jet engines located at the rotor blade tips. Information about the basic hovering characteristics of the rotor and the propulsive characteristics of the ram-jet engine were obtained over a range of speeds and fuel rates. Results were also obtained in the power-off condition and with the engines removed.
Date: June 3, 1953
Creator: Carpenter, Paul J. & Radin, Edward J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of a 10-stage subsonic axial-flow research compressor 3: investigation of rotating stall, blade vibration and surge at low and intermediate compressor speeds

Description: Report presenting an investigation of rotating stall and surge at low and intermediate speeds conducted on a 10-stage subsonic axial-flow research compressor. Fluctuations of rotating stall and surge were detected by hot-wire anemometers and pressure transducers. Results regarding overall performance and rotating stall, rotating stall and blade vibration, surge, and discussion of surge are provided.
Date: May 18, 1953
Creator: Huppert, Merle C.; Costilow, Eleanor L. & Budinger, Ray E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The influence of the control-surface-servo natural frequency upon the transient characteristics of a flight-path-angle control system incorporating a supersonic missile

Description: Report presenting a theoretical investigation to determine the effects of control-surface-servo natural frequency on the transient characteristics of a flight-path-angle control system for three values of airframe static margin and five flight conditions. Results regarding response time, attitude accuracy, total volume of oil flow, peak rate of oil flow, and maximum normal acceleration for the missiles tested are provided.
Date: December 10, 1953
Creator: Passera, Anthony L. & Bridgland, Thomas F., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of turbines for driving supersonic compressors 5: design and performance of third configuration with nontwisted rotor blades

Description: Report presenting the design and performance of a turbine with nontwisted rotor blades designed to drive a high-speed, high-specific-mass-flow supersonic compressor. Results regarding turbine performance, entrance Mach number, radial temperature surveys, and loading are provided.
Date: September 4, 1953
Creator: Whitney, Warren J.; Stewart, Warner L. & Monroe, Daniel E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of turbines for driving supersonic compressors 3: first configuration with four nozzle settings and one nozzle modification

Description: A turbine designed to power a supersonic compressor was investigated with four nozzle settings and one nozzle modification to determine the effect on turbine performance. With the correct ratio of nozzle throat area to rotor effective throat area, the design specific work was obtained near the peak efficiency. From the results of the investigation it was concluded that the convex in sweep of the rotor inner wall and high degree of blade taper caused the turbine configuration to have two aerodynamic disadvantages in comparison with a turbine configuration with an axial inner wall at the rotor outlet and little axial taper.
Date: March 10, 1953
Creator: Stewart, Warner L.; Whitney, Warren J. & Monroe, Daniel E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department