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Small Wind Electric Systems: A U.S. Consumer's Guide

Description: The U.S. Consumer's Guide for Small Wind Electric systems provides consumers with enough information to help them determine if a small wind electric system can provide all or a portion of the energy they need for their home or business based on their wind resource, energy needs, and their economics. Topics discussed in the guide include: how to make your home more energy efficient, how to choose the right size turbine, the parts of a wind electric system, determining if there is enough wind resource on your site, choosing the best site for your turbine, connecting your system to the utility grid, and if it's possible to become independent of the utility grid using wind energy.
Date: October 31, 2002
Creator: O'Dell, K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Polarized RF guns for linear colliders: An ICFA Workshop

Description: The ICFA Workshop on Polarized RF Guns for Linear Colliders was held at Fermilab during April 18-20, 2001. It was attended by 37 scientists from 14 institutions. A list of participants is appended. An RF photoemission gun that delivers polarized electrons at low emittance would be an attractive electron source for a linear collider. Moreover, recently it has been demonstrated that an RF gun in conjunction with nearby injection system optics can deliver a beam with a high ratio of transverse emittances; a simplification of a linear collider's damping system could result. However, at present RF electron gun technology has not developed sufficiently to assure that such a source is feasible. The purpose of the workshop was to review the status of polarized RF gun development with linear collider application in mind, and outline a possible program for the future. A table lists the requirements for the electron injector for proposed linear colliders. The specifications are given for the beam before and after the electron damping ring.
Date: January 31, 2002
Creator: Edwards, D.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Phase mixing of chaotic orbits as an irreversible ''relaxation'' mechanism

Description: Orbits that are chaotic will tend to phase-mix exponentially through their accessible phase space. This phenomenon, commonly called ''chaotic mixing'', stands in marked contrast to phase mixing of regular orbits. It is inherently irreversible, and thus its associated e-folding time scale sets a condition on any process envisioned for emittance compensation. Accordingly, two questions arise. First, under what conditions does chaotic mixing manifest itself in beams? Second, when it is active, over what time scale does it operate? The work described here is part of an ongoing effort to answer these questions.
Date: January 15, 2002
Creator: al., C.L. Bohn et
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

THROUGH-THE-EARTH (TTE) COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM AND THE IN-MINE POWER LINE (IMPL) COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM

Description: Work has progressed on both subsystems: the Through-the-Earth (TTE) Communications system and the In-Mine Power Line (IMPL) Communications system. The TTE system: The system was fabricated and repackaged as an industrial product enclosed in a commercial rugged, waterproof housing suitable for installation in mines. Features were added to the system to appeal to the preferences of different mine managers. Arrangements were made with NIOSH to install the system in the Lake Lynn underground mine for evaluation and demonstration to potential users. The IMPL system: Voice compression was successfully implemented and incorporated into the laboratory model. Compressed voice was transmitted through a power line, expanded at the receiving end, and received with high clarity.
Date: January 1, 2002
Creator: Meiksin, Zvi H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Chiral Langrangian with confinement from the QCD Langrangian

Description: An effective Langrangian for the light quark in the field of a static source is derived systematically using the exact field correlator expansion. The lowest Gaussian term is bosonized using nonlocal colorless bosonic fields and a general structure of effective chiral Langrangian is obtained containing all set of fields. The new and crucial result is that the condensation of scalar isoscalar field which is a usual onset of chiral symmetry breaking and is constant in space-time, assumes here the form of the confining string and contributes to the confining potential while the rest bosonic fields describe mesons with the q{rvec q} quark structure and pseudoscalars play the role of Nambu-Goldstone fields. Using derivative expansion the effective chiral Langrangian is deduced containing both confinement and chiral effects for heavy-light mesons. The pseudovector quark coupling constant is computed to be exactly unity in the local limit in agreement with earlier large N{sub c} arguments.
Date: January 1, 2002
Creator: Simonov, Yu A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Magnetic designs and field quality of Nb{sub 3}Sn accelerator magnets

Description: This paper presents a new approach to accelerator magnet design, based on simple and robust single-layer coils with minimum number of turns arranged horizontally or vertically in a common iron yoke. Cos-theta and block type coil geometries as well as cold and warm iron yoke designs were studied. Coils and yokes were optimized for the maximum field, minimum field harmonics, and minimum sizes.
Date: January 14, 2002
Creator: Kashikhin, Vadim V. & Zlobin, Alexander V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Next Linear Collider: NLC2001

Description: Recent studies in elementary particle physics have made the need for an e{sup +}e{sup -} linear collider able to reach energies of 500 GeV and above with high luminosity more compelling than ever [1]. Observations and measurements completed in the last five years at the SLC (SLAC), LEP (CERN), and the Tevatron (FNAL) can be explained only by the existence of at least one particle or interaction that has not yet been directly observed in experiment. The Higgs boson of the Standard Model could be that particle. The data point strongly to a mass for the Higgs boson that is just beyond the reach of existing colliders. This brings great urgency and excitement to the potential for discovery at the upgraded Tevatron early in this decade, and almost assures that later experiments at the LHC will find new physics. But the next generation of experiments to be mounted by the world-wide particle physics community must not only find this new physics, they must find out what it is. These experiments must also define the next important threshold in energy. The need is to understand physics at the TeV energy scale as well as the physics at the 100-GeV energy scale is now understood. This will require both the LHC and a companion linear electron-positron collider. A first Zeroth-Order Design Report (ZDR) [2] for a second-generation electron-positron linear collider, the Next Linear Collider (NLC), was published five years ago. The NLC design is based on a high-frequency room-temperature rf accelerator. Its goal is exploration of elementary particle physics at the TeV center-of-mass energy, while learning how to design and build colliders at still higher energies. Many advances in accelerator technologies and improvements in the design of the NLC have been made since 1996. This Report is a brief update of the ...
Date: January 14, 2002
Creator: al., D. Burke et
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Evaluation of the location and recency of faulting near prospective surface facilities in Midway Valley, Nye County, Nevada

Description: Evaluation of surface faulting that may pose a hazard to prospective surface facilities is an important element of the tectonic studies for the potential Yucca Mountain high-level radioactive waste repository in southwestern Nevada. For this purpose, a program of detailed geologic mapping and trenching was done to obtain surface and near-surface geologic data that are essential for determining the location and recency of faults at a prospective surface-facilities site located east of Exile Hill in Midway Valley, near the eastern base of Yucca Mountain. The dominant tectonic features in the Midway Valley area are the north- to northeast-trending, west-dipping normal faults that bound the Midway Valley structural block-the Bow Ridge fault on the west side of Exile Hill and the Paint-brush Canyon fault on the east side of the valley. Trenching of Quaternary sediments has exposed evidence of displacements, which demonstrate that these block-bounding faults repeatedly ruptured the surface during the middle to late Quaternary. Geologic mapping, subsurface borehole and geophysical data, and the results of trenching activities indicate the presence of north- to northeast-trending faults and northwest-trending faults in Tertiary volcanic rocks beneath alluvial and colluvial sediments near the prospective surface-facilities site. North to northeast-trending faults include the Exile Hill fault along the eastern base of Exile Hill and faults to the east beneath the surficial deposits of Midway Valley. These faults have no geomorphic expression, but two north- to northeast-trending zones of fractures exposed in excavated profiles of middle to late Pleistocene deposits at the prospective surface-facilities site appear to be associated with these faults. Northwest-trending faults include the West Portal and East Portal faults, but no disruption of Quaternary deposits by these faults is evident. The western zone of fractures is associated with the Exile Hill fault. The eastern zone of fractures is within Quaternary alluvial sediments, ...
Date: January 17, 2002
Creator: Swan, F.H.; Wesling, J.R.; Angell, M.M.; Thomas, A.P.; Whitney, J.W. & Gibson, J.D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

R and D for a single-layer Nb{sub 3}Sn common coil dipole using the react-and-wind fabrication technique

Description: A dipole magnet based on the common coil design, using prereacted Nb{sub 3}Sn superconductor, is under development at Fermilab, for a future Very Large Hadron Collider. This magnet has some innovative design and technological features such as single layer coils, a 22 mm wide 60-strand Rutherford type cable and stainless steel collars reinforced by horizontal bridges inserted between coil blocks. Both left and right coils are wound simultaneously into the collar structure and then impregnated with epoxy. In order to optimize the design and fabrication techniques an R&D program is underway. The production of cables with the required characteristics was shown possible. Collar laminations were produced, assembled and tested in order to check the effectiveness of the bridges and the validity of the mechanical design. A mechanical model consisting of a 165 mm long section of the magnet straight section was assembled and tested. This paper summarizes the status of the program, and reports the results of fabrication and test of cable, collars and the mechanical model.
Date: January 14, 2002
Creator: al., Giorgio Ambrosio et
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Novel CO2-Thickeners for Improved Mobility Control

Description: The objective of this contract was to design, synthesize, and characterize thickening agents for dense carbon dioxide and to evaluate their solubility and viscosity-enhancing potential in CO2.
Date: January 15, 2002
Creator: Enick, Dr. Robert M.; Beckman, Dr. Eric J. & Hamilton, Dr. Andrew
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Commissioning and operation of the CDF silicon detector

Description: The CDF-II silicon detector has been partially commissioned and used for taking preliminary physics data. This paper is a report on commissioning and initial operations of the 5.8m{sup 2} silicon detector. This experience can be useful to the large silicon systems that are presently under construction.
Date: January 18, 2002
Creator: D'Auria, S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

HIGH RESOLUTION X-RAY FLUORESCENCE MICRO-TOMOGRAPHY ON SINGLE SEDIMENT PARTICLES.

Description: This work focuses on the investigation of the distribution of contaminants in individual sediment particles from the New York/New Jersey Harbor. Knowledge of the spatial distribution of the contaminants within the particles is needed to enable (1) more sophisticated approaches to the understanding of the fate and transport of the contaminants in the environment and (2) more refined methods for cleaning the sediments. The size of the investigated particles ranges from 30-80 microns. Due to the low concentration of the elements of interest and the microscopic size of the environmental particles in these measurements, the small size and high intensity of the analyzing X-ray beam was critical. The high photon flux at the ESRF Microfocus beam line (ID13) was used as the basis for fluorescence tomography to investigate whether the inorganic compounds are taken upon the surface organic coating or whether they are distributed through the volume of the grains being analyzed. The experiments were done using a 13 keV monochromatic beam of approximately 2 {micro}m in size having an intensity of 10{sup 10} ph/s, allowing absolute detection limits on the 0.04-1 fg level for Ti, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, and Zn.
Date: July 29, 2002
Creator: VINCZE,L.; VEKEMANS,B.; SZALOKI,I.; JANSSENS,K.; VAN GRIEKEN,R.; FENG,H. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Evaluation of Reservoir Wettability and its Effect on Oil Recovery

Description: The objectives of this five-year project were: (1) to achieve improved understanding of the surface and interfacial properties of crude oils and their interactions with mineral surfaces, (2) to apply the results of surface studies to improve predictions of oil production from laboratory measurements, and (3) to use the results of this research to recommend ways to improve oil recovery by waterflooding.
Date: January 29, 2002
Creator: Buckley, Jill S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Dynamic heat and moisture transport and baroclinic adjustment

Description: In connection with the authors work on the apparent Iris Effect, they have acquired 2 years of additional data, and are redoing their analysis with the larger amount of data. So far, the results duplicate earlier results with greater statistical significance. They have also responded (successfully) to a number of criticisms of the initial publication. In particular, while differing estimates of cloudy and clear emissivity may be correct, they have shown that they reduce feedback factors by no more than 20%. The resulting feedback factors remain negative and large. Moreover, current data analyses suggest that the earlier estimates may be low for other reasons. They have also shown that all cloudy regions in the region covered by the GMS satellite are convective in origin. They are, however, continuing their work on an improved measure of cumulus activity. In particular, they are using TRMM data to determine thresholds in the T11 channel of GMS that are functions of time, position and SST. They have confirmed that the previous results had a very high statistical significance. However, they expect that the use of the improved measure of cumulus will improve this still further. They have completed their study of the possible reconciliation of temperature records for the troposphere and the surface. They have shown that the two time series can be reconciled by assuming that the surface temperature is responding to a jump in atmospheric temperature which occurred rapidly in 1976 associated with an observed regime change. The suddenness of the change observed in 1976 seems inconsistent with a greenhouse origin. Moreover, the relative rapidity with which the surface responded (a delay time of about ten years) is most consistent with low climate sensitivity. They have completed a simple study in which they show that rough agreement of observed and model predicted ...
Date: April 12, 2002
Creator: Lindzen, Richard S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Development and test of single-bore CosJ Nb{sub 3}Sn dipole models with cold iron yoke

Description: Two short Nb{sub 3}Sn dipole models based on a single-bore cos-theta coil with a cold iron yoke were fabricated and tested at Fermilab. This paper summarizes the details of magnet design and fabrication procedure, and reports the test results including quench performance and quench heater studies, and the magnetic measurements.
Date: January 14, 2002
Creator: al., Alexander V Zlobin et
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

CPT Results from KTeV

Description: I present several preliminary measurements from KTeV of the fundamental neutral K parameters, and their implications for CPT violation. A new limit is given on the sidereal time dependence of {phi}{sub +-}. The results are based on data collected in 1996-97.
Date: January 14, 2002
Creator: Nguyen, Hogan
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Novel Investigation of Iron Cross Sections via Spherical Shell Transmission Measurements and Particle Transport Calculations for Material Embrittlement Studies. Quarterly Status Report 5

Description: Previously, measurements were made of the transmission of 14 MeV neutrons through various spherical shell thicknesses of iron in a comprehensive investigation at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) about 30 years ago. Two of these spheres, composed of hemispherical sections, have appropriate dimensions for the lower energy neutron measurements that we propose to make. Due to their interest in our experimental results, LLNL has agreed to make these hemispheres available for our work. Those hemispheres have been shipped. In addition, a spherical iron shell, composed of two hemispherical sections with an annular thickness of approximately 1 inch, was fabricated at NEST. However, since we will need additional hemispheres for our experiments, we purchased a radius cutter that will allow us to fabricate hemispheres as large as 5 inches in radius at the Ohio University Machine Shop. This will give us maximum flexibility to adapt to the needs of the spherical shell transmission experiments. High purity (99.94% iron) Armco iron has been obtained which can be used to make the smaller hemispheres. Larger hemispheres will be made using ASTM designation steel with high iron content. In all cases compositional analyses will be made of the hemispheres.
Date: April 25, 2002
Creator: Storm, Dr. Derek W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Redundant arrays of IDE drives

Description: The authors report tests of redundant arrays of IDE disk drives for use in offline high energy physics data analysis. Parts costs of total systems using commodity EIDE disks are now at the $4000 per Terabyte level. Disk storage prices have now decreased to the point where they equal the cost per Terabyte of Storage Technology tape silos. The disks, however, offer far better granularity; even small institutions can afford to deploy systems. The tests include reports on software RAID-5 systems running under Linux 2.4 using Promise Ultra 100{trademark} disk controllers. RAID-5 protects data in case of a single disk failure by providing parity bits. Tape backup is not required. Journaling file systems are used to allow rapid recovery from crashes. The data analysis strategy is to encapsulate data and CPU processing power. Analysis for a particular part of a data set takes place on the PC where the data resides. The network is only used to put results together. They explore three methods of moving data between sites; internet transfers, not pluggable IDE disks in FireWire cases, and DVD-R disks.
Date: January 2, 2002
Creator: al., D.A. Sanders et
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Structural Studies of Archaealthermophilic Adenylate Kinase

Description: Through this DOE-sponsored program Konisky has studied the evolution and molecular biology of microbes that live in extreme environments. The emphasis of this work has been the determination of the structural features of thermophilic enzymes that allow them to function optimally at near 100 C. The laboratory has focused on a comparative study of adenylate kinase (ADK), an enzyme that functions to interconvert adenine nucleotides. Because of the close phylogenetic relatedness of members of the Methanococci, differences in the structure of their ADKs will be dominated by structural features that reflect contributions to their optimal temperature for activity, rather than differences due to phylogenetic divergence. We have cloned, sequenced and modeled the secondary structure for several methanococcal ADKs. Using molecular modeling threading approaches that are based on the solved structure for the porcine ADK, we have also proposed a general low resolution three dimensional structure for each of the methanococcal enzymes. These analyses have allowed us to propose structural features that confer hyperthermoactivity to those enzymes functioning in the hyperthermophilic members of the Methanococci. Using protein engineering methodologies, we have tested our hypotheses by examining the effects of selective structural changes on thermoactivity. Despite possessing between 68-81% sequence identity, the methanococcal AKs had significantly different stability against thermal denaturation, with melting points ranging from 69-103 C. The construction of several chimerical AKs by linking regions of the MVO and MJA AKs demonstrated the importance of cooperative interactions between amino- and carboxyl-terminal regions in influencing thermostability. Addition of MJA terminal fragments to the MVO AK increased thermal stability approximately 20 C while maintaining 88% of the mesophilic sequence. Further analysis using structural models suggested that hydrophobic interactions are largely responsible for determining the thermostability of the methanococcal AKs. Construction of chimerical enzyme also demonstrated a distinct separation between thermostability and enzymatic ...
Date: July 10, 2002
Creator: Konisky, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Methodology to Integrate Magnetic Resonance and Acoustic Measurements for Reservoir Characterization

Description: The objective of this project was to develop an advanced imaging method, including pore scale imaging, to integrate NMR techniques and acoustic measurements to improve predictability of the pay zone in hydrocarbon reservoirs. This is accomplished by extracting the fluid property parameters using NMR laboratory measurements and the elastic parameters of the rock matrix from acoustic measurements to create poroelastic models of different parts of the reservoir. Laboratory measurement techniques and core imaging are being linked with a balanced petrographical analysis of the core and theoretical model.
Date: January 29, 2002
Creator: Parra, Jorge O.; Hackert, Chris L.; Collier, Hughbert A. & Bennett, Michael
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Top results from the Tevatron

Description: This paper summarizes the latest measurements of the properties of the top quark as determined by the CDF and D0 collaborations during the first run of the Fermilab Tevatron p{bar p} collider (1992-1996). Prospects for future measurements of the top quark at the upgraded Tevatron collider are also presented.
Date: January 18, 2002
Creator: Barberis, E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Quark-Hadron Duality in a Relativistic, Confining Model

Description: Quark-hadron duality is an interesting and potentially very useful phenomenon, as it relates the properly averaged hadronic data to a perturbative QCD result in some kinematic regimes. While duality is well established experimentally, our current theoretical understanding is still incomplete. We employ a simple model to qualitatively reproduce all the features of Bloom-Gilman duality as seen in electron scattering. In particular, we address the role of relativity, give an explicit analytic proof of the equality of the hadronic and partonic scaling curves, and show how the transition from coherent to incoherent scattering takes place.
Date: June 1, 2002
Creator: Jeschonnek, Sabine & Orden, J.W. Van
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department