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Aeroradioactivity Survey and Areal Geology of Parts of Southeastern New York and Southern New England (ARMS-I)

Description: Report concerning "[a]n airborne gamma-radiation survey of Connecticut, Rhode Island, and parts of New York, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Vermont" (p. 5) made between 1958 and 1960 that indicated that a broad range of radioactivity exists in those areas depending on the type of bedrock. Correlations are drawn between this radioactivity and the geology of the region.
Date: July 1963
Creator: Popenoe, Peter
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aeroradioactivity Survey and Areal Geology of Parts of East-Central New York and West-Central New England (ARMS-I)

Description: Report concerning "[a]n airborne gamma-radiation survey of Connecticut, Rhode Island, and parts of New York, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Vermont" (p. 5) made between 1958 and 1960 that indicated that a broad range of radioactivity exists in those areas depending on the type of bedrock. Correlations are drawn between this radioactivity and the geology of the region.
Date: August 1962
Creator: Popenoe, Peter
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Habitability of the Love Canal Area: An Analysis of the Technical Basis for the Decision of the Habitability of the Emergency Declaration Area: A Technical Memorandum

Description: A case study by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that examines "the technical basis for, and validity of, the habitability decision for the emergency declaration area near Love Canal" (p. iii).
Date: June 1983
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

United States Earthquakes, 1929

Description: Report discussing earthquake activity in the United States during 1929. The report is broken down by regions and has sections for specific earthquakes.
Date: 1931
Creator: Heck, N. H. & Bodle, R. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Talc Mining in New York

Description: Report issued by the U.S. Bureau of Mines on the talc deposits in New York state. The report includes details on the geology of the deposits, and the mining and milling of the talc. This report contains illustrations.
Date: October 1920
Creator: Ladoo, Raymond B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Renal dialysis decisionmaking

Description: This report summarizes the general policies of acceptance of patients for treatment. Decision to initiate treatment with dialysis are made by review committees in each of six institutions that provide dialysis treatments.
Date: March 1, 1986
Creator: Freeman, Richard B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of Meteorological Tower Data, April 1950 - March 1952, Brookhaven National Laboratory

Description: Report issued by the Brookhaven National Laboratory discussing data collected from two BNL meteorological towers. As stated in the introduction, "results are presented in graphic form rather than tabular form" (p. 1). This report includes tables, maps, illustrations, and photographs.
Date: June 1957
Creator: Singer, Irving A. & Raynor, Gilbert S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Estimation of contamination volume at Seaway Area A, New York.

Description: The purpose of this analysis was to estimate the volume of soil with a radioactive contaminant activity level above the cleanup Guideline at Seaway Area A, Tonawanda, New York. A site-specific cleanup guideline of 40 pCi/g thorium-230 was derived for Seaway, as well as for the nearby Ashland 1 and Ashland 2 sites. All three are Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP) properties. The level was developed to ensure protection of human health and the environment and compliance with applicable or relevant and appropriate requirements. The available data included historical discrete soil samples taken at the surface and at depth and results of a surficial gamma walkover with a sodium iodide (NaI) 2x2 sensor. The balance of this document provides background information about the site and discusses the available data sets, the methodology used, and the results and conclusions from the analysis.
Date: August 4, 1999
Creator: Durham, L. & Johnson, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Screening study for waste biomass to ethanol production facility using the Amoco process in New York State. Appendices to the final report

Description: The final report evaluates the economic feasibility of locating biomass-to-ethanol waste conversion facilities in New York State. Part 1 of the study evaluates 74 potential sites in New York City and identifies two preferred sites on Staten Island, the Proctor and Gamble and the Arthur Kill sites for further consideration. Part 2 evaluates upstate New York and determines that four regions surrounding the urban centers of Albany, Buffalo, Rochester, and Syracuse provide suitable areas from which to select specific sites for further consideration. A conceptual design and economic viability evaluation were developed for a minimum-size facility capable of processing 500 tons per day (tpd) of biomass consisting of wood or paper, or a combination of the two for upstate regions. The facility would use Amoco`s biomass conversion technology and produce 49,000 gallons per day of ethanol and approximately 300 tpd of lignin solid by-product. For New York City, a 1,000-tpd processing facility was also evaluated to examine effects of economies of scale. The reports evaluate the feasibility of building a biomass conversion facility in terms of city and state economic, environmental, and community factors. Given the data obtained to date, including changing costs for feedstock and ethanol, the project is marginally attractive. A facility should be as large as possible and located in a New York State Economic Development Zone to take advantage of economic incentives. The facility should have on-site oxidation capabilities, which will make it more financially viable given the high cost of energy. This appendix to the final report provides supplemental material supporting the evaluations.
Date: August 1, 1995
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Screening study for waste biomass to ethanol production facility using the Amoco process in New York State. Final report

Description: This report evaluates the economic feasibility of locating biomass-to-ethanol waste conversion facilities in New York State. Part 1 of the study evaluates 74 potential sites in New York City and identifies two preferred sites on Staten, the Proctor Gamble and the Arthur Kill sites, for further consideration. Part 2 evaluates upstate New York and determines that four regions surrounding the urban centers of Albany, Buffalo, Rochester, and Syracuse provide suitable areas from which to select specific sites for further consideration. A separate Appendix provides supplemental material supporting the evaluations. A conceptual design and economic viability evaluation were developed for a minimum-size facility capable of processing 500 tons per day (tpd) of biomass consisting of wood or paper, or a combination of the two for upstate regions. The facility would use Amoco`s biomass conversion technology and produce 49,000 gallons per day of ethanol and approximately 300 tpd of lignin solid by-product. For New York City, a 1,000-tpd processing facility was also evaluated to examine effects of economies of scale. The reports evaluate the feasibility of building a biomass conversion facility in terms of city and state economic, environmental, and community factors. Given the data obtained to date, including changing costs for feedstock and ethanol, the project is marginally attractive. A facility should be as large as possible and located in a New York State Economic Development Zone to take advantage of economic incentives. The facility should have on-site oxidation capabilities, which will make it more financially viable given the high cost of energy. 26 figs., 121 tabs.
Date: August 1, 1995
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Beneficial uses of paper mill residuals for New York State`s recycled-paper mills. Final report

Description: This report evaluates the New York paper mill industry in terms of the productive management and treatment of solid wastes. It identifies current efforts by recycling mills to beneficially use paper mill residuals (often called sludge) and suggests additional options that should be considered by the industry in general and individual mills in particular. It also examines the regulations and economics affecting the mills and suggests actions that could improve the industry`s ability to convert wastes to value-added products. The report recommends that the mills should continue measures to reduce fiber and filler clay losses, promote the transfer of usable fiber and clay to mills able to use them, upgrade sludge dewatering capabilities, and take a more regional approach to solid waste disposal problems. State agencies are urged to support these efforts, encourage the development and commercialization of new beneficial use technologies, and reduce regulatory barriers whenever possible.
Date: September 1, 1995
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Comparative approaches to siting low-level radioactive waste disposal facilities

Description: This report describes activities in nine States to select site locations for new disposal facilities for low-level radioactive waste. These nine States have completed processes leading to identification of specific site locations for onsite investigations. For each State, the status, legal and regulatory framework, site criteria, and site selection process are described. In most cases, States and compact regions decided to assign responsibility for site selection to agencies of government and to use top-down mapping methods for site selection. The report discusses quantitative and qualitative techniques used in applying top-down screenings, various approaches for delineating units of land for comparison, issues involved in excluding land from further consideration, and different positions taken by the siting organizations in considering public acceptance, land use, and land availability as factors in site selection.
Date: July 1, 1994
Creator: Newberry, W.F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Energy efficiency in municipal wastewater treatment plants: Technology assessment

Description: The New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) estimates that municipal wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) in New York State consume about 1.5 billion kWh of electricity each year for sewage treatment and sludge management based on the predominant types of treatment plants, the results of an energy use survey, and recent trends in the amounts of electricity WWTPs use nationwide. Electric utilities in New York State have encouraged demand-side management (DSM) to help control or lower energy costs and make energy available for new customers without constructing additional facilities. This report describes DSM opportunities for WWTPs in New York State; discusses the costs and benefits of several DSM measures; projects energy impact statewide of the DSM technologies; identifies the barrier to implementing DSM at WWTPs; and outlines one possible incentive that could stimulate widespread adoption of DSM by WWTP operators. The DSM technologies discussed are outfall hydropower, on-site generation, aeration efficiency, time-of-day electricity pricing, and storing wastewater.
Date: November 1, 1995
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Radiological Survey Results for the Niagara Mohawk Right-of-Way, Tonawanda, New York (TNY004)

Description: At the request of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), a team from Oak Ridge National Laboratory conducted a radiological survey of a small portion of the Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation right-of-way in Tonawanda, New York. The purpose of the survey was to determine if radioactive residuals had migrated from or been redistributed onto the Niagara Mohawk right-of-way from the former Linde property to the west. The Linde Air Products Division of Union Carbide Corporation, Tonawanda New York, had used radioactive materials at that location for work performed under government contract from 1942 through 1948. The survey was performed in May 1996 in response to Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP) requirements. These requirements dictate that the radiological status of certain vicinity properties shall be assessed and documented according to prescribed procedures prior to certification of the property for release for unrestricted use. Such release can only be granted if the property is found to be within current applicable authorized limits. The survey included a gamma scan of accessible areas and the collection and radionuclide analysis of soil samples from the portion of right-of-way located east of the former Linde plant site and north of the railway spur entrance gate. Results of the survey indicate that radioactive material probably originating from the Linde plant is located on the Niagara Mohawk right-of-way in the area surveyed. Surface gamma exposure rates were elevated above typical background levels. Four scattered surface soil samples exceeded DOE guideline values for {sup 238}U, and 8 of 13 surface soil samples exceeded DOE guideline values for {sup 226}Ra. The radionuclide distribution in these samples was similar to that found in materials resulting from former processing activities at the Linde site. It is recommended that the property be designated for remedial action by DOE.
Date: November 1998
Creator: McKenzie, S. P. & Uziel, M. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Radiological Survey Results for the R.P. Adams Company Property, Tonawanda, New York (TNY003)

Description: At the request of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), a team horn Oak Ridge National Laboratory conducted a radiological survey of property belonging to the R P. Adarns Company, Inc., Tonawanda, New York. The survqy was performed in November 1995 and May and July 1996. The P-e of tie SUIWY was to determine if radioactive residuals had migrated, or been re&stribu@ from the former Linde property to the south onto the R P. Adams property. The Linde Air Products Division of Union Carbide Corporation, Toni~w~da, New York, had used radioactive materials at that location for work performed under government contract born 1942 through 1948. The survey was performed in response to Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP) requirements. These requirements dictate that the radiological status of certain vicinity properties shall be assessed and docw.nented according to prescribed procedures prior to certification of the property for release for unrestricted use. Such release can only be granted if the property is found to be within current applicable authorized limits. The survey included a gamma scan of accessible areas in both the developed and the undeveloped portions of the property and the collection and radionuclide analysis of soil samples. A comparison of these data to the current DOE guidelines shows that all radionuclide concentrations and radioactivity levels found on the property are below the current guidelines. Therefore, this property should not be included in the FUSRAP program for remediation. xi
Date: November 1, 1998
Creator: Carrier, R.F.; McKenzie, S.P. & Uziel, M.S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Long-term TLD measurements of environmental background radiation in the New York City Area

Description: The results of month-long TLD measurements at seven locations within 150 km of New York City are reported for 12 years at a few locations and for up to 18 years at others. At some locations, multiple dosimeters were deployed to acquire concurrent indoor and outdoor measurements. The sites were varied and include an urban high-rise residence, three suburban backyards, a rural hillside, and the wooded outskirts of a nuclear power plant (nonoperational). Long-term mean dose rates in air ranged from 50.8 to 123.1 nGy h{sup {minus}1} (5.8 to 14.1 {mu}R h{sup {minus}1}) across the area. The typical seasonal dose rate in air variations are presented for two of the sites and are briefly discussed in terms of soil conditions. The data indicate that it is possible to achieve monthly variations from the long-term mean as high as 20 to 40%. One of these locations was monitored for indoor (2 floors) and outdoor air dose rates. This allowed for a time series comparison to be performed illustrating the changing contribution of terrestrial radiation to the total dose rate relative to the steady building material-derived radioactivity. This site also permitted the calculation of indoor/outdoor ratios for two floors. Another suburban location yielded an indoor/outdoor ratio using ground floor dose-rate-in-air measurements. Also presented are mean annual dose rates in air showing a long-term decrease at some locations. A statistical Kendall test was performed to quantify the magnitude of the decrease. A definitive explanation of this trend requires further study.
Date: November 1, 1994
Creator: Maiello, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geographic information system for Long Island: An epidemiologic systems approach to identify environmental breast cancer risks on Long Island. Phase 1

Description: BNL is developing and implementing the project ``Geographic Information System (GIS) for Long Island`` to address the potential relationship of environmental and occupational exposures to breast cancer etiology on Long Island. The project is divided into two major phases: The four month-feasibility project (Phase 1), and the major development and implementation project (Phase 2). This report summarizes the work completed in the four month Phase 1 Project, ``Feasibility of a Geographic Information System for Long Island.`` It provides the baseline information needed to further define and prioritize the scope of work for subsequent tasks. Phase 2 will build upon this foundation to develop an operational GIS for the Long Island Breast Cancer Study Project (LIBCSP).
Date: December 1, 1995
Creator: Barancik, J.I.; Kramer, C.F. & Thode, H.C. Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Automatic control of electric thermal storage (heat) under real-time pricing. Final report

Description: Real-time pricing (RTP) can be used by electric utilities as a control signal for responsive demand-side management (DSM) programs. Electric thermal storage (ETS) systems in buildings provide the inherent flexibility needed to take advantage of variations in prices. Under RTP, optimal performance for ETS operations is achieved under market conditions where reductions in customers` costs coincide with the lowering of the cost of service for electric utilities. The RTP signal conveys the time-varying actual marginal cost of the electric service to customers. The RTP rate is a combination of various cost components, including marginal generation fuel and maintenance costs, marginal costs of transmission and distribution losses, and marginal quality of supply and transmission costs. This report describes the results of an experiment in automatic control of heat storage systems under RTP during the winter seasons of 1989--90 and 1990--91.
Date: January 1, 1995
Creator: Daryanian, B.; Tabors, R.D. & Bohn, R.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Statistical analysis of shard and canister glass correlation test

Description: The vitrification facility at West Valley, New York will be used to incorporate nuclear waste into a vitrified waste form. Waste Acceptance Preliminary Specifications (WAPS) will be used to determine the acceptability of the waste form product. These specifications require chemical characterization of the waste form produced. West Valley Nuclear Services (WVNS) intends to characterize canister contents by obtaining shard samples from the top of the canisters prior to final sealing. A study was conducted to determine whether shard samples taken from the top of canisters filled with vitrified nuclear waste could be considered representative and therefore used to characterize the elemental composition of the entire canister contents. Three canisters produced during the SF-12 melter run conducted at WVNS were thoroughly sampled by core drilling at several axial and radial locations and by obtaining shard samples from the top of the canisters. Chemical analyses were performed and the resulting data were statistically analyzed by Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL). If one can assume that the process controls employed by WVNS during the SF-12 run are representative of those to be employed during future melter runs, shard samples can be used to characterize the canister contents. However, if batch-to-batch variations cannot be controlled to the acceptable levels observed from the SF-12 data, the representativeness of shard samples will be in question. The estimates of process and within-canister variations provided herein will prove valuable in determining the required frequency and number of shard samples to meet waste form qualification objectives.
Date: December 1, 1990
Creator: Pulsipher, B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department