7 Matching Results

Search Results

Advanced search parameters have been applied.

Time Evolution of Beam in the Recycler Ring

Description: We study the time evolution of the beam current in the Fermilab Recycler Ring due to abrupt physical processes (single coulomb scattering, nuclear scattering) that cause sudden loss of beam, and diffusive processes (multiple coulomb scattering, lattice dependence, etc.) which cause emittance growth. This emittance growth combined with finite aperture of the beam pipe will lead to eventual loss of most beam. We develop a fitting technique to the time evolution of beam current to estimate emittance growth. Finally we compare the directly measured growth with the fitted value.
Date: May 7, 2003
Creator: Krish Gounder, John Marriner and Shekhar Mishra
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Full Aperture Backscatter Station Measurement System on the National Ignition Facility

Description: A Full Aperture Backscatter Station (FABS) target diagnostic has been activated on the first four beams of the National Ignition Facility (NIF). Backscattered light from the target propagates back down the beam path into the FABS diagnostic system. FABS measures both stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) and stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) with a suite of measurement instruments. Digital cameras and spectrometers record spectrally resolved energy for both P and S polarized light. Streaked spectrometers measure the spectral and temporal behavior of the backscattered light. Calorimeters and fast photodetectors measure the integrated energy and temporal behavior of the light, respectively. This paper provides an overview of the FABS measurements system and detailed descriptions of the diagnostic instruments and the optical path.
Date: April 7, 2004
Creator: Bower, D; McCarville, T; Alvarez, S; Ault, L; Brown, M; Chrisp, M et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Differential Synthetic Aperture Ladar

Description: We report a differential synthetic aperture ladar (DSAL) concept that relaxes platform and laser requirements compared to conventional SAL. Line-of-sight translation/vibration constraints are reduced by several orders of magnitude, while laser frequency stability is typically relaxed by an order of magnitude. The technique is most advantageous for shorter laser wavelengths, ultraviolet to mid-infrared. Analytical and modeling results, including the effect of speckle and atmospheric turbulence, are presented. Synthetic aperture ladars are of growing interest, and several theoretical and experimental papers have been published on the subject. Compared to RF synthetic aperture radar (SAR), platform/ladar motion and transmitter bandwidth constraints are especially demanding at optical wavelengths. For mid-IR and shorter wavelengths, deviations from a linear trajectory along the synthetic aperture length have to be submicron, or their magnitude must be measured to that precision for compensation. The laser coherence time has to be the synthetic aperture transit time, or transmitter phase has to be recorded and a correction applied on detection.
Date: February 7, 2005
Creator: Stappaerts, E A & Scharlemann, E
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

LCLS Spontaneous Radiation with Reflection along the Beam Line in the Undulator Pipes

Description: Some commissioning and alignment procedures for XTOD may rely on the use of the spontaneous radiation. Therefore we have modeled the spontaneous radiation between the Undulator and the Near Experimental Hall to derive numerical values of the expected beam width and of the energy deposition. The values are then used to determine aperture sizes and detector sensitivities. We performed the calculations in three stages. The first was to generate an appropriate distribution of photons within the Undulator. The second was to simulate the emergence of the photons from the Undulator. The third was to propagate the photons (without any obstructing objects) to various points along the Z-axis up to the Near Experimental Hall entrance. We performed the simulations for low and high energies based on the spectral flux data supplied by Sven Reiche. These data sets were at 71 meters from the end of the Undulator for 4.5 and 14.08 GeV electrons.
Date: September 7, 2005
Creator: Fong, K W
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

CMAD: A Self-consistent Parallel Code to Simulate the Electron Cloud Build-up and Instabilities

Description: We present the features of CMAD, a newly developed self-consistent code which simulates both the electron cloud build-up and related beam instabilities. By means of parallel (Message Passing Interface - MPI) computation, the code tracks the beam in an existing (MAD-type) lattice and continuously resolves the interaction between the beam and the cloud at each element location, with different cloud distributions at each magnet location. The goal of CMAD is to simulate single- and coupled-bunch instability, allowing tune shift, dynamic aperture and frequency map analysis and the determination of the secondary electron yield instability threshold. The code is in its phase of development and benchmarking with existing codes. Preliminary results on benchmarking are presented in this paper.
Date: November 7, 2007
Creator: Pivi, M. T. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Advanced 0.3-NA EUV lithography capabilities at the ALS

Description: For volume nanoelectronics production using Extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography [1] to become a reality around the year 2011, advanced EUV research tools are required today. Microfield exposure tools have played a vital role in the early development of EUV lithography [2-4] concentrating on numerical apertures (NA) of 0.2 and smaller. Expected to enter production at the 32-nm node with NAs of 0.25, EUV can no longer rely on these early research tools to provide relevant learning. To overcome this problem, a new generation of microfield exposure tools, operating at an NA of 0.3 have been developed [5-8]. Like their predecessors, these tools trade off field size and speed for greatly reduced complexity. One of these tools is implemented at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's Advanced Light Source synchrotron radiation facility. This tool gets around the problem of the intrinsically high coherence of the synchrotron source [9,10] by using an active illuminator scheme [11]. Here we describe recent printing results obtained from the Berkeley EUV exposure tool. Limited by the availability of ultra-high resolution chemically amplified resists, present resolution limits are approximately 32 nm for equal lines and spaces and 27 nm for semi-isolated lines.
Date: July 7, 2005
Creator: Naulleau, Patrick; Anderson, Erik; Dean, Kim; Denham, Paul; Goldberg, Kenneth A.; Hoef, Brian et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Single shot extreme ultraviolet laser imaging of nanostructures with wavelength resolution

Description: We have demonstrated near-wavelength resolution microscopy in the extreme ultraviolet. Images of 50 nm diameter nanotubes were obtained with a single {approx}1 ns duration pulse from a desk-top size 46.9 nm laser. We measured the modulation transfer function of the microscope for three different numerical aperture zone plate objectives, demonstrating that 54 nm half-period structures can be resolved. The combination of near-wavelength spatial resolution and high temporal resolution opens myriad opportunities in imaging, such as the ability to directly investigate dynamics of nanoscale structures.
Date: January 7, 2008
Creator: Jones, Juanita; Brewer, Courtney A.; Brizuela, Fernando; Wachulak, Przemyslaw; Martz, Dale H.; Chao, Weilun et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department