In 1990, Congress enacted legislation requiring coastal states and territories to develop programs to help address the problem of nonpoint source pollution in coastal waters, which are especially threatened by pressures of population growth, development, and pollution. The coastal nonpoint pollution program is unique because it expressly links federal and state coastal zone management and water quality programs. Coastal states are now implementing these requirements. Congress has not changed the program since its enactment, but legislative activity in the 106th Congress is possible. One issue receiving attention is whether to integrate the coastal nonpoint pollution program with the activities under the Coastal Zone Management Act.