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Oral History Interviews with Pete Evans, 1984

Description: Interview with Pete Evans, a Texas National Guard veteran and POW from Hamby, Texas. Evans discusses his time as a member of 2nd Battalion, 131st Field Artillery (the "Lost Battalion") which was captured by the Japanese in March, 1942, including: his upbringing; entering the Guard and training; mobilization, the Louisiana Maneuvers, and deployment to East Asia; diversion from the Philippines to Brisbane and then Java, after December 7th, 1941; assignment to Sangosari near Malang; the Japanese invasion and the American surrender; and experiences in internment at Surabaya, Tanjong Priok in Batavia, Changi Camp in Singapore, Nagasaki, and the Orio district of Kitakyūshū.
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Date: {1984-02-15, 1984-02-29, 1984-03-07}
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Evans, Pete
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Personal Diary of Frank Fujita, Jr.

Description: A copy of Frank Fujita Jr.'s war diary, obtained by Dr. Ron Marcello to accompany Fujita's oral history interview. Fujita was an Texas National Guard WWII veteran and POW from the 2nd Battalion, 131st Field Artillery Regiment captured on Java in March 1942. Included is Fujita's original bound diary, and a rewritten version he made in a Japanese logbook in internment and continued. They contain daily activities, doodles, lists of dozens of servicemen and captives encountered, and the key to an encoded script Fujita developed for sensitive information. Also included is a postwar newspaper clipping about Fujita's unit.
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Date: December 19, 1970
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Fujita Jr., Frank
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Robert Hoe, September 20, 2003

Description: Interview with Robert Hoe, a Navy WWII veteran of the China-Burma-India theater from Le Roy, New York. Hoe discusses growing up, the reaction to Pearl Harbor, attending college, enlisting in the Navy, training and becoming an officer, joining the Navy Scouts and Raiders, deployment to China and assignment to the Sino-American Cooperative Organization, supplying their forces, operations with guerilla fighters against the Japanese occupation, intelligence gathering, his reaction to the atomic bomb, the end of the war, service in China and discharge, and life as a civilian.
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Date: September 20, 2003
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Hoe, Robert
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with John Hargrove, August 12, 1998

Description: Interview with John Hargrove, a Army Air Corps WWII veteran from Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Hargrove discusses growing up and his family background, being drafted into the Air Corps, training, assignment to the 18th Reconnaissance Squadron, 22nd Bomb Group at Langley Field as a radio operator, life and work at Langley, transition to the B-26, the start of the war, submarine patrol, deployment to Townsville, Australia via Hawaii, flying his first mission, liberty and recreation, bombing and close air support missions, the crew being awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross, losses, returning to the US, work as a radio instructor, meeting his wife, postwar service, and reflections on the atomic bomb. In appendix is a manuscript for an autobiography written by Hargrove, an addendum to the interview, and a letter to Ron Marcello making corrections to the interview.
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Date: August 12, 1998
Creator: Lane, Peter B.; Byrd, Richard W. & Hargrove, John H.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with William H. Haugh, January 12, 1999

Description: Interview with William H. Haugh, a Army WWII veteran from Wrightsville, Pennsylvania. Haugh discusses growing up in Wrightsville, getting his own farm, the wartime economy, being drafted into the Army, becoming a machine gunner in the 35th Infantry Division, arrival in Metz and advancing to the Battle of the Bulge, artillery, experiences in combat, the Rhineland Campaign, the Ruhr Valley, being wounded, the German surrender and the Army of Occupation, reflections on combat, and returning to civilian life.
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Date: January 12, 1999
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Haugh, William H.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with William Havel, April 22, 1994

Description: Interview with William Havel, a Army WWII veteran from Grayson County, Texas, who was present at the attack on Pearl Harbor. Havel discusses his adoption as a child and growing up, joining the Army, assignment to Triplar General Hospital in Oahu, work and routine, liberty, the morning of the attack and witnessing the bombing, treating casualties, events of the following evening, and later service.
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Date: April 22, 1994
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Havel, William
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Maj. Gen. Frederick E. Haynes, September 19, 2001

Description: Interview with Major General Frederick Haynes, a Marine WWII veteran from Dallas, Texas. Haynes discusses growing up, becoming an officer in the Marine Corps, being a small arms instructor, assignment to the 28th Marines and training for combat, various experiences fighting the Battle of Iwo Jima, and reflections on battle.
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Date: September 19, 2001
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Haynes, Frederick E.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Lloyd F. Hudson, August 12, 2003

Description: Interview with Lloyd F. Hudson, a Texas National Guard WWII veteran from Fort Worth, Texas. Hudson discusses his family background, joining the 124th Cavalry and transfer to the 112th, work as a cavalryman before activation, activation and the Louisiana Maneuvers, deployment to Townsville, Australia, amphibious assault on Arawe, New Britain, falling ill and returning to the States, the character of troops, equipment, rivalry with the Marine Corps, and acts of bravery. In appendix is a list of Hudson's fellow soldiers, the places he served, descriptions of the equipment mentioned in the interview, and the 112th's service chronicle.
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Date: August 12, 2003
Creator: Johnston, Glenn T. & Hudson, Lloyd F.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with E. F. Howard, April 8, 1989

Description: Interview with E. F. Howard, a Army WWII veteran from Haines, Arkanas, who was present at the attack on Pearl Harbor. Howard discusses entering the service, assignment to Schofield Barracks, the facilities and daily life there, the lead up to war, events of December 7th, 1941, and service, injury, and discharge afterwards.
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Date: April 8, 1989
Creator: Smith, Melinda & Howard, E. F.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with James W. Huffman, April 11, 1990

Description: Interview with James W. Huffman, a Navy WWII veteran and POW from Los Angeles, California, who survived the sinking of the USS Houston (CA-30). Huffman discusses joining the Navy; service aboard the Houston and changes in training as war neared; early operations in the war; the Battle of Sundra Strait and sinking; surviving in Java; capture by the Japanese; various experiences in internment at Bicycle Camp in Batavia, Changi Camp in Singapore, Thanbyuzayat, several camps on the Burma Railway, and Tamarkan in Thailand; and liberation.
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Date: April 11, 1990
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Huffman, James W.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with W. W. Hughes, November 17, 2003

Description: Interview with W. W. Hughes, a Texas National Guard WWII veteran from Grand Prarie, Texas. Hughes discusses growing up in the Great Depression, joining the National Guard and equestrian service in the 112th Cavalry at Fort Clark, the start of war and deployment to New Caledonia and Australia, preparations for combat, amphibious landings at Arawe Island off New Britain, scout patrols and combat, operations in New Guinea at the Driniumor River, Japanese POWs, actions in the Philippines at Leyte and Luzon, returning to the US as an instructor, and reflections on his service.
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Date: November 17, 2003
Creator: Johnston, Glenn T. & Hughes, W. W.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Robert Greenwood, July 7, 1974

Description: Interview with Robert Greenwood, a Army WWII veteran who was present at the attack on Pearl Harbor, from Brooklyn, New York. Greenwood discusses joining the service, becoming a medic, transfer to Coast Artillery at Fort DeRussy in Honolulu, morale and patriotism among troops, his comrades, work, the Hawaiian population, promotion, alerts, liberty, the night of December 6th, the attack on Hickam Field and the harbor, fighting fires, shooting at planes with a rifle, rumors of invasion, and the following evening.
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Date: July 7, 1974
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Greenwood, Robert
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Arthur Hofstein, October 30, 2007

Description: Interview with Arthur Hofstein, a Army WWII veteran from Cambridge, Massachusetts. Hofstein discusses the lead up to war, being drafted, training to be a radio operator, departure for the European Theater, landing in France and first action at Mars-la-Tour, the Battle of the Bulge, German prisoners and civilians, advancing into Germany, the liberation of Dachau, letters, and life after the war. In appendix are various materials and photographs related to Hofstein and his service.
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Date: October 30, 2007
Creator: Decoster, Charlotte & Hofstein, Arthur I.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Harve D. King, May 22, 2001

Description: Interview with Harve D. King, a Army WWII veteran from Copeville, Texas, who served in the 350th Engineer Regiment. King discusses his upbringing on a cotton farm, school in Farmersville, discrimination as an African-American, attending Texas College, joining the Army, training, assignment at Camp Shelby, deployment to New Guinea, operations at Hollandia, building a hospital, recreation, visiting Australia, returning to the United States and discharge, and life after the war.
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Date: May 22, 2001
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & King, Harve D.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Clarence Kingsley, November 21, 2003

Description: Interview with Charles Kingsley, a Texas National Guard WWII veteran from Dallas, Texas, who served in the 112th Cavalry. Kingsley discusses his upbringing, joining the Guard, the Louisiana Maneuvers, deployment to New Caledonia, his troop's machine gun section/platoon, Woodlark Island, the Battle of Arawe, New Guinea and the Battle of Drinumor River, the Battles of Leyte and Luzon, his thoughts on the generals he served, and thoughts on the 112th.
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Date: November 23, 2003
Creator: Johnston, Glenn T. & Kingsley, Clarence
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Carlton J. Killgo, March 23, 1972

Description: Interview with Carlton J. Killgo, a Army Air Corps WWII veteran and POW from Slocum, Texas, who was shot down and captured by German forces. Killgo discusses enlisting in the Air Corps before the war, training and becoming a B-17 crewmember, deployment to England, his missions, getting shot down, capture by German civilians, transfer to Stalag Luft #4, experiences in internment there, liberation by the Soviet Army, and return to the United States.
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Date: March 23, 1972
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Killgo, Carlton J.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Glen McDole, October 10, 1996

Description: Interview with Glen McDole, a Marine Corps WWII veteran and POW from Des Moines, Iowa. McDole discusses joining the Marines in 1940, assignment to the 1st Separate Marine Battalion and deployment to Cavite Navy Yard in the Philippines, the Japanese attack on December 8th, 1941, withdrawal to Corregidor, Douglas MacArthur, the surrender, experiences in internment at Cabanatuan, transfer to Palawan, American bombing raids, surviving the Palawan massacre, rescue by Philippines civilians, the American liberation, and testifying about his former captors after the war.
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Date: October 10, 1996
Creator: Alexander, William J. & McDole, Glen
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Ernest Kelley, February 20, 2003

Description: Interview with Ernest Kelley, a Texas National Guard WWII veteran from Antioch, Texas (now the Red River Army Depot), who served with the 112th Cavalry. Kelley discusses growing up in the Depression, joining the Guard, mobilization and training, horses, the Louisiana Maneuvers, deployment to New Caledonia, landing on Woodlark island and action there, the Battle of Arawe, redeployment to Australia, the Battle of Driniumor River in New Guinea, the Battles of Leyte and Luzon, returning to the United States, and reflections on his time in the Army. In appendix is a list of people and places named in the interview with lat/long coordinates, descriptions of military equipment, and the 112th's WWII service chronicle.
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Date: February 20, 2003
Creator: Johnston, Glenn & Kelley, Ernest L.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Charles M. Lagow, October 11, 2000

Description: Interview with Charles M. Lagow, a Army WWII veteran from Dallas, Texas. Lagow discusses his family history, attending Texas A&M, joining the CCC, the lead up to war, activation and training with the 352nd Engineer Battalion, deployment to Khorramshahr, Iran, building roads, delivering supplies to the Soviets, crash landing in a B-17 in Palestine, returning to the States and transfer to the 1346th Eng. Bat., deployment to Okinawa, occupation duty and Japanese holdouts, thoughts on Hideki Tojo, attitudes towards the Japanese, shell shock and mental breakdowns, the atomic bomb, and life after the war.
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Date: October 11, 2000
Creator: Ripley, Christopher & Lagow, Charles Marshall
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with John R. Leber, January 15, 1999

Description: Interview with John R. Leber, a Army Air Corps WWII veteran from Wrightsville, Pennsylvania, who flew with the 317th Troop Carrier Squadron in the China-Burma-India Theater. Leber discusses enlisting in the Air Corps, training as an aircraft mechanic and becoming a crew chief, the C-46 and the C-47, deployment to India, flying over the Himalayas, living conditions, and continued service postwar. In appendix are handwritten letters of Leber from his time overseas.
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Date: January 15, 1999
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Leber, John R.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Margaret Gillooly, March 18, 1995

Description: Interview with Margaret Gillooly, a civilian internee of the Japanese in WWII from San Francisco, California. Gillooly discusses her family's move to the Philippines in 1938, schooling, the start of war and the Japanese invasion, staying in Cebu City, her parents' escape from Manila and surviving a sinking in Manila Bay, Japanese occupation of Cebu, being moved to Manila, various experiences surviving internment at Santo Tomas Prison Camp, bombings, the American invasion and liberation, a Japanese counterattack and siege, emotional and mental impacts, and evacuation.
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Date: March 18, 1995
Creator: Byrd, Richard W. & Gillooly, Margaret
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with James A. Nasser, November 13, 1987

Description: Interview with James A. Nasser, a Army WWII veteran from Herrin, Illinois, who was present at the attack on Pear Harbor. Nasser discusses joining the Army, assignment to the 98th Coast Artillery at Schofield Barracks, work and training, liberty and recreation, the morning of the attack and shooting down a Japanese airplane, events afterwards, service later in the war, and work with veterans.
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Date: November 13, 1987
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Nasser, James A.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with William E. Moore, Jr., March 4, 1998

Description: Interview with William E. Moore Jr., a Army WWII veteran from Temple, Texas, who was present at the attack on Pearl Harbor. Moore discusses his time in the Corps of Cadets at Texas A&M, assignment to 24th Division Artillery at Schofield Barracks, Hawaii, training and alerts, the attack at Wheeler Field and taking defensive positions around Oahu, and service afterwards.
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Date: March 4, 1998
Creator: Meisch, Lisa & Moore Jr., William E.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program