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Engineering and Economic Feasibility Study for a Combination Nuclear Power and Desalting Plant: Phases 1 and 2

Description: Scope: As defined by the subcontract, Bechtel's responsibility is to determine the engineering and economic feasibility and preliminary design of a combination power and desalting plant using a nuclear energy heat source, which plant shall be deemed suitable for operation by the District by the year 1970.
Date: December 1965
Creator: Bechtel Corporation
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

First Annual Report - Operation of the Multi-Effect Multi-Stage Flash Distillation Plant (Clair Engle), San Diego, California

Description: Annual report discussing the activities and operation of the Senator Clair Engle Plant (CEP), a multi-effect multi-stage flash (MEMS) distillation plant for converting sea water, located in San Diego, California.
Date: November 1970
Creator: Catalytic Construction Company
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Conceptual Design Study of a One Million Gallon Per Day MSM Desalination Plant-Replacement for Demonstration Plant No. 2 at Point Loma, San Diego, California

Description: From foreward: "This is another of a series of reports designed to present accounts of progress on saline water conversion with the expectation that the exhange of such data will contribute to the long range development of economical processes applicable to large scale desalination plants for conversion of sea and other saline waters." This particular report describes various aspects of a demonstration plant in San Diego, California.
Date: April 1967
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Vapor Compression Distillation using Secondary Heat Transfer Media

Description: Report discussing a particular method of converting saline water through vapor compression distillation at plants of different sizes. From Introduction: "This report is divided into three Sections (Books) each with its own index. Books I and II contain process and economic data for a 50,000 gpd pilot plant and a 10,000,000 gpd production plant. Book III contains process and economic data for high and low temperature units of 1,000,000 gpd size."
Date: January 1966
Creator: Chambers, John C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Summary Evaluation of Conceptual Design for 50 MGD Desalination Plant

Description: Report issued by the Office of Saline Water discussing the conceptual design of a 50 MGD water desalination plant. Numerous design concepts are presented, along with detailed descriptions and comparisons of the different designs. This report includes tables, and illustrations.
Date: August 1967
Creator: Hunter, J. A.; Sieder, Everett N. & Tomalin, Paul G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Reverse Osmosis for Water Desalination

Description: Report issued by the Office of Saline Water over studies conducted on the reverse-osmosis program. The methods of desalination through osmosis are discussed. This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Date: May 22, 1964
Creator: Lonsdale, H. K.; Merten, U.; Riley, R. L.; Vos, K. D. & Westmoreland, J. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Secondary Refrigerant Freezing Desalting Process: Operation of a 15,000 GPD Pilot Plant

Description: Report issued by the Office of Saline Water over the development of the secondary refrigerant freeze desalination process. The process is presented and discussed. This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Date: March 1969
Creator: Ganiaris, N.; Lambiris, J.; Glasser, R.; Hunter, J. A.; Rinne, W. W. & Verikios, S. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Vacuum-Freezing Vapor-Compression Process: Evaluation on Brackish Water

Description: From Abstract: "The Vacuum-Freezing Vapor-Compression (VFVC) Process was evaluated on high salinity brackish water during the period from February 1968 through December 1969 by Colt Industries Inc., under O.S.W. Contract No. 14-01-0001-967 at Roswell, New Mexico. The 15,000 gpd VFVC test plant is mounted on a mobile trailer which was built by Colt Industries Inc. in their factory at Beloit, Wisconsin. Prior to operation at Roswell, the plant was operated at Wrightsville Beach, North Carolina to check out the system and to operate the trailer on sea water." Process Description: "A simplified diagram, Figure 2, shows both the essential components of the process and flow paths of the various streams in the system. Typical heat and mass balances are shown on Figures 3 and 4."
Date: March 1970
Creator: Jhawar, M. M. & Fraser, J. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis and Summary Report of Operation Guantanamo Naval Base Desalination Facility

Description: Report analyzing the Guantanamo Naval Base 2.25 MGD desalting and power generation facility in order to create a guide for the research and development programs for the Office of Saline Water and for commercial desalinization facilities.
Date: June 1972
Creator: Rapier, P. M.; Rowe, W. H.; Ko, A. C.; DeReinzo, P. P. & Gitterman, H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Case Studies of Desalted Water for Irrigation

Description: Report studying the use of desalinated water for irrigation at three locations in Arizona and California. Costs and benefits are measured among several different areas, including multiple concentrations of desalinated water, different desalting methods, and the desalting process.
Date: March 1972
Creator: United States. Bureau of Reclamation.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Removal of Scale-Forming Compounds from Sea Water

Description: From introduction: "In the process of being developed under Contract No. 14-01-001-202 fertilizer grade phosphoric acid (or sodium phosphates obtained from reacting phosphoric acid and sodium hydroxide or soda ash) is mixed with sea water. The subsequent addition of ammonia causes the precipitation of solids which are then allowed to settle from water. The resulting descaled sea water is now ready for utilization in a water recovering plant."
Date: September 1962
Creator: W.R. Grace & Co.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Seawater Softening by Ion Exchange as a Saline Water Conversion Pretreatment

Description: From Introduction: "A pilot plant embodying these ideas, in an unusual method of softening, was designed and constructed by the Texas Division of The Dow Chemical Company. Two 4,000 gallon per day vapor compression evaporators were furnished for the testing program bu the Bureau of Yards and Docks of the United States Navy. This report summarizes the results of the testing program."
Date: May 1962
Creator: McIlhenny, W. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Study of Large Size Saline Water Conversion Plants

Description: From Introduction: "The principal objective of this study is to digest the experience accumulated in the operation of the demonstration plants, and from this information, to arrive at the cost of fresh water when produced on a large scale. It is important to recognize that the costs, as calculated in this report, are based upon the state of development of the processes as exemplified and proven in the demonstration plants. The field is new, and the rate of development is such that further cost reductions may be expected."
Date: March 1963
Creator: Bechtel Corporation
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation and Preparation of Polymer Films to Improve the Separation of Water and Salts in Saline Water Conversion

Description: From Introduction: "As will be explained in more detail elsewhere in this report, casting methods and drying conditions have been found to have a drastic effect on film permeability to both water and salt. Errors that became evident in temperature control indicated that some of the previous high rates were obtained at temperatures considerably higher than the 100 degrees C that was intended and reported."
Date: December 1962
Creator: Monsanto Research Corporation
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department