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Personal Diary of Frank Fujita, Jr.

Description: A copy of Frank Fujita Jr.'s war diary, obtained by Dr. Ron Marcello to accompany Fujita's oral history interview. Fujita was an Texas National Guard WWII veteran and POW from the 2nd Battalion, 131st Field Artillery Regiment captured on Java in March 1942. Included is Fujita's original bound diary, and a rewritten version he made in a Japanese logbook in internment and continued. They contain daily activities, doodles, lists of dozens of servicemen and captives encountered, and the key to an encoded script Fujita developed for sensitive information. Also included is a postwar newspaper clipping about Fujita's unit.
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Date: December 19, 1970
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Fujita Jr., Frank
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interviews with Pete Evans, 1984

Description: Interview with Pete Evans, a Texas National Guard veteran and POW from Hamby, Texas. Evans discusses his time as a member of 2nd Battalion, 131st Field Artillery (the "Lost Battalion") which was captured by the Japanese in March, 1942, including: his upbringing; entering the Guard and training; mobilization, the Louisiana Maneuvers, and deployment to East Asia; diversion from the Philippines to Brisbane and then Java, after December 7th, 1941; assignment to Sangosari near Malang; the Japanese invasion and the American surrender; and experiences in internment at Surabaya, Tanjong Priok in Batavia, Changi Camp in Singapore, Nagasaki, and the Orio district of Kitakyūshū.
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Date: {1984-02-15,1984-02-29,1984-03-07}
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Evans, Pete
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with James W. Huffman, April 11, 1990

Description: Interview with James W. Huffman, a Navy WWII veteran and POW from Los Angeles, California, who survived the sinking of the USS Houston (CA-30). Huffman discusses joining the Navy; service aboard the Houston and changes in training as war neared; early operations in the war; the Battle of Sundra Strait and sinking; surviving in Java; capture by the Japanese; various experiences in internment at Bicycle Camp in Batavia, Changi Camp in Singapore, Thanbyuzayat, several camps on the Burma Railway, and Tamarkan in Thailand; and liberation.
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Date: April 11, 1990
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Huffman, James W.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with John C. Reas, June 23, 1998

Description: Interview with John Reas, a Navy WWII veteran and POW from New Albany, Indiana, who survived the sinking of the USS Houston (CA-30). Reas discusses his assignment to the Houston and prewar operations in the Pacific, the start of the war and convoy duty, being bombed by 54 Japanese planes, the Battle of Sunda Strait, the sinking, capture by the Japanese, experiences in internment at Bicycle Camp in Batavia, transfer to Thanbyuzayat, work on the Burma Railway, the USS Houston Survivors List, liberation, and life after the war. In appendix is the USS Houston Survivors list, letters of his regarding the list, brief accounts written by Reas of different experiences in the war, a letter by Lanson H. Harris confirming how the list was given to OSS officers, and a photo of Reas' wallet that he carried through the war.
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Date: June 23, 1998
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Reas, John C.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with James N. Hall, November 10, 1999

Description: Interview with James N. Hall, a Army Air Force WWII veteran from Burkburnett, Texas. Hall discusses joining the Air Force from college, basic training, classification, flight training, the P-47, fighter tactics, deplyoment to Le Culot Airfield in Belgium, his first mission, briefings and intelligence, Air Support Parties, close air support, flak, bomber escort, air-to-air encounters, casualties, logistics, German civilians, crash landings, V-E Day, and return to civilian life.
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Date: November 10, 1999
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Hall, James N.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with E. F. Howard, April 8, 1989

Description: Interview with E. F. Howard, a Army WWII veteran from Haines, Arkanas, who was present at the attack on Pearl Harbor. Howard discusses entering the service, assignment to Schofield Barracks, the facilities and daily life there, the lead up to war, events of December 7th, 1941, and service, injury, and discharge afterwards.
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Date: April 8, 1989
Creator: Smith, Melinda & Howard, E. F.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with James A. Nasser, November 13, 1987

Description: Interview with James A. Nasser, a Army WWII veteran from Herrin, Illinois, who was present at the attack on Pear Harbor. Nasser discusses joining the Army, assignment to the 98th Coast Artillery at Schofield Barracks, work and training, liberty and recreation, the morning of the attack and shooting down a Japanese airplane, events afterwards, service later in the war, and work with veterans.
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Date: November 13, 1987
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Nasser, James A.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with L. B. Smith, February 20, 1989

Description: Interview with L. B. Smith, a Army WWII veteran from Magnolia, Mississippi, who was present at the Attack on Pearl Harbor. Smith discusses entering the Army and training, events prior to the attack, the morning of December 7th and the bombing of Schofield Barracks, the aftermath and defensive preparations, and his later service in the Pacific Theater.
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Date: February 20, 1989
Creator: Cruse, Stephen & Smith, L. B.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Kenneth Nine, April 28, 1990

Description: Interview with Kenneth Nine, a Army WWII veteran from Lonaconing, Maryland, who was present at the attack on Pearl Harbor. Nine discusses joining the Army, assignment to the 27th Infantry at Schofield Barracks, alerts, athletics, gambling, events of the attack at Schofield, preparing defenses on Oahu, and later service in the war.
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Date: April 28, 1990
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Nine, Kenneth
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with James F. O'Connor, August 18, 1974

Description: Interview with James F. O'Connor, a Navy WWII veteran from New Albany, Indiana, who was present aboard the USS San Francisco during the attack on Pearl Harbor. O'Connor discusses joining the Navy, assignment to the San Francisco, work on the ship, crew organization, undergoing maintenance in Pearl Harbor at the time of the attack, the day before, the bombing, and the following night.
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Date: August 18, 1974
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & O'Connor, James F.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Lyndle Lynch, January 10, 1995

Description: Interview with Lyndle Lynch, a Navy WWII veteran from El Paso, Texas, who was aboard the USS Utah during the attack on Pearl Harbor. Lynch discusses going into the Navy, work aboard the Utah, liberty in Honolulu, the morning of the attack, the sinking of the Utah and abandoning ship, assisting the wounded, duties after the attack, morale and reactions, and service aboard the USS Detroit.
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Date: January 10, 1995
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Lynch, Lyndle
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with William Smeltzer, August 3, 1996

Description: Interview with William Smeltzer, a Army WWII veteran and Navy contractor from Wrightsville, Pennsylvania. Smeltzer discusses quitting high school and moving to California in 1940, experiences working at Mare and Pearl Harbor Navy Yards as a civilian contractor before and after the start of the war, the raising of the sunken USS Oklahoma (BB-37), being drafted into the Army and infantry training, assignment to the 45th Infantry Division and participating in the drive into Germany, the end of the war and demobilization, and his career afterwards. In appendix are a photo of the insignia for the Pearl Harbor Navy Yard and two photos of the capsized Oklahoma.
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Date: August 3, 1996
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Smeltzer, William
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Martin J. Rodgers, June 22, 1988

Description: Interview with Martin J. Rodgers, a Army WWII veteran from Butler, New Jersey, who was at the Attack on Pearl Harbor. Rodgers discusses joining the Army and training, assignment to coastal artillery at Fort Shafter, operations there, work in communications, alerts, life in the peacetime Army, the morning of December 7th and reaction to the attack, handling communications at battalion HQ, the aftermath and following days, and his subsequent service in the Pacific War. In appendix is a letter by Rodgers to his mother of December 31, 1941, and a journal of his experiences typed during the war.
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Date: June 22, 1988
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Rodgers, Martin J.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Bruce Gordon Elliot, May 17, 2002

Description: Interview with Bruce Elliot, a Navy veteran and POW from Montezuma, Kansas. Elliot discusses his family, joining the Navy and volunteering for Asiatic service, the start of war and the bombing of Cavite Navy Yard in the Philippines, retreat to Corregidor, capture by the Japanese, escaping internment on Palawan and joining Moro guerillas, sabotage, linking up with Australian forces, evacuation to Australia and returning to the United States, becoming a deepsea diver, and Korean War service. In appendix are a photo of Elliot, a map of the Philippines, two photos of a POW camp on Palawan, and a photo of three of his comrades.
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Date: May 17, 2002
Creator: Alexander, Bill & Elliot, Bruce Gordon
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with William E. Moore, Jr., March 4, 1998

Description: Interview with William E. Moore Jr., a Army WWII veteran from Temple, Texas, who was present at the attack on Pearl Harbor. Moore discusses his time in the Corps of Cadets at Texas A&M, assignment to 24th Division Artillery at Schofield Barracks, Hawaii, training and alerts, the attack at Wheeler Field and taking defensive positions around Oahu, and service afterwards.
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Date: March 4, 1998
Creator: Meisch, Lisa & Moore Jr., William E.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Robert Hoe, September 20, 2003

Description: Interview with Robert Hoe, a Navy WWII veteran of the China-Burma-India theater from Le Roy, New York. Hoe discusses growing up, the reaction to Pearl Harbor, attending college, enlisting in the Navy, training and becoming an officer, joining the Navy Scouts and Raiders, deployment to China and assignment to the Sino-American Cooperative Organization, supplying their forces, operations with guerilla fighters against the Japanese occupation, intelligence gathering, his reaction to the atomic bomb, the end of the war, service in China and discharge, and life as a civilian.
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Date: September 20, 2003
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Hoe, Robert
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with John Hargrove, August 12, 1998

Description: Interview with John Hargrove, a Army Air Corps WWII veteran from Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Hargrove discusses growing up and his family background, being drafted into the Air Corps, training, assignment to the 18th Reconnaissance Squadron, 22nd Bomb Group at Langley Field as a radio operator, life and work at Langley, transition to the B-26, the start of the war, submarine patrol, deployment to Townsville, Australia via Hawaii, flying his first mission, liberty and recreation, bombing and close air support missions, the crew being awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross, losses, returning to the US, work as a radio instructor, meeting his wife, postwar service, and reflections on the atomic bomb. In appendix is a manuscript for an autobiography written by Hargrove, an addendum to the interview, and a letter to Ron Marcello making corrections to the interview.
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Date: August 12, 1998
Creator: Lane, Peter B.; Byrd, Richard W. & Hargrove, John H.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with William H. Haugh, January 12, 1999

Description: Interview with William H. Haugh, a Army WWII veteran from Wrightsville, Pennsylvania. Haugh discusses growing up in Wrightsville, getting his own farm, the wartime economy, being drafted into the Army, becoming a machine gunner in the 35th Infantry Division, arrival in Metz and advancing to the Battle of the Bulge, artillery, experiences in combat, the Rhineland Campaign, the Ruhr Valley, being wounded, the German surrender and the Army of Occupation, reflections on combat, and returning to civilian life.
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Date: January 12, 1999
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Haugh, William H.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Maj. Gen. Frederick E. Haynes, September 19, 2001

Description: Interview with Major General Frederick Haynes, a Marine WWII veteran from Dallas, Texas. Haynes discusses growing up, becoming an officer in the Marine Corps, being a small arms instructor, assignment to the 28th Marines and training for combat, various experiences fighting the Battle of Iwo Jima, and reflections on battle.
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Date: September 19, 2001
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Haynes, Frederick E.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Lloyd F. Hudson, August 12, 2003

Description: Interview with Lloyd F. Hudson, a Texas National Guard WWII veteran from Fort Worth, Texas. Hudson discusses his family background, joining the 124th Cavalry and transfer to the 112th, work as a cavalryman before activation, activation and the Louisiana Maneuvers, deployment to Townsville, Australia, amphibious assault on Arawe, New Britain, falling ill and returning to the States, the character of troops, equipment, rivalry with the Marine Corps, and acts of bravery. In appendix is a list of Hudson's fellow soldiers, the places he served, descriptions of the equipment mentioned in the interview, and the 112th's service chronicle.
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Date: August 12, 2003
Creator: Johnston, Glenn T. & Hudson, Lloyd F.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with W. W. Hughes, November 17, 2003

Description: Interview with W. W. Hughes, a Texas National Guard WWII veteran from Grand Prarie, Texas. Hughes discusses growing up in the Great Depression, joining the National Guard and equestrian service in the 112th Cavalry at Fort Clark, the start of war and deployment to New Caledonia and Australia, preparations for combat, amphibious landings at Arawe Island off New Britain, scout patrols and combat, operations in New Guinea at the Driniumor River, Japanese POWs, actions in the Philippines at Leyte and Luzon, returning to the US as an instructor, and reflections on his service.
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Date: November 17, 2003
Creator: Johnston, Glenn T. & Hughes, W. W.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Arthur Hofstein, October 30, 2007

Description: Interview with Arthur Hofstein, a Army WWII veteran from Cambridge, Massachusetts. Hofstein discusses the lead up to war, being drafted, training to be a radio operator, departure for the European Theater, landing in France and first action at Mars-la-Tour, the Battle of the Bulge, German prisoners and civilians, advancing into Germany, the liberation of Dachau, letters, and life after the war. In appendix are various materials and photographs related to Hofstein and his service.
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Date: October 30, 2007
Creator: Decoster, Charlotte & Hofstein, Arthur I.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Harve D. King, May 22, 2001

Description: Interview with Harve D. King, a Army WWII veteran from Copeville, Texas, who served in the 350th Engineer Regiment. King discusses his upbringing on a cotton farm, school in Farmersville, discrimination as an African-American, attending Texas College, joining the Army, training, assignment at Camp Shelby, deployment to New Guinea, operations at Hollandia, building a hospital, recreation, visiting Australia, returning to the United States and discharge, and life after the war.
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Date: May 22, 2001
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & King, Harve D.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Clarence Kingsley, November 21, 2003

Description: Interview with Charles Kingsley, a Texas National Guard WWII veteran from Dallas, Texas, who served in the 112th Cavalry. Kingsley discusses his upbringing, joining the Guard, the Louisiana Maneuvers, deployment to New Caledonia, his troop's machine gun section/platoon, Woodlark Island, the Battle of Arawe, New Guinea and the Battle of Drinumor River, the Battles of Leyte and Luzon, his thoughts on the generals he served, and thoughts on the 112th.
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Date: November 23, 2003
Creator: Johnston, Glenn T. & Kingsley, Clarence
Partner: UNT Oral History Program