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Hot helium flow test facility summary report

Description: This report summarizes the results of a study conducted to assess the feasibility and cost of modifying an existing circulator test facility (CTF) at General Atomic Company (GA). The CTF originally was built to test the Delmarva Power and Light Co. steam-driven circulator. This circulator, as modified, could provide a source of hot, pressurized helium for high-temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR) and gas-cooled fast breeder reactor (GCFR) component testing. To achieve this purpose, a high-temperature impeller would be installed on the existing machine. The projected range of tests which could be conducted for the project is also presented, along with corresponding cost considerations.
Date: June 1, 1980
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Recent experimental results on the beam-beam effects in storage rings and an attempt of their interpretation

Description: The latest available experimental results on the luminosity, the space charge parameters, and the beam blowup as functions of particle energy and beam current are reviewed. The comparison with the phenomenological diffusion theory is done and useful scaling laws are derived. Some implications for anti p p storage rings are discussed.
Date: June 1, 1980
Creator: Kheifets, S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Geothermal energy impact in Brazoria County. Final report, 15 July 1978-November 30, 1979

Description: All activities performed by Alvin Community College and the University of Texas at Austin in association with the development of Geopressured-Geothermal energy are contained in this report. A discussion of the progress of the Test Well is also contained herein. Public seminars and workshops were presented to the local community. A summer institute in energy was also presented to local public school teachers. A compaign to publicize the development of the new energy resource was also waged. An overall evaluation of the project is also attached.
Date: June 1, 1980
Creator: Horine, B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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850/sup 0/C VHTR plant technical description

Description: This report describes the conceptual design of an 842-MW(t) process heat very high temperature reactor (VHTR) plant having a core outlet temperature of 850/sup 0/C (1562/sup 0/F). The reactor is a variation of the high-temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR) power plant concept. The report includes a description of the nuclear heat source (NHS) and of the balance of reactor plant (BORP) requirements. The design of the associated chemical process plant is not covered in this report. The reactor design is similar to a previously reported VHTR design having a 950/sup 0/C (1742/sup 0/F) core outlet temperature.
Date: June 1, 1980
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Fuel performance annual report for 1989

Description: This annual report, the twelfth in a series, provides a brief description of fuel performance during 1989 in commercial nuclear power plants and an indication of trends. Brief summaries of fuel design changes, fuel surveillance programs, fuel operating experience, fuel problems, high-burnup fuel experience, and items of general significance are provided. References to more detailed information and related US Nuclear Regulatory Commission evaluations are included.
Date: June 1, 1992
Creator: Bailey, W.J.; Berting, F.M. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)) & Wu, S. (Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States). Div. of Systems Technology)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Discussion: ''toughness variations during the tempering of a plain carbon martensitic steel'' by J. E. King, R. F. Smith and J. F. Knott. Retained austenite and transgranular tempered martensite embrittlement

Description: Discussion is presented to substantiate, clarify and reinterpret some of the results of the above authors for the existence and origin of tempered martensite embrittlement (TME) in relation to retained austenite, with reference to the experimental steels worked at LBL for the past several years.
Date: June 1, 1977
Creator: Rao, B.V.N. & Thomas, G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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SLAC linear collider conceptual design report

Description: The linear collider system is described in detail, including the transport system, the collider lattice, final focusing system, positron production, beam damping and compression, high current electron source, instrumentation and control, and the beam luminosity. The experimental facilities and the experimental uses are discussed along with the construction schedule and estimated costs. Appendices include a discussion of space charge effects in the linear accelerator, emittance growth in the collider, the final focus system, beam-beam instabilities and pinch effects, and detector backgrounds. (GHT)
Date: June 1, 1980
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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State legislatures and energy policy in the Northeast: energy facility siting and legislative action

Description: At the Federal level, a vast array of bureaucratic and legislative institutions are presently immersed in various explorations of energy policy and its national ramifications. Almost each of the 50 states has Energy offices. One element of the institutional/political equation, however, often is missed in studies of energy policy: the state legislature. This institution may well be vitally important to formulation of broad policies, and certainly is critical to successful implementation of certain aspects of those policies--especially when new enabling legislation, new tax incentives, or new regulatory powers are required. The study covers three main aspects of energy-policy formulation and action by state legislatures: legislative structure; enactment of energy-facility-siting laws; and passage (or defeat) of significant energy legislation of a more general nature. Emphasis is placed on energy-facility-siting statutes and approaches for two reasons. First, energy facilities have a great impact on land use, environmental quality, and economic growth. Second, siting of these facilities raises inherent conflicts in the attempt to achieve balance between potentially contradictory objectives. The states of New Jersey and Maryland were examined in considerable depth as examples in this study. (MCW)
Date: June 1, 1977
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Photovoltaic engineering services pertinent to solar energy conversion

Description: The application of the compound parabolic concentrator (CPC) for use with solar cells has been investigated. Experiments with state-of-the-art Si cells in a CPC and under solar concentration were performed. A theoretical model for calculating the behavior of Si solar cells with concentration was developed. Detailed calculations of the energy distribution in the CPC were made. Finally a cost effectiveness analysis shows that the CPC system will produce power at very much lower cost than will flat panel solar cell arrays. (auth)
Date: June 1, 1975
Creator: Bell, R O; Ho, J C.T.; Kurth, W & Surek, T
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Fast-neutron total and scattering cross sections of elemental palladium

Description: Neutron total cross sections of palladium are measured from approx. = 0.6 to 4.5 MeV with resolutions of approx. = 30 to 70 keV at intervals of less than or equal to 50 keV. Differential neutron elastic- and inelastic-scattering cross sections are measured from 1.4 to 3.85 MeV at intervals of 50 to 100 keV and at 10 to 20 scattering angles distributed between approx. = 20 and 160/sup 0/. The experimental results are compared with respective quantities given in ENDF/B-V and used to deduce an optical potential that provides a good description of the measured values.
Date: June 1, 1982
Creator: Smith, A. B.; Guenther, P. T. & Whalen, J. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The International Coal Statistics Data Base program maintenance guide

Description: The International Coal Statistics Data Base (ICSD) is a microcomputer-based system which contains information related to international coal trade. This includes coal production, consumption, imports and exports information. The ICSD is a secondary data base, meaning that information contained therein is derived entirely from other primary sources. It uses dBase III+ and Lotus 1-2-3 to locate, report and display data. The system is used for analysis in preparing the Annual Prospects for World Coal Trade (DOE/EIA-0363) publication. The ICSD system is menu driven and also permits the user who is familiar with dBase and Lotus operations to leave the menu structure to perform independent queries. Documentation for the ICSD consists of three manuals -- the User's Guide, the Operations Manual, and the Program Maintenance Manual. This Program Maintenance Manual provides the information necessary to maintain and update the ICSD system. Two major types of program maintenance documentation are presented in this manual. The first is the source code for the dBase III+ routines and related non-dBase programs used in operating the ICSD. The second is listings of the major component database field structures. A third important consideration for dBase programming, the structure of index files, is presented in the listing of source code for the index maintenance program. 1 fig.
Date: June 1, 1991
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Resource, technology, and environment at the geysers

Description: A general review, description, and history of geothermal development at the Geysers is presented. Particular emphasis is placed on environmental impacts of development of the area. The discussion is presented under the following chapter titles: introduction; energy, enthalpy and the First Law; vapor-producing geothermal reservoirs--review and models; geothermal; entropy and the Second Law; power plants--basics; H/sub 2/S emissions; hydrogen sulfide--possible health effects and odor; other emissions; power plant hydrogen sulfide abatement; hot water based geothermal development; phytotoxicity of geothermal emissions; appendices; and bibliography. (JGB)
Date: June 1, 1977
Creator: Weres, O.; Tsao, K. & Wood, B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Indium phosphide/cadmium sulfide thin-film solar cells. Quarterly technical progress report No. 3, December 1979-April 1980

Description: Thin films (approx. 1 ..mu..m thick) and large grains (approx. 40 x 40 ..mu..m) of InP were epitaxially deposited on low-cost recrystallized CdS (RXCdS) substrates at 280/sup 0/C by planar reactive deposition. At 380/sup 0/C, a 0.4- to 1.0-..mu..m-thick In-Cd-S transition layer between the InP and the RXCdS degrades the quality of the InP epitaxy. However, p-type InP films were prepared at this temperature by Be-doping and capping the entire RXCdS substrate with InP. Large grains of CdTe (approx. 40 ..mu..m) were also deposited on RXCdS substrates at 460/sup 0/C by physical vapor deposition. The grain size of the RXCdS is typically 40 ..mu..m. However, during this period we prepared RXCdS with grains having dimensions up to 300 ..mu..m.
Date: June 1, 1980
Creator: Zanio, K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Radiative corrections in SU/sub 2/ x U/sub 1/ LEP/SLC

Description: We show the sensitivity of various experimental measurements to one-loop radiative corrections in SU/sub 2/ x U/sub 1/. Models considered are the standard GSW model as well as extensions of it which include extra quarks and leptons, SUSY and certain technicolor models. The observation of longitudinal polarization is a great help in seeing these effects in asymmetries in e/sup +/e/sup -/ ..-->.. ..mu../sup +/..mu../sup -/, tau/sup +/tau/sup -/ on Z/sup 0/ resonance. 25 refs., 22 figs., 10 tabs.
Date: June 1, 1985
Creator: Lynn, B. W.; Peskin, M. E. & Stuart, R. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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FLOWTRAN benchmarking with onset of flow instability data from 1988 Columbia University single-tube OFI experiment

Description: Benchmarking FLOWTRAN, Version 16.2, with an Onset of Significant Voiding (OSV) criterion against measured Onset of Flow Instability (OFI) data from the 1988--89 Columbia University downflow tests has shown that FLOWTRAN with OSV is a conservative OFI predictor. Calculated limiting flow rates based on the Savannah River Site (SRS) OSV criterion were always higher than the measured flow rates at OFI. This work supplements recent FLOWTRAN benchmarking against 1963 downflow tests at Columbia University and 1988 downflow tests at the Heat Transfer Laboratory. These studies provide confidence that using FLOWTRAN with an OSV based criterion for SRS reactor limits analyses will generate operating limits that are conservative with respect to OFI, the criterion selected to prevent fuel damage.
Date: June 1, 1990
Creator: Chen, K.; Paul, P. K. & Barbour, K. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Research, development and demonstration of nickel-iron batteries for electric vehicle propulsion. Annual report for 1979

Description: Research progress in the development of Ni/Fe batteries (electrodes in particular) for the period is described. The negative plate demonstrated a reliable lifetime of almost 1000 cycles; 20 mm positive plates were proved feasible; prototype cells yielded output at about 50 Wh/kg and 100 Wh/liter; program goals of 20% greater than these figures appear feasible. 27 figures, 20 tables. (RWR)
Date: June 1, 1980
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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CRITICAL EXPERIMENTS FOR THE PRELIMINARY DESIGN OF THE ARGONNE HIGH FLUX REACTOR

Description: Critical experiments were performed with two assemblies simulating a cold clean, and an end-of-cycle,- Argonne High Flux Reactor, core. Data were obtained for flux distributions; cadmium ratios; temperature and void coefficients; and control rod, beam hole, and reflector worths. The data obtained furnished confirmation of theoretical predictions. The peak 2200-m/sec flux per unit power was measured as 3 x 10/sup 7/ n/(cm/sup 2/)(sec)(watt) for both cores. The two cores had internal H/sub 2/O thermal columns, 12.7 cm x 12.7 cm x 50.8 cm. These were enclosed by 100-liter fuel zones. The radial reflector was 90% beryllium containing 10% H/sub 2/0 plus Plexiglas by volume. The top and bottom reflectors were H/sub 2/O. The critical mass was 3.58 kg U/sup 235/ with a 1.16 metal-towater ratio in the fuel zone. The critical mass with a 1.60 metal- to-water ratio, taking into account 34.3 kg Type 304 stainless steel, was 7.15 kg U/sup 235/. (auth)
Date: June 1, 1961
Creator: de Villiers, J.W.L. ed.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Radiochemical analyses of samples from beneath a solid radioactive waste disposal pit at Los Alamos, New Mexico

Description: Solid radioactive wastes are disposed of by burial in pits excavated in rhyolite tuff at the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory (LASL). Contaminants in the waste include fission products, uranium, and transuranic elements. In 1976, horizontal core holes were drilled beneath a waste disposal pit that was used from 1963 to 1966. Samples of the core were analyzed for gross alpha, gross beta, total uranium, /sup 90/Sr, /sup 137/Cs, /sup 238/Pu, /sup 239/ /sup 240/Pu, and /sup 241/Am. The measured gross alpha, gross beta, and uranium concentrations were above minimum detection limits; concentrations of the remaining radionuclides, all of which are man-made isotopes, were below the minimum detection limits. Statistical comparisons were made of the gross alpha, gross beta, and uranium data to identify any significant variations from natural concentrations in the tuff. The comparisons demonstrated that none of the radioactivity detected in the samples can be attributed to migration from the disposal pit.
Date: June 1, 1980
Creator: Purtymun, W. D.; Rogers, M. A. & Wheeler, M. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Magnetic fusion with high energy self-colliding ion beams

Description: Field-reversed configurations of energetic large orbit ions with neutralizing electrons have been proposed as the basis of a fusion reactor. Vlasov equilibria consisting of a ring or an annulus have been investigated. A stability analysis has been carried out for a long thin layer of energetic ions in a low density background plasma. There is a growing body of experimental evidence from tokamaks that energetic ions slow down and diffuse in accordance with classical theory in the presence of large non-thermal fluctuations and anomalous transport of low energy (10 keV) ions. Provided that major instabilities are under control, it seems likely that the design of a reactor featuring energetic self-colliding ion beams can be based on classical theory. In this case a confinement system that is much better than a tokamak is possible. Several methods are described for creating field reversed configurations with intense neutralized ion beams.
Date: June 1, 1992
Creator: Rostoker, N.; Wessel, F. (California Univ., Irvine, CA (United States)); Maglich, B. (Advanced Physics Corp., Irvine, CA (United States)) & Fisher, A. (Naval Research Lab., Washington, DC (United States))
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Transient Temperature Distributions in a Thermally Orthotropic Plate With Non-Uniform Surface Heating

Description: ent temperature variation in a thermally orthotropic plate which is subjected to an arbitrary heating rate distribution along one face with all other surfaces being insulated. Dimensionless temperature histories and distributions determined from this solution are presented for the special, but representative, case of a linearly varying heating rate distribution on plates with varying degrees of thermal orthotropy. These results establish quantitatively the value of a material with high planar and low normal thermal conductivities for applications where it is desired to maintain minimum temperatures on the rear or unheated surface of a heat shield when the heated surface is subjected to a very non-uniform heating rate distribution. The applicability of simplifying assumptions in analyzing such a system is discussed. Experimental temperature measurements in a pyrolytic graphite plate heated by an oxyacetylene flame were made to verify the analytical results. Achievement of satisfactory agreement wss found to be dependent upon use of thermal property values differing from those presently available for this material. This is not unusual in that differences in production methods are known to introduce substantial property variations in anisotropic materials such as pyrolytic graphite. (auth)
Date: June 1, 1961
Creator: Hornbaker, David Ross
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Geothermal power production: accidental fluid releases, waste disposal, and water use

Description: Environmental problems related to the use and disposal of fluids can accompany the operation of geothermal power plants using hot water resources (temperature > 150/sup 0/C). More than 100 kg of fluids must be extracted, processed, and disposed for each kW.h of electricity generated from a facility relying on a geothermal reservoir with fluids of 150/sup 0/C. The low thermal efficiencies of geothermal power plants result in large requirements for cooling water - over 7.4 x 10/sup 4/ m/sup 3//MW.y compared with 1.7 x 10/sup 4/ m/sup 3//MW.y for coal-fired plants. Geothermal fluids can contain as much as 250,000 mg/1 total dissolved solids. Toxic substances like boron and NH/sub 3/ are often present in fluids. This paper focuses on impacts associated with accidental releases of geothermal fluids as well as the disposal of liquid and solid wastes. The consequences of consuming alternative sources of cooling water are also addressed. Inadvertent discharges of fluids are of concern because they could contaminate soils and surface waters, adversely affecting crops and aquatic organisms. The pretreatment of fluids before subsurface injection could lead to solid waste problems - especially when toxic substances are produced. The consumption of alternative cooling waters can pose problems involving the disposal of blowdown from cooling towers. In addition, the toxicity of drift emitted from cooling towers depends on the kind of cooling water used.
Date: June 1, 1980
Creator: Layton, D. W. & Morris, W. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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