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Geologic Summary of the Central Valley of California with Reference to the Disposal of Radioactive Waste

Description: From introduction: This report describes the geology of the area only to the extent necessary for preliminary evaluation of the possibilities for the disposal of liquid radioactive waste by injection through deep wells. Their value will increase with development of extensive commercial production of atomic power and attendant creation of radioactive waste from the processing of spent fuel elements. The disposal of liquid waste in deep reservoirs is only one of several possibilities that must be considered.
Date: June 1960
Creator: Repenning, Charles Albert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ground Water Test Well C, Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada : a Summary of Lithologic Data, Aquifer Tests, and Well Construction

Description: From introduction: USGS is appraising the possibility, however slight, that the ground water beneath the Nevada Test Site, possibly contaminated by nuclear detonations, may carry radioactive fission products to places where they may constitute a public hazard.
Date: 1962
Creator: Garber, M. S. & Thordarson, William
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Carnotite Resources of the Legin Group Area, San Miguel County, Colorado

Description: From abstract: The Legin group area comprises five privately owned claims, nine Government claims, and some public land. The area is in parts of secs. 28 and 29, T. 43 N., R. 19 W., New Mexico principal meridian, San Miguel County, Colo. It is about 45 miles from the Government mill at Monticello, Utah, and 50 miles from the Vanadium Corporation of America mill at Naturita, Colo. The Legin group area has yielded a total production of more than 18,000 short tons of carnotite ore that averaged 0.32 percent U30 and 2.5 percent V 205 . Most of this production was accomplished during the years from 1935 to 1944, and from 1949 to October 1951.
Date: July 1952
Creator: Bell, Henry
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Geological Survey's Work on the Geology of Uranium and Thorium Deposits

Description: From abstract: The Geological Survey has been studying the geology of uranium and thorium continuously since 1939, when it began a comprehensive investigation of the vanadium-uranium deposits of the Colorado Plateau. Greatly increased demand for uranium arising from the advent of controlled fission in 1942 resulted in widening of the study in 1944 to include other possible sources and in further expansion on behalf of the U. S. Atomic Energy Commission since 1947. The wide variety of materials investigated in this study are embraced by five somewhat arbitrary groups of related types of deposits as follows: (1) Igneous rocks, pegmatites, veins, and related deposits; (2) Deposits in sandstone of carnotite, copper-uranium, and other minerals; (3) Other consolidated sedimentary rocks; (4) Placers; and (5) Natural fluids.
Date: 1952
Creator: Butler, Arthur P., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Distribution and Origin of Phosphate in the Land-Pebble Phosphate District of Florida

Description: From abstract: The land-pebble phosphate district of Florida is a part of the Gulf Coastal Plain. The geologic formations cropping out in the district are the Miocene Hawthorn, Pliocene Bone Valley, and Pleistocene terrace sands. The Bone Valley formation consists of a lower strongly phosphatic unit and an upper less phosphatic unit. This paper is concerned principally with the lower unit, which contains the bulk of the minable phosphate deposits of the district.
Date: June 1952
Creator: Cathcart, James B. & Davidson, David F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Occurrences of Uranium-Bearing Minerals in the St. Kevin District, Lake County, Colorado

Description: From abstract: Two hundred and seventy-one prospect pits, mine dumps, or mine workings within the Sugar Loaf-St. Kevin mining districts and vicinity, were tested for radioactivity by the U. S. Geological Survey in 1951 during six weeks of investigation on behalf of the Division of Raw Materials of the U. S. Atomic Energy Commission. One hundred and twenty-two weak radioactivity anomalies were found in the St. Kevin district and vicinity, and eight slight anomalies were noted in"-the Sugar Loaf district, which adjoins the St. Kevin district on the south, Most of the radioactivity anomalies were found in igneous and metamorphic rocks of pre=Cambrian age, but some were found in metalliferous veins of Tertiary age.
Date: May 1953
Creator: Pierson, Charles Thomas & Singewald, Q. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Uranium Content of Chattanooga Shale in East-Central Tennessee and Southern Kentucky

Description: From abstract: Uranium assays of all the samples collected by the Geological Survey from the Chattanooga shale in east-central Tennessee and southern Kentucky from 1947 to 1949 are assembled here, and conclusions are drawn concerning the distribution of the uranium. The 1108 assays from 80 localities provide reasonably reliable information on the stratigraphic and regional variations of the uranium content.
Date: October 1952
Creator: Conant, Louis C. & Swanson, Vernon E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geology and Uranium Occurrences in the Miller Hill Area, Carbon County, Wyoming

Description: Abstract: Uranium occurs in the North Park(?) formation of Pliocene(?) age in the Miller Hill area, about 25 miles south of Rawlins, Carbon County, Wyo. As much as 0. 5 percent uranium is contained in grab samples, but only about 1000 tons of rock are known to contain as much as 0. 03 percent uranium. Beds of brecciated, silicified limestone 3 to 10 feet thick contain the principal concentrations of uranium. Lesser concentrations are found in calcareous sandstone and quartzite. Uranophane, Ca(UOz)2SizO 7 . 6HZO, the principal uranium'mineral, has been deposited in vugs, as fracture and surface coatings, and as a disseminated constituent of the rock. Uranium also occurs in quantities too small to be megascopically visible in dark-colored chalcedony, lime stone, sandstone, and quartzite beds.
Date: May 1956
Creator: Vine, James David & Prichard, George E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geology of the Raint Day Uranium Mine Garfield County, Utah

Description: From abstract: The Rainy Day mine in the Circle Cliffs area, Utah, is developed Dn a long slender pod of uranium ore. Ore is localized in siltstone of the Moenkopi formation of Triassic age, on the south edge of a channel about 3,300 feet wide by 40 feet deep that is filled with sandstone of the Shinarump member of the Chinle formation of Triassic age. Shale of the Chinle rests directly on siltstone of the Moenkopi on either side of the channel.
Date: April 1958
Creator: Davidson, Edward Sheldon
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Airborne Radioactivity Surveys for Phosphate in Florida

Description: Introduction: Deposits of phosphate in Florida, located beyond the limits of known producing areas, have been reported by prospectors and mining companies. Much of the information has been based upon prospecting and exploration which was undertaken many years ago and as a result the published data relating to the occurrence of these deposits are fragmentary, and few details relating to specific locations and extent are available.
Date: August 1953
Creator: Moxham, Robert Morgan
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Results of Reconnaissance for Radioactivity in Parts of the Alma District, Park County, Colorado

Description: Abstract: Pitchblende was discovered in July 1951 in the Alma mining district, Park County, Colo0 , by the U0 S. Geological Survey acting on behalf of the U. So Atomic Energy Commission. The pitchblende is associated with Tertiary veins of three different geologic environments: 1) veins in pre-Cambrian rocks, 2) the London vein system the footwall block of the London fault, and 3) veins in a mineralized area east of the Cooper Gulch fault. Pitchblende is probably not associated with silver-lead replacement deposits in dolomite. Secondary uranium minerals, as yet undetermined, are associated with pitchblende on two London vein system mine dumps, and occur in oxidized vein material.Lfrom dumps of mines in the other environments. Although none of the known occurrences are of commercial importance, the Alma district is considered a moderately favorable area in which to prospect for uranium ore, because twenty-four of the forty-three localities examined show anomalous radioactivity; samples from anomalously radioactive localities, which include mine dumps and some underground workings, have uranium contents ranging from 0.001 to l.66 percent.
Date: April 1953
Creator: Pierson, Charles Thomas & Singewald, Q. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Permian Phosphate Deposits of Western United States

Description: From abstract: The Permian marine phosphorite deposits of the western United States were laid down in the Phosphoria formation and its partial stratigraphic equivalents over an area of about 135,000 square miles in Montana, Idaho, Wyoming, Utah, and Nevada. The deposits in the eastern part of the field lie on the western margin of the structurally simple North American craton.
Date: October 1952
Creator: McKelvey, V. E.; Swanson, Rowena W. & Sheldon, Richard Porter
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Domestic Phosphate Deposits

Description: From abstract: Incomplete but recently partly revised estimates indicate the presence of about 10 billion tons of phosphate deposits in the Urited States that is minable under present economic conditions. Deposits too lean in quality or thickness to compete with those in the western and southeastern fields probably contain tens of billions of tons.
Date: November 1952
Creator: McKelvey, V. E.; Cathcart, James Bachelder; Altschuler, Z. S.; Swanson, Rowena W. & Lutz, Katharine
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Carnotite Resources of San Miguel Bench, Montrose County, Colorado

Description: Abstract: San Miguel bench includes about 4 square miles in the southern part of T. 48 N., R. 17 W., New Mexico principal meridian, Montrose County, Colorado. Production of carnotite ore from the area has been about 15, 000 short tons having an estimated average graderof 0. 31 percent U3O8,and 1. 6 percent V2 05 Nearly all of the carnotite deposits occur in a single-continuous sandstone bed near the top of the Salt Wash member of the Jurassic Morrison formation. These deposits consist chiefly of sandstone impregnated with uranium- and vanadium-bearing minerals. They are irregular tabular-shaped masses ranging in size from a few short tons to 30, 000 short tons or more of minable carnotite ore. During the period November 27, 1951, to April 17, 1953, the U. S. Geological Survey drilled 309 holes totaling 92, 194 feet on the San Miguel bench. Reserves total about 43, 000 short tons of material 1 foot or more thick and contain 0,.10 percent or more U30 or 1. 0 percent or more V205. Of these reserves 3, 300 short tons occur in private land. These reserves are in ten deposits found by Geological Survey drilling. Potential reserves (reserves based on geologic evidence only) are predicted to total about 15, 000 short tons, averaging 0.30 percent U308 and 1.6 percent V2 05 No additional exploration drilling in the San Miguel bench is planned by the Geological Survey. Some drilling by private enterprise is recommended.
Date: September 1955
Creator: Alvord, Donald C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Uranium-Bearing Copper Deposits in the Coyote District, Mora County, New Mexico

Description: Abstract: Uranium-bearing copper deposits occur in steeply dipping beds of the Sangre de Cristo formation of Pennsylvanian and Permian age south of Coyote, Mora County, N. Mex. Mapping and sampling of these deposits indicate that they occur in lenticular carbonaceous zones in shales and arkosic sandstones. Samples from these zones contain as much as 0.067 percent uranium and average 3 percent copper. Metatyuyamunite is disseminated in some of the arkosic sandstone beds, and uraninite was identified in some of the copper sulfide nodules occurring in the shale. In polished section these sulfide nodules were found to be composed principally of chalcocite with some bornite and covellite, as well as pyrite and malachite. Most of the samples were collected near the surface from the weathered zone. The copper and uranium were probably deposited with the sediments and concentrated into zones during compaction and lithification. Carbonaceous material in the Sangre de Cristo formation provided the environment that precipitated uranium and copper from mineral-charged connate waters forced from the clayey sediments.
Date: May 1953
Creator: Zeller, H. D. & Baltz, Elmer Harold, Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geology and Monazite Content of the Goodrich Quartzite, Palmer Area, Marquette County, Michigan

Description: From abstract: The Palmer area, which is on the south limb of the Marquette synclinorium, consists of a down-faulted block of pre-Cambrian sedimentary rocks about 4 miles long and three-quarters of a mile wide. The block is composed mainly of middle Huronian Ajibik quartzite and Negaunee iron-formation and upper Huronian Goodrich quartzite,. Monazite occurs in the Goodrich quartzite as rounded detrital grains concentrated mainly in the matrix of quartz pebble conglomerate which is interbedded with coarse-grained quartzite.
Date: December 1954
Creator: Vickers, Rollin C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Investigation of Airborne Radioactivity Anomalies in the Rock Corral Area, San Bernardino County, California

Description: From abstract: The investigation in the Rock Corral area was undertaken to determine the relationship between 1) the anomalously high radioactivity recorded during an airborne survey and 2) the distribution and mineralogic mode of occurrence of radioactive material.
Date: August 1953
Creator: Moxham, Robert Morgan; Walker, George Walton & Baumgardner, Luke H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wagon-Drill Sampling by U.S. Geological Survey

Description: Abstract: For a number of years the Geological Survey has employed core drilling as a means of obtaining samples of underground formations for use in exploring and evaluating mineral deposits. During 1951, however, experiment with less expensive methods showed that, for analytical purposes, wagon-drill cuttings could be used as effectively as cores, provided a practical method were devised for recovering them in suitable form. The recent development of such a method has made it possible, in places where the depth of drilling does not exceed 125 feet, to supplant thousands of feet of core drilling by wagon drilling which is much faster and which can be done at approximately one-third the cost of the former method. This report describes the sampler and discusses performance, maintenance, and operating costs.
Date: February 1952
Creator: Huleatt, William P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department