111 Matching Results

Search Results

An Approximate Method of Calculation of Relative Humidity Required to Prevent Frosting on Inside of Aircraft Pressure Cabin Windows, Special Report

Description: This report has been prepare in response to a request for information from an aircraft company. A typical example was selected for the presentation of an approximate method of calculation of the relative humidity required to prevent frosting on the inside of a plastic window in a pressure type cabin on a high speed airplane. The results of the study are reviewed.
Date: December 5, 1940
Creator: Jones, Alun R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tank Tests of the Effect of Rivet Heads, etc., on the Water Performance of a Seaplane Float, Special Report

Description: "A 1/3.5 full-size model of the Mark V float of the Bureau of Aeronautics, Navy Department, was tested in the NACA tank both with smooth painted bottom surfaces and with roundhead rivets, plate laps, and keel plates fitted to simulate the actual bottom of a metal float. The augmentation in water resistance due to the added roughness was found to be from 10-12% at the hum speed and from 12-14% at high speeds. The effect of the roughness of the afterbody was found to be negligible except at high trims" (p. 1).
Date: June 4, 1936
Creator: Parkinson, J. B. & Robertson, J. B., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Boundary-Layer Transition on the N.A.C.A. 0012 and 23012 Airfoils in the 8-Foot High-Speed Wind Tunnel, Special Report

Description: Determinations of boundary-layer transition on the NACA 0012 and 2301 airfoils were made in the 8-foot high-speed wind tunnel over a range of Reynolds Numbers from 1,600,000 to 16,800,000. The results are of particular significance as compared with flight tests and tests in wind tunnels of appreciable turbulence because of the extremely low turbulence in the high-speed tunnel. A comparison of the results obtained on NACA 0012 airfoils of 2-foot and 5-foot chord at the same Reynolds Number permitted an evaluation of the effect of compressibility on transition.
Date: January 1940
Creator: Becker, John V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Estimated Effect of Ring Cowl on the Climb and Ceiling of an Airplane

Description: From Summary: "Although the application of a ring cowl to an airplane with an air-cooled engine increases the maximum L/D and the high speed to an appreciable extent, the performance in climb and ceiling is not increased as much as one would expect without analyzing the conditions. When a ring cowl is installed on an airplane, the propeller is set at a higher pitch to allow the engine to turn its rated r.p.m. at the increased high speed. V/nD is increased and the propeller efficiency at high speed is increased slightly. The ratio of r.p.m. at climbing speed, V(sub c) , to the r.p.m. at maximum speed, V (sub m) is dependent upon the ratio of V(sub c) to V(sub m)."
Date: June 1931
Creator: Louden, F. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Notes on Factors Affecting Geometrical Arrangement of Tricycle-Type Landing Gears

Description: The effects of the geometrical arrangement of tricycle landing gears on various characteristics of an airplane equipped with such landing gear is discussed. The characteristics discussed include directional stability, overturning tendencies, steering and ground handling, shimmy, takeoff, and porpoising. The conclusions are summarized in a table.
Date: April 1937
Creator: Wenzinger, Carl J. & Kantrowitz, A. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Performance Characteristics of an Aircraft Engine with Exhaust Turbine Supercharger, Special Report

Description: "The Pratt and Whitney Aircraft company and the Naval Aircraft Factory of the United States Navy cooperated in a laboratory and flight program of tests on an exhaust turbine supercharger. Two series of dynamometer tests of the engine super-charger combination were completed under simulated altitude conditions. One series of hot gas-chamber tests was conducted by the manufacturer of the supercharger" (p. 1).
Date: May 1941
Creator: Lester, E. M. & Paulson, W. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary Tests of Nose- and Side- Entrance Blower Cooling Systems for Radial Engines, Special Report

Description: "Two cowling systems intended to reduce the drag and improve the low-speed cooling characteristics of conventional radial engine cowlings were tested in model form to determine the practicability of the methods. One cowling included a blower mounted on the rear face of a large propeller spinner which drew cooling air in through side entrance ducts located behind the equivalent engine orifice plate. The air was passed through the equivalent engine orifice plate from rear to front and out through a slot between the spinner and the engine plate" (p. 1).
Date: July 1939
Creator: Biermann, David & Valentine, E. Floyd
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary Tests of Blowers of Three Designs Operating in Conjunction with a Wing-Duct Cooling System for Radial Engines, Special Report

Description: "This paper is one of several dealing with methods intended to reduce the drag of present-day radial engine installations and improve the cooling at zero and low air speeds. The present paper describes model wind-tunnel tests of blowers of three designs tested in conjunction with a wing-nacelle combination. The principle of operation involved consists of drawing cooling air into ducts located in the wing root at the point of maximum slipstream velocity, passing the air through the engine baffles from rear to front, and exhausting the air through an annular slot located between the propeller and the engine with the aid of a blower mounted on the spinner" (p. 1).
Date: June 1939
Creator: Biermann, David & Valentine, E. Floyd
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary Tests in the NACA Tank to Investigate the Fundamental Characteristics of Hydrofoils

Description: Report discusses an investigation into the hydrodynamic properties and general behavior of simple hydrofoils. The experimental results are presented as curves of the lift and drag coefficients plotted against speed for angles of attack and depths. Properly designed hydrofoil sections were determined to have excellent characteristics and a significant reduction in the speed of cavitation.
Date: September 1940
Creator: Ward, Kenneth E. & Land, Norman S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experiments on the Recovery of Waste Heat in Cooling Ducts, Special Report

Description: Tests have been conducted in the N.A.C.A. full-scale wind tunnel to investigate the partial recovery of the heat energy which is apparently wasted in the cooling of aircraft engines. The results indicate that if the radiator is located in an expanded duct, a part of the energy lost in cooling is recovered; however, the energy recovery is not of practical importance up to airplane speeds of 400 miles per hour. Throttling of the duct flow occurs with heated radiators and must be considered in designing the duct outlets from data obtained with cold radiators in the ducts.
Date: May 1939
Creator: Silverstein, Abe
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental Investigation of a New Type of Low-Drag Wing-Nacelle Combination

Description: Report discusses the results of an experimental investigation of two low-drag wing-nacelle units suitable for use with pusher propellers. The benefits of adding a nacelle to the wing are detailed.
Date: July 1942
Creator: Allen, H. Julian & Frick, Charles W., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tandem Air Propellers

Description: Report discussing tests of 2-blade, adjustable-pitch, counterrotating tandem model propellers, adjusted to absorb equal power at maximum efficiency. The characteristics at several pitch settings and diameter spacings were compared with 2-blade and 4-blade propellers. Tandem propellers were found to have an advantage over single propellers at higher pitch settings.
Date: August 1937
Creator: Lesley, E. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tandem Air Propellers - 2

Description: "Tests of three-blade, adjustable-pitch counterrotating tandem model propellers, adjusted to absorb equal power at maximum efficiency of the combination, were made at Stanford University. The aerodynamic characteristics, for blade-angle settings of 15, 25, 35, 45, 55, and 65 degrees at 0.75R of the forward propeller and for diameters spacings of 8-1/2, 15 and 30% were compared with those of three-blade and six-blade propellers of the same blade form. It was found that, in order to realize the condition of equal power at maximum efficiency, the blade angles for the rear propeller must be generally less than for the forward propeller, the difference increasing the blade angle" (p. 1).
Date: October 1939
Creator: Lesley, E. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Resume of Present Data on Load Distribution on Slots and Flaps, Special Report

Description: This report covers a study of the generally available data on load distribution on slots and flaps. The study was made by the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics at the request of the Material Division, Army Air Corps to furnish information applicable to design criteria for slots and flaps of various types. The data are presented in three main sections: slots (Handley page type), auxiliary airfoils (fixed), and flaps.
Date: April 1934
Creator: Wenzinger, Carl J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary Full-Scale Wind-Tunnel Investigation of Wing Ducts for Radiators, Special Report

Description: "Wing ducts for liquid-cooled engine radiators have been investigated in the N.A.C.A. full-scale wind tunnel on a large model airplane. The tests were made to determine the relative merits of several types of duct and radiator installations for an airplane of a particular design. In the test program the principal duct dimensions were systematically varied, and the results are therefore somewhat applicable to the general problems of wing duct design, although they should be considered as preliminary and only indicative of the inherent possibilities" (p. 1).
Date: March 1938
Creator: Silverstein, Abe & Nickle, F. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary Model Tests of a Wing-Duct Cooling System for Radial Engines, Special Report

Description: "Wind-tunnel tests were conducted on a model wing-nacelle combination to determine the practicability of cooling radial engines by forcing the cooling air into wing-duct entrances located in the propeller slipstream, passing the air through the engine baffles from rear to front, and ejecting the air through an annular slot near the front of the nacelle. The drag of the cowlings tested was definitely less than for the conventional N.A.C.A. cowling, and the pressure available at low air speed corresponding to operation on the ground and at low flying speeds was apparently sufficient for cooling most present-day radial engines" (p. 1).
Date: February 1939
Creator: Biermann, David & Valentine, E. Floyd
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary Investigation of Certain Laminar-Flow Airfoils for Application at High Speeds and Reynolds Numbers

Description: "In order to extend the useful range of Reynolds numbers of airfoils designed to take advantage of the extensive laminar boundary layers possible in an air stream of low turbulence, tests were made of the NACA 2412-34 and 1412-34 sections in the NACA low-turbulence tunnel. Although the possible extent of the laminar boundary layer on these airfoils is not so great as for specially designed laminar-flow airfoils, it is greater than that for conventional airfoils, and is sufficiently extensive so that at Reynolds numbers above 11,000,000 the laminar region is expected to be limited by the permissible 'Reynolds number run' and not by laminar separation as is the case with conventional airfoils" (p. 1).
Date: August 1939
Creator: Jacobs, E. N.; Abbott, Ira H. & von Doenhoff, A. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary Investigation of the Effect of Compressibility on the Maximum Lift Coefficient, Special Report

Description: "Preliminary data are presented on the variation of the maximum lift coefficient with Mach number. The data were obtained from tests in the 8-foot high-speed tunnel of three NACA 16-series airfoils of 1-foot chord. Measurements consisted primarily of pressure-distribution measurements in order to illustrate the nature of the phenomena. It was found that the maximum lift coefficient of airfoils is markedly affected by compressibility even at Mach numbers as low as 0.2" (p. 1).
Date: February 1943
Creator: Stack, John; Fedziuk, Henry A. & Cleary, Harold E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Torsional and Bending Deflection of Full-Scale Duralumin Propeller Blades Under Normal Operating Conditions, Special Report

Description: "The torsional deflection of the blades of three full-scale duralumin propellers operating under various loading conditions was measured by a light-beam method. Angular bending deflections were also obtained as an incidental part of the study. The deflection measurements showed that the usual present-day type of propeller blades twisted but a negligible amount under ordinary flight conditions. A maximum deflection of about 1/10th of a degree was found at V/nD of 0.3 and a smaller deflection at higher values of V/nD for the station at 0.70 radius" (p. 1).
Date: March 1938
Creator: Hartman, Edwin P. & Biermann, David
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Transition Phase in the Take-Off of an Airplane, Special Report

Description: "An investigation was undertaken to determine the character and importance of the transition phase between the ground run and steady climb in the takeoff of an airplane and the effects of various factors on this phase and on the airborne part of the takeoff as a whole. The information was obtained from a series of step-by-step integrations, which defined the motion of the airplane during the transition and which were based on data derived from actual takeoff tests of a Verville AT airplane. Both normal and zoom takeoffs under several loading and takeoff speed conditions were considered" (p. 1).
Date: December 1937
Creator: Wetmore, J. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Radiator Design and Installation - 2

Description: "A mathematical analysis of radiator design has been made. The volume of the radiator using least total power has been expressed in a single formula which shows that the optimum radiator volume is independent of the shape of the radiator and which makes possible the construction of design tables that give the optimum radiator volume per 100-horsepower heat dissipation as a function of the speed, of the altitude, and of one parameter involving characteristics of the airplane. Although, for a given set of conditions, the radiator volume using the least total power is fixed, the frontal area, or the length of the radiator needs to be separately specified in order to satisfy certain other requirement such as the ability to cool with the pressure drop available while the airplane is climbing" (p. 1).
Date: January 1942
Creator: Tifford, Arthur N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Radiator Design and Installation

Description: "The fundamental principles of fluid flow, pressure losses, and heat transfer have been presented and analyzed for the case of a smooth tube with fully developed turbulent flow. These equations apply to tubes with large length-diameter ratios where the flow is at a high Reynolds Number. The error introduced by using these equations increases as the magnitude of the tube length and the air-flow Reynolds Number approaches the values encountered in modern radiator designs" (p. 1).
Date: May 1939
Creator: Brevoort, M. J. & Leifer, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Relative Efficiencies and Design Charts for Various Engine-Propeller Combinations, Special Report

Description: "The relative efficiencies of various engine-propeller combinations were the subject of a study that covered the important flight conditions, particularly the take-off. Design charts that graphically correlate the various propeller parameters were prepared to facilitate the solution of problems and also to clarify the conception of the relationships of the various engine-propeller design factors. It is shown that, among the many methods for improving the take-off thrust, the use of high-pitch, large-diameter controllable propellers turning at low rotational speeds is probably the most generally promising" (p. 1).
Date: September 1936
Creator: Biermann, David
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Remote Indicating Hinge-Moment Balance, Special Report

Description: This report describes an electrical hinge-moment balance for use with wind-tunnel models of aircraft. A brief description of the principle of operation and operating experience with the balance is given in part I. Part II gives constructional details and part III gives theoretical considerations. Extensive constructional information is given to enable the reproduction of the equipment.
Date: August 1941
Creator: Stoller, Morton J. & Ribner, Herbert S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department