36 Matching Results

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Gas-Driven Microturbine

Description: The present invention is directed to a means of fabricating a gas-driven microturbine that is capable of providing autonomous propulsion in which the rapidly moving gases are directed through a micromachined turbine to power mechanical, electrical, or electromechanical devices by direct mechanical linkage of turbo-electric generator components in a domain ranging from tenths of micrometers to thousands of micrometers. By optimally selecting monopropellants or bipropellants to be the fuel set, a more efficient gas-driven microturbine can be realized from the increased mass flow rate of the gas stream due to the higher combustion reaction energies of these fuel sets. Additionally, compressed gas can be utilized to provide a high-flow gas stream for the gas-driven microturbine. The present invention is adaptable to many defense and non-defense applications, including the provision of mechanical power for miniature devices such as fans, geared mechanisms, mechanical linkages, actuators, bio-medical procedures, manufacturing, industrial, aviation, computers, safety systems, and electrical generators.
Date: July 14, 1999
Creator: Sniegowski, Jeffrey J.; Rodgers, Murray S.; McWhorter, Paul J.; Aeschliman, Daniel P. & Miller, William M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Process for Making a Ceramic Composition for Immobilization of Actinides

Description: Disclosed is a process for making a ceramic composition for the immobilization of actinides, particularly uranium and plutonium. The ceramic is a titanate material comprising pyrochlore, brannerite and rutile. The process comprises oxidizing the actinides, milling the oxides to a powder, blending them with ceramic precursors, cold pressing the blend and sintering the pressed material.
Date: June 22, 1999
Creator: Ebbinghaus, Bartley B.; Van Konynenburg, Richard A.; Vance, Eric R.; Stewart, Martin W.; Walls, Philip A.; Brummond, William Allen et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Low Temperature Sorbents for removal of Sulfur Compounds from fluid feed Streams

Description: A sorbent material is provided comprising a material reactive with sulfur, a binder unreactive with sulfur and an inert material, wherein the sorbent absorbs the sulfur at temperatures between 30 and 200 C. Sulfur absorption capacity as high as 22 weight percent has been observed with these materials.
Date: September 30, 1999
Creator: Siriwardane, Ranjan
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Mechanical Seal Assembly

Description: An improved mechanical seal assembly is provided for sealing rotating shafts with respect to their shaft housings, wherein the rotating shafts are subject to substantial axial vibrations. The mechanical seal assembly generally includes a rotating sealing ring fixed to the shaft, a non-rotating sealing ring adjacent to and in close contact with the rotating sealing ring for forming an annular seal about the shaft, and a mechanical diode element that applies a biasing force to the non-rotating sealing ring by means of hemispherical joint. The alignment of the mechanical diode with respect to the sealing rings is maintained by a series of linear bearings positioned axially along a desired length of the mechanical diode. Alternative embodiments include mechanical or hydraulic amplification components for amplifying axial displacement of the non-rotating sealing ring and transferring it to the mechanical diode.
Date: June 18, 1999
Creator: Kotlyar, Oleg M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fluidtight Seal for a Container

Description: A fluidtight seal for a container is formed by abutting a metal ring with a step machined in a convexo-concave container closure device and inserting this assembly into an open end of the container. Under compressive force, the closure device deforms causing the metal ring to pivot about the step on the closure device and interact with symmetrically tapered inner walls of the container to form a fluidtight seal between the container and the closure device. The compressive force is then withdrawn without affecting the fluidtight characteristic of the seal. A destructive force against the container closure device is necessary to destroy the fluidtight seal.
Date: March 31, 1999
Creator: Morrison, Edward F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Portable Apparatus for the Measurement of Environmental Radon and Thoron

Description: The radometer is a portable instrument for the measurement of the concentration of atmospheric radon/thoron in a test area. A constant velocity pump pulls the air from the outside at a constant flow rate. If the air is too moist, some or all of the sample is passed through a desiccant filter prior to encountering an electrostatic filter. The electrostatic filter prevents any charged particles from entering the sampling chamber. Once the sample has entered the chamber, the progeny of the decay of radon/thoron are collected on a detector and measured. The measured data is compiled by a computer and displayed.
Date: August 19, 1999
Creator: Negro, Vincent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ultrasonic Sensor and Method of use

Description: An ultrasonic sensor system and method of use for measuring transit time through a liquid sample, comprising at least one ultrasonic transducer coupled to a precision time interval counter. The timing circuit captures changes in transit time, representing small changes in the velocity of sound transmitted, over necessarily small time intervals (nanoseconds) and uses the transit time changes to identify the presence of non-conforming constituents in the sample.
Date: July 22, 1999
Creator: Condreva, Kenneth J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Vacuum Enhanced Cutaneous Biopsy Instrument

Description: A syringe-like disposable cutaneous biopsy instrument equipped with a tubular blade at its lower end, and designed so that a vacuum is created during use, said vacuum serving to retain undeformed a plug of tissue cut from a patient's skin.
Date: June 25, 1999
Creator: Collins, Joseph
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Novel Solvent for the Simultaneous recovery of Radioactive Nuclides from Liquid Radioactive Wastes

Description: The present invention relates to solvents, and methods, for selectively extracting and recovering radionuclides, especially cesium and strontium, rare earths and actinides from liquid radioactive wastes. More specifically, the invention relates to extracting agent solvent compositions comprising complex organoboron compounds, substituted polyethylene glycols, and neutral organophosphorus compounds in a diluent. The preferred solvent comprises a chlorinated cobalt dicarbollide, diphenyl-dibutylmethylenecarbamoylphosphine oxide, PEG-400, and a diluent of phenylpolyfluoroalkyl sulfone. The invention also provides a method of using the invention extracting agents to recover cesium, strontium, rare earths and actinides from liquid radioactive waste.
Date: October 7, 1999
Creator: Romanovskiy, Valeriy Nicholiavich; Smirnov, Lgor V.; Babain, Vasiliy A.; Todd, Terry A. & Brewer, Ken N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pressure Gradient Passivation of Carbonaceous Material Normally Susceptible to Spontaneous Combustion

Description: This invention is a process for the passivation or deactivation with respect to oxygen of a carbonaceous material by the exposure of the carbonaceous material to an oxygenated gas in which the oxygenated gas pressure is increased from a first pressure to a second pressure and then the pressure is changed to a third pressure. Preferably a cyclic process which comprises exposing the carbonaceous material to the gas at low pressure and increasing the pressure to a second higher pressure and then returning the pressure to a lower pressure is used. The cycle is repeated at least twice wherein the higher pressure may be increased after a selected number of cycles.
Date: July 15, 1999
Creator: Ochs, Thomas L.; Sands, William D.; Schroeder, Karl; Summers, Cathy A. & Utz, Bruce R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ceramic Composition for Immobilization of Actinides

Description: Disclosed is a ceramic composition for the immobilization of actinides, particularly uranium and plutonium. The ceramic is a titanate material comprising pyrochlore, brannerite and rutile.
Date: June 22, 1999
Creator: Ebbinghaus, Bartley B.; Van Konynenburg, Richard A.; Vance, Eric R.; Stewart, Martin W.; Jostsons, Adam; Allender, Jeffrey S. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

X-Ray Imaging Crystal Spectrometer for Extended X-Ray Sources

Description: Spherically or toroidally curved, double focusing crystals are used in a spectrometer for X-ray diagnostics of an extended X-ray source such as a hot plasma produced in a tokamak fusion experiment to provide spatially and temporally resolved data on plasma parameters such as ion temperature, toroidal and poloidal rotation, electron temperature, impurity ion charge-state distributions, and impurity transport. The imaging properties of these spherically or toroidally curved crystals provide both spectrally and spatially resolved X-ray data from the plasma using only one small spherically or toroidally curved crystal, thus eliminating the requirement for a large array of crystal spectrometers and the need to cross-calibrate the various crystals.
Date: May 1, 1999
Creator: Bitter, Manfred L.; Fraekel, Benjamin; Gorman, James L.; Hill, Kenneth W.; Roquemore, Lane A.; Stodiek, Wolfgang et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A method to remove Ammonia using a Proton-Conducting Ceramic Membrane

Description: An apparatus and method for decomposing NH{sub 3}. A fluid containing NH{sub 3} is passed in contact with a tubular membrane that is a homogeneous mixture of a ceramic and a first metal, with the ceramic being selected from one or more of a cerate having the formula of M' Ce{sub 1-x} M''O{sub 3-{delta}}, zirconates having the formula M'Zr{sub 1-x} M''3-{delta}, stannates having the formula M'Sn{sub 1-x}M''O{sub 3}-{delta}, where M' is a group IIA metal, M'' is a dopant metal of one or more of Ca, Y, Yb, In, Nd, Gd or mixtures thereof and {delta} is a variable depending on the concentration of dopant and is in the range of from 0.001 to 0.5, the first metal is a group VIII or group IB element selected from the group consisting of Pt, Ag, Pd, Fe, Co, Cr, Mn, V, Ni, Au, Cu, Rh, Ru and mixtures thereof. The tubular membrane has a catalytic metal on the side thereof in contact with the fluid containing NH{sub 3} which is effective to cause NH{sub 3} to decompose to N{sub 2} and H{sub 2}. When the H{sub 2} contacts the membrane, H{sup +} ions are formed which pass through the membrane driving the NH{sub 3} decomposition toward completion.
Date: September 22, 1999
Creator: Balachandran, Uthamalingam & Bose, Arun C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Abrasion Resistant Coating and Method of making the same

Description: An abrasion resistant coating is created by adding a ductile phase to a brittle matrix phase during spray coating where an Al-Cu-Fe quasicrystalline phase (brittle matrix) and an FeAl intermetallic (ductile phase) are combined. This composite coating produces a coating mostly of quasicrystal phase and an inter-splat layer of the FeAl phase to help reduce porosity and cracking within the coating. Coatings are prepared by plasma spraying unblended and blended quasicrystal and intermetallic powders. The blended powders contain 1, 5, 10 and 20 volume percent of the intermetallic powders. The unblended powders are either 100 volume percent quasicrystalline or 100 volume percent intermetallic; these unblended powders were studied for comparison to the others. Sufficient ductile phase should be added to the brittle matrix to transform abrasive wear mode from brittle fracture to plastic deformation, while at the same time the hardness of the composite should not be reduced below that of the original brittle phase material.
Date: June 25, 1999
Creator: Sordelet, Daniel J. & Besser, Matthew F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bi-Stable Optical Actuator

Description: The present invention is a bi-stable optical actuator device that is depowered in both stable positions. A bearing is used to transfer motion and smoothly transition from one state to another. The optical actuator device may be maintained in a stable position either by gravity or a restraining device.
Date: October 15, 1999
Creator: Holdener, Fred R. & Boyd, Robert D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aerogel Fingerprint Media

Description: A fingerprint medium which is made of an aerogel having a predetermined density. The fingerprint medium may have a midrange density for forming plates or may be crushed forming a powder. The fingerprint medium may further include at least one of a metal and metal oxide to enhance characteristics desirable in a fingerprint medium.
Date: September 21, 1999
Creator: Miller, Fred S. & Andresen, Brian D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Control Coil Arrangement for a Rotating Machine Rotor

Description: A rotating machine (e.g., a turbine, motor or generator) is provided wherein a fixed solenoid or other coil configuration is disposed adjacent to one or both ends of the active portion of the machine rotor for producing an axially directed flux in the active portion so as to provide planar axial control at single or multiple locations for rotor balance, levitation, centering, torque and thrust action. Permanent magnets can be used to produce an axial bias magnetic field. The rotor can include magnetic disks disposed in opposed, facing relation to the coil configuration.
Date: May 5, 1999
Creator: Shah, Manoj R. & Lewandowski, Chad R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

In-situ method to remove iron and other metals from Solution in Groundwater down Gradient from Permeable Reactive Barrier

Description: This invention is directed to a process for treating the flow of anaerobic groundwater through an aquifer with a primary treatment media, preferably iron, and then passing the treated groundwater through a second porous media though which an oxygenated gas is passed in order to oxygenate the dissolved primary treatment material and convert it into an insoluble material thereby removing the dissolved primary treatment material from the groundwater.
Date: September 22, 1999
Creator: Carpenter, Clay E. & Morrison, Stanley J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Method for Non-Intrusively Identifying a Contained Material Utilizing Uncollided Nuclear Transmission Measurements

Description: An improved nuclear diagnostic method identifies a contained target material by measuring on-axis, mono-energetic uncollided particle radiation transmitted through a target material for two penetrating radiation beam energies, and applying specially developed algorithms to estimate a ratio of macroscopic neutron cross-sections for the uncollided particle radiation at the two energies, where the penetrating radiation is a neutron beam, or a ratio of linear attenuation coefficients for the uncollided particle radiation at the two energies, where the penetrating radiation is a gamma-ray beam. Alternatively, the measurements are used to derive a minimization formula based on the macroscopic neutron cross-sections for the uncollided particle radiation at the two neutron beam energies, or the linear attenuation coefficients for the uncollided particle radiation at the two gamma-ray beam energies. A candidate target material database, including known macroscopic neutron cross-sections or linear attenuation coefficients for target materials at the selected neutron or gamma-ray beam energies, is used to approximate the estimated ratio or to solve the minimization formula, such that the identity of the contained target material is discovered.
Date: February 26, 1999
Creator: Morrison, John L.; Stephens, Alan G. & S., Grover Blaine
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Low Loss Composition of BA{sub X}SR{sub Y}CA{sub 1-X-Y}TIO{sub 3}:BA{sub 0.12-0.25}SR{sub 0.35-0.47}CA{sub 0.32-0.53}TIO{sub 3}

Description: A dielectric thin-film material for microwave applications, including use as a capacitor, the thin-film comprising a composition of barium strontium calcium and titanium of perovskite type (Ba{sub x}Sr{sub y}Ca{sub 1-x-y})TiO{sub 3}. Also provided is a method for making a dielectric thin film of that formula over a wide compositional range through a single deposition process.
Date: October 19, 1999
Creator: Xiang, Xiao-Dong; Chang, Hauyee & Takeuchi, Ichiro
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Automated Sample collection and Analysis unit

Description: Autoramp is an atmospheric radionuclide collection and analysis unit designed for unattended operation. A large volume of air passes through one of 31 filter cartridges which is then moved from a sampling chamber and past a bar code reader, to a shielded enclosure. The collected dust-borne radionuclides are counted with a high resolution germanium gamma-ray detector. An analysis is made and the results are transmitted to a central station that can also remotely control the unit.
Date: March 31, 1999
Creator: Latner, Norman; Sanderson, Colin G. & Negro, Vincent C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cryogenic Homogenization and Sampling of Heterogeneous Multi-Phase Feedstock

Description: An apparatus and process for producing a homogeneous analytical sample from a heterogeneous feedstock by: providing the mixed feedstock, reducing the temperature of the feedstock to a temperature below a critical temperature, reducing the size of the feedstock components, blending the reduced size feedstock to form a homogeneous mixture; and obtaining a representative sample of the homogeneous mixture. The size reduction and blending steps are performed at temperatures below the critical temperature in order to retain organic compounds in the form of solvents, oils, or liquids that may be adsorbed onto or absorbed into the solid components of the mixture, while also improving the efficiency of the size reduction. Preferably, the critical temperature is less than 77K (-196 C). Further, with the process of this invention the representative sample maybe maintained below the critical temperature until being analyzed.
Date: September 21, 1999
Creator: Doyle, Glenn M.; Ideker, Virgene D. & Siegwarth, James D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Method for Producing Chemically Bonded Phosphate Ceramics and for Stabilizing Contaminants Encapsulated therein Utilizing Reducing Agents

Description: Known phosphate ceramic formulations are improved and the ability to produce iron-based phosphate ceramic systems is enabled by the addition of an oxidizing or reducing step during the acid-base reactions that form the phosphate ceramic products. The additives allow control of the rate of the acid-base reactions and concomitant heat generation. In an alternate embodiment, waste containing metal anions is stabilized in phosphate ceramic products by the addition of a reducing agent to the phosphate ceramic mixture. The reduced metal ions are more stable and/or reactive with the phosphate ions, resulting in the formation of insoluble metal species within the phosphate ceramic matrix, such that the resulting chemically bonded phosphate ceramic product has greater leach resistance.
Date: May 5, 1999
Creator: Singh, Dileep; Wagh, Arun S. & Jeong, Seung-Young
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Stator for Rotating Electrical Machine Having Multiple Controlwindings

Description: A rotating electric machine is provided which includes multiple independent control windings for compensating for rotor imbalances and for levitating/centering the rotor. The multiple independent control windings are placed at different axial locations along the rotor to oppose forces created by imbalances at different axial locations along the rotor. The multiple control windings can also be used to levitate/center the rotor with a relatively small magnetic field per unit area since the rotor and/or the main power winding provides the biasfield.
Date: May 5, 1999
Creator: Shah, Manoj R. & Lewandowski, Chad R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department