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Experimental Aspects of Hypernuclear Physics at CEBAF

Description: The general features of the electromagnetic excitation of hypernuclei are outlined. Experimental aspects of investigating these reactions at CEBAF are discussed. Two specific experimental set-ups are compared.
Date: September 1, 1986
Creator: Mecking, Bernhard
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Enthalpies of combustion of four N-phenylmethylene benzenamine N-oxide derivatives, of N-phenylmethylene benzenamine, and of trans-diphenyldiazene N-oxide: the dissociation enthalpy of the (N-O) bonds

Description: Article on enthalpies of combustion of four N-phenylmethylene benzenamine N-oxide derivatives, of N-phenylmethylene benzenamine, and of trans-diphenyldiazene N-oxide and the dissociation enthalpy of the (N-O) bonds.
Date: August 1, 1986
Creator: Kirchner, James J.; Acree, William E. (William Eugene); Pilcher, Geoffrey & Shaofeng, Li
Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences

Kriging for interpolation of sparse and irregularly distributed geologic data

Description: For many geologic problems, subsurface observations are available only from a small number of irregularly distributed locations, for example from a handful of drill holes in the region of interest. These observations will be interpolated one way or another, for example by hand-drawn stratigraphic cross-sections, by trend-fitting techniques, or by simple averaging which ignores spatial correlation. In this paper we consider an interpolation technique for such situations which provides, in addition to point estimates, the error estimates which are lacking from other ad hoc methods. The proposed estimator is like a kriging estimator in form, but because direct estimation of the spatial covariance function is not possible the parameters of the estimator are selected by cross-validation. Its use in estimating subsurface stratigraphy at a candidate site for geologic waste repository provides an example.
Date: December 31, 1986
Creator: Campbell, K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Thermomechanical modeling of the Spent Fuel Test-Climax

Description: The Spent Fuel Test-Climax (SFT-C) was conducted to evaluate the feasibility of retrievable deep geologic storage of commercially generated spent nuclear-reactor fuel assemblies. One of the primary aspects of the test was to measure the thermomechanical response of the rock mass to the extensive heating of a large volume of rock. Instrumentation was emplaced to measure stress changes, relative motion of the rock mass, and tunnel closures during three years of heating from thermally decaying heat sources, followed by a six-month cooldown period. The calculations reported here were performed using the best available input parameters, thermal and mechanical properties, and power levels which were directly measured or inferred from measurements made during the test. This report documents the results of these calculations and compares the results with selected measurements made during heating and cooling of the SFT-C.
Date: February 1986
Creator: Butkovich, T. R. & Patrick, W. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Zeolitic alteration and fracture fillings in silicic tuffs at a potential nuclear waste repository, Yucca Mountain, Nevada, USA

Description: This paper describes the distribution and chemistry of zeolites in tuffs and in fractures at Yucca Mountain. Samples used in this study were collected from continuously-cored exploratory drill holes. A variety of analytical techniques, including optical petrography, x-ray powder diffraction, electron microanalysis, and x-ray fluorescence, were used to characterize the distribution and chemistry of zeolites in these samples.
Date: December 31, 1986
Creator: Broxton, D.E. & Carlos, B.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Coupled processes in single fractures, double fractures and fractured porous media

Description: The emplacement of a nuclear waste repository in a fractured porous medium provides a heat source of large dimensions over an extended period of time. It also creates a large cavity in the rock mass, changing significantly the stress field. Such major changes induce various coupled thermohydraulic, hydromechanic and hydrochemical transport processes in the environment around a nuclear waste repository. The present paper gives, first, a general overview of the coupled processes involving thermal, mechanical, hydrological and chemical effects. Then investigations of a number of specific coupled processes are described in the context of fluid flow and transport in a single fracture, two intersecting fractures and a fractured porous medium near a nuclear waste repository. The results are presented and discussed.
Date: December 1, 1986
Creator: Tsang, C.F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Spent fuel as a waste form: Data needs to allow long term performance assessment under repository disposal conditions

Description: Performance assessment calculations are required for high level waste repositories for a period of 10,000 years. The Siting Guidelines require a comparison of sites following site characterization and prior to final site selection to be made over a 100,000 year period. To perform the required calculations, a detailed knowledge of the physical and chemical processes that affect waste form performance will be needed for each site. This paper will review the factors that affect the release of radionuclides from spent fuel under repository conditions, summarize our present state of knowledge, and suggest areas where more work is needed to support the performance assessment calculations. 17 refs., 5 figs., 3 tabs.
Date: December 1, 1986
Creator: Oversby, V.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The effects of gamma radiation on groundwater chemistry and glass reaction in a saturated tuff environment

Description: The Nevada Nuclear Waste Storage Investigations project has completed a series of experiments that provide insight into groundwater chemistry and glass waste form performance in the presence of a gamma radiation field at 90{sup 0}C. Results from experiments done at 1 x 10{sup 3} and O R/hr are presented and compared to similar experiments done at 2 x 10{sup 5} and 1 x 10{sup 4} R/hr. The major effect of radiation is to lower the groundwater pH to a value near 6.4. The addition of glass to the system results in slightly more basic final pH, both in the presence and absence of radiation. However, there is essentially no difference in the extent of glass reaction, as measured by elemental release, as a function of dose rate or total dose, for reaction periods up to 278 days.
Date: December 1986
Creator: Ebert, W. L.; Bates, J. K.; Gerding, T. J. & Van Konynenburg, R. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geophysical tomography for imaging water movement in welded tuff

Description: Alterant tomography has been evaluated for its ability to delineate in-situ water flow paths in a fractured welded-tuff rock mass. The evaluation involved a field experiment in which tomographs of electromagnetic attenuation factor (or attenuation rate) at 300 MHz were made before, during, and after the introduction to the rock of two different water-based tracers: a plain water and dye solution, and salt water and dye. Alterant tomographs were constructed by subtracting, cell by cell, the attenuation factors derived from measurements before each tracer was added to the rock mass from the attenuation factors derived after each tracer was added. The alterant tomographs were compared with other evidence of water movement in the rock: borescope logs of fractures, and post experiment cores used to locate the dye tracer on the fractured surfaces. These comparisons indicate that alterant tomography is suitable for mapping water flow through fractures and that it may be useful in inferring which of the fractures are hydrologically connected in the image plane. The technique appears to be sensitive enough to delineate flow through a single fracture and to define fractures with a spatial resolution of about 10 cm on an imaging scale of a few meters. 9 refs., 3 figs.
Date: September 1, 1986
Creator: Daily, W.D. & Ramirez, A.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Estimates of radionuclide release from glass waste forms in a tuff repository and the effects on regulatory compliance

Description: This paper discusses preliminary estimates of the release of radionuclides from waste packages containing glass-based waste forms under the expected conditions at Yucca Mountain. These estimates can be used to evaluate the contribution of waste package performance toward meeting repository regulatory restrictions on radionuclide release. Glass waste will be held in double stainless steel canisters. After failure of the container sometime after the 300 to 1000 year containment period, the open headspace in these cans will provide the only area where standing water can accumulate and react with the glass. A maximum release rate of 0.177 g/m{sup 2} x year or 1.3 grams per year was obtained. Normalized loss of 1.3 grams per year corresponds to 0.08 parts in 100,000 per year of the 1660 kg reference weight of DWPF glass.
Date: April 1, 1986
Creator: Aines, R.D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Copper corrosion in irradiated environments: The influence of H{sub 2}O{sub 2}on the electrochemistry of copper dissolution in HCl electrolyte

Description: The anodic dissolution of copper was examined in deaerated, 0.1 M HCl aqueous solution in the presence of H{sub 2}O{sub 2}. Concentrations of H{sub 2}O{sub 2} up to 0.2 M were studied at a rotating copper disk-platinum ring electrode. The open circuit potential (OCP) of copper was found to depend on both peroxide concentration and rotation rate. The OCP shifts towards more positive values with increasing H{sub 2}O{sub 2} concentration (C) and decreasing rotation rate. The current-voltage curves for anodic dissolution of copper were also influenced by the presence of peroxide. The curves recorded with the potential scanned in the positive direction showed the expected 60 mV slope, but the reverse scans showed significant departures. At a given potential scan rate, hysteresis was observed which was larger for higher H{sub 2}O{sub 2} concentrations, lower rotation rates, and more positive anodic potential limits. Monitoring the cuprous ions at the outer Pt ring revealed that there was a complex set of events taking place at the copper surface, including film formation and the appearance of cupric ions. 13 refs., 7 figs.
Date: December 1, 1986
Creator: Smyrl, W.H.; Bell, B.T.; Atanasoski, R.T. & Glass, R.S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Glass Making Technology for High-Level Nuclear Waste

Description: This paper addresses specific and unique chemical engineering aspects of the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) at the Savannah River Plant. This paper also addresses the glass melter and those processes that are directly coupled to it. A somewhat disproportionate emphasis is given to sludge pretreatment, for the sake of completeness in this session. We have attempted to focus on those features of the DWPF that may be of general interest or even useful to the practicing chemical engineer.
Date: July 10, 1986
Creator: Boersma, M.D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Savannah River Site and the Processing Facility Being Built to Prepare its Radioactive Waste for Permanent Disposal

Description: This presentation provides an appreciation for the tremendous chemical processing challenges met in the development of the Defense Waste Process Facility (DWPF) process. The DWPF is presently under construction and is due for completion in 1989. Before radioactive waste is introduced to the DWPF in late 1989, the remote operation of all equipment and all process steps must be demonstrated.
Date: July 10, 1986
Creator: Knight, J.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Application of software quality assurance to a specific scientific code development task

Description: This paper describes an application of software quality assurance to a specific scientific code development program. The software quality assurance program consists of three major components: administrative control, configuration management, and user documentation. The program attempts to be consistent with existing local traditions of scientific code development while at the same time providing a controlled process of development.
Date: March 1, 1986
Creator: Dronkers, J.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Inelastic deformations of fault and shear zones in granitic rock

Description: Deformations during heating and cooling of three drifts in granitic rock were influenced by the presence of faults and shear zones. Thermal deformations were significantly larger in sheared and faulted zones than where the rock was jointed, but neither sheared nor faulted. Furthermore, thermal deformations in faulted or sheared rock were not significantly recovered during subsequent cooling, thus a permanent deformation remained. This inelastic response is in contrast with elastic behavior identified in unfaulted and unsheared rock segments. A companion paper indicates that deformations in unsheared or unfaulted rock were effectively modeled as an elastic response. We conclude that permanent deformations occurred in fractures with crushed minerals and fracture filling or gouge materials. Potential mechanisms for this permanent deformation are asperity readjustments during thermal deformations, micro-shearing, asperity crushing and crushing of the secondary fracture filling minerals. Additionally, modulus differences in sheared or faulted rock as compared to more intact rock would result in greater deformations in response to the same thermal loads.
Date: February 1, 1986
Creator: Wilder, D.G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geophysical tomography for imaging water movement in welded tuff

Description: Alterant tomography has been evaluated for its ability to delineate in-situ water flow paths in a fractured welded-tuff rock mass. The evaluation involved a field experiment in which tomographs of electromagnetic attenuation factor (or attenuation rate) at 300 MHZ were made before, during, and after the introduction to the rock of two different water-based tracers: a plain water and dye solution, and salt water and dye. Alterant tomographs were constructed by subtracting, cell by cell, the attenuation factors derived from measurements before each tracer was added to the rock mass from the attenuation factors derived after each tracer was added. The alterant tomographs were compared with other evidence of water movement in the rock: borescope logs of fractures, and postexperiment cores used to locate the dye tracer on the fractured surfaces. These comparisons indicate that alterant tomography is suitable for mapping water flow through fractures and that it may be useful in inferring which of the fractures are hydrologically connected in the image plane. The technique appears to be sensitive enough to delineate flow through a single fracture and to define fractures with a spatial resolution of about 10 cm on an imaging scale of a few meters. 9 refs., 3 figs.
Date: September 1, 1986
Creator: Daily, W. & Ramirez, A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Occurrence of fracture-lining manganese minerals in silicic tuffs, Yucca Mountain, Nevada, USA

Description: Yucca Mountain, in southern Nevada, is being studied by the Nevada Nuclear Waste Storage Investigations (NNWSI) Project as a potential site for an underground high-level nuclear waste repository. The site is within Miocene volcanic rocks that are 1.5 to 4 km thick and range in age from 12.5 to 14 MY. Several holes have been drilled in Yucca Mountain for geologic and hydrologic studies. Drill hole USW G-4, the most recently cored hole within the potential repository block, was chosen for detailed study of fracture-filling minerals because it is closest to the planned NNWSI exploratory shaft. Drill hole USW G-4 was drilled to 914.7 m (3001 ft) and continuously cored from 6.7 m (22 ft) to total depth (TD). The drilling history, lithology of the core, and geophysical logs of the well were published earlier. Because manganese oxides in fractures may act as a natural barrier to radionuclide migration, it is important to determine exactly which manganese minerals are present, in what intervals they occur, and how extensive these fracture coatings are.
Date: December 31, 1986
Creator: Carlos, B.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

SSC workshop on environmental radiation

Description: The Superconducting Super Collider is a 20 TeV-on-20 TeV proton beam collider where two 20-TeV proton accelerators whose beams, rotating in opposite senses, are brought into collision to provide 40 TeV in the center of mass. The scale of the project is set by the 6.6 tesla magnet guide field for the protons which results in a roughly circular machine with a circumference of 83 km (51.5 mi.). The energy scale of the proton beams and the physical scale of the machine are an order of magnitude greater than for any presently operating or contemplated proton accelerator yet the facility must be operated within the same strict radiological guidelines as existing accelerators in the US and Europe. To ensure that the facility conforms to existing and projected guidelines both in design and operation, the Workshop was charged to review the experience and practices of existing accelerator laboratories, to determine the relevant present and projected regulatory requirements, to review particle production and shielding data from accelerators and cosmic rays, to study the design and operational specifications of the Collider, to examine the parameters set forth in the Siting Parameters Document, and to evaluate the computational tools available to model the radiation patterns arising under various operational and failure scenarios. This report summarizes the extensive and intensive presentations and discussions of the Workshop. A great deal of material, much of it in the form of internal reports from the various laboratories and drafts of works in preparation, was provided by the participants for the various topics. This material, including the viewgraphs used by the presenters, forms the background and basis for the conclusions of the Workshop and, as such, is an important part of the Workshop. An introduction to the material and a catalog by topic are presented as section 6 of ...
Date: January 9, 1986
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Darkness of God: An Account of Lasting Mystical Consciousness Resulting from an NDE

Description: Article describing the author's near-death experience (NDE) in 1983 as a result of poisoning. Almost every feature of the experience has been antithetical to the author's prior background, both in childhood and in adult life, thereby providing evidence against reductionist explanations of NDE. An account is given of how the new consciousness is affected by various life-circumstances, and of its practical impact on the quality of living.
Date: 1986~
Creator: Wren-Lewis, John
Partner: UNT Libraries

Evaluating Near-Death Testimony: A Challenge for Theology

Description: Article proposing a nonreductionist interpretation of near-death experiences (NDEs), showing that it is possible to give credit to individual testimony while still taking into account the physiological, psychological, and cultural conditions that influence visionary experience in the face of death.
Date: 1986~
Creator: Zaleski, Carol G.
Partner: UNT Libraries

From Alpha to Omega: Ancient Mysteries and the Near-Death Experience

Description: Article discussing Osirian temple rites of ancient Egypt, which may have involved ceremonial procedures deliberately calculated to induce an experience that was functionally identical to modern near-death experiences.
Date: 1986~
Creator: Ring, Kenneth
Partner: UNT Libraries