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Fused-salt heat transfer

Description: This paper presents, in two parts, a general discussion of fused-salt heat transfer. The first part is a report on current experimental results with three new salts - an alkali metal-base fluoride, a zirconium-base fluoride, and an alkali metal nitrate-nitrite mixture known as 'HTS'. In the second part fused salts are compared with liquid metals on the basis of their heat transfer effectiveness as reactor coolants. An analysis is presented for a general solid fuel-element reactor which transfers its heat to a fluid boiling on the outside of the heat exchanger tubes. The results show that fused salts can be as good heat transfer media as liquid metals. (auth)
Date: November 1, 1956
Creator: Hoffman, Herbert W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department


Description: Present-day knowledge concerning the molecular structure of supercritical fluids is briefly reviewed. It is shown that liquid-like and gas-like phases may coexist at supercritical pressures, although they may not be in equllibrium with each other. it is postulated that on the basis of the coexistence of these two phases a "boiling-like" phenomenon may provide the mechanism of heat transfer to supercritical fluids at high heat fluxes and certain other conditions. An unusual mode of heat transfer was actually observed at supercritical pressures during tests which produced the high heat fluxes and other conditions under which such "boiling" would be expected. The tests and the various conditions are briefly described. An emission of high-frequeney, high-intensity sounds usually accompanied these tests. It is shown that similar screaming sounds were heard during boiling at subcritical pressures, giving further support to the hypothesis that "boiling" may occur at supercritical pressures. A seeond possible explanation for the unusual mode of heat transfer is based on boundarylayer stability considerations. At high heat fluxes large density differences exist between the bulk of the fluid and the fluid in the boundary layer near the wall. A breakdown of the boundary layer may be caused by the build-up of ripples between its low-density fluid and the high-density bulk fluid, in a manner quite similar to the breaking of ocean waves at high wind velocities. It is pointed out that the density variation of supercritical fluids may be used to advantage by certrifuging boundary layers. (auth)
Date: January 1, 1956
Creator: Goldmann, K
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Wide Bandwidth Telemetry System

Description: This paper will describe a telemetry system which has a bandwidth of 250 mgacples, the uses to which it has been put and possible future uses.
Date: August 1, 1956
Creator: Henry, David E & Glass, R. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department