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Mexico: Background and U.S. Relations

Description: This report discusses the political and governmental structure of Mexico, upcoming presidential elections, the economy, social and security problems, and relations with the U.S.
Date: January 29, 2018
Creator: Seelke, Clare Ribando
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fiscal Year 2018 Appropriations Overview: Census Bureau and Bureau of Economic Analysis

Description: This report discusses FY2018 appropriations (discretionary budget authority) for the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) and Bureau of the Census (Census Bureau), historic components of the Economics and Statistics Administration (ESA) in the U.S. Department of Commerce. This report will be updated as legislative developments warran
Date: March 23, 2018
Creator: Williams, Jennifer D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Defense Authorization and Appropriations Bills: FY1961-FY2018

Description: This report is a research aid that lists the DOD authorization bills (Table 1 and Table 2) and appropriations bills (Table 3 and Table 4) for FY1961-FY2018. This report includes all the pertinent information on the passage of these bills through the legislative process: bill numbers, report numbers, dates reported and passed, recorded vote numbers and vote tallies, dates of passage of the conference reports with their numbers and votes, vetoes, substitutions, dates of final passage, and public law numbers. Significant definitions are also included. This report will be updated as legislative activity warrants.
Date: April 19, 2018
Creator: Debruyne, Nese & Torreon, Barbara Salazar
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

What's the Difference?: Comparing U.S. and Chinese Trade Data

Description: This report examines the differences in the trade data from the two nations in two ways. First, it compares the trade figures using the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System (Harmonized System) to discern any patterns in the discrepancies between the U.S. and Chinese data. The second approach to examining the differing trade data involves a review of the existing literature on the technical and non-technical sources of the trade data discrepancies. This report is updated annually, after the release of official trade data by China and the United States.
Date: April 23, 2018
Creator: Martin, Michael F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ecuador: In Brief

Description: This report discusses Ecuador's political and governmental structure (including the 2017 elections), economy, and their relationship with the U.S.
Date: February 13, 2018
Creator: Beittel, June S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Unemployment Insurance: Consequences of Changes in State Unemployment Compensation Laws

Description: This report analyzes recent changes to state Unemployment Compensation (UC) programs. Two categories of UC state law issues are considered: changes in the duration of state UC unemployment benefits and (changes in the UC weekly benefit amount. Overall, the two types of changes to state UC laws and programs have consequences for the duration and amount of unemployment benefits. This report describes these changes and analyzes their consequences for UC, EUC08 (when it was authorized), and EB benefits. It will be updated, as needed, to reflect additional state UC changes.
Date: March 7, 2018
Creator: Isaacs, Katelin P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Introduction to the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP)

Description: This report provides introductory information on key components of the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP), ranging from floodplain mapping to the standard flood insurance forms. This report will be updated as significant revisions are made to the NFIP through legislation or administrative action. However, this report does not provide detail on current or future legislative issues for Congress, which are covered in a separate report
Date: April 30, 2018
Creator: Horn, Diane P. & Brown, Jared T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

U.S. Trade Policy Primer: Frequently Asked Questions

Description: This report addresses frequently asked questions regarding U.S. trade policy and is intended to assist Members and staff who may be new to trade issues. The report provides context for basic trade concepts and data on key U.S. trade and investment trends. It also addresses how U.S. trade policy is formulated and describes the trade and investment policy tools used to advance U.S. objectives. The report is divided into five sections: The basics of trade, U.S trade trends, formulation of U.S. trade policy, U.S. trade policy tools, and the link between international investment and trade.
Date: April 2, 2018
Creator: Cimino-Isaacs, Cathleen D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

SBA's Office of Inspector General: Overview, Impact, and Relationship with Congress

Description: This report examines the Small Business Administration(SBA), Office of the Inspector General (OIG's) statutory authorities; reporting requirements; funding ($26.9 million in FY2018, including $7 million in supplemental appropriations for overseeing SBA disaster assistance); staffing and organizational structure; and recent activities (audits, investigations, etc.). It also examines the SBA OIG's impact on monetary savings, SBA programs and operations, and legislation affecting the agency. The report concludes with observations concerning the SBA OIG's relationship with Congress.
Date: April 5, 2018
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Requirements on Private Health Insurance Plans

Description: This report provides background information about health plans sold in the private health insurance (PHI) market and briefly describes state and federal regulation of private plans. The second part summarizes selected federal requirements and indicates each requirement's applicability to one or more of the following types of private health plans: individual, small group, large group, and self-insured. Many of the federal requirements described in this report were established under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA; P.L. 111-148, as amended); however, some were established under federal laws enacted prior to the ACA.
Date: March 29, 2018
Creator: Mach, Annie L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

U.S. Foreign Aid to Israel

Description: This report provides an overview of U.S. foreign assistance to Israel. It includes a review of past aid programs, data on annual assistance, and analysis of current issues.
Date: February 26, 2018
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Error and Fraud in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)

Description: This report seeks to define terms related to errors and fraud; identify problems and describe what is known of their extent; summarize current policy and practice; and share recommendations, proposals, and pilots that have come up in recent years. The report answers several questions around four main types of inaccuracy and misconduct: trafficking SNAP benefits (by retailers and by recipients); retailer application fraud; errors and fraud in SNAP household applications; and errors and fraud committed by state agencies (including a discussion of states' recent Quality Control (QC) misconduct). The report then discusses challenges to combating errors and fraud--across the four areas--and potential strategies for addressing those challenges.
Date: March 30, 2018
Creator: Cline, Daniel R. & Aussenberg, Randy Alison
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Economic Growth, Regulatory Relief, and Consumer Protection Act (S. 2155) and House Legislation: Common Issue Areas

Description: This report discusses the Economic Growth, Regulatory Relief, and Consumer Protection Act (S. 2155) and compares its provisions with sections of bills passed in the House that proposed similar or identical changes to the law.
Date: March 26, 2018
Creator: Perkins, David W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Research and Development Funding: Fiscal Year 2018

Description: This report discusses government research and development funding (R&D) for FY2018. It begins with a discussion of the overall level of President Trump's FY2018 R&D request, followed by analyses of the R&D funding request from a variety of perspectives and for selected multiagency R&D initiatives. The report concludes with discussion and analysis of the R&D budget requests of selected federal departments and agencies that, collectively, account for nearly 99% of total federal R&D funding.
Date: January 25, 2018
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Funding and Financing Highways and Public Transportation

Description: This report discusses the current federal funding structure for surface transportation and the budget shortfalls in the Highway Trust Fund (made up of funds from gas taxes). Various options for resolving the funding shortfall are discussed, including raising the gas tax, public-private partnerships, and tolls.
Date: January 11, 2018
Creator: Kirk, Robert S. & Mallett, William J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The 10-20-30 Plan and Persistent Poverty Counties

Description: This report discusses the 10-20-30 plan of reallocating funds in rural development programs toward counties with systemic poverty levels defined as 20% of the population being at or below poverty level for 30 years. This report explains why targeting funds to persistent poverty counties might be of interest, how "persistent poverty" is defined and measured, and how different interpretations of the definition and different data source selections could yield different lists of counties identified as persistently poor. This report does not compare the 10-20-30 plan's advantages and disadvantages against other policy options, nor does it examine the range of programs or policy goals for which the 1020-30 plan might be an appropriate policy tool.
Date: February 8, 2018
Creator: Dalaker, Joseph
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department