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Small Business Mentor-Protégé Programs

Description: This report provides an overview of the various small business mentor-protégé programs of the federal government. As is discussed below, while all these programs are intended to assist small businesses in performing as contractors, subcontractors, or suppliers on federal or federally funded contracts, the programs differ significantly in their scope and operations. Table A-1 in the Appendix provides an overview of key differences among the programs.
Date: March 6, 2018
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Block Grant: A Primer on TANF Financing and Federal Requirements

Description: This report the Temporary Assistance for Needy Children (TANF) block grant. It provides an overview of TANF financing and rules for state programs, describing federal TANF grants and state funds under a "maintenance-of-effort" (MOE) requirement; how federal TANF and state MOE funds may be used to help achieve the purpose and goals of the TANF block grant; rules that apply when TANF or MOE funds are used to provide "assistance" to needy families with children; rules that apply when TANF or MOE funds are used for benefits and services other than assistance; certain accountability requirements, including requirements that states submit plans and report data to the federal government; and provisions of TANF law not directly related to grants to states, such as competitive grants for promoting healthy marriage and responsible fatherhood, and tribal TANF provisions.
Date: December 14, 2017
Creator: Falk, Gene
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Peace Corps: Current Issues

Description: This report discuses the Peace Corps functions and funding as well as current issues such as the available funding for Peace Corps expansion, whether volunteers are able to function in a safe and secure environment, and volunteer access to abortion.
Date: April 26, 2018
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Agricultural Conservation: A Guide to Programs

Description: This report provides a listing of federal agricultural conservation assistance programs. Each listing includes a brief description of the program, information on major amendments in the Agricultural Act of 2014 (P.L. 113-79, 2014 farm bill), national scope and availability, states with the greatest participation, the backlog of applications or other measures of continuing interest, program funding authority, FY2018 funding, FY2019 Administration budget request, statutory authority, the authorization expiration date, and a link to the program's website.
Date: April 17, 2018
Creator: Stubbs, Megan
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

China-U.S. Trade Issues

Description: This report provides background and analysis of U.S.-China commercial ties, including history, trends, issues, and outlook.
Date: January 11, 2018
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Abortion and Family Planning-Related Provisions in U.S. Foreign Assistance Law and Policy

Description: This report details legislation and policies that restrict or place requirements on U.S. funding of abortion or family planning activities abroad. The level and extent of federal funding for these activities is an ongoing and controversial issue in U.S. foreign assistance and has continued to be a point of contention during the 115th Congress.
Date: April 5, 2018
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Employees' Retirement System: Summary of Recent Trends

Description: This report describes recent trends in the characteristics of annuitants and current employees covered by the Civil Service Retirement System (CSRS) and the Federal Employees' Retirement System (FERS) as well as the financial status of the Civil Service Retirement and Disability Fund (CSRDF).
Date: February 2, 2018
Creator: Isaacs, Katelin P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cameroon's Anglophone Crisis: Recent Developments and Issues for Congress

Description: This report discusses recent unrest in Cameroon between the French-speaking majority and the English-speaking minority who were historically divided between French and British rule. The Anglophone activists have reported numerous human rights abuses and many of them have been arrested on terrorism charges. Options for Congress to consider concerning foreign aid and diplomatic measures to help bring about an agreement between the two sides are also discussed.
Date: April 6, 2018
Creator: Arieff, Alexis
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Small Business Administration and Job Creation

Description: This report discusses the Small Business Administration's programs and their impact on job creation. It examines the economic research on net job creation to identify the types of businesses that appear to create the most jobs, examines the possible implications this research might have for Congress and the SBA, and examines the arguments for providing federal assistance to small businesses.
Date: February 2, 2018
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Women in Congress, 1917-2018: Service Dates and Committee Assignments by Member, and Lists by State and Congress

Description: This report provides an overview of all women who have served in Congress and includes committee assignments, dates of service, district information, and listings by Congress and state, and (for Representatives) congressional districts of the 327 women who have been elected or appointed to Congress.
Date: March 19, 2018
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E. & Brudnick, Ida A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Artificial Intelligence and National Security

Description: This report discuses research and development of artificial intelligence (AI) applications for the military, their potential uses, and the programs of competing nations such as China and Russia.
Date: April 26, 2018
Creator: Hoadley, Daniel S. & Lucas, Nathan J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Joint Select Committee on Solvency of Multi-employer Pensions Plans: Structure, Procedures, and CRS Experts

Description: This report discusses the structure, powers, and funding of the Joint Select Committee on Solvency of Multiemployer Pension Plans and provides an overview of the parliamentary procedures the chambers may use to consider its work product. The report includes contact information for CRS policy analysts who work on issues related to the structure and policy work of the panel.
Date: February 20, 2018
Creator: Davis, Christopher M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Northern Ireland: Current Issues and Ongoing Challenges in the Peace Process

Description: This report discusses the history of the implementation of the 1998 "Good Friday" Peace Agreement in Northern Ireland, ongoing challenges in the peace process, initiatives to further peace, and current issues surrounding the collapse of the devolved government and the refusal to form a coalition by either major party and the Brexit negotiations.
Date: March 12, 2018
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Addressing Sexual Harassment by Modifying the Congressional Accountability Act of 1995: A Look at Key Provisions in H.R. 4822.

Description: This report discusses the Congressional Accountability Act of 1995 (CAA) and proposed reforms to how it handles harassment claims through the bill H.R. 4822. The report highlights and considers some of the major differences between the current process provided under the CAA and the process that would exist if H.R. 4822 were enacted, as well as other changes proposed by the bill that could affect both legislative branch employees and Members of Congress.
Date: January 29, 2018
Creator: Back, Christine J. & Freeman, Wilson C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Campus-Based Student Financial Aid Programs Under the Higher Education Act

Description: This report describes the Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant (FSEOG), Federal Work-Study (FWS), and Federal Perkins Loan programs. It also presents historical information on appropriations provided for the programs and the federal student aid that has been made available to students through the programs.
Date: February 20, 2018
Creator: Fountain, Joselynn H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department