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Uraniferous Quartzite, Red Bluff Prospect, Gila County, Arizona

Description: Abstract: Radioactive zones are present in the upper silty part of the pre-Cambrian Dripping Spring quartzite at the Red Bluff prospect, Gila County, Ariz. The prospect is in the SE 1/4 sec. 31, T. 5 N., R. 14 E., at the southern end of the Sierra Ancha area and 12 miles northeast of Roosevelt Dam. Stratigraphic control of the radioactive zones is indicated by the restriction of the zones to two layers, each about 20 feet thick.The zones are spatially associated in part with a diabase dike that occupies a fault, and in part with a thick diabase sill. The main uranium mineral disseminated through the rock in these zones has not been identified definitely, although minor quantities of secondary uranium minerals were observed. The results of scintillometer traverses and radiometric analyses indicate that the deposits probably contain an average of 0.026 percent uranium. Some black streaks and some fractures contain a higher percentage of uranium, but so far as is known the volume of such material is probably too small to affect the overall grade of the deposits.
Date: January 1951
Creator: Kaiser, E. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary Appraisal of the Carnotite Resources of the Carrizo Mountains Area, San Juan County, New Mexico, and Apache County, Arizona

Description: From introduction: A rapid appraisal of the carnotite resources of the Salt Wash sandstone member of the Morrison formation in the Carrizo Mountains area was undertaken by the U. S. Geological Survey late in 1951 in connection with its current project of geologic mapping of the area. Though brief and preliminary, this report provides a summary of production trends and estimated reserves in the area and indicates as far as possible the total potential of the area as a source of uranium. This information may be helpful in planning new milling facilities or other measures to encourage a higher rate of production.
Date: May 1952
Creator: Strobell, J. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Occurrences of Uranium-Bearing Minerals in the St. Kevin District, Lake County, Colorado

Description: From abstract: Two hundred and seventy-one prospect pits, mine dumps, or mine workings within the Sugar Loaf-St. Kevin mining districts and vicinity, were tested for radioactivity by the U. S. Geological Survey in 1951 during six weeks of investigation on behalf of the Division of Raw Materials of the U. S. Atomic Energy Commission. One hundred and twenty-two weak radioactivity anomalies were found in the St. Kevin district and vicinity, and eight slight anomalies were noted in"-the Sugar Loaf district, which adjoins the St. Kevin district on the south, Most of the radioactivity anomalies were found in igneous and metamorphic rocks of pre=Cambrian age, but some were found in metalliferous veins of Tertiary age.
Date: May 1953
Creator: Pierson, Charles Thomas & Singewald, Q. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Uranium Content of Chattanooga Shale in East-Central Tennessee and Southern Kentucky

Description: From abstract: Uranium assays of all the samples collected by the Geological Survey from the Chattanooga shale in east-central Tennessee and southern Kentucky from 1947 to 1949 are assembled here, and conclusions are drawn concerning the distribution of the uranium. The 1108 assays from 80 localities provide reasonably reliable information on the stratigraphic and regional variations of the uranium content.
Date: October 1952
Creator: Conant, Louis C. & Swanson, Vernon E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geology and Uranium Occurrences in the Miller Hill Area, Carbon County, Wyoming

Description: Abstract: Uranium occurs in the North Park(?) formation of Pliocene(?) age in the Miller Hill area, about 25 miles south of Rawlins, Carbon County, Wyo. As much as 0. 5 percent uranium is contained in grab samples, but only about 1000 tons of rock are known to contain as much as 0. 03 percent uranium. Beds of brecciated, silicified limestone 3 to 10 feet thick contain the principal concentrations of uranium. Lesser concentrations are found in calcareous sandstone and quartzite. Uranophane, Ca(UOz)2SizO 7 . 6HZO, the principal uranium'mineral, has been deposited in vugs, as fracture and surface coatings, and as a disseminated constituent of the rock. Uranium also occurs in quantities too small to be megascopically visible in dark-colored chalcedony, lime stone, sandstone, and quartzite beds.
Date: May 1956
Creator: Vine, James David & Prichard, George E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geology of the Raint Day Uranium Mine Garfield County, Utah

Description: From abstract: The Rainy Day mine in the Circle Cliffs area, Utah, is developed Dn a long slender pod of uranium ore. Ore is localized in siltstone of the Moenkopi formation of Triassic age, on the south edge of a channel about 3,300 feet wide by 40 feet deep that is filled with sandstone of the Shinarump member of the Chinle formation of Triassic age. Shale of the Chinle rests directly on siltstone of the Moenkopi on either side of the channel.
Date: April 1958
Creator: Davidson, Edward Sheldon
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Airborne Radioactivity Surveys for Phosphate in Florida

Description: Introduction: Deposits of phosphate in Florida, located beyond the limits of known producing areas, have been reported by prospectors and mining companies. Much of the information has been based upon prospecting and exploration which was undertaken many years ago and as a result the published data relating to the occurrence of these deposits are fragmentary, and few details relating to specific locations and extent are available.
Date: August 1953
Creator: Moxham, Robert Morgan
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Results of Reconnaissance for Radioactivity in Parts of the Alma District, Park County, Colorado

Description: Abstract: Pitchblende was discovered in July 1951 in the Alma mining district, Park County, Colo0 , by the U0 S. Geological Survey acting on behalf of the U. So Atomic Energy Commission. The pitchblende is associated with Tertiary veins of three different geologic environments: 1) veins in pre-Cambrian rocks, 2) the London vein system the footwall block of the London fault, and 3) veins in a mineralized area east of the Cooper Gulch fault. Pitchblende is probably not associated with silver-lead replacement deposits in dolomite. Secondary uranium minerals, as yet undetermined, are associated with pitchblende on two London vein system mine dumps, and occur in oxidized vein material.Lfrom dumps of mines in the other environments. Although none of the known occurrences are of commercial importance, the Alma district is considered a moderately favorable area in which to prospect for uranium ore, because twenty-four of the forty-three localities examined show anomalous radioactivity; samples from anomalously radioactive localities, which include mine dumps and some underground workings, have uranium contents ranging from 0.001 to l.66 percent.
Date: April 1953
Creator: Pierson, Charles Thomas & Singewald, Q. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Results of Reconnaissance for Radioactivity in Parts of the Alma District, Park County, Colorado

Description: From introduction: Mining began in the Black Hawk (Bullard Peak) district in 1881 when high-grade silver ore was found at the Alhambra mine. Most of the silver produced was native silver, associated with nickel and cobalt arsenides and sulfides. In 1920 pitchblende was recognized on the dumps of some of the old mines, and since 1949 the district has been of interest as a possible source of ores that contain uranium, nickel, and cobalt.
Date: September 1953
Creator: Pierson, Charles Thomas & Singewald, Q. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Permian Phosphate Deposits of Western United States

Description: From abstract: The Permian marine phosphorite deposits of the western United States were laid down in the Phosphoria formation and its partial stratigraphic equivalents over an area of about 135,000 square miles in Montana, Idaho, Wyoming, Utah, and Nevada. The deposits in the eastern part of the field lie on the western margin of the structurally simple North American craton.
Date: October 1952
Creator: McKelvey, V. E.; Swanson, Rowena W. & Sheldon, Richard Porter
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Domestic Phosphate Deposits

Description: From abstract: Incomplete but recently partly revised estimates indicate the presence of about 10 billion tons of phosphate deposits in the Urited States that is minable under present economic conditions. Deposits too lean in quality or thickness to compete with those in the western and southeastern fields probably contain tens of billions of tons.
Date: November 1952
Creator: McKelvey, V. E.; Cathcart, James Bachelder; Altschuler, Z. S.; Swanson, Rowena W. & Lutz, Katharine
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Radioactive Carbonaceous Shale and Lignite Deposits in the Goose Creek District, Cassia County, Idaho

Description: From abstract: Uranium-bearing carbonaceous shale and lignite beds are exposed in the Goose Creek district of southern Cassia County, Idaho. The district includes about 150 square miles in Tps. 14 to 16 So, Rs, 20 to 22 E., Boise meridian.
Date: January 1953
Creator: Hail Jr., W. J. & Gill, J. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Carnotite Resources of San Miguel Bench, Montrose County, Colorado

Description: Abstract: San Miguel bench includes about 4 square miles in the southern part of T. 48 N., R. 17 W., New Mexico principal meridian, Montrose County, Colorado. Production of carnotite ore from the area has been about 15, 000 short tons having an estimated average graderof 0. 31 percent U3O8,and 1. 6 percent V2 05 Nearly all of the carnotite deposits occur in a single-continuous sandstone bed near the top of the Salt Wash member of the Jurassic Morrison formation. These deposits consist chiefly of sandstone impregnated with uranium- and vanadium-bearing minerals. They are irregular tabular-shaped masses ranging in size from a few short tons to 30, 000 short tons or more of minable carnotite ore. During the period November 27, 1951, to April 17, 1953, the U. S. Geological Survey drilled 309 holes totaling 92, 194 feet on the San Miguel bench. Reserves total about 43, 000 short tons of material 1 foot or more thick and contain 0,.10 percent or more U30 or 1. 0 percent or more V205. Of these reserves 3, 300 short tons occur in private land. These reserves are in ten deposits found by Geological Survey drilling. Potential reserves (reserves based on geologic evidence only) are predicted to total about 15, 000 short tons, averaging 0.30 percent U308 and 1.6 percent V2 05 No additional exploration drilling in the San Miguel bench is planned by the Geological Survey. Some drilling by private enterprise is recommended.
Date: September 1955
Creator: Alvord, Donald C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Uranium-Bearing Copper Deposits in the Coyote District, Mora County, New Mexico

Description: Abstract: Uranium-bearing copper deposits occur in steeply dipping beds of the Sangre de Cristo formation of Pennsylvanian and Permian age south of Coyote, Mora County, N. Mex. Mapping and sampling of these deposits indicate that they occur in lenticular carbonaceous zones in shales and arkosic sandstones. Samples from these zones contain as much as 0.067 percent uranium and average 3 percent copper. Metatyuyamunite is disseminated in some of the arkosic sandstone beds, and uraninite was identified in some of the copper sulfide nodules occurring in the shale. In polished section these sulfide nodules were found to be composed principally of chalcocite with some bornite and covellite, as well as pyrite and malachite. Most of the samples were collected near the surface from the weathered zone. The copper and uranium were probably deposited with the sediments and concentrated into zones during compaction and lithification. Carbonaceous material in the Sangre de Cristo formation provided the environment that precipitated uranium and copper from mineral-charged connate waters forced from the clayey sediments.
Date: May 1953
Creator: Zeller, H. D. & Baltz, Elmer Harold, Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geology and Monazite Content of the Goodrich Quartzite, Palmer Area, Marquette County, Michigan

Description: From abstract: The Palmer area, which is on the south limb of the Marquette synclinorium, consists of a down-faulted block of pre-Cambrian sedimentary rocks about 4 miles long and three-quarters of a mile wide. The block is composed mainly of middle Huronian Ajibik quartzite and Negaunee iron-formation and upper Huronian Goodrich quartzite,. Monazite occurs in the Goodrich quartzite as rounded detrital grains concentrated mainly in the matrix of quartz pebble conglomerate which is interbedded with coarse-grained quartzite.
Date: December 1954
Creator: Vickers, Rollin C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Investigation of Airborne Radioactivity Anomalies in the Rock Corral Area, San Bernardino County, California

Description: From abstract: The investigation in the Rock Corral area was undertaken to determine the relationship between 1) the anomalously high radioactivity recorded during an airborne survey and 2) the distribution and mineralogic mode of occurrence of radioactive material.
Date: August 1953
Creator: Moxham, Robert Morgan; Walker, George Walton & Baumgardner, Luke H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wagon-Drill Sampling by U.S. Geological Survey

Description: Abstract: For a number of years the Geological Survey has employed core drilling as a means of obtaining samples of underground formations for use in exploring and evaluating mineral deposits. During 1951, however, experiment with less expensive methods showed that, for analytical purposes, wagon-drill cuttings could be used as effectively as cores, provided a practical method were devised for recovering them in suitable form. The recent development of such a method has made it possible, in places where the depth of drilling does not exceed 125 feet, to supplant thousands of feet of core drilling by wagon drilling which is much faster and which can be done at approximately one-third the cost of the former method. This report describes the sampler and discusses performance, maintenance, and operating costs.
Date: February 1952
Creator: Huleatt, William P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Reconnaissance for Uranium in the Lost River Area, Seward Peninsula, Alaska

Description: Abstract: Reconnaissance for uranium in the Lost River area, Seward Peninsula, Alaska, during the 1951 field season revealed the presence of minor amounts of radioactive material in mineralized portions of rhyolitic dikes and in a small iron-enriched zone in limestone. The dikes contain as much as 0.01 percent equivalent uranium locally and average 00005 percent equivalent uranium. The radioactive material occurs as a secondary hematitic coating of the dike rock. The iron-enriched zone has an average content of about 0.06 percent equivalent uranium with the radioactive material occuring in limonite, hematite, goethite, and mimetite. The radioactivity of these minerals is due to the presence of uranium as an impurity. No uranium deposits of economic importance were found.
Date: June 1952
Creator: White, Max Gregg & West, Walter S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Occurrence of Zeunerite at Brooks Mountains, Seward Peninsula, Alaska

Description: Abstract: Zeunerite occurs near the surface of a granite stock on the southwest flank of Brooks Mountain, Alaska. The largest deposit is at the Foggy Day prospect where zeunerite is disseminated in hematite which partially or totally fills openings and vugs in a highly oxidized lensshaped body of pegmatitic granite and to a minor extent in openings and cracks in the weathered granite enclosing the lens. Although a few specimens from the pegmatitic lens contain as high as 2.1 percent equivalent uranium, the overall average content of the lens rock is between 0.1 and 0.2 percent equivalent uranium and about 0.07 percent equivalent uranium for both the lens material and the surrounding zeunerite-bearing granite.
Date: June 1952
Creator: West, Walter S. & White, Max Gregg
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Copper and Uranium Deposits of the Coyote District, Mora County, New Mexico

Description: From abstract: The copper and uranium-vanadium deposits of the Coyote district, Mora County, N. Mex., are confined to the lower 2,000 feet of the Sangre de Cristo formation of Pennsylvanian and Permian age. A narrow belt of deposits in steeply dipping or overturned rocks extends for 7 miles along Coyote Creek south of Guadalupita. Earlier studies showed that the copper deposits contained uranium, but both the reserves and the uranium content of the copper-bearing shale are too low to permit the recovery of uranium. However, small, commercial grade uranium deposits have been discovered in sandstone.
Date: December 1954
Creator: Tschanz, Charles M.; Laub, D. C. & Fuller, G. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Maximum Accelerators Caused by Underground Nuclear Explosions in the Oak Spring Formation in Area 12 of the Nevada Test Site at Distances of 5 to 300 Kilometers: a Preliminary Summary

Description: From introduction: The results presented in this preliminary report are principally concerned with the ground motion caused by seven underground nuclear explosions (table 1) in the bedded tuff of the Oak Spring formation in Area 12. Ground motions were recorded at stations as close as 5 kilometers and as far as 300 kilometers from the explosions (fig 1 and table 2). The results for the Bianca and especially the Evans explosion are meager because the first was accompanied by a Test Site-wide moznentary power failure and because the yield of the second was so far below the anticipated yield that uncertain results were obtained. Ground motions caused by most of the air explosions in Operations Plumbbob and Hadtack - Phase 2 were recorded and have been partly analyzed. Results are presented in this report only where they relate significantly to analysis of the underground explosions. The effects of most of the small underground explosions in Area 3 (center of Yucca Flat) that had significant yields were also recorded. The results have not yet been interpreted.
Date: January 1959
Creator: Stewart, S. W.; Roller, J. C. & Diment, William H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Progress Report on Investigations of Western Phosphate Deposits

Description: From abstract: A comprehensive investigation of the western phosphate deposits, in progress since 1947, involves a study of the Phosphoria and Park City formations over an area of about 135,000 square miles in the states of Montana, Idaho, Wyoming, and Utah0 It was undertaken to acquire more data on the thickness, composition and quality, structure, and distribution of the deposits--data that would help industry select deposits suitable for mining and permit estimation of reserves, evaluation of potential byproduct elements, and establishment of the origin of the deposits.
Date: November 1952
Creator: Swanson, Rowena W.; McKelvey, V. E. & Sheldon, Richard Porter
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Semiquantitative Spectrographic Method for the Analysis of Minerals, Rocks, and Ores (2)

Description: Abstract: The scope of the semiquantitative spectrographic method for the analysis of minerals, rocks, and ores previously described as determining 55 elements, has now been increased to 68 elements which can be estimated in one exposure of a l0-mg sample. Fluorine, the 69th element, requires a separate exposure for some materials. The method has been used to complete about 185,000 determinations in the past two years. Listed in this report are 336 chemical check analyses that indicate approximately 8 percent disagreements in the magnitude of one 10 percent bracket. No chemical and spectrographic results differ by a factor of more than 10.
Date: February 1952
Creator: Waring, C. L. & Annell, C. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department