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NACA Investigation of a Jet-Propulsion System Applicable to Flight

Description: Following a brief history of the NACA investigation of jet-propulsion, a discussion is given of the general investigation and analyses leading to the construction of the jet-propulsion ground-test mock-up. The results of burning experiments and of test measurements designed to allow quantitative flight-performance predictions of the system are presented and correlated with calculations. These calculations are then used to determine the performance of the system on the ground and in the air at various speeds and altitudes under various burning conditions. The application of the system to an experimental airplane is described and some performance predictions for this airplane are made. It was found that the main fire could be restricted to an intense, small, and short annular blue flame burning steadily and under control in the intended combustion space. With these readily obtainable combustion conditions, the combustion chamber the nozzle walls and the surrounding structure could be maintained at normal temperatures. The system investigated was found to be capable of burning one-half the intake air up the fuel rates of 3 pounds per second. Calculations were shown to agree well with experiment. It was concluded that the basic features of the jet-propulsion system investigation in the ground-test mock-up were sufficiently developed to be considered applicable to flight installation. Calculations indicated that an airplane utilizing this jet-propulsion system would have unusual capabilities in the high-speed range above the speeds of conventional aircraft and would, in addition, have moderately long cruising ranges if only the engine were used.
Date: April 1, 1944
Creator: Brown, Clinton E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Concise Theoretical Method for Profile-Drag Calculation; Advance Report

Description: In this report a method is presented for the calculation of the profile drag of airfoil sections. The method requlres only a knowledge of the theoretical velocity distribution and can be applied readily once this dlstribution is ascertained. Comparison of calculated and experimental drag characteristics for several airfoils shows a satisfactory agreement. Sample calculatlons are included.
Date: February 1, 1944
Creator: Nitzberg, Gerald E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The development and application of high-critical-speed nose inlets

Description: From Summary: "An analysis of the nose-inlet shapes developed in previous investigations to represent the optimum from the standpoint of critical speed has shown that marked similarity exists between the nondimensional profiles of inlets which have widely different proportions and critical speeds. With the nondimensional similarity of such profiles established, the large differences in the critical speeds of these nose inlets must be a function of their proportions. An investigation was undertaken in the Langley 8-foot high-speed tunnel to establish the effects of nose-inlet proportions on critical Mach number and to develop a rational method for the design of high-critical-speed nose inlets to meet desired requirements."
Date: July 1945
Creator: Baals, Donald D.; Smith, Norman F. & Wright, John B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

NACA Mach number indicator for use in high-speed tunnels

Description: Report presenting a description of a device for indicating stream Mach number in a high-speed tunnel. It consists of a mechanism for determining the pressure ratio that Mach number is a function of. The instrument is in service in the 8-foot high-speed tunnel and its accuracy has been found adequate for wind-tunnel requirements.
Date: July 1943
Creator: Smith, Norman F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of flow in an axially symmetrical heated jet of air

Description: The work done under this contract falls essentially into two parts: the first part was the design and construction of the equipment and the running of preliminary tests on the 3-inch jet, carried out by Mr. Carl Thiele in 1940; the second part consisting in the measurement in the 1-inch jet flow in an axially symmetrical heated jet of air. (author).
Date: December 1, 1943
Creator: Corrsin, Stanley
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Experimental Investigation of NACA Submerged-Duct Entrances

Description: The results of a preliminary investigation of submerged duct entrances are presented. It is shown that an entrance of this type possess desirable critical speed and pressure recovery characteristics when used on a fuselage or nacelle in a region of low incremental velocity and thin boundary layer. The data obtained indicate that submerged entrances are most suitable for use with internal-flow systems which diffuse the air only a small amount: for example, those used with jet motors which have axial-flow compressors. Where complete diffusion of the air is required, fuselage-nose or wing leading edge inlets may prove to be superior. The results of the investigation have been prepared in such a form as to permit their use by a designer and the application of these data to a specific design is discussed.
Date: October 1945
Creator: Frick, Charles W.; Davis, Wallace F.; Randall, Lauros M. & Mossman, Emmet A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-tunnel investigation of control-surface characteristics 17: beveled-trailing-edge flaps of 0.20, 0.30, and 0.40 airfoil chord on an NACA 0009 airfoil

Description: Report presenting force tests in two-dimensional flow in the 4- by 6-foot vertical tunnel to determine the aerodynamic characteristics of an NACA 0009 airfoil with flaps having chord at 3 locations of the airfoil chord and three degrees of the beveled trailing edges. The results indicated that, with a smooth leading edge, the increased trailing-edge angle on the flaps with sealed gaps decreased the slope of the control-fixed lift curve and the lift effectiveness.
Date: April 1944
Creator: Lockwood, Vernard E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-tunnel investigation of control-surface characteristics 13: various flap overhangs used with a 30-percent-chord flap in an NACA 66-009 airfoil

Description: Report presenting force tests in two-dimensional flow made on an NACA 66-009 airfoil with a flap having a chord 30 percent of the airfoil chord and a tab having a chord 20 percent of the flap chord. A plain flap and flaps having overhangs of 35 and 50 percent of the flap chord were tested with two gap variations: sealed and unsealed. Results regarding lift, flap hinge moments, pitching moments, drag, and tab characteristics are provided.
Date: July 1943
Creator: Gillis, Clarence L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Field of Flow About a Jet and Effect of Jets on Stability of Jet-Propelled Airplanes

Description: A theoretical investigation was conducted on jet-induced flow deviation. Analysis is given of flow inclination induced outside cold and hot jets and jet deflection caused by angle of attack. Applications to computation of effects of jet on longitudinal stability and trim are explained. Effect of jet temperature on flow inclination was found small when thrust coefficient is used as criterion for similitude. The average jet-induced downwash over tail plane was obtained geometrically.
Date: April 1, 1946
Creator: Ribner, Herbert S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight Investigation at High Speeds of Profile Drag of Wing of a P-47D Airplane Having Production Surfaces Covered with Camouflage Paint

Description: Wing section outboard of flap was tested by wake surveys in Mach range of 0.25 - 0.78 and lift coefficient range 0.06 - 0.69. Results indicated that minimum profile-drag coefficient of 0.0097 was attained for lift coefficients from 0.16 to 0.25 at Mach less than 0.67. Below Mach number at which compressibility shock occurred, variations in Mach of 0.2 had negligible effect on profile drag coefficient. Shock was not evident until critical Mach was exceeded by 0.025.
Date: March 1946
Creator: Zalovcik, John A. & Daum, Fred L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-tunnel investigation of ailerons on a low-drag airfoil 1: The effect of aileron profile

Description: Report presenting an investigation in the 7- by 10-foot wind tunnel of the effects of various modifications to the profile of a 0.20-chord plain sealed aileron and a 0.15-chord plain sealed aileron on an NACA 66,2-216 airfoil. Thickening of the aileron was found to reduce the aileron effectiveness, reduce the slope of the wing section lift curve, and reduce the hinge-moment coefficients. Results regarding the section data, aileron effectiveness, aileron hinge moments, lift, pitching moment, drag, and Reynolds number are provided.
Date: January 1944
Creator: Crane, Robert M. & Holtzclaw, Ralph W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-tunnel investigation of ailerons on a low-drag airfoil 2: the effect of thickened and beveled trailing edges

Description: Report presenting an investigation in the 7- by 10-foot wind tunnel of the effects of modifications to the trailing edge of a 0.20-chord plain sealed aileron on an NACA 66,2-216 airfoil. The modifications considered consisted of various amounts of symmetrical thickening and beveling of the aileron trailing edge. Results regarding aileron effectiveness, aileron hinge moments, aileron control forces, lift, pitching moment, drag, and Reynolds number are provided.
Date: January 1944
Creator: Crane, Robert M. & Holtzclaw, Ralph W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department