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The Ashland Coal Field, Rosebud, Powder River, and Custer Counties, Montana

Description: From introduction: The detailed information concerning the coal deposits of the Ashland field set forth in this report has been obtained in the course of an investigation that has been conducted both as a part of the United States Geological Survey's general systematic study of western coal lands and as an aid in the administration of the public lands. With the information obtained on the location of outcrops, the number, distribution, and thickness of coal beds, the accessibility of the coal, and the thickness of the overburden, the public lands of the region are classified as to their coal value; coal-bearing lands are differentiated from noncoal-bearing lands; and the administration of the coal-land leasing law is facilitated.
Date: 1932
Creator: Bass, N. Wood
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Eastern Front of the Bitterroot Range, Montana

Description: From abstract: The origin of the gneissic rocks on the eastern border of the Idaho batholith in the Bitterroot Range, near Hamilton, Mont., has long been in dispute. Lindgren regarded these rocks as the product of stresses related to a normal fault along the front of the range with an eastward dip of about 150. He thought both the hanging wall and the footwall had moved, with a total displacement along the fault plane of at least 20,000 feet. The faulting was believed to have been so recent as to be a major factor in the present topography. Langton appears to accept the concept of faulting but to regard the gneissic rocks as formed much earlier from a granitic rock that was more silicic and older than the Idaho batholith.
Date: 1952
Creator: Ross, Clyde P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geochemical Relations of Zinc-Bearing Peat to the Lockport Dolomite, Orleans County, New York

Description: From introduction: Geochemical studies of zinc-bearing peats in western New York State show them to be related genetically to underlying mineralized beds of the Lockport dolomite of Niagaran age. (...) Intermittent field work was begun in the area by the United States Geological Survey in September 1946; after some interruptions, field work was completed in June 1948. In 1950, 1,900 feet of diamond drilling was completed in the area.
Date: 1955
Creator: Cannon, Helen L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geology and Chromite Deposits of the Camagüey District, Camagüey Province, Cuba

Description: From abstract: Geophysical prospecting by gravity methods has been successful in finding new deposits in the [Camaguey] district, and the present studies have brought out new information on the localization and attitudes of the known deposits that may be of assistance in planning future geophysical work.
Date: 1948
Creator: Flint, Delos E.; de Albear, Jesus Francisco & Guild, Philip White
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geological and Geophysical Survey of Fluorspar Areas in Hardin County, Illinois

Description: From abstract: Pt 1. The present work seems to confirm the genetic theory previously published, namely that [Illinois Cave in Rock] deposits were formed by ascending solutions. These solutions probably followed minor fissures that connected below with larger fissures, which in turn probably connected with a major fault zone. It is believed that where such minor fissures extended upward only to the shale or other impervious cap rock, or were greatly reduced in size where they penetrated such beds, the solutions spread laterally along the contact and along the limestone beds beneath it and replaced the limestone. Pt 2. This report is a presentation of the results of an electrical-resistivity survey conducted in the fluorspar-bearing areas of Hardin County, Ill., principally during the field seasons of 1934 and 1935.
Date: 1944
Creator: Currier, Louis W.; Wagner, Oscar Emil, Jr. & Hubbert, M. King
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geology of the Coastal Plain of Georgia

Description: From preface: The manuscript of this report, which is the culmination of field and office studies carried on intermittently s' ice 1914, partly in cooperation with the Geological Survey of Georgia, was completed early in 1938. It was prepared with the expectation that it would form part of a more comprehensive report on the geology of Georgia by several authors, which was intended to accompany a geologic map of the entire State on a scale of 1: 500,000. However, this map without the text was published in 1939 by the Georgia Division of Mines, Mining and Geology. Part of this map is reproduced herein as plate 1 without revision.
Date: 1943
Creator: Cooke, C. Wythe
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Coal Deposits of the Santa Clara District Near Tonichi, Sonora, Mexico

Description: From abstract: The Santa Clara coal district is 7 to 10 kilometers west of Tonichi, a small town on the Rio Yaqui, in southeastern Sonora, Mexico. Tonichi was the terminus of a branch railroad from Corral until May 1945, when the end of the line was removed. The coal deposits were developed by the Southern Pacific Railroad from the 1890's until about 1911, when the mines were abandoned, partly because the coal was found unsuitable for use in locomotives. Other coal deposits, near Los Bronces and San Javier, west of the Santa Clara district, were mined for a number of years to provide coal for a silver smelter at San Javier which was abandoned sometime during the 1920's. Since 1942 the Santa Clara deposits have been reopened; through 1945 about 50,000 tons of coal had been shipped, at first to the Boleo copper smelter at Santa Rosalia, Baja California, and more recently to Guadalajara, Jalisco, for the manufacture of calcium carbide.
Date: 1949
Creator: Wilson, Ivan F. & Rocha, Victor S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Manganese Resources of the Artillery Mountains Region, Mohave County, Arizona

Description: From introduction: The sampling on which the estimates of ore reserves in this report are partly based was done by Lasky and Roberts. The text was written by Lasky, who, except where otherwise noted, is responsible for any descriptions, comments, and conclusions concerning the area beyond the limits of the Hanna holdings, as well as for all statements concerning reserves and recommendations for future prospecting.
Date: 1949
Creator: Lasky, Samuel G. & Webber, B. N. (Benjamin Nevitt), 1899-
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Cooperative Investigation of Precision and Accuracy in Chemical, Spectrochemical and Modal Analysis of Silicate Rocks

Description: From foreword: This bulletin is the second of the series "Contributions to Geochemistry" which was begun in 1946 with Bulletin 950, "Contributions to Geochemistry, 1942-45". This series is the successor to earlier ones, also published as U. S. Geological Survey Bulletins, "Report of work done in the Division of Chemistry and Physics" (1879-1893), "Contributions to chemistry and mineralogy from the laboratory of the United States Geological Survey" (1900), "Contributions to mineralogy from the United States Geological Survey" (1905), and "Mineralogical Notes" (1911-16).
Date: 1951
Creator: Fairbairn, H. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of Permafrost on Cultivated Fields, Fairbanks Area, Alaska

Description: From introduction: This report describes the destructive effect of permafrost on cultivated fields and delineates the parts of the Fairbanks area which are least suitable for agriculture because of the character of the underlying permafrost. Studies by the author indicate that agriculture will be affected by similar permafrost conditions throughout areas on the north side of the Tanana Valley within 100 miles of Fairbanks.
Date: 1954
Creator: Péwé, Troy Lewis
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Birth and Development of Parícutin Volcano, Mexico

Description: From introduction: In this report the authors have attempted to present a strictly factual account of the birth and development of Paricutin volcano and avoid any interpretive opinions that might break the true narrative of events.
Date: 1956
Creator: Foshag, William F. & González Reyna, Jenaro
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tin Deposits of Durango, Mexico

Description: From abstract: This report summarizes the economic possibilities of the tin deposits of the Estado de Durango, Mexico. It describes in detail many deposits in the leading districts, which were examined in 1944, and briefly reviews some reports on undeveloped occurrences in the southern and western parts of the State. The general conclusion is that tin will continue to be produced by hand methods for many years, but probably at a decreasing rate, because the placer grounds which have always produced the greater part of the tin are faced with gradual exhaustion.
Date: 1950
Creator: Smith, Ward C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Antimony Deposits of El Antimonio District Sonora, Mexico

Description: From introduction: This is one of a series of detailed studies of the antimony deposits of Mexico, which were investigated by the United States Geological Survey and the Instituto de Geologia de Mexico. The investigation was part of a cooperative program sponsored by the Interdepartmental Committee for Scientific and Cultural Cooperation, under the auspices of the Department of State.
Date: 1949
Creator: White, Donald Edward & Guiza, Reinaldo
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Magnesite Deposits of Central Ceará, Brazil

Description: From introduction: The purpose of this study was to investigate the quantity and quality of [Central Ceara, Brazil] magnesite, and the writer concludes that this group of deposits constitutes one of the major reserves of high-grade magnesite in the Western Hemisphere. The ore could be used in the production of any commercial grade of magnesia with little or no beneficiation. Soil and alluvial overburden is thin between widespread outcrops, so all the deposits could be mined from open pits.
Date: 1950
Creator: Bodenlos, Alfred J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Manganese Deposits of the Talamantes District Near Parral, Chihuahua, Mexico

Description: From abstract: The Talamantes district, 20 kilometers east of Parral in southern Chihuahua, has been the second largest producer of manganese ore in Mexico. Production, which started during World War I and has been more or less continuous since 1930, has totaled about 50,000 tons of ore with an average manganese content of 40 or 41 percent. The mines are on the Mesa de Talamantes, which is underlain by folded Cretaceous (?) limestone, overlain unconformably by gently dipping Tertiary rhyolite flows and tuff, volcanic breccia, agglomerate, and tuffaceous sandstone. Steeply dipping normal faults of northerly trend cut the rock and divide the mesa into a series of blocks.
Date: 1948
Creator: Wilson, Ivan F. & Rocha, Victor S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Quicksilver Deposits Near the Little Missouri River, Pike County, Arkansas

Description: From introduction: In this study the Geological Survey and the Bureau of Mines, United States Department of the Interior, cooperated. The author prepared detailed geologic maps showing the surface topography, geology, and workings of 11 mines, and the underground workings and geology of 7 of these; the Bureau of Mines engineers directed diamond-drilling and.bulldozer-trenching. The locations of the detailed maps are shown on plate 23, an index map overprinted on a segment of the map made by Reed and Wells.
Date: 1942
Creator: Gallagher, David
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Quicksilver Deposits of the Parkfield District, California

Description: From abstract: The Parkfield district, one of the minor California quicksilver districts, lies on the southern end of the Diablo Range, in the southeastern part of Monterey County and the westernmost tip of Kings County. (...) Two geologically similar areas, separated by 10 miles of unmineralized rocks, have been mapped. These areas contain (1) sedimentary, volcanic, and metamorphic rocks belonging to the Franciscan formation, of probable Jurassic age, (2) sedimentary rocks of Cretaceous age, (3) a few outcrops of fossiliferous strata assigned to the Temblor formation, of middle Miocene age, (4) large masses of serpentine emplaced along fault zones in post-Miocene time, (5) lenses of silica-carbonate rock formed by the alteration of the serpentine, and (6) large areas of landslide.
Date: 1942
Creator: Bailey, Edgar Herbert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Chromite Deposits of Red Bluff Bay and Vicinity, Baranof Island, Alaska

Description: From introduction: The Red Bluff Bay area was examined briefly for the Geological Survey by John C. Reed and others in 1939. During the summer of 1941 the writers, with R. E. L. Rutledge, mapped this area on a scale of 1:12,000, and examined the serpentine masses in the interior during the course of reconnaissance trips into the surrounding region.
Date: 1942
Creator: Guild, Philip White & Balsley, James R., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Spirit Leveling in South Carolina: Part 1. Northern South Carolina, 1896-1938

Description: From introduction: report.-This bulletin, which is published in two parts, contains the complete results of all spirit leveling done in South Carolina by the Geological Survey of the United States Department of the Interior, including those heretofore published.1 The 34th parallel of latitude, passing through Columbia, serves to divide the State into two sections, each of which is represented by one of the parts of the bulletin. Part 1 deals with the section lying north of the 34th parallel, designated as northern South Carolina, and part 2 deals with the section lying south of that parallel, designated as southern South Carolina.
Date: 1939
Creator: Staack, J. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Mount Eielson District Alaska

Description: From abstract: The Mount Eielson district lies in south-central Alaska, on the north side of the Alaska Range, about 30 miles east of Mount McKinley. The most widely distributed rocks of the district include a thick series of thin-bedded limestone, calcareous shale, and graywacke of Paleozoic, probably Devonian, age. These sediments are cut by a mass of granodiorite which forms most of Mount Eielson and which was intruded probably in late Mesozoic time. The intrusive has sent a multitude of dikes and sills into the associated sediments.
Date: 1933
Creator: Reed, John C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geologic Structure and Occurrence of Gas in Part of Southwestern New York: Part 1. Structure and Gas Possibilities of the Oriskany Sandstone in Steuben, Yates, and Parts of the Adjacent Counties

Description: From introduction: Since the discovery of the Wayne-Dundee gas field in 1930 and the more recent discovery of large quantities of gas in the Oriskany sandstone about 2 miles north of the village of Greenwood the search for similar favorable structural features has been greatly stimulated in the Finger Lakes region and southwestward to the Pennsylvania line. To aid those interested in the area to gain a clearer understanding of the regional structure and its relation to the subsurface structure, parties in charge of the senior author were assigned during the field seasons of 1934 and 1935 to make a geologic study of Steuben County and parts of the adjacent counties.
Date: 1938
Creator: Bradley, Wilmot H. & Pepper, J. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department