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Wafer Fabrication Monitoring/Control System and Method

Description: Patent relating to systems and methods for monitoring and testing patterning processes including etching, cleaning, and depositing of low k and ultra-low k dielectrics for semiconductor technologies.
Date: March 15, 2012
Creator: Chen, Jin-Jian & Chyan, Oliver M. R.
Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences

Tunable Polymer-Based Sonic Structures

Description: Patent relating to methods and devices for controlling the propagation of sound and particularly to tunable polymer-based sonic structures.
Date: November 14, 2013
Creator: Walker, Ezekiel; Neogi, Arup & Cai, Tong
Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences

Direct Graphene Growth on Metal Oxides by Molecular Epitaxy

Description: Patent relating to the controlled, layer-by-layer growth of graphene on a useful, magnetizable/and or insulating substrate using molecular beam epitaxy (MBE).
Date: June 13, 2013
Creator: Kelber, Jeffry A.
Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences

Graphene Magnetic Tunnel Junction Spin Filters and Methods of Making

Description: Patent relating to methods of forming a few molecule thick graphene layer on a ferromagnetic layer, at temperatures and conditions consistent with integration with silicon-based complementary metal oxide semiconductors (Si CMOS).
Date: May 25, 2012
Creator: Kelber, Jeffry A. & Zhou, Mi
Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences

A means for positively seating a piezoceramic element in a piezoelectric valve during inlet gas injection

Description: This invention is comprised of a piezoelectric valve in a gas delivery system which includes a piezoceramic element bonded to a valve seal and disposed over a valve seat, and retained in position by an O-ring and a retainer; and insulating ball normally biased by a preload spring against the piezoceramic element; and inlet gas port positioned such that upon admission of inlet gas into the valve. The piezoceramic element is positively seated. The inelt gas port is located only on the side of the piezoceramic element opposite the seal.
Date: December 31, 1993
Creator: Wright, K.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Apparatus and method for extracting power from energetic ions produced in nuclear fusion

Description: This invention is comprised of an apparatus and method of extracting power from energetic ions produced by nuclear fusion in a toroidal plasma to enhance respectively the toroidal plasma current and fusion reactivity. By injecting waves of predetermined frequency and phase traveling substantially in a selected poloidal direction within the plasma, the energetic ions become diffused in energy and space such that the energetic ions lose energy and amplify the waves. The amplified waves are further adapted to travel substantially in a selected toroidal direction to increase preferentially the energy of electrons traveling in one toroidal direction which, in turn, enhances or generates a toroidal plasma current. In an further adaptation, the amplified waves can be made to preferentially increase the energy of fuel ions within the plasma to enhance the fusion reactivity of the fuel ions. The described direct, or in situ, conversion of the energetic ion energy provides an efficient and economical means of delivering power to a fusion reactor.
Date: December 31, 1993
Creator: Fisch, N.J. & Rax, J.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Direct current sputtering of boron from boron/carbon mixtures

Description: A method for coating a substrate with boron by sputtering includes lowering the electrical resistance of a boron-containing rod to allow electrical conduction in the rod; placing the boron-containing rod inside a vacuum chamber containing substrate material to be coated; applying an electrical potential between the boron target material and the vacuum chamber; countering a current avalanche that commences when the conduction heating rate exceeds the cooling rate, and until a steady equilibrium heating current is reached and coating the substrate material with boron by sputtering from the boron-containing rod.
Date: December 31, 1993
Creator: Timberlake, J.R.; Manos, D. & Nartowitz, E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A method for sputtering with low frequency alternating current

Description: Low frequency alternating current sputtering is provided by connecting a low frequency alternating current to a high voltage transformer having outer taps and a center tap for stepping up the voltage of the alternating currentThe center tap of the tmsformer is connected to a vacuum vessel containing argon or helium gas. Target electrodes, in close proximity to each other, and containing material with which the substrates will be coated, are connected to the outer taps of the ftwsformer. With an applied potential, the gas will ionize and sputtering from the target electrodes onto the substrate will then result. The target electrodes can be copper or boron, and the substrate can be stainless steel, aluminum, or titanium. Copper coatings produced are used in place of nickel and/or copper striking.
Date: December 31, 1993
Creator: Timberlake, J.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bead and Process for Removing Dissolved Metal Contaminants

Description: A bead is provided which comprises or consists essentially of activated carbon immobilized by crosslinked poly (carboxylic acid) binder, sodium silicate binder, or polyamine binder. The bead is effective to remove metal and other ionic contaminants from dilute aqueous solutions. A method of making metal-ion sorbing beads is provided, comprising combining activated carbon, and binder solution (preferably in a pin mixer where it is whipped), forming wet beads, and heating and drying the beads. The binder solution is preferably poly(acrylic acid) and glycerol dissolved in water and the wet beads formed from such binder solution are preferably heated and crosslinked in a convection oven.
Date: January 18, 2005
Creator: Summers, Bobby L., Jr.; Bennett, Karen L. & Foster, Scott A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Plasma Synthesis of Lithium Based Intercalation Powders for Solid Polymer Electrolyte Batteries

Description: The invention relates to a process for preparing lithium intercalation compounds by plasma reaction comprising the steps of: forming a feed solution by mixing lithium nitrate or lithium hydroxide or lithium oxide and the required metal nitrate or metal hydroxide or metal oxide and between 10-50% alcohol by weight; mixing the feed solution with O2 gas wherein the O2 gas atomizes the feed solution into fine reactant droplets, inserting the atomized feed solution into a plasma reactor to form an intercalation powder; and if desired, heating the resulting powder to form a very pure single phase product.
Date: January 4, 2005
Creator: Kong, Peter C.; Pink, Robert J. & Nelson, Lee O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Variable-Period Undulators for Synchrotron Radiation

Description: A new and improved undulator design is provided that enables a variable period length for the production of synchrotron radiation from both medium-energy and high energy storage rings. The variable period length is achieved using a staggered array of pole pieces made up of high permeability material, permanent magnet material, or an electromagnetic structure. The pole pieces are separated by a variable width space. The sum of the variable width space and the pole width would therefore define the period of the undulator. Features and advantages of the invention include broad photon energy tunability, constant power operation and constant brilliance operation.
Date: February 22, 2005
Creator: Shenoy, Gopal; Lewellen, John; Shu, Deming & Vinokurov, Nikolai
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Use of Phosphates to Reduce Slag Penetration in CR203-Based Refractories

Description: A high-chromium refractory material that provides improved resistance to coal slag penetration is presented. The refractory mixture comprises a blend of chromium oxide, aluminum oxide and phosphates. The refractory mixture may be blended with an aggregate and cured. In addition a phosphorus oxide may be blended with chromium oxide and aluminum oxide and additionally an aggregate. The refractory mixture reduces the rate of coal slag penetration into the surface of the cured refractory.
Date: November 9, 2004
Creator: Kwong, Kyei-Sing; Dogan, Cynthia P.; Bennett, James P.; Chinn, Richard E. & Petty, Arthur V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Closure Mechanism and Method for Spent Nuclear Fuel Canisters

Description: A canister is provided for storing, transporting, and/or disposing of spent nuclear fuel. The canister includes a canister shell, a top shield plug disposed within the canister, and a leak-tight closure arrangement. The closure arrangement includes a shear ring which forms a containment boundary of the canister, and which is welded to the canister shell and top shield plug. An outer seal plate, forming an outer seal, is disposed above the shear ring and is welded to the shield plug and the canister.
Date: November 23, 2004
Creator: Doman, Marvin J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Real-Time Combustion Controls and Diagnostics Sensors (CCADS)

Description: The present invention is directed to an apparatus for the monitoring of the combustion process within a combustion system. The apparatus comprises; a combustion system, a means for supplying fuel and an oxidizer, a device for igniting the fuel and oxidizer in order to initiate combustion, and a sensor for determining the current conducted by the combustion process. The combustion system comprises a fuel nozzle and an outer shell attached to the combustion nozzle. The outer shell defines a combustion chamber. Preferably the nozzle is a lean premix fuel nozzle (LPN). Fuel and an oxidizer are provided to the fuel nozzle at separate rates. The fuel and oxidizer are ignited. A sensor positioned within the combustion system comprising at least two electrodes in spaced-apart relationship from one another. At least a portion of the combustion process or flame is between the first and second electrodes. A voltage is applied between the first and second electrodes and the magnitude of resulting current between the first and second electrodes is determined.
Date: May 3, 2005
Creator: Thornton, J.D.; Richard, G.A.; Dodrill, K.A.; Nutter, R.S. Jr & Straub, D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Solid Sorbents for Removal of Carbon Dioxide from Gas Streams at Low Temperatures

Description: New low-cost CO2 sorbents are provided that can be used in large-scale gas-solid processes. A new method is provided for making these sorbents that involves treating substrates with an amine and/or an ether so that the amine and/or ether comprise at least 50 wt. percent of the sorbent. The sorbent acts by capturing compounds contained in gaseous fluids via chemisorption and/or physisorption between the unit layers of the substrate's lattice where the polar amine liquids and solids and/or polar ether liquids and solids are located. The method eliminates the need for high surface area supports and polymeric materials for the preparation of CO2 capture systems, and provides sorbents with absorption capabilities that are independent of the sorbents' surface areas. The sorbents can be regenerated by heating at temperatures in excess of 35 degrees C.
Date: June 21, 2005
Creator: Sirwardane, Ranjani V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department