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Fuel-evaporation loss as determined by the change in the specific gravity of the fuel in an aircraft fuel tank

Description: Report discusses the results of an investigation to determine the feasibility of using the change in the specific gravity of fuels in aircraft fuel tanks to measure fuel-vaporization loss. Six fuels were tested via fuel-distillation tests and simulated-flight tests. An equation based on the specific gravity of the fuel is also described.
Date: May 1945
Creator: Stone, Charles S. & Kramer, Walter E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The use of geared spring tabs for elevator control

Description: Report discussing the use of two types of geared spring tabs for elevator control: ordinary (or ungeared) spring tabs and geared spring tabs. Their use in airplanes of various sizes and in comparison to conventional control systems is described.
Date: February 1945
Creator: Phillips, William H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Emergency measures for increasing the range of fighter airplanes

Description: From Summary: "An analysis was made to show the relative effectiveness of streamline external fuel tanks, a fuel tank in the form of a wing mounted in a biplane position, and auxiliary wing panels attached at the wing tips to increase the span as temporary means for increasing the range of a fighter-type airplane. Figures and charts for the various devices considered show the results of calculations of range, duration of flight, and take-off distance for both land-base and carrier operation. The results indicated that the wing-tip extensions were the most promising of the devices considered."
Date: May 1943
Creator: Jones, Robert T. & Wetmore, Joseph W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The knock-limited performance of S reference fuel plus 2 milliliters of triethylthallium per gallon

Description: Report discusses the results of testing of thallium as an antiknock agent in an internal-combustion engine. From Introduction: "On a weight basis, the thallium vapors were found to have several times the antiknock value of tetraethyl lead, which was added to the fuel. The amount of thallium vapor necessary to raise the antiknock properties of a gasoline up to exact equivalence with a benzol-gasoline mixture was determined in these engine tests."
Date: November 1945
Creator: Meyer, Carl L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of normal pressure on the critical compressive stress of curved sheet

Description: Results are presented of tests of two specimens tested to study the effect of normal pressure on the critical compressive stress for thin curved sheets. These specimens are designated by their respective rib spacings of 10 inches and 30 inches. The relationship between compressive stress and normal pressure at which buckles disappeared is independent of whether the buckles were made to disappear by increase of normal pressure or decrease of compressive stress. (author).
Date: August 25, 1942
Creator: Rafel, Norman
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pressure lag in tubing used in flight research

Description: From Introduction: "Tests described in this report were undertaken to obtain a quantitative measure of the pressure lag in typical pressure-tubing systems used by the Ames Aeronautical Laboratory in flight research investigations. Lag measurements were made with both single-direction and oscillating pressure changes. Single-direction pressure changes were investigated to determine if the lag in orifice-pressure lines and in the research airspeed and altitude measuring systems of pursuit-type airplane undergoing flight tests was sufficient to cause an appreciable error in the record of a sudden pressure change. Oscillating pressure changes were investigated with particular reference to the accuracy of pressure peaks in pressure-distribution measurements during the time of buffeting conditions as found in stalls."
Date: July 1945
Creator: Turner, Howard L. & Rathert, George A., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight investigation at high Mach numbers of several methods of measuring static pressure on an airplane wing

Description: Report discusses an investigation into static pressures in subsonic and supersonic flow over an airplane wing as measured by static-pressure tubes, a static-pressure belt, and orifices flush with the wing surface. The results obtained from the three types of measuring devices and a comparison to theoretical calculations are presented.
Date: November 1944
Creator: Zalovcik, John A. & Daum, Fred L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight tests of a glider model towed by twin parallel towlines

Description: From Summary: "The stability characteristics of a glider towed by twin parallel towlines have been studied in the NACA free-flight tunnel. A preliminary theoretical analysis of the stability of a glider restrained from yawing was followed by an experimental investigation of the stability of a model towed from fixed tunnel points in such a way as to simulate tow in level flight. The results of the tests confirm the theoretical analysis and indicate that a pilotless, stable, towed-glider system is possible when twin parallel towcables are used."
Date: April 1943
Creator: Pitkin, Marvin & McKinney, Marion O., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of methods of supporting single-thickness specimens in a fixture for determination of compressive stress-strain curves

Description: From Summary: "An investigation was made of the methods of supporting single-thickness specimens of aluminum-alloy sheet material in a fixture for determination of compressive stress-strain curves. The specimens were supported in the fixture by rollers, offset-grooved plates, opposite-grooved plates, flat brass plates, or flat wooden plates. The investigation also showed that the compression fixture, the specimen support, and the single-thickness specimens must be accurately made in order to obtain accurate stress-strain curves consistently."
Date: May 1945
Creator: Kotanchik, Joseph N.; Woods, Walter & Weinberger, Robert A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A method for the determination of aromatics in hydrocarbon mixtures

Description: Bulletin discusses a method to estimate aromatic hydrocarbons in hydrocarbon mixtures, which is important for determining the percentage of aromatics in fuel blends. The method was tested with nine base stocks at several levels of aromatics concentration and the maximum level of error was found to be about 0.5 percent. The speed and simplicity of the testing is emphasized.
Date: December 1945
Creator: Hipsher, Harold F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

NACA procedure for flight tests of aileron characteristics of airplanes

Description: Report describes the standard procedure that NACA used for evaluating the aileron characteristics of airplanes. The variables measured in the testing are rolling velocity, aileron positions, aileron stick forces or tangential wheel force, indicated airspeed, altitude, free-air temperature, and rudder position. The step-by-step flight procedure is described and information regarding evaluation of the control data and general suggestions is included.
Date: July 1943
Creator: Johnson, Harold I.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A preliminary study of machine-countersunk flush rivets subjected to a combined static and alternating shear load

Description: Report discusses the results of an investigation to study the effect of the height of a rivet head on the number of cycles required to cause failure of a machine-countersunk flush-riveted joint under a combined static and alternating shear load. A tight joint and a loose joint were tested and the number of cycles to failure and location of fatigue failure were compared.
Date: December 1943
Creator: Crate, Harold
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary tank experiments with a hydrofoil on a planing-tail seaplane hull

Description: Report describes exploratory testing to determine the feasibility of using a hydrofoil with a type of flying boat afterbody called a planing tail. Several hydrofoil locations were examined, including no hydrofoil, and the effects of resistance characteristics were charted. The researchers concluded that it is possible to add a single hydrofoil to that type of afterbody to provide additional hydrodynamic lift without introducing instability.
Date: March 1944
Creator: Wadlin, Kenneth L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary tests to determine the dynamic stability characteristics of various hydrofoil systems for seaplanes and surface boats

Description: Report discusses the results of testing on the dynamic stability characteristics of various hydrofoil systems for seaplanes, including a flat-hydrofoil tandem system, a 20 degree V-hydrofoil tandem system, a curved-hydrofoil tandem system, a flat-hydrofoil ladder system, a Guidoni S.V.A.-type hydrofoil on a streamline spindle, and several self-propelled models, including the Tietjens hydrofoil system. The instability and spray were compared for the different systems.
Date: November 1943
Creator: Benson, James M. & King, Douglas A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Landing characteristics of a model of a flying boat with the depth of step reduced to zero by means of a retractable planing flap

Description: From Conclusion: "A model of a flying boat was tested to determine the landing characteristics when the depth of the step was reduced to zero by means of a retractable planing flap on the forebody." The results of stability and resistance testing are presented.
Date: February 1944
Creator: Benson, James M. & Freihofner, Anton
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The landing stability of a powered dynamic model of a flying boat with a 30 degree v-step and with two depths of transverse step

Description: Report discusses tests conducted using a model of a four-engine long-range flying boat with a 30 degree V-step and two different transverse steps of comparable positions and depths. The limits of stability, landing speed, and landing characteristics of the different models are presented.
Date: February 1944
Creator: Parkinson, John B. & Land, Norman S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Lead susceptibility of several fuels as determined in an air-cooled aircraft-engine cylinder

Description: From Report: "In order to determine the lead susceptibility of several fuels, leaded and unleaded fuels from the same stock were blended and tested in a full-scale air-cooled aircraft-engine cylinder. The fuels were S-4 reference fuel, virgin-base stock, aviation alkylate, neohexane, and blends of 25-percent benzene with 75-percent virgin-base stock and 25-percent toluene with 75-percent virgin-base stock."
Date: February 1946
Creator: Stricker, Edward G. & Hensley, Reece V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The longitudinal shear strength required in double-angle columns of 24S-T aluminum alloy

Description: From Summary: "Tests were made of riveted double-angle columns to determine the total rivet strength that is required to make these built-up columns develop the strength predicted by the standard column formulas. Results of the tests led to the conclusion that the required rivet strength may be calculated by the beam method of design."
Date: May 1943
Creator: Kuhn, Paul & Moggio, Edwin M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Comparative fatigue tests of riveted joints of Alclad 24S-T, Alclad 24S-T81, Alclad 24S-RT, Alclad 24S-T86 and Alclad 75S-T sheet

Description: Report discusses testing performed to determine the fatigue strength of various types of riveted and spot-welded joints in the following aluminum alloys: Alclad 24S-T, 24S-RT, 758-T, 24S-T81, and 24S-T86. Details of the experiment, tensile properties, and information about failure are provided.
Date: August 1945
Creator: Moore, R. L. & Hill, H. N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Heat-capacity lag in turbine-working fluids

Description: Report discusses measurements of the relaxation time of steam and nitrogen due to their importance as turbine-working fluids. Additional calculations regarding different nozzle lengths are included.
Date: May 1944
Creator: Kantrowitz, Arthur & Huber, Paul W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Determination of desirable lengths of Z- and channel-section columns for local-instability tests

Description: From Summary: "Local-instability tests of 24S-T aluminum-alloy formed Z- and channel-section columns were made in order to determine a length of test specimen that would avoid the increased strength associated with short lengths and also permit the occurrence of a convenient buckling pattern. The effect of column length on the critical compressive stress, on the average stress at maximum load, and on the number of half-waves of the buckling pattern is shown."
Date: October 1944
Creator: Heimerl, George J. & Roy, J. Albert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Determination of iron contamination of used lubricating oil for use in measuring rates of wear in aircraft engines

Description: Report discusses methods of determining the iron contamination of used lubricating oil in order to study wear rates of piston rings and cylinder barrels of aircraft engines. Two methods of separating iron from used lubricating oil are presented. The results of the analyses of the oil are presented and the methods are evaluated.
Date: March 1944
Creator: Tischler, Adelbert O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department