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Engineering method of ram-jet thrust determination based on experimentally obtained combustor parameters

Description: From Summary: "A parameter is introduced which simplifies the accounting for pressure losses in ram-jet combustors. This parameter, called the combustor-force coefficient, relates the jet force and the total pressure at the combustion-chamber entrance. Experimental data for several different combustors are presented for evaluation and comparison."
Date: August 13, 1953
Creator: Dettwyler, H. Rudolph & Faget, Maxime A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of fuel volatility characteristics on ignition-energy requirements in a turbojet combustor

Description: Report presenting an investigation to determine the effect of fuel volatility characteristics on the minimum spark energy required to ignite a single tubular turbojet-engine combustor. Results regarding the ignition at sea-level conditions, ignition at altitude conditions, relation between distillation data and minimum ignition-energy requirements, and application of relation to data from a previous investigation are provided.
Date: January 13, 1953
Creator: Foster, Hampton H. & Straight, David M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Full-scale wind-tunnel tests of a 35 degree sweptback-wing airplane with high-velocity blowing over the trailing-edge flaps: longitudinal and lateral stability and control

Description: Report presenting a wind tunnel investigation to determine the effects of a blowing type boundary-layer control flap on the longitudinal control and lateral stability and control of an F-86D airplane. Tests were made using the following lateral control devices: split-flap-type spoilers, differentially deflected flaps, and differential amounts of blowing over the flaps.
Date: October 5, 1956
Creator: Tolhurst, William H., Jr. & Kelly, Mark W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

High Mach number, low-cowl-drag, external-compression inlet with subsonic dump diffuser

Description: Report presenting an investigation of a zero-cowl-drag, all-external-compression inlet with an abrupt area discontinuity or subsonic dump diffuser for high Mach number application. Results regarding the diffuser performance characteristics, effect of spike retraction, a comparison with other inlets, and some theoretical calculations related to the results are provided.
Date: May 12, 1958
Creator: Connors, James F. & Flaherty, Richard J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

High-speed cascade tests of a blade section designed for typical hub conditions of high-flow transonic rotors

Description: Report discussing high-speed cascade tests made of a blade section designed for conditions typical of the hub section of high-flow transonic rotors. The intent of the testing is to provide information on the effects of local surface Mach numbers on blade performance. The test results, effect of more forward location on peak surface velocities, effect of increase in pressure-rise coefficient, effect of Mach number and pressure rise on turning angle, and a comparison of variation in momentum-loss coefficient with surface pressure-rise coefficient are provided.
Date: September 28, 1955
Creator: Savage, Melvyn; Felix, A. Richard & Emery, James C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

High-pressure blowing over flap and wing leading edge of a thin large-scale 49 degree swept wing-body-tail configuration in combination with a drooped nose and a nose with a radius increase

Description: From Summary: "A 49 degree swept-wing complete model equipped for high-pressure blowing full span at two chordwise locations at the leading edge of a full-span wing and over a half-span flap has been tested in the Langley full-scale tunnel to determine the effectiveness of blowing at the leading edge as a supplementary leading-edge stall control at high lift coefficients." The effect of blowing on the lift characteristics, pitching-moment characteristics, and drag characteristics of this particular model is described.
Date: May 28, 1957
Creator: Fink, Marvin P. & McLemore, H. Clyde
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An investigation of four wings of square plan form at a Mach number of 6.86 in the Langley 11-inch hypersonic tunnel

Description: Report presenting the results of pressure-distribution and force tests on four wings at Mach number 6.86 and Reynolds number 980,000 in the 11-inch hypersonic tunnel. Characteristics of the wings tested included a 4-inch square plan form, a 5-percent maximum thickness, and diamond, half-diamond, wedge, and half-circular-arc sections. Information about pressure measurements, wing characteristics, and Schlieren photographs is provided.
Date: June 29, 1951
Creator: McLellan, Charles H.; Bertram, Mitchel H. & Moore, John A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of interference lift, drag, and pitching moment of a series of triangular-wing and body combinations at a Mach number of 1.94

Description: Report presenting an investigation at Mach number 1.94 of a series of triangular-wing and body combinations to determine the interference lift, drag, and pitching moment. The models had a series of seven flat-plate triangular wings of varying scale, four with semiapex angles of 30 degrees, and three with semiapex angles of 45 degrees. Results indicated that the interference between the wing and the body gave an increase in lift over the wing and body alone, but at the expense of more drag.
Date: December 21, 1955
Creator: Coletti, Donald E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An investigation of jet effects on adjacent surfaces

Description: From Summary: "The steady pressure loads as well as the temperature change on adjacent surfaces due to the presence of a propulsive jet at subsonic speeds is shown to be insignificant. Whereas at supersonic speeds the temperature effect might be expected to remain insignificant, the steady pressure loads were shown to increase greatly on surfaces downstream of the propulsive jet exit."
Date: June 28, 1955
Creator: Bressette, Walter E. & Faget, Maxime A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of jet effects on a flat surface downstream of the exit of a simulated turbojet nacelle at a free-stream Mach number of 1.39

Description: Report presenting an investigation utilizing a blowdown-type tunnel to determine the effects of a propulsive jet on a zero angle-of-attack wing surface located in the vicinity of both a choked convergent nozzle and a convergent-divergent nozzle. Static-pressure surveys were made on a flat surface located in the vicinity of the propulsive jet. Results regaridng the jet-off and jet-on pressure coefficients, shock waves, and incremental normal force are provided.
Date: April 2, 1956
Creator: Bressette, Walter E. & Leiss, Abraham
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Investigation of Longitudinal Control Characteristics of a Wing-Tip Control Surface on a Sweptback Wing at Transonic Speeds by the NACA Wing-Flow Method

Description: Report presenting an investigation of the longitudinal control effectiveness of a full-chord wing-tip control surface on a wing with 35 degrees of sweepback, 12 percent thickness perpendicular to the quarter-chord line, an aspect ratio of 3.01, and a taper ratio of 0.605 at a range of Mach numbers. Wing-tip control was only 1/6 as effect in producing pitching moment at subsonic speeds as a flap type control and 1/2 as effect at low-supersonic speeds.
Date: June 13, 1952
Creator: Trant, James P., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of horn balances on a 45 degree sweptback horizontal tail surface at high subsonic speeds

Description: A wind-tunnel investigation of horn balances on a 45 degree sweptback, semispan, horizontal tail surface was made to determine the effects of horn size and inboard-edge fairing at a Mach number of 0.30 and to determine the effects of compressibility up to a Mach number of 0.89. Presented are lift, drag, pitching-moment, and hinge-moment data and lift and hinge-moment parameters.
Date: December 3, 1948
Creator: Johnson, Harold S. & Thompson, Robert F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of interference, lift, drag, and pitching moment of a series of rectangular wing and body combinations at Mach numbers of 1.62, 1.93,and 2.41

Description: Report presenting an investigation of a series of rectangular wing and body combinations at Mach numbers 1.62, 1.93, and 2.41 to determine the effects of aspect ratio, incidence angle, and forebody length on the interference lift, drag, and pitching moment. A limited investigation to determine the effect of Reynolds number on the wings in the presence of the body was also carried out. Information regarding wing lift, basic quantities for interference evaluation, interference qualities, contributions of the various components, and the concept of wing-lift carry-over is provided.
Date: August 13, 1952
Creator: Coletti, Donald E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of power extraction characteristics and braking requirements of a windmilling turbojet engine

Description: Report presenting an investigation in an altitude chamber to determine the power extraction and braking characteristics of a windmilling single-spool axial-flow turbojet engine of the 5000-pound thrust class over a range of altitudes and Mach numbers. Results regarding extractable horsepower from a windmilling engine, total pressure gradient through a windmilling engine, contribution of a compressor to extracted horsepower, and braking of the windmilling engine are provided.
Date: July 15, 1952
Creator: Walker, Curtis L. & Fenn, David B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An investigation of loads on ailerons at transonic speeds

Description: From Summary: "Some aileron load characteristics for three thin wings varying in sweep have been presented for Mach numbers from 0.80 to 1.05. For the transonic Mach number range, shock effects exert a large influence on the loading, but the exact location of each shock for a specific wing design cannot be cataloged at the present time. It is shown, however, that the aileron loading, although greater in magnitude than at subsonic speeds, nevertheless varies in as uniform a fashion as at subsonic speeds."
Date: May 27, 1955
Creator: Runckel, Jack F. & Gray, W. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of lithium hydride and magnesium as high-temperature internal coolants with several skin materials

Description: Report presenting testing of hemispherical nose shapes of titanium, stainless steel coated with aluminum oxide, and uncoated stainless steel with lithium hydride and magnesium as internal coolants. The models were tested in the ceramic-heated jet at a Mach number of 2, a stagnation temperature of 4,000 degrees Fahrenheit, and a stagnation pressure of 105 lb/sq. in. abs. Lithium hydride offers significant cooling for the materials while magnesium shows a slight cooling.
Date: May 28, 1958
Creator: Modisette, Jerry L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Interference effects at Mach 1.9 on a horizontal tail due to trailing shock waves from an axisymmetric body with an exiting jet

Description: Report presenting measurements of the normal force and pitching moment of a rectangular tail surface at Mach 1.9 to determine the interference effects due to trailing shock waves from an axisymmetric body with a jet exiting from a sonic nozzle in the base. The data were obtained at various jet pressure ratios and locations of tail with respect to the body. Results regarding tail location, tail pitching moment, and tail-shock-wave effects on base pressure are provided.
Date: January 25, 1956
Creator: Salmi, Reino J. & Klann, John L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of a triangular wing in conjunction with a fuselage and horizontal tail to determine downwash and longitudinal-stability characteristics: transonic bump method

Description: Report presenting the results of an experimental investigation of the downwash and longitudinal stability characteristics of a semispan, triangular-wing airplane model with a horizontal tail. Lift, drag, and pitching-moment data re presented for the wing-fuselage combination. Results indicated that the model with the tail on or below the wing-chord plane possessed satisfactory stability characteristics throughout the test range of lift coefficient.
Date: August 17, 1951
Creator: Allen, Edwin C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of a variable Mach number supersonic tunnel with nonintersecting characteristics

Description: Report presenting a method for the design of supersonic-wind-tunnel nozzles that produce uniform flow over a continuously variable Mach number range without the use of flexible walls. Experimental results from a preliminary investigation of the tunnel are included, including calibration survey of flow, Mach number distributions, and pressure gradients are provided.
Date: November 15, 1948
Creator: Evvard, John C. & Wyatt, DeMarquis D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An investigation of a supersonic aircraft configuration having a tapered wing with circular-arc sections and 40 degree sweepback: stability and control characteristics at a Mach number of 1.61 of the complete configuration equipped with spoilers

Description: Report discussing an investigation to determine the stability and control characteristics of a supersonic aircraft configuration with a 40 degree sweptback wing and equipped with spoiler lateral control devices at Mach number 1.61. The effects of various types of spoilers, spoiler span, spoiler projection, and chordwise location were investigated, as well as the hinge-moment characteristics of the plain spoiler.
Date: September 10, 1954
Creator: Hamilton, Clyde V. & Driver, Cornelius
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of a supersonic-compressor rotor with turning to axial direction 1: rotor design and performance

Description: Report presenting an approximate, quasi-three-dimensional design procedure adapted to the design of high solidity, impulse-type supersonic compressors. The method is applied to a compressor rotor with a tip speed of 1600 feet per second in air, an inlet hub-tip radius ratio of 0.75, and an axial discharge relative to the rotor. Results regarding the overall performance, rotor-entrance conditions, static-pressure profiles, discharge conditions, and discharge surveys are provided.
Date: August 19, 1953
Creator: Tysl, Edward R.; Klapproth, John F. & Hartmann, Melvin J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of a three-stage transonic research axial-flow compressor: aerodynamic design and overall performance

Description: Report discussing an investigation of the performance of a three-stage transonic compressor with high stage pressure ratios to investigate problems encountered when high-pressure-ratio transonic stages are grouped together to form a multistage compressor. Results are presented regarding overall performance in Freon, stage performance, and radial variation in overall stagnation pressure ratio.
Date: October 27, 1955
Creator: Savage, Melvyn & Beatty, Loren A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental investigation of flutter and divergence characteristics of the rocket-motor fin of the ASROC missile: COORD. No. N-AM-66

Description: Report presenting testing of scale models of rocket-motor fins of the ASROC missile for flutter and divergence in the supersonic flutter tunnel over a range of Mach numbers. Results regarding the flutter boundary, type of flutter encountered, and effects of flutter are provided.
Date: July 31, 1958
Creator: Levey, Gilbert M. & Hanson, Perry W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental investigation of effects of simulated nacelles and wing-root freedoms on supersonic flutter characteristics of a cambered, modified, swept, tapered wing

Description: Report presenting an experimental investigation made in the supersonic flutter tunnel to determine the effects of simulated engine nacelles and wing-root freedoms on the flutter characteristics of a cambered, modified, swept, tapered, semispan wing over a range of Mach numbers. Results regarding the effect of nacelles, flutter boundary, and effect of wing-mount freedom are provided.
Date: October 16, 1957
Creator: Hanson, Perry W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department