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El Salvador: Background and U.S. Relations

Description: This report describes El Salvador's political and governmental structure, major security challenges, and economy. U.S. relations with El Salvador, immigration policy, human rights concerns, and U.S. assistance are also discussed.
Date: November 3, 2017
Creator: Seelke, Clare Ribando
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Temporary Protected Status: Overview and Current Issues

Description: This report discusses Temporary Protected Status (TPS) which is offered to nationals of designated countries who due to civil unrest, natural disasters, and armed conflicts cannot safely return home. This report begins by situating TPS in the context of humanitarian responses to migration. Another form of blanket relief from removal--Deferred Enforced Departure (DED)--is also described, as is the historical use of these relief mechanisms. The report then provides data on the countries currently designated for TPS, including the conditions that have contributed to their designation. Past legislation to provide lawful permanent resident status to certain TPS-designated foreign nationals is also described, and the report concludes with examples of activity in the 115th Congress related to TPS.
Date: November 2, 2017
Creator: Wilson, Jill H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cuba: U.S. Policy in the 115th Congress

Description: This report examines U.S. policy toward Cuba in the 115th Congress. It is divided into three major sections analyzing Cuba's political and economic environment; U.S. policy toward Cuba; and selected issues in U.S.-Cuban relations, including restrictions on travel and trade, funding for democracy and human rights projects in Cuba and for U.S. government-sponsored radio and television broadcasting, migration, antidrug cooperation, U.S. property claims, and U.S. fugitives from justice in Cuba. Legislative initiatives in the 115th Congress are noted throughout the report, and Appendix A lists introduced bills. Appendix B provides links to U.S. government information and reports on Cuba.
Date: November 22, 2017
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Comprehensive Energy Planning for Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands

Description: This report discusses the electric power grid of Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands which were mainly destroyed by Hurricanes Irma and Maria with Puerto Rico being the hardest hit power grid. The report mainly concerns previous and current efforts to create long-term comprehensive energy plans for insular areas such as Puerto Rico and some of the challenges encountered in doing so.
Date: November 6, 2017
Creator: Clark, Corrie E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Repair or Rebuild: Options for Electric Power in Puerto Rico

Description: This report explores several alternative electric power structures to PREPA for meeting the electricity services and needs of Puerto Rico. The ability of Puerto Rico and its citizens to assume the burden of paying for a rebuilt (and possibly restructured) electricity system is doubtful. Modernizing Puerto Rico’s grid, and taking the next steps to incorporate resiliency, could be expensive. None of the options discussed provides a silver bullet solution to the issues of the grid in Puerto Rico. Congress may consider whether the efforts to restore electric power in Puerto Rico need to progress beyond simple restoration of electricity, and require new investment and oversight by the federal government.
Date: November 16, 2017
Creator: Campbell, Richard J.; Clark, Corrie E. & Austin, D. Andrew
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority and Debt Restructuring under PROMESA, P.L. 114-187

Description: This report discusses the Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority (PREPA) and its debt restructuring process under the Puerto Rico Oversight, Management, and Economic Stability Act (PROMESA). The major debt the company is in has prevented it from maintaining power stations and transmission lines properly or diversifying its energy production methods leading to widespread unreliability of the power supply and high prices.
Date: August 8, 2017
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew & Campbell, Richard J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

U.S. Response to Injuries of U.S. Embassy Personnel in Havana, Cuba

Description: This report discusses the ear and hearing injuries to U.S. diplomatic staff in Cuba caused by an unknown device and subsequent investigations and diplomatic responses. The U.S. has withdrawn all nonemergency personnel from their embassy in Cuba which has brought consular functioning at the embassy to a standstill and has dismissed 15 Cuban diplomatic staff from the Cuban embassy in the United States to balance staff numbers and make the incident have equal effect on functioning of each countries respective embassies.
Date: October 6, 2017
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P. & Gill, Cory R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Hurricanes Irma and Maria: Impact on Caribbean Countries and Foreign Territories

Description: This report discuses the effects of Hurricanes Irma and Maria on Caribbean countries and foreign territories and provides brief descriptions of the extent of damage to Antigua and Barbuda, St. Martin/St. Maarten, Cuba, and Dominica. Current U.S. aid efforts and funds are discussed along with the international humanitarian response.
Date: September 28, 2017
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Puerto Rico and Electric Power Restoration from Hurricane Maria

Description: This report discusses efforts to restore power in Puerto Rico after Hurricane Maria decimated the island's electricity infrastructure. Challenges in power restoration due to the extent of the damage, supply deliveries, timing of the storm after Hurricane Harvey and Irma, and the electric company's financial crisis along with recommendations for strengthening the electric system are discussed.
Date: September 21, 2017
Creator: Campbell, Richard J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Honduras: Background and U.S. Relations

Description: This report analyzes political, economic, and security conditions in Honduras. It also examines issues in U.S.-Honduran relations that have been of particular interest to Congress, including foreign assistance, migration, security cooperation, human rights, and trade and investment.
Date: July 28, 2017
Creator: Meyer, Peter J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

AH-1W SuperCobra

Description: Video detailing the history of the AH-1W SuperCobra, featuring footage of the helicopter in action in Grenada during Operation Urgent Fury, in Iraq during Operation Desert Shield, and in Somalia during Operation Gothic Serpent.
Date: 1993~
Creator: Bell Helicopter Textron
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

Political Status of Puerto Rico: Brief Background and Recent Developments for Congress

Description: This report provides policy and historical background about Puerto Rico's political status--a term of art referring to the relationship between the federal government and a territorial one. It emphasizes recent developments that are likely to be most relevant for Congress. Congress has not altered the island's status since 1952, when it approved a territorial constitution.
Date: June 12, 2017
Creator: Garrett, R. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Puerto Rico Energy Center Study: Executive Study

Description: From background: The study is an outgrowth of investigations by the Atomic Energy Commission and the Office of Saline Water into the use of nuclear energy to supply heat for desalting seawater and for generating electricity, and of work on the energy center concept conducted at the AEC's Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The bases for the study were set forth in a Memorandum of Understanding signed by Commissioner James T. Ramey of the United States Atomic Energy Commission, Under Secretary David S. Black of the United States Department of the Interior, Acting Executive Director Fernando Torrent of the Puerto Rico Water Resources Authority, and Executive Director Orlando Gonzalez of the Puerto Rico Aqueduct and Sewer Authority.
Date: July 1970
Creator: Burns and Roe, Inc.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Puerto Rico's Current Fiscal Challenges

Description: This report discusses multiple challenges the government of Puerto Rico faces in the fall of 2015. Concerns regarding the sustainability of Puerto Rico's public finances have intensified over the past year, despite several measures taken by the island's government to reduce spending, increase revenues, and restructure its obligations. The Puerto Rican government outlined a medium-term strategy to address those challenges in a fiscal plan put forth in mid-September 2015.
Date: June 3, 2016
Creator: Austin, D. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department