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A Study of Administrator Perceptions of the Effectiveness of Practices to Facilitate the Desegregation Process of Selected School Districts

Description: It has been just over twenty years since the Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas decision was handed down by the Supreme Court. During this period, educators, and in particular, school administrators have found themselves in a unique position between two masters—the public that supports public education through taxes, and the orders of the courts they are legally required to follow. Therefore, school administrators, functioning as social engineers, have devised various practices to provide a smooth transition from segregated to desegregated school systems. This study was designed to determine the practices used by selected school districts to cope with this change and to determine the effectiveness of these practices as perceived by central-staff administrators. Selected large city school districts with enrollments of 30,000 students and above, located in the six southern states under the jurisdiction of the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals, were selected for this study. These districts, of which there were thirty-four, also had to be under a federal court desegregation order to be included. The survey data reveal that the most effective desegregation practice for students is the provision of alternative schools and programs to assist students unable to cope with the regular school environment. Training administrators in conflict management was perceived to be the most effective practice for administrators, followed closely by training in the shared decision-making process. For teachers, the recruitment of minorities and using teacher aides were perceived to be the most effective practices.
Date: August 1976
Creator: Moffett, Carlton C.
Partner: UNT Libraries
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Assessing and Influencing the Attitude and Knowledge of Selected Post-Secondary Students Concerning Body Language

Description: This investigation, which was conducted on the post-secondary level and included vocational and academic students, was undertaken to develop an instrument to assess the attitude and knowledge of students concerning body language and to develop a module of instruction in body language to favorably influence their attitude and knowledge concerning body language. Hypotheses were formulated related to the differences in mean effective and cognitive scores of the experimental group who were taught body language and the control group. Additional hypotheses were formulated related to mean differences in the scores of students differing in age, sex, business experience, and prior exposure to body language. The findings of this study included first, the testing of the instrument; second, the testing of the validity of the research design and third, the testing of the hypotheses. The following conclusions are based on the findings of the study: the instrument seems to be acceptable for assessing the attitude and knowledge of post—secondary students concerning body language, the module of instruction in body language seems to be acceptable as a basis for influencing the attitude and knowledge of post—secondary students concerning body language, the mid-management and speech students were comparable in attitude and knowledge concerning body language before and after being taught the module, any prior exposure to the principles of body language seemed to favorably influence student's attitude and knowledge concerning body language both before and after they were taught, the age and business experience of students produced no apparent influence on student attitude and knowledge of body language, the sex of the student seemed to produce no apparent influence on student attitude and knowledge of body language.
Date: August 1976
Creator: Lester, E. W. Bud
Partner: UNT Libraries
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The Effects of the Note-Test System of Teaching General Microbiology on Student Achievement and Attitude

Description: The problem of this study was to compare the effectiveness of the note-test method and the traditional lecture method of teaching general introductory microbiology. The study was prompted by the desire to improve teaching strategies in microbiology in order to improve the attitudes of students taking microbiology at the Indiana College of Mortuary Science. The conclusions are that the note-test method of teaching is at least as effective as the traditional lecture method but is not better than the traditional method in regard to student achievement or student attitudes about the microbiology course to which they were assigned. Since the method requires less lecturing than the traditional lecture method used in this study, it may be used effectively by some instructors in certain subject matter areas and may hold promise in maintaining achievement and acceptable attitude levels.
Date: August 1977
Creator: Counceller, Harry Ernest
Partner: UNT Libraries
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Goal Identification and Systematic Instruction in Private Voice Lessons

Description: The problem of this study was to measure the effect upon the tone quality of singers resulting from identifying a specific goal, modeling with a cassette tape of the student's own voice, prescribing practice, and giving verbal approval. On the basis of the findings, these conclusions are drawn. (1) There is no significant difference in prescribing practice of an identified goal, utilizing a model or giving verbal approval. (2) Higher gain in pretest - posttest scores for the experimental groups while the control group showed the lowest gain suggests these teaching methods may be effective. (3) A high correlation of raters can be attained by the training method used in this study.
Date: August 1977
Creator: Antahades, Mary Ella
Partner: UNT Libraries
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A Comparative Study of Anxiety between Science and Art Majors

Description: The purpose of this study is to determine the levels of anxiety in college freshmen and seniors from the Departments of Science and Art at North Texas State College by using the Taylor Manifest Anxiety Scale. It is hoped that the findings uncovered by this study will be of help to others interested in investigating and exploring this area.
Date: May 1960
Creator: Benningfield, Milo Francis
Partner: UNT Libraries
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Anxiety in Jailees as Indicated by the Rorschach Test

Description: This study concerns an evaluation of anxiety levels in jailees awaiting trial in a county jail. Detecting anxiety which had been overtly controlled, and apparently hidden called for the use of a projective technique. Such an instrument would have the additional advantage of minimizing the effect of the observer upon the observed.
Date: August 1960
Creator: Haddan, Eugene E.
Partner: UNT Libraries
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The Diagnostic Potential of Subtest Score Variability in the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children

Description: This study was concerned with testing two hypotheses frequently made in the interpretation of performance on the Children's Scale. The first hypothesis is that maladjustment is directly related to the amount of scatter and the second stresses that the specificity of maladjustment may be determined by the pattern of successes and failures.
Date: August 1959
Creator: Kelly, Richard Clinton
Partner: UNT Libraries
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In-Group and Out-Group Sociometric Choices for Two Groups of College Students Experiencing Different Educational Procedures

Description: The purpose of the study was to determine the effectiveness of the social and interpersonal aspect of the Austin College Plan of educational development by carrying out a plan of evaluation designed by the Hogg Foundation of the University of Texas and the Psychology Department of North Texas State College.
Date: August 1959
Creator: Tate, James Oliver, 1929-
Partner: UNT Libraries
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Further Evidence of the Constancy and Validity of Peer Ratings

Description: This study reports on an investigation to determine the applicability of the peer rating technique to Air Force ROTC cadets at North Texas State College which has an enrollment of approximately 7000 students. The specific problem investigated was whether or not the peer rating would be useful in solving the leader identification problem in Air Force ROTC.
Date: January 1960
Creator: Widmann, Benjamin
Partner: UNT Libraries
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Stimulus Values of the Bender Visual Motor Gestalt Test Designs

Description: The purpose of this study is to investigate differences in the stimulus value of the Bender Gestalt designs. It is concerned with both differences in structural values and affective values of the nine figures. The investigation is primarily concerned with the reliability of such differences, and secondarily with the general nature of the differences in stimulus value.
Date: January 1959
Creator: McDaniel, James Winnard, Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries
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A Comparative Study of the Readiness and Achievement of First Grade Students in a Culturally Disadvantaged Area

Description: It is the purpose of this study to compare the readiness and achievement of older and younger first grade students. Other purposes of the study involved a comparison of girls and boys in the first grade as to their readiness and achievement.
Date: August 1963
Creator: Lang, Harold Wendell
Partner: UNT Libraries
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Some Interrelationships between Self-acceptance, Acceptance of Others, Predicted Acceptability to Others, and Actual Acceptance by Others

Description: The purpose of the present study is fourfold: (1) to investigate the predicted relationships between self-acceptance and acceptance of others, (2) to investigate self-acceptance, acceptance of others, and their interrelationship with acceptance by others, (3) to investigate the patterns of interrelationship between self-acceptance, acceptance of others, actual acceptability to others, and predicted acceptability to others, and (4) to investigate an hypothesized curvilinear relationship between self-acceptance and acceptance of others.
Date: August 1963
Creator: Pleune, John Russell
Partner: UNT Libraries
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Variations in Ego-strength as Related to Chronicity of Alcohol Addiction Among Males

Description: The problem to be dealt with in this paper is the effect of social ridicule on the ego-strength of the individual. In being forced into the restricted social existence common with the alcohol addict, a significant decrease in ego-strength is to be expected.
Date: August 1963
Creator: Ryan, Charles Welbourne
Partner: UNT Libraries
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An Evaluation of the Firo-B Scale with Hospitalized Psychiatric Patients

Description: Concerning the present study, if in the test result of psychotic patients there is some distortion of reality concepts, as is generally expected, then their scores on any personality scale should vary considerably from norms established on the same test by "normal" subjects.
Date: January 1961
Creator: Ladd, Lawrence J.
Partner: UNT Libraries
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A Study of Depth Perception Among Brain-injured, Familial and Idiopathic Mentally Retarded Subjects

Description: In light of the conflicting data regarding depth perception and the retardate, it was the purpose of this study to reinvestigate whether or not significant differences exist in depth perceptual abilities among mental retardates. A standard depth perception apparatus was utilized to test the groups of brain-injured, familial and idiopathic subjects.
Date: January 1963
Creator: Wright, Ronald W.
Partner: UNT Libraries
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The Effects of Group Membership upon Birth Order Differences in Anxiety and Affiliation

Description: The present study has a twofold purpose. First, it will attempt to ascertain whether ordinal position remains an effective discriminator of affiliative need and level of anxiety within the selective confines of a strong social organization, a college sorority; or whether the selective criterion of membership in the strong social organization tends to suppress the differences in affiliative need and level of anxiety between the ordinal positions. Secondly, it will attempt to further explore the relationship between affiliation and dependency.
Date: June 1963
Creator: Kennelly, Kevin Joseph
Partner: UNT Libraries
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A Comparison of Two Theological Student Groups in Relation to Theological Views, Rigidity and Political-economic Conservatism

Description: The present investigation was designed to explore the relationship between authoritarianism, rigidity, political-economic conservatism and theological beliefs of two groups of students representing two nationally known theological seminaries. One seminary is noted for its conservative theological standing, the other for its liberal position.
Date: January 1963
Creator: Oswald, Robert M.
Partner: UNT Libraries
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