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Use of Microwaves to Crosslink Carbon Nanotubes

Description: Patent relating to the use of microwaves to crosslink carbon nanotubes.
Date: December 17, 2003
Creator: Tour, James M.; Stephenson, Jason J.; Imholt, Timothy; Dyke, Christopher A.; Yakobson, Boris I. & Roberts, James A.
Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences

Closure Mechanism and Method for Spent Nuclear Fuel Canisters

Description: A canister is provided for storing, transporting, and/or disposing of spent nuclear fuel. The canister includes a canister shell, a top shield plug disposed within the canister, and a leak-tight closure arrangement. The closure arrangement includes a shear ring which forms a containment boundary of the canister, and which is welded to the canister shell and top shield plug. An outer seal plate, forming an outer seal, is disposed above the shear ring and is welded to the shield plug and the canister.
Date: November 23, 2004
Creator: Doman, Marvin J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Method of Evaluating, Expanding, and Collapsing Connectivity Regions Within Dynamic Systems

Description: An automated process defines and maintains connectivity regions within a dynamic network. The automated process requires an initial input of a network component around which a connectivity region will be defined. The process automatically and autonomously generates a region around the initial input, stores the region's definition, and monitors the network for a change. Upon detecting a change in the network, the effect is evaluated, and if necessary the regions are adjusted and redefined to accommodate the change. Only those regions of the network affected by the change will be updated. This process eliminates the need for an operator to manually evaluate connectivity regions within a network. Since the automated process maintains the network, the reliance on an operator is minimized; thus, reducing the potential for operator error. This combination of region maintenance and reduced operator reliance, results in a reduction of overall error.
Date: November 16, 2004
Creator: Bailey, David A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Process to Accomplish Autothermal or Steam Reforming Via a Reciprocating Compression Device

Description: The invention provides a method and apparatus for producing a synthesis gas from a variety of hydrocarbons. The apparatus (device) consists of a semi-batch, non-constant volume reactor to generate a synthesis gas. While the apparatus feeds mixtures of air, steam, and hydrocarbons into a cylinder where work is performed on the fluid by a piston to adiabatically raise its temperature without heat transfer from an external source.
Date: September 21, 2004
Creator: Lyons, David K.; James, Robert; Berry, David A. & Gardern, Todd
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Use of Phosphates to Reduce Slag Penetration in CR203-Based Refractories

Description: A high-chromium refractory material that provides improved resistance to coal slag penetration is presented. The refractory mixture comprises a blend of chromium oxide, aluminum oxide and phosphates. The refractory mixture may be blended with an aggregate and cured. In addition a phosphorus oxide may be blended with chromium oxide and aluminum oxide and additionally an aggregate. The refractory mixture reduces the rate of coal slag penetration into the surface of the cured refractory.
Date: November 9, 2004
Creator: Kwong, Kyei-Sing; Dogan, Cynthia P.; Bennett, James P.; Chinn, Richard E. & Petty, Arthur V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Method for Making a Uranium Chloride Salt Product

Description: The subject apparatus provides a means to produce UCl3, in large quantities without incurring corrosion of the containment vessel or associated apparatus. Gaseous Cl is injected into a lower layer of Cd where CdCl2 is formed. Due to is lower density, the CdCl2 rises through the Cd layer into a layer of molten LiCl-KCL salt where a rotatable basket containing uranium ingots is suspended. The CdCl2 reacts with the uranium to form UCl, and Cd. Due to density differences, the Cd sinks down to the liquid Cd layer and is reused. The UCl3 combines with the molten salt. During production the temperature is maintained at about 600 degrees C. while after the uranium has been depleted the salt temperature is lowered, the molten salt is pressure siphoned from the vessel, and the salt product LiCl-KCl-30 mol% UCl3 is solidified.
Date: October 5, 2004
Creator: Miller, William F. & Tomczuk, Zygmunt
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Low-Temperature Synthesis of Actinide Tetraborides by Solid-State Metathesis Reactions

Description: The synthesis of actinide tetraborides including uranium tetraboride (UB,), plutonium tetraboride (PUB,) and thorium tetraboride (ThB{sub 4}) by a solid-state metathesis reaction are demonstrated. The present method significantly lowers the temperature required to {approx_equal}850 C. As an example, when UCl{sub 4}, is reacted with an excess of MgB{sub 2}, at 850 C, crystalline UB, is formed. Powder X-ray diffraction and ICP-AES data support the reduction of UCl{sub 3}, as the initial step in the reaction. The UB, product is purified by washing water and drying.
Date: December 14, 2004
Creator: Lupinetti, Anthony J.; Garcia, Eduardo & Abney, Kent D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Method and Apparatus for Atomizing Fluids with a Multi-Fluid Nozzle

Description: The invention relates to a method and apparatus for atomizing liquids. In particular, the present invention relates to a method and apparatus for atomizing heavy hydrocarbon fuels such as diesel, as part of a fuel reforming process. During normal operating conditions the fuel is atomized by a high pressure fluid. Under start-up conditions when only a low pressure gas is available the fuel films across part of the nozzle and is subsequently atomized by a radially directed low pressure dispersion gas.
Date: December 7, 2004
Creator: Novick, Vincent J. & Ahluwalia, Rajesh K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Self-Anchoring Mast for Deploying a High-Speed Submersible Mixer in a Tank

Description: A self-anchoring mast for deploying a high-speed submersible mixer in a tank includes operably connected first and second mast members (20, 22) and a foot member 46 operably connected to the second mast member for supporting the mast in a tank. The second mast member includes a track (36, 38) for slidably receiving a bearing of the mixer to change the orientation of the mixer in the tank.
Date: October 12, 2004
Creator: Cato, Joseph E. Jr.; Shearer, Paul M. & Rodwell, Philip 0.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Reaction-Forming Method for Producing Near Net-Shape Refractory Metal Carbides

Description: A method for reaction forming refractory metal carbides. The method involves the fabrication of a glassy carbon preform by casting an organic, resin-based liquid mixture into a mold and subsequently heat treating it in two steps, which cures and pyrolizes the resin resulting in a porous carbon preform. By varying the amounts of the constituents in the organic, resin-based liquid mixture, control over the density of the carbon preform is obtained. Control of the density and microstructure of the carbon preform allows for determination of the microstructure and properties of the refractory metal carbide material produced. The glassy carbon preform is placed on a bed of refractory metal or refractory metal--silicon alloy. The pieces are heated above the melting point of the metal or alloy. The molten metal wicks inside the porous carbon preform and reacts, forming the refractory metal carbide or refractory metal carbide plus a minor secondary phase.
Date: July 20, 2004
Creator: Palmisiano, Marc N.; Jakubenas, Kevin J. & Baranwal, Rita
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Video Toroid Cavity Imager

Description: A video toroid cavity imager for in situ measurement of electrochemical properties of an electrolytic material sample includes a cylindrical toroid cavity resonator containing the sample and employs NMR and video imaging for providing high-resolution spectral and visual information of molecular characteristics of the sample on a real-time basis. A large magnetic field is applied to the sample under controlled temperature and pressure conditions to simultaneously provide NMR spectroscopy and video imaging capabilities for investigating electrochemical transformations of materials or the evolution of long-range molecular aggregation during cooling of hydrocarbon melts. The video toroid cavity imager includes a miniature commercial video camera with an adjustable lens, a modified compression coin cell imager with a fiat circular principal detector element, and a sample mounted on a transparent circular glass disk, and provides NMR information as well as a video image of a sample, such as a polymer film, with micrometer resolution.
Date: August 10, 2004
Creator: Gerald, Rex E. II; Sanchez, Jairo & Rathke, Jerome W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Method to Remove Uranium/Vanadium Contamination from Groundwater

Description: A process for removing uranium/vanadium-based contaminants from groundwater using a primary in-ground treatment media and a pretreatment media that chemically adjusts the groundwater contaminant to provide for optimum treatment by the primary treatment media.
Date: July 27, 2004
Creator: Metzler, Donald R. & Stanley, Morrison
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Smart Radiological Dosimeter

Description: A radiation dosimeter providing an indication of the dose of radiation to which the radiation sensor has been exposed. The dosimeter contains features enabling the monitoring and evaluating of radiological risks so that a user can concentrate on the task at hand. The dosimeter provides an audible alarm indication that a predetermined time period has elapsed, an audible alarm indication reminding the user to check the dosimeter indication periodically, an audible alarm indicating that a predetermined accumulated dose has been prematurely reached, and an audible alarm indication prior or to reaching the 3/4 scale point.
Date: July 20, 2004
Creator: Kosslow, William J. & Bandzuch, Gregory S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Method and Apparatus for Remote Delivery and Manipulation of a Miniature Tool Adjacent a Work Piece in a Restricted Space

Description: An apparatus for remote delivery and manipulation of a miniature tool adjacent a work piece in a restricted space, includes a tool camer, a camage for manipulating the tool carrier relative to the work piece, a first actuator for operating the carnage, and an optional remote secondary operating actuator for operating the first actuator.
Date: August 10, 2004
Creator: Sale, Christopher H. & Kaltenbaugh, Daniel R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Method of Determining the Extent to which a Nickel Structure has been Attached by a Fluorine-Containing Gas

Description: The method of determining the extent to which a nickel structure has been attacked by a halogen containing gas to which it has been exposed which comprises preparing a quantity of water substantially free from dissolved oxygen, passing ammonia gas through a cuprammonium solution to produce ammonia substantially free from oxygen, dissolving said oxygen-free ammonia in said water to produce a saturated aqueous ammonia solution free from uncombined oxygen, treating at least a portion of said nickel structure of predetermined weight with said solution to dissolve nickel compounds from the surface of said structure without dissolving an appreciable amount of said nickel and analyzing the resulting solution to determine the quantity of said nickel compounds that was associated with said said portion of said structure to determine the proportion of combined nickel in said nickel structure.
Date: July 13, 2004
Creator: Brusie, James P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Method for making devices having intermetallic structures and intermetallic devices made thereby

Description: A method and system for making a monolithic intermetallic structure are presented. The structure is made from lamina blanks which comprise multiple layers of metals which are patternable, or intermetallic lamina blanks that are patternable. Lamina blanks are patterned, stacked and registered, and processed to form a monolithic intermetallic structure. The advantages of a patterned monolithic intermetallic structure include physical characteristics such as melting temperature, thermal conductivity, and corrosion resistance. Applications are broad, and include among others, use as a microreactor, heat recycling device, and apparatus for producing superheated steam. Monolithic intermetallic structures may contain one or more catalysts within the internal features.
Date: January 6, 2004
Creator: Paul, Brian Kevin; Wilson, Rick D. & Alman, David E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Low Temperature Sorbents for Removal of Sulfur Compounds from Fluid Feed Streams

Description: A sorbent material is provided comprising a material reactive with sulfur, a binder unreactive with sulfur and an inert material, wherein the sorbent absorbs the sulfur at temperatures between 30 and 200 C. Sulfur absorption capacity as high as 22 weight percent has been observed with these materials.
Date: June 1, 2004
Creator: Siriwardane, Ranjani
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department