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Radiation safety and health effects related to low-level radioactive wastes

Description: The hazards associated with low-level radioactive waste, one of the nation's greatest concerns, are discussed from a health physicist's perspective. Potential biological hazards, four stages of the low-level radioactive waste disposal process, and suggested methods of reducing the risks of handling and disposal, based on previous studies, are defined. Also discussed are potential pathways of human exposure and two scenarios designed to demonstrate the complexity of modeling exposure pathways. The risks of developing a fatal cancer from exposure to the radioactive material, should it occur, is compared to other more commonly accepted risks.
Date: September 17, 1979
Creator: King, W.C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of the Z dependence of laser generated suprathermal electron temperature

Description: Recent experiments with high Z disks on the Argus facility have exteanded our knowledge of the temperature (inferred from the slope of the hard x-ray spectrum) of laser generated suprathermal electrons, from the previous regime of 1 less than or equal to Z less than or equal to 30 to the Z approx. = 80 regime. The systematic rise of temperature with Z is theoretically analyzed. We believe that material albedoes (electron reflectivity) which increase with Z can account for this behavior, since electrons can make multiple passes through the region of resonant electric fields and are thus reheated. We treat this effect quantitatively and obtain reasonable agreement with experiment. The effects of magnetic fields and filamentation are also examined.
Date: April 17, 1979
Creator: Rosen, M.D. & Estabrook, K.G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Methodology for estimating accidental radioactive releases in nuclear waste management

Description: Estimation of the risks of accidental radioactive releases is necessary in assessing the safety of any nuclear waste management system. The case of a radioactive waste form enclosed in a barrier system is considered. Two test calculations were carried out. (DLC)
Date: January 17, 1979
Creator: Levy, Harris B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Radioactive gas and hydrogen removal after a LOCE at the LOFT Facility

Description: The use of a silver-zeolite halogen adsorber placed in series with a hydrogen catalytic recombiner and a cryogenic noble gas adsorber assembly constitutes a waste gas processing system (WGPS) capable of handling hydrogen and fission product gases following a Loss-of-Coolant Experiment (LOCE). This paper describes: the types and quantities of gases expected to be found at the facility after a failed-fuel LOCE; the purpose of the WGPS; and the general configuration and expected decontamination factors associated with the LOFT WGPS.
Date: December 17, 1979
Creator: McCormick-Barger, J.W. & Sumpter, K.C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Beam propagation through a gaseous reactor: classical transport

Description: The present calculations are applicable to any beam geometry with cylindrical symmetry, including the converging beam geometry (large entrance port with radius > or approx. = 10 cm), as well as the pencil-shaped beam (small porthole with radius approx. mm). The small porthole is clearly advantageous from the reactor vessel design point of view. While the physics of the latter mode of propagation may be more complex, analyses up to this point have not revealed any detrimental instability effects that will inhibit propagation. In fact, the large perpendicular velocity v/sub perpendicular/ that the pinched mode can accommodate provides a mechanism for the quenching of filamentary instability. Furthermore, this mode of propagation can withstand more ion scattering and is not subject to the upper bound on pressure (p < 10 torr) which is imposed on the converging beam mode.
Date: January 17, 1979
Creator: Yu, S.S.; Buchanan, H.L.; Lee, E.P. & Chambers, F.W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department