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Engineering Properties of Nuclear Craters, Report 3: Review and Analysis of Available Information on Slopes Excavated in Weak Shales

Description: This report provides information about slope stability problems which will arise if a new canal is excavated through the types of weak shale encountered along the present Panama Canal. It includes a discussion about the general problem and possible approaches, a review of previous experience, and a description of the new study.
Date: August 1965
Creator: Hirschfeld, R. C.; Whitman, Robert V. & Wolfskill, Lyle Anthony
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Characteristics of U.S. Rice Fields and Their Effects on Ground Mobility

Description: "The primary objective of this study was to obtain information on the environmental characteristics of rice fields in the United States and the effect of these characteristics on ground mobility for comparison with similar characteristics of rice fields in Southeast Asia as data from the latter become available" (p. vii).
Date: December 1965
Creator: Kennedy, James Garland & Rush, Edgar S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Project OTTER (Overland Train Terrain Evaluation Research), Report 2: Test Report

Description: Report describing the results of a program to test and evaluate the cross-country mobility of the Overland Train (a logistical cargo carrier) in a desert environment. This study used a system for terrain classification developed by the U.S Engineer Waterways Experiment Station as part of the tests made on various courses at the U.S. Army Yuma Proving Ground in Arizona.
Date: February 1965
Creator: Shamburger, J. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

THERMOPHORETIC VELOCITY OF LARGE AEROSOL PARTICLES

Description: The velocity of thermal repulsion of large aerosol particles has been calculated by others by equating the thermal force on a stationary partlcle to the Stokes-Cunningham viscous force. This procedure is theoretically unsound because the boundary conditions employed in the viscous force equation are erroneous when the particle moves in a thermal gradient. In the current study these difficulties have been circumvented by rederiving the thermal force equation, allowing for a relative velocity between the particle and the gas stream. The velocity of motion is then calculated by setting the net force on the particle equal to zero. The velocity obtained by this more realistic approach agrees with that calculated by the former method, which is surprising in view of the incorrect boundary conditions employed in the former method. Investigation of the drag force equation shows that the thermal force and the viscous force are exerted independently of each other, which explains this unexpected agreement, The range of applicability of the analysis is explored by comparison with available experimental data,
Date: November 1, 1965
Creator: Postma, A. K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A TOTAL BURN SPECTROGRAPHIC DETERMINATION OF SILICON IN PLUTONIUM

Description: A total burn-spectrographic method has been applied to the determination of trace concentrations of silicon in plutonium. The sample is oxidized to plutonium dioxide, mixed with a germanium dioxide-graphite mixture containing tin internal standard, packed into cupped graphite electrodes, and burned to completion in a high amperage direct current arc. Plutonium spectral interference is minimized by optical means and by use of a less intense silicon line. The sensitivity is thereby decreased but is still sufficient to determine 25 ppm of silicon in plutonium. The precision of the method is estimated to be �8% (relative standard deviation) at the 270 ppm level and �14% at 40 ppm.
Date: July 1, 1965
Creator: Ko, Roy
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geological Survey Research, 1965: Chapter A

Description: Report summarizing results of research conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey during fiscal year 1965. It provides an overview of the economic and scientific work of the organization.
Date: 1965
Creator: Geological Survey (U.S.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geological Survey Research, 1965: Chapter D

Description: Compilation of 43 short papers reporting on "scientific and economic results of current work by members of the Conservation, Geologic, and Water Resources Divisions of the U.S. Geological Survey" (p. v) during fiscal year 1965.
Date: 1965
Creator: Geological Survey (U.S.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geological Survey Research, 1965: Chapter C

Description: Compilation of 44 short papers reporting on "scientific and economic results of current work by members of the Conservation, Geologic, and Water Resources Divisions of the U.S. Geological Survey" (p. v) during fiscal year 1965.
Date: 1965
Creator: Geological Survey (U.S.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

High temperature coil design

Description: No Description Available.
Date: July 12, 1965
Creator: Donelan, L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

CHEMICAL EVOLUTION

Description: How did life come to be on the surface of the earth? Darwin himself recognized that his basic idea of evolution by variation and natural selection must be a continuous process extending backward in time through that period in which the first living things arose and into the period of 'Chemical Evolution' which preceded it. We are approaching the examination of these events by two routes. One is to seek for evidence in the ancient rocks of the earth which were laid down prior to that time in which organisms capable of leaving their skeletons in the rocks to be fossilized were in existence. This period is sometime prior to approximately 600 million years ago. The earth is believed to have taken its present form approximately 4700 million years ago. We have found in rocks whose age is about 1000 million years certain organic molecules which are closely related to the green pigment of plants, chlorophyll. This seems to establish that green plants were already fluorishing prior to that time. We have now found in rocks of still greater age, namely, 2500 million years, the same kinds of molecules mentioned above which can be attributed to the presence of living organisms. If these molecules are as old as the rocks, we have thus shortened the time available for the generation of the complex biosynthetic sequences which give rise to these specific hydrocarbons (polyisoprenoids) to less than 2000 million years.
Date: June 1, 1965
Creator: Calvin, Melvin
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

KINETICS OF THE HYDROLYSIS AND ALCOHOLYSIS OF TETRAPOLYPHOSPHATEESTERS ('ETHYLMETAPHOSPHATE')

Description: 'Ethyl metaphosphate' or tetrapolyphosphate esters are a potentially useful starting material for the preparation of polynucleotides. The kinetics of the reactions of the esters with excess water and ethanol have been measured by means of p{sup 31} n.m.r. and IR spectroscopy. Upon the addition of specific amounts of water or ethanol, substances could be prepared which consist mainly of linear tetrapoly-, tripoly- or pyrophosphate esters containing smeller amounts of other polyphosphates and orthophosphates in an equilibrium composition. Diethyl hydrogen orthophosphate reacts with cyclic polyphosphate esters to open the ring; with linear esters it reacts to form polyphosphates with a lesser degree of condensation. This latter reaction also proceeds to an equilibrium. No reactions between linear and cyclic polyphosphate esters were observed at room temperature, which implies that the rates of the disproportionation of the linear polyphosphate esters were low. Some organic solvents previously employed for the dehydrating polymerization of sugars, amino acids or nucleotides destroy the tetrapolyphosphate esters. The various substances now available from tetrapolyphosphate esters by the action of water or reactive solvents will differ in their capabilities of producing the dehydrating polymerization reaction. Thus, one may expect that very different products might result from very small differences in reaction conditions.
Date: March 1, 1965
Creator: Burkhardt, Gottfried; Klein, Melvin P. & Calvin, Melvin.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

OXYGEN 18 EXCHANGE REACTIONS OF ALDEHYDES AND KETONES

Description: Using infra-red spectroscopy, the equilibrium exchange times have been determined for a series of ketones, aromatic aldehydes, and {beta}-ketoesters reacting with oxygen 18 enriched water. These exchange times have been evaluated in terms of steric and electronic considerations, and applied to a discussion of the exchange times of chlorophylls a and b and chlorophyll derivatives.
Date: December 1, 1965
Creator: Byrn, Marianne & Calvin, Melvin
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experience in the Shipment of Yankee Fuel Assemblies for Post-Irradiation Examination

Description: From abstract: This report presents the knowledge and experience gained from fifteen spent Yankee Core I fuel assemblies shipments. It discusses the equipment employed, the approvals required, and the technical and administrative problems that had to be resolved.
Date: February 1965
Creator: James, B.; Payne, D. D. & Walchli, H. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department