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Geology and Oil Resources of the Elk Hills, California: Including Naval Petroleum Reserve Numbers 1

Description: From introduction: The purpose of this report is to describe the geology of the Elk Hills and the occurrence of the oil and gas, to trace the movements of oil, gas, and water in the developed areas, and to discuss the oil possibilities of the undeveloped parts. The history of the field and its production also are set forth.
Date: 1932
Creator: Woodring, W. P.; Roundy, P. V. & Farnsworth, Howard R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geology and Coal, Oil and Gas Resources of the New Kensington Quadrangle, Pennsylvania

Description: From abstract: This report is one of a series of publications by the United States Geological Survey on the Appalachian coal, oil, and gas fields. The area described occupies 227 square miles in Allegheny, Butler, and Westmoreland Counties, in western Pennsylvania, immediately north of Pittsburgh.
Date: 1932
Creator: Richardson, G. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Mineralogy of Drill Cores from the Potash Field of New Mexico and Texas

Description: From summary: This report details the survey of the potash field of southeastern New Mexico and adjacent parts of Texas. The material described in this report was obtained from drill cores and well cuttings.
Date: 1932
Creator: Schaller, Waldemar T. & Henderson, Edward P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Ashland Coal Field, Rosebud, Powder River, and Custer Counties, Montana

Description: From introduction: The detailed information concerning the coal deposits of the Ashland field set forth in this report has been obtained in the course of an investigation that has been conducted both as a part of the United States Geological Survey's general systematic study of western coal lands and as an aid in the administration of the public lands. With the information obtained on the location of outcrops, the number, distribution, and thickness of coal beds, the accessibility of the coal, and the thickness of the overburden, the public lands of the region are classified as to their coal value; coal-bearing lands are differentiated from noncoal-bearing lands; and the administration of the coal-land leasing law is facilitated.
Date: 1932
Creator: Bass, N. Wood
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Crystal Cavities of the New Jersey Zeolite Region

Description: From abstract: The crystal cavities present in the mineral complex of the New Jersey traprock region have long excited the interest of mineralogists. In 1914 Fenner made the first detailed and comprehensive study of these cavities and suggested that babingtonite was the original mineral. Soon after this anhydrite was found occupying parts of some of the cavities at one of the quarries. At this time, too, Wherry concluded that glauberite was the original mineral of some of the cavities because of his studies of similar crystal cavities in Triassic shale at different places.
Date: 1932
Creator: Schaller, Waldemar T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Gold Quartz Veins of the Alleghany District, California

Description: From Outline of the Report: The Alleghany district, in the southern part of Sierra County, Calif., has long been famous for the high-grade gold ore of its quartz veins. The oldest rocks of the district (pp. 6-17) are of sedimentary and volcanic origin and correspond to part of the Calaveras formation as mapped in the Colfax and Downieville folios of the Geologic Atlas of the United States. These rocks are divided into five formations, of which three-the Blue Canyon, Relief, and Cape Horn formations follow the definitions laid down by Lindgren in the Colfax folio, and two-the Tightner and Kanaka formations-are new units required by the more detailed nature of the present study. It is thought possible that a conglomerate which forms the basal part of the Kanaka formation is of glacial origin. Intrusions of gabbro and more basic rocks, the latter now completely serpentinized, crop out over nearly half the area in which pre-Tertiary rocks are exposed. Small granitic dikes of later age than the basic intrusives are found in the western part of the district. Overlying and largely concealing the older rocks are auriferous gravel of Eocene and Miocene age, andesitic breccia of probable Miocen age, basalt flows of probable Pleistocene age, and minor amounts of Pleistocene and Recent gravel.
Date: 1932
Creator: Ferguson, Henry G. & Gannett, Roger W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tests of nacelle-propeller combinations in various positions with reference to wings 2: thick wing - various radial-engine cowlings - tractor propeller

Description: This report is the second of a series giving the results obtained in the 20-foot wind tunnel of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics on the interference drag and propulsive efficiency of nacelle-propeller-wing combinations. The first report gave the results of the test of a N.A.C.A. cowled air-cooled engine nacelle located in 21 positions with reference to a thick wing. The present report gives results of tests of a normal engine nacelle with several types of cowling and fairings in four of the positions with reference to the same wing. (author).
Date: May 12, 1932
Creator: Wood, Donald H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Measurements of flow in the boundary layer of a 1/40-scale model of the U. S. Airship "Akron"

Description: This report presents the results of measurements of flow in the boundary layer of a 1/40-scale model of the U. S. Airship "Akron" (ZRS-4) made with the object of determining the boundary-layer thickness, the point of transition from laminar to the turbulent flow, and the velocity distribution in the boundary layer.
Date: April 27, 1932
Creator: Freeman, Hugh B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Heat dissipation from a finned cylinder at different fin-plane/air-stream angles

Description: This report gives the results of an experimental determination of the temperature distribution in and the heat dissipation from a cylindrical finned surface for various fin-plane/air-stream angles. A steel cylinder 4.5 inches in diameter having slightly tapered fins of 0.30-inch pitch and 0.6 -inch width was equipped with an electrical heating unit furnishing 13 to 248 B.T.U. per hour per square inch of inside wall area. Air at speeds form 30 to 150 miles per hour was directed at seven different angles from 0 degrees to 90 degrees with respect to the fin planes. The tests show the best angle for cooling at all air speeds to be about 45 degrees. With the same temperature for the two conditions and with an air speed of 76 miles per hour, the heat input to the cylinder can be increased 50 percent at 45 degrees fin-plane/air-stream angle over that at 0 degrees.
Date: August 1932
Creator: Schey, Oscar W. & Biermann, Arnold E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The effect of connecting-passage diameter on the performance of a compression-ignition engine with a precombustion chamber

Description: Results of motoring tests are presented showing the effect of passage diameter on chamber and cylinder compression pressures, maximum pressure differences, and f.m.e.p. over a speed range from 300 to 1,750 r.p.m. Results of engine performance tests are presented which show the effect of passage diameter on m.e.p., explosion pressures, specific fuel consumption, and rates of pressure rise for a range of engine speeds from 500 to 1,500 r.p.m. The cylinder compression pressure, the maximum pressure difference, and the f.m.e.p. decreased rapidly as the passage diameter increased to 29/64 inch, whereas further increase in passage diameter effected only a slight change. The most suitable passage diameter for good engine performance and operating characteristics was 29/64 inch. Passage diameter became less critical with a decrease in engine speed. Therefore, the design should be based on maximum operating speed. Optimum performance and satisfactory combustion control could not be obtained by means of any single diameter of the connecting passage.
Date: November 1932
Creator: Moore, C. S. & Collins, J. H., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Effect of Clearance Distribution on the Performance of a Compression-Ignition Engine with a Precombustion Chamber

Description: The clearance distribution in a precombustion chamber cylinder head was varied so that for a constant compression ratio of 13.5 the spherical auxiliary chambers contained 20, 35, 50, and 70 per cent of the total clearance volume. Each chamber was connected to the cylinder by a single circular passage, flared at both ends, and of a cross-sectional area proportional to the chamber volume, thereby giving the same calculated air-flow velocity through each passage. Results of engine-performance tests are presented with variations of power, fuel consumption, explosion pressure, rate of pressure rise, ignition lag, heat loss to the cooling water, and motoring characteristics. For good performance the minimum auxiliary chamber volume, with the cylinder head design used, was 35 per cent of the total clearance volume; for larger volumes the performance improves but slightly. With the auxiliary chamber that contained 35 percent of the clearance volume there were obtained the lowest explosion pressures, medium rates of pressure rise, and slightly less than the maximum power. For all clearance distributions an increase in engine speed decreased the ignition lag in seconds and increased the rate of pressure rise.
Date: November 1932
Creator: Moore, C. S. & Collins, J. H., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aerodynamic characteristics of circular-arc airfoils at high speeds

Description: From Summary: "The aerodynamic characteristics of eight circular-arc airfoils at speeds of 0.5, 0.8, 0.95, and 1.08 times the speed of sound have been determined in an open-jet air stream 2 inches in diameter, using models of 1-inch chord. The lower surface of each airfoil was plane; the upper surface was cylindrical. As compared with the measurements described in NACA-TR-319, the circular-arc airfoils at speeds of 0.95 and 1.08 times the speed of sound are more efficient than airfoils of the R. A. F. or Clark Y families. At a speed of 0.5 times the speed of sound, the thick circular-arc sections are extremely inefficient, but thin sections compare favorably with those of the R. A. F. family. A moderate round of the sharp edges changes the characteristics very little and is in many instances beneficial. The results indicate that the section of the blades of propellers intended for use at high tip-speeds should be of the circular-arc form for the outer part of the blade and should be changed gradually to the R. A. F. or Clark Y form as the hub is approached."
Date: 1932~
Creator: Briggs, L. J. & Dryden, H. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A comparison between the theoretical and measured longitudinal stability characteristics of an airplane

Description: This report covers an investigation of the application of the theory of dynamic longitudinal stability, based on the assumption of small oscillations, to oscillations an airplane is likely to undergo in flight. The investigation was conducted with a small parasol monoplane for the fixed-stick condition. The period and damping of longitudinal oscillations were determined by direct measurements of oscillations in flight and also by calculation in which the factors that enter the theoretical stability equation were determined in flight. A comparison of the above-mentioned characteristics obtained by these two methods indicates that the theory is applicable to the conditions encountered in flight.
Date: June 24, 1932
Creator: Soulé, Hartley A. & Wheatley, John B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The aerodynamic characteristics of a slotted Clark y wing as affected by the auxiliary airfoil position

Description: From Summary: "Aerodynamic force tests on a slotted Clark Y wing were conducted in a vertical wind tunnel to determine the best position for a given auxiliary airfoil with respect to the main wing. A systematic series of 100 changes in location of the auxiliary airfoil were made to cover all the probable useful ranges of slot gap, slot width, and slot depth. The results of the investigation may be applied to the design of automatic or controlled slots on wings with geometric characteristics similar to the wing tested. The best positions of the auxiliary airfoil were covered by the range of the tests, and the position for desired aerodynamic characteristics may easily be obtained from charts prepared especially for the purpose."
Date: 1932~
Creator: Wenzinger, Carl J. & Shortal, Joseph A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The aerodynamic characteristics of eight very thick airfoils from tests in the variable density wind tunnel

Description: Report presents the results of wind tunnel tests on a group of eight very thick airfoils having sections of the same thickness as those used near the roots of tapered airfoils. The tests were made to study certain discontinuities in the characteristic curves that have been obtained from previous tests of these airfoils, and to compare the characteristics of the different sections at values of the Reynolds number comparable with those attained in flight. The discontinuities were found to disappear as the Reynolds number was increased. The results obtained from the large-scale airfoil, a symmetrical airfoil having a thickness ratio of 21 per cent, has the best general characteristics.
Date: 1932~
Creator: Jacobs, Eastman N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Airfoil section characteristics as affected by protuberances

Description: From Introduction: "The present report deals with another phase of the investigation; that is, the effects on airfoil section characteristics of protuberances extending along the entire span from the airfoil surface."
Date: July 11, 1932
Creator: Jacobs, Eastman N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The aerodynamic characteristics of a model wing having a split flap deflected downward and moved to the rear

Description: From Summary: "Tests were made on a model wing with three different sized split trailing-edged flaps, in the NACA 7 by 10 foot wind tunnel. The flaps were formed of the lower rear portion of the wing and were rotated downward about axes at their front edges. The lift, drag, and center of pressure were measured with the axis in its original position and also with it moved back in even steps to the trailing edge of the main wing, giving in effect an increase in area. The split flaps when deflected about their original axis locations gave slightly higher maximum lift coefficients than conventional trailing-edge flaps, and the lift coefficients were increased still further by moving the axes toward the rear. The highest value of C(sub L max), which was obtained with the largest flap hinged at 90 per cent of the chord from the leading edge, was 2.52 as compared with 1.27 for the basic wing."
Date: May 1932
Creator: Weick, Fred E. & Harris, Thomas E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Some ideas on racing seaplanes

Description: This report presents the author's designs and construction of various seaplanes to raced in the Schneider Cup. The results of tests are presented as well as discussions of various structures like floats and wings.
Date: November 1, 1932
Creator: Pegna, Giovanni
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The testing of airplane fabrics

Description: This report considers the determining factors in the choice of airplane fabrics, describes the customary methods of testing and reports some of the experimental results. To sum up briefly the results obtained with the different fabrics, it may be said that increasing the strength of covering fabrics by using coarser yarns ordinarily offers no difficulty, because the weight increment from doping is relatively smaller.
Date: November 1, 1932
Creator: Schraivogel, Karl
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department