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Geology and Oil Resources of the Elk Hills, California: Including Naval Petroleum Reserve Numbers 1

Description: From introduction: The purpose of this report is to describe the geology of the Elk Hills and the occurrence of the oil and gas, to trace the movements of oil, gas, and water in the developed areas, and to discuss the oil possibilities of the undeveloped parts. The history of the field and its production also are set forth.
Date: 1932
Creator: Woodring, W. P.; Roundy, P. V. & Farnsworth, Howard R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geology and Coal, Oil and Gas Resources of the New Kensington Quadrangle, Pennsylvania

Description: From abstract: This report is one of a series of publications by the United States Geological Survey on the Appalachian coal, oil, and gas fields. The area described occupies 227 square miles in Allegheny, Butler, and Westmoreland Counties, in western Pennsylvania, immediately north of Pittsburgh.
Date: 1932
Creator: Richardson, G. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Mineralogy of Drill Cores from the Potash Field of New Mexico and Texas

Description: From summary: This report details the survey of the potash field of southeastern New Mexico and adjacent parts of Texas. The material described in this report was obtained from drill cores and well cuttings.
Date: 1932
Creator: Schaller, Waldemar T. & Henderson, Edward P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Ashland Coal Field, Rosebud, Powder River, and Custer Counties, Montana

Description: From introduction: The detailed information concerning the coal deposits of the Ashland field set forth in this report has been obtained in the course of an investigation that has been conducted both as a part of the United States Geological Survey's general systematic study of western coal lands and as an aid in the administration of the public lands. With the information obtained on the location of outcrops, the number, distribution, and thickness of coal beds, the accessibility of the coal, and the thickness of the overburden, the public lands of the region are classified as to their coal value; coal-bearing lands are differentiated from noncoal-bearing lands; and the administration of the coal-land leasing law is facilitated.
Date: 1932
Creator: Bass, N. Wood
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Crystal Cavities of the New Jersey Zeolite Region

Description: From abstract: The crystal cavities present in the mineral complex of the New Jersey traprock region have long excited the interest of mineralogists. In 1914 Fenner made the first detailed and comprehensive study of these cavities and suggested that babingtonite was the original mineral. Soon after this anhydrite was found occupying parts of some of the cavities at one of the quarries. At this time, too, Wherry concluded that glauberite was the original mineral of some of the cavities because of his studies of similar crystal cavities in Triassic shale at different places.
Date: 1932
Creator: Schaller, Waldemar T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Gold Quartz Veins of the Alleghany District, California

Description: From Outline of the Report: The Alleghany district, in the southern part of Sierra County, Calif., has long been famous for the high-grade gold ore of its quartz veins. The oldest rocks of the district (pp. 6-17) are of sedimentary and volcanic origin and correspond to part of the Calaveras formation as mapped in the Colfax and Downieville folios of the Geologic Atlas of the United States. These rocks are divided into five formations, of which three-the Blue Canyon, Relief, and Cape Horn formations follow the definitions laid down by Lindgren in the Colfax folio, and two-the Tightner and Kanaka formations-are new units required by the more detailed nature of the present study. It is thought possible that a conglomerate which forms the basal part of the Kanaka formation is of glacial origin. Intrusions of gabbro and more basic rocks, the latter now completely serpentinized, crop out over nearly half the area in which pre-Tertiary rocks are exposed. Small granitic dikes of later age than the basic intrusives are found in the western part of the district. Overlying and largely concealing the older rocks are auriferous gravel of Eocene and Miocene age, andesitic breccia of probable Miocen age, basalt flows of probable Pleistocene age, and minor amounts of Pleistocene and Recent gravel.
Date: 1932
Creator: Ferguson, Henry G. & Gannett, Roger W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experiments with intubed propellers

Description: This report describes the results of experiments with a new method of propulsion involving propellers operating in conjunction with a Venturi tube forming the only fuselage of the "turbine wing.".
Date: January 1, 1932
Creator: Stipa, L
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tests of nacelle-propeller combinations in various positions with reference to wings 2: thick wing - various radial-engine cowlings - tractor propeller

Description: This report is the second of a series giving the results obtained in the 20-foot wind tunnel of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics on the interference drag and propulsive efficiency of nacelle-propeller-wing combinations. The first report gave the results of the test of a N.A.C.A. cowled air-cooled engine nacelle located in 21 positions with reference to a thick wing. The present report gives results of tests of a normal engine nacelle with several types of cowling and fairings in four of the positions with reference to the same wing. (author).
Date: May 12, 1932
Creator: Wood, Donald H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

On the theory of wing sections with particular reference to the lift distribution

Description: This report gives a simple and exact method of calculating the lift distribution on thin wing sections. The most essential feature of the new theory is the introduction of an "ideal angle of attack," this angle being defined as that at which the flow enters the leading edge smoothly or, more precisely, as the angle of attack at which the lift at the leading edge equals zero. The lift distribution at this particular angle is shown to be a characteristic property of the section and has been termed the "basic distribution." it is shown that the lift of a wing section may always be considered to consist of (a) the basic distribution and (b) the additional distribution, where the latter is independent of the mean camber line and thus identical for all thin sections. The specific reason for the poor aerodynamic qualities of thin wing sections is pointed out as being due to the fact that the additional lift in potential flow becomes infinite at the leading edge. It is established that the essential parameter occurring in this analysis is the radius of curvature at the leading edge. It is further established that the actual slope of the lift curve is dependent on this parameter. The theoretical lift distribution is compared with the distribution obtained by direct measurement on a number of the more conventional wing sections. The new theory is of value in calculating the strength of wing sections.
Date: January 1, 1932
Creator: Theodorsen, Theodore
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A new principle of sound frequency analysis

Description: In connection with the study of aircraft and propeller noises, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics has developed an instrument for sound-frequency analysis which differs fundamentally from previous types, and which, owing to its simplicity of principle, construction, and operation, has proved to be of value in this investigation. The method is based on the well-known fact that the Ohmic loss in an electrical resistance is equal to the sum of the losses of the harmonic components of a complex wave, except for the case in which any two components approach or attain vectorial identity, in which case the Ohmic loss is increased by a definite amount. The principle of frequency analysis has been presented mathematically and a number of distinct advantages relative to previous methods have been pointed out. An automatic recording instrument embodying this principle is described in detail. It employs a beat-frequency oscillator as a source of variable frequency. A large number of experiments have verified the predicted superiority of the method. A number of representative records are presented.
Date: January 1, 1932
Creator: Theodorsen, Theodore
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The nature of air flow about the tail of an airplane in a spin

Description: Air flow about the fuselage and empennage during a high-angle-of-attack spin was made visible in flight by means of titanium-tetrachloride smoke and was photographed with a motion-picture camera. The angular relation of the direction of the smoke streamer to the airplane axes was computed and compared with the angular direction of the motion in space derived from instrument measurement of the spin of the airplane for a nearly identical mass distribution. The results showed that the fin and upper part of the rudder were almost completely surrounded by dead air, which would render them inoperative; that the flow around the lower portion of the rudder and the fuselage was nonturbulent; and that air flowing past the cockpit in a high-angle-of-attack spin could not subsequently flow around control surfaces.
Date: May 1, 1932
Creator: Scudder, N F & Miller, M P
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A new chart for estimating the absolute ceiling of an airplane

Description: This report is concerned with the derivation of a chart for estimating the absolute ceiling of an airplane. This chart may be used in conjunction with the usual curves of power required and power available as an accurate substitute for extended calculation, or it may be used in the estimation of absolute ceiling when power curves are not available.
Date: January 1932
Creator: Diehl, Walter S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary tests on the vaporization of fuel sprays

Description: High-speed motion pictures were taken of fuel sprays injected into the combustion chamber of the N.A.C.A. combustion apparatus. Three fuels, ethyl alcohol, gasoline, and fuel oil, which differed considerably in volatility were tested. By maintaining the engine temperature below that required for ignition the spray could be studied from soon after the start of injection until 130 crank degrees later. The results show that the sprays vaporize appreciably so that it is possible for the ignition in high speed compression-ignition engines to take place from the vapor phase.
Date: February 1, 1932
Creator: Rothrock, A. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The problem of tire sizes for airplane wheels

Description: On the basis of experiments and theoretical considerations a proposal is made for a standard tire series for airplane wheels, without regard to existing standards.
Date: October 1, 1932
Creator: Michael, Franz
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Present status of aircraft instruments

Description: This report gives a brief description of the present state of development and of the performance characteristics of instruments included in the following group: speed instruments, altitude instruments, navigation instruments, power-plant instruments, oxygen instruments, instruments for aerial photography, fog-flying instruments, general problems, summary of instrument and research problems. The items considered under performance include sensitivity, scale errors, effects of temperature and pressure, effects of acceleration and vibration, time lag, damping, leaks, elastic defects, and friction.
Date: January 1, 1932
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Problems concerning the stability and maneuverability of airplanes

Description: The stability of an airplane can be easily determined by wind-tunnel tests, especially by simple tests with models mounted wind-vane fashion. However, each stability curve plotted by this method is valid only for a certain setting of the corresponding control surface, i.e., it characterizes the stability of the airplane with the control stick in a given position. The problems thus defined are studied from the point of view of longitudinal and transverse stability. Directional stability is not included in this study.
Date: March 1, 1932
Creator: Biche, Jean
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Measurements of flow in the boundary layer of a 1/40-scale model of the U. S. Airship "Akron"

Description: This report presents the results of measurements of flow in the boundary layer of a 1/40-scale model of the U. S. Airship "Akron" (ZRS-4) made with the object of determining the boundary-layer thickness, the point of transition from laminar to the turbulent flow, and the velocity distribution in the boundary layer.
Date: April 27, 1932
Creator: Freeman, Hugh B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flame movement and pressure development in an engine cylinder

Description: This investigation describes a visual method for making stroboscopic observations, through a large number of small windows, of the spread of flame throughout the combustion chamber of a gasoline engine. Data, secured by this method on a small engine burning gaseous fuels, are given to show the effects of mixture ratio, spark advance, engine speed, charge density, degree of dilution, compression ratio, and fuel composition on flame movement in the cylinder. Partial indicator diagrams showing pressure development during the combustion period are included. Although present knowledge is not sufficient to permit qualitative evaluation of the separate effects on flame movement of chemical reaction velocity, thermal expansion of burned gases, resonance, turbulence, and piston movement, the qualitative influence of certain of these factors on some of the diagrams is indicated.
Date: January 1, 1932
Creator: Marvin, Charles F , Jr & Best, Robert D
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experiments with planing surfaces

Description: Experiments with planing surfaces are fundamental, hydrodynamic researches for the purpose of obtaining the most favorable forms for planing boats, flying boats, and seaplane floats, with respect to water resistance and seaworthiness.
Date: March 1, 1932
Creator: Sottorf, W
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department