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Stream Reconnaissance for Nutrients and Other Water-Quality Parameters, Greater Pittsburgh Region, Pennsylvania

Description: Abstract: Eighty-five stream sites in and near the six-county Greater Pittsburgh Region were sampled in mid-June 1971 and again in mid-October 1972. Concentrations of inorganic nitrogen, organic carbon, or phosphorus were high enough to indicate potential problems at about a quarter of the sampling sites. Temperature, dissolved oxygen, and pH values indicated a generally favorable capacity for recovery from degradation, although a number of streams east of the Allegheny and Monongahela Rivers are marginal or lacking. Regionally, sulfate is the dominant ion and was observed in concentrations of 40 milligrams per liter or more at 90 percent of the sites. Bicarbonate exceeded 100 milligrams per liter at 22 sites. A moderate to high degree of mineralization is indicated by conductance readings of more than 500 micromhos per centimeter at half of the sampling sites.
Date: February 1975
Creator: Beall, Robert M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analyses of Coals in the United States with Descriptions of Mine and Field Samples Collected between July 1, 1904 and June 30, 1910 Part 2. Descriptions of Samples

Description: From Introduction: "This volume contains the descriptions of the samples whose analyses are published in the preceding volume, Part I of this bulletin. The descriptions have been compiled from the notebooks of the persons who collected the samples, have been condensed from accounts given in published reports of the United States Geological Survey, or have furnished by the collection themselves. Inasmuch as the descriptions represent the work of many persons during a period of six years, and inasmuch as they were recorded under widely differing conditions, they necessarily vary in fullness detail."
Date: 1913
Creator: Lord, N. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Incidental Problems in Gas-Producer Tests

Description: From Introduction: "In the course of this study many incidental problems of prime importance have demanded consideration. Among them is the determination, under practically constant conditions, of the duration of gas-producer tests necessary to reduce the possible error to minimum. A discussion of this proper length of test period forms the part of this bulletin."
Date: 1911
Creator: Fernald, R. H.; Smith, C. D.; Clement, J. K. & Grine, H. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Approved Explosion-Proof Coal-Cutting Equipment

Description: Report discussing description of equipment tested to prevent explosions when using coal-cutting explosions and provides explanation of fire damp protection theory.
Date: 1920
Creator: Ilsley, L. C. & Gleim, E. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Oil and Gas Wells through Workable Coal Beds: Papers and Discussions

Description: From Preface: "In carrying out such a policy with reference to the subject under consideration, the Bureau of Mines invited the State geologists, mine inspectors, and a number of coal operators and oil and gas well drillers from the States interested to meet representatives of the Bureau of Mines in Pittsburgh, Pa., for a discussion of the subject during February 7 and February 8, 1913. This adjourned meeting of the conference will be held at an early date and its report will be printed in a later edition of this bulletin, with such additional suggestions as may be received by the Bureau of Mines. The bureau will be glad, therefore, to receive at the earliest practicable date any additional suggestions or any additional information throwing light on the matters discussed in this bulletin."
Date: 1913
Creator: Rice, George S. & Hood, O. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Primer on Explosives for Coal Miners

Description: From Introduction: "Much of the information in this primer has been obtained from experiments conducted by the technologic branch of the United Sates Geological Survey at the mining experiment station at Pittsburgh, Pa. These investigations have shown the recent development of a new type of short-flame explosives, which can be used with greater safety than black powder in mines where there is dangerous gas or inflammable dust, because the flame from the explosion of black powder lasts from 2,500 to 3,500 times as long does the flame from these newer explosives and is therefore more likely to ignite the gas or dust in such mines."
Date: 1911
Creator: Munroe, Charles E. & Hall, Clarence
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analyses of Coals in the United States with Descriptions of Mine and Field Samples Collected between July 1, 1904 and June 30, 1910: Part 1. -- Analyses

Description: From Significance and value of Analyses of Coal: "The analyses published in this report cover samples of coal collected in many different parts of the country with unusual care by experiences men, in such manner as to make them representative of extensive beds of coal."
Date: 1913
Creator: Lord, N. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

National Mine-Rescue and First-Aid Conference: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, September 23-26, 1912

Description: From Introduction: "It this report endeavor has been made to eliminate all unnecessary remarks; but in order that those who hold diverging views regarding the subjects discussed may have before them the arguments that led the conferees to vote for the 36 resolutions adopted, the discussion had in the committees and in open session is published practically in full. Moreover, for the information of those mining officials, operators, and surgeons who are unfamiliar with approved methods of first-aid training and training with breathing apparatus and safety devices and methods of rescue, it seems equally desirable that the few opening addresses and closing remarks made it general session should be published as an expression of the reasons for such work and for the conference."
Date: 1913
Creator: Wilson, Herbert M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

First Series of Coal-Dust Explosion Tests in the Experimental Mine

Description: From Introduction: "This report has been prepared, not only for the purpose of recoding the results of the first series of coal-dust tests conducted in the experimental mine of the Bureau of Mines, but also to place before the mining public a description of the mine and an account of the objects sought in an its establishment."
Date: 1913
Creator: Rice, George S.; Jones, L. M.; Clement, J. K. & Egy, W. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Essential Factors in the Formation of Producer Gas

Description: From Introduction Scope and Purpose of Inquiry: "The Bureau of Mines, to which the testing and analyzing of fuels as carried on by the United States Geographical Survey has been transferred, is continuing producer-gas investigations at the testing station at Pittsburgh, Pa. Results of the gas-producer tests made at the coal-testing plant erected at St.Louis, Mo., and of a study of some of the problems that came up in the tests have been published by Geological Survey. Results of the tests made at Norfolk, Va., and Pittsburgh, Pa. and of further studies of particular problems, will be published by the Bureau of Mines."
Date: 1911
Creator: Clement, J. K.; Adams, L. H. & Haskins, C. N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Flow of Heat Through Furnace Walls

Description: From Introduction: "This bulletin contains a statement of certain results that will be embodied in a report describing investigations of the combustion of fuel made by the United States Geological Survey and the Bureau of Mines in a specially constructed long furnace."
Date: 1911
Creator: Ray, Walter T. & Kreisinger, Henry
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Recent Development of the Producer-Gas Power Plant in the United States

Description: From Introduction: "A summary of the tests made at St. Louis and a resume of the conclusions to be drawn from the tests and from the opinions of gas-producer manufacturers on the status of the gas producer and gas engine was published in a Survey bulletin in 1907. As it is desirable to repeat much of the material that appeared in the former bulletin (now out of print), this presentation may be regarded as a revision of the previous one, although considerable information not previously available for publication has been added."
Date: 1910
Creator: Fernald, Robert Heywood
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Apparatus and Methods for the Sampling and Analysis of Furnace Gases

Description: From Introduction: "It is the purpose of this paper to describe some apparatus and methods which have proved satisfactory to those engaged in the chemical work of the investigations mentioned. While these methods and apparatus have been designed more particularly with regard to analysis of furnace gases, their use is by no means limited to that purpose."
Date: 1911
Creator: Frazer, J. C. W. & Hoffman, E. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Volatile Matter of Coal

Description: From Introduction Scope of Report: "This bulletin is a report on an investigation of the volatile matter in several typical coals-its composition and amount at different temperatures of volatilization. As the investigation is still in progress and will doubtless include other coals than those already examined, the bulletin may be considered a preliminary report, stating the problems studied, the methods used, and the results thus far obtained."
Date: 1912
Creator: Porter, Horace C. & Ovitz, F. K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Mining and Preparing Domestic Graphite for Crucible Use

Description: From Prefactory Statement: "In this bulletin are presented the results obtained in the first two phases of the work outlined above. The bulletin is in two parts. The first part describes the methods of mining and milling used, suggests a standard method of sampling finished graphite, and describes a rapid and convenient method of analysis developed at the Pittsburgh station of the Bureau of Mines, to which has been assigned the analytical and microscopic work. The second part describes experiments on the concentration and milling of graphite, which were made at the Salt Lake City, Utah, station."
Date: 1920
Creator: Dub, George D. & Moses, Frederick G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Combustion of Coal and Design of Furnaces

Description: From Purpose and scope of Investigations: "The combustion investigations of bureau are carried on in two parts. One part is the study of the process of combustion in the fuel bed as affected by the rate of supplying air through the fuel bed, by the character of the fuel as regards structure and composition, by the thickness of fuel bed, by the method of feeding the coal and the air and by the method of heating the coal. The second part of the investigation is the study of the process of combustion of the gases and other combustible rising from the fuel bed in the combustion space, after a sufficient quantity of air has been added. The results of the study are given in this report."
Date: 1917
Creator: Kreisinger, Henry; Augustine, C. E. & Ovitz, F. K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Characterization of Tar Acids from Coal-Hydrogenation Oils

Description: From Introduction: "The purpose of this investigation was to separate and identify as many of the principal phenolic compounds produced by the mild hydrogenation of Pittsburgh-bed (Bruceton) coal as possible and to determine with the greatest possible accuracy the proportions in which they are present."
Date: 1950
Creator: Woolfolk, E. O.; Golumbic, C.; Friedel, R. A.; Orchin, Milton & Storch, H. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Structure and Propagation of Turbulent Bunsen Flames

Description: From Introduction and Summary: "In the assessments of research objectives after World War II it was brought out that little effort had yet been expended on an understanding of turbulent flames.The present report deals exclusively with a second stage of work which was carried out between November 1954 and August 1959. This summary report includes a few new data, but its chief purpose is to reorient the findings toward a better appreciation of what has been accomplished and what most profitably might be done in the near future."
Date: 1962
Creator: Burgess, David
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Determination of Phenols in Coal Tars and Hydroxyl Groups in Coal by Forming Trimethylsilyl Ethers

Description: From Introduction: "This report reviews related previous work and describes studies by the Bureau of Mines on (1) the development of new methods for analyzing phenols, (2) the development of a specific method for the determination of phenolic hydoxyl groups in coal, and (3) the preparation and properties of trimethylsiyl derivatives of individual phenols."
Date: 1963
Creator: Friedman, Sidney; Zahn, Charles; Kaufman, Marvin & Wender, Irving
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Plastic, Agglutinating, and Free-Swelling Properties of American Coals

Description: From Abstract: "This Bulletin presents, in collected and tabulated form, Bureau of Mines (Pittsburgh station) data pertaining to the plastic, agglutinating, and free-swelling characteristics of American coals."
Date: 1963
Creator: Walters, J. G.; Ode, W. H. & Spinetti, L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department