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PAN-EARTH Sub-Saharan Africa Workshop Report

Description: Report on the PAN-EARTH Sub-Saharan Africa Workshop. This workshop focused on the effects of global climate changes on the agriculture and ecology of the countries of sub-Saharan Africa.
Date: September 1989
Creator: Bezuneh, Taye; Harwell, Mark A.; Menyonga, Joseph Mufu; Acevedo, Miguel F.; Ackerman, Thomas P.; Aho, Nestor et al.
Partner: UNT College of Engineering

Taller de Trabajo Sobre Modelaje de Cultivos: Entrenamiento y Calibracion Informe

Description: Report on a Modeling Crop and Climate Change workshop. The objectives of the workshop were: 1) train Venezuelan scientists in the use of agricultural models IBSNAT program (International Benchmark Sites Network for Agrotechnology Transfer), including discussions about their applicability and the acquisition of knowledge about the data needed for proper simulation and validation, 2) Calibrate the model of maize (CERES) for different cultivars and different regions of Venezuela using data from soil and climate corresponding to various tests, 3) Carry out model simulations under various climate scenarios to assess their potential effects on crops, 4) To strengthen the cooperation between users of IBSNAT models to make necessary tests to get a better database application thus facilitating validation and calibration of these models, and 5) To establish plans for future agricultural and meteorological research in the context of global climate change.
Date: November 1989
Creator: Acevedo, Miguel F.; Andressen, Rigoberto; Azocar, Aura; Bisbal, Evelyn; Comerma, Juan; Corvo, Fernando et al.
Partner: UNT College of Engineering

PAN-EARTH/FONAIAP Workshop on Crop Model Training and Calibration

Description: This report discusses a PAN-EARTH / Fondo Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (FONAIAP) Workshop on Crop Model Training and Calibration.
Date: November 1989
Creator: Acevedo, Miguel F.; Andressen, Rigoberto; Azocar, Aura; Bisbal, Evelyn; Comerma, Juan; Corvo, Fernando et al.
Partner: UNT College of Engineering

Report to Congress on reassessment of the Civilian Radioactive Waste Management Program

Description: In the Report of the House Committee on Appropriations (House Report No. 101-96) on the Energy and Water Development Appropriation Act, 1990 (P.L. 101-101), the Committee directed the Department of Energy (DOE) ``{hor_ellipsis} to submit a report within 60 days of enactment {hor_ellipsis} which describes in detail how the Department plans to respond to the Committee`s {hor_ellipsis} concerns dealing with endemic schedule slips, problems in management structure, and lack of integrated contractor efforts.`` This report has been prepared in response to the above-mentioned Congressional directive. It is based on a comprehensive review that the Secretary of Energy has recently completed of the Civilian Radioactive Waste Management Program. The Secretary`s review has led to the development of a three-point action plan for restructuring the program. This plan is explained in this report.
Date: November 1, 1989
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

High-Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor Technology Development Program: Annual progress report for period ending December 31, 1987

Description: The High-Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor (HTGR) Program being carried out under the US Department of Energy (DOE) continues to emphasize the development of modular high-temperature gas-cooled reactors (MHTGRs) possessing a high degree of inherent safety. The emphasis at this time is to develop the preliminary design of the reference MHTGR and to develop the associated technology base and licensing infrastructure in support of future reactor deployment. A longer-term objective is to realize the full high-temperature potential of HTGRs in gas turbine and high-temperature, process-heat applications. This document summarizes the activities of the HTGR Technology Development Program for the period ending December 31, 1987.
Date: March 1, 1989
Creator: Jones, J.E.,Jr.; Kasten, P.R.; Rittenhouse, P.L. & Sanders, J.P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental test plan: USDOE/JAERI collaborative program for the coated particle fuel performance test

Description: This document describes the coated-particle fuel performance test agreed to under Annex 2 of the arrangement between the US Department of Energy and the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute on cooperation in research and development regarding high-temperature gas-cooled reactors (HTGRs). The test will evaluate the behavior of reference fuel compacts containing coated-particle fuels fabricated according to the specifications for the US Modular HTGR and the Japanese High-Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) concepts. Two experimental capsules, HRB-21 and HRB-22, are being tested. Capsule HRB-21 contains only US reference fuel, and HRB-22 contains only JAERI reference fuel. Both capsules will be irradiated in the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Capsule HRB-21 will be operated at a mean volumetric fuel temperature of 975{degrees}C and will achieve a peak fissile burnup of 26% fissions per initial metal atom (FIMA) and a fast fluence of {le}4.5 {times} 10{sup 25} neutrons/m{sup 2}. Capsule HRB-22 will be operated at a mean centerline fuel temperature of 1250 to 1300{degrees}C and will achieve a peak fissile burnup of 5.5% FIMA and a fast fluence of 1.7 {times} 10{sup 25} neutrons/m{sup 2}. Performance of the fuels during irradiation will be closely monitored using on-line fission gas surveillance. Following irradiation, both capsules will undergo detailed examinations and core heatup simulation testing. Results from in-reactor monitoring and postirradiation testing will be analyzed to comparatively assess US and Japanese coated-particle fuel performance. 3 refs., 9 figs., 10 tabs.
Date: December 1989
Creator: Kania, M. J. & Fukuda, K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Negative transverse impedance

Description: Recently, measurements in the SPS show that the coherent tune shift in the horizontal direction has positive values whereas that in the vertical direction has negative ones. Thus the existence of negative transverse impedance gets confirmed in a real machine. This stimulates us to start a new round of systematic studies on this interesting phenomenon. The results obtained from our computer simulations are presented in this note. Our simulations demonstrate that the negative transverse impedance may appear when the rotational symmetry embedded in a discontinuity is broken, and that the geometries that we have studies may be the source of the positive horizontal tune shift measured in the SPS.
Date: June 12, 1989
Creator: Chou, W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Groundwater Parameters and Flow Systems Near Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Description: Precipitation near Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) averages 132 cm/yr. About 76 cm/yr of water is consumed by evapotranspiration. The natural streamflow, which averages 56 cm/yr of water, consists of overland flow (about 21 cm/yr) from water bodies, wetlands, and impervious areas of groundwater discharge (about 35 cm/yr of water). Groundwater occurs in a stormflow zone that extends from the land surface to a depth of 0.3-2 m and in shallow and deeper aquifers that extend from the water table to the base of fresh water. in the stormflow zone, most water flows through macropores and mesopores, which have a volumetric porosity of about 0.002. In the vadose zone and below the water table, water flows through fractures that have a volumetric porosity in the range 1 x 10{sup -5} to 0.02. Water inflow occurs by precipitation and infiltration. infiltration that exceeds the soil water deficit forms a perched water table in the stormflow zone at the level where infiltration rate exceeds vertical hydraulic conductivity. Some water percolates down to the water table but the majority flows downslope to the streams. Recharge of the shallow aquifer is only about 3.2 cm/yr of water or 5.7% of streamflow. Most of the water that recharges the shallow aquifer is discharged by evapotranspiration above the water table. The remainder is discharged at springs and streams where the water table is within the stormflow zone. Digital models that permit unsaturated conditions and transient flows may be more appropriate than steady-state models of saturated flow for the ORNL area.
Date: January 1, 1989
Creator: Moore, G.K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Compendation of SSC lattice optics in the presence of dipole field errors: Report of the Correction Element Working Group

Description: The assignment of the Correction Element Working Group (CEWG) is to advance the designs of various candidate correction schemes to a point where they can be compared and distilled down to a single plan. Choosing among, the options often involves consideration of incommensurate factors such as cost, practicality, and theoretical performance. Except for minor issues, the CEWG purpose is to gather and array the facts in a form from which these decisions can be rationally made, but not to make the decisions. The present report analyses various schemes for compensating nonlinear multipole errors in the main arc dipoles of the Superconducting Super Collider. Emphasis is on comparing lumped and distributed compensation, on minimizing the total number of correction elements, and on reducing the sensitivity to closed-orbit errors.
Date: February 1, 1989
Creator: Bintinger, D.; Chao, A. & Forest, E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Technical support documentation for the Automated Residential Energy Standard (ARES) data base in support of proposed interim energy conservation voluntary performance standards for new non-federal residential buildings: Volume 4

Description: This report focuses on those areas where substantial improvements have been made in simulation techniques or analysis of results concerning the Automated Residential Energy Standard (ARES).
Date: September 1, 1989
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Background to the development process, Automated Residential Energy Standard (ARES) in support of proposed interim energy conservation voluntary performance standards for new non-federal residential buildings: Volume 3

Description: This report documents the development and testing of a set of recommendations generated to serve as a primary basis for the Congressionally-mandated residential standard. This report treats only the residential building recommendations.
Date: September 1, 1989
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A study of eddy current measurement (1986-1987)

Description: A study was conducted in 1986 to evaluate a modified eddy current system for measuring copper thickness on Kapton. Results showed a measurement error of 0.42 {mu}in. for a thickness range of 165 to 170 {mu}in. and a measurement variability of 3.2 {mu}in.
Date: June 22, 1989
Creator: Ramachandran, R.S. & Armstrong, K.P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Program status 1. quarter -- FY 1989: Confinement systems programs

Description: Brief summaries are given for DIII-D Research Operations covering the following areas: beta and stability; confinement; boundary physics; electron cyclotron heating; ion Bernstein wave heating; current drive; tokamak operations; neutral beam operations; ECH operations; ICH operations; computer data systems; program development; and hardware development. The progress summaries on the International Cooperation task are given for the Tora Supra, HIDEX -- Nagoya Tokamak Experiment, ASDEX, JET, JFT-2M, CHS, and JT-60. Finally a brief summary of progress on the CIT physics task is given.
Date: January 20, 1989
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Program status 4. quarter -- FY 1989: Fusion technology development

Description: The ARIES-I design is nearing completion. The ARIES-II design work will begin soon and will be based on an advanced physics DT tokamak operating in the second stability regime. The ARIES-I blanket design team has selected the 5 MPa helium-cooled design as the reference blanket for study. Beryllium neutron multiplier will be used together with an advanced super-critical steam cycle for power conversion. Model ICRF tetrode tube anodes demonstrated the equivalent of plate dissipation, exceeding expectations. Full size tubes are being constructed for testing at JAERI. International fusion nuclear data cooperation activities continued to expand. The exposure of 12 well-characterized graphite tiles in the divertor region of DIII-D continues. The conceptual design of a mechanism to insert material samples into the DIII-D divertor is nearing completion. Finally, the data on manganese-stabilized austenitic steels that was obtained and compiled last quarter was prepared for presentation to the ITER team.
Date: October 18, 1989
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Updated DIII-D experimental plan for FY-1989

Description: The program proposed here is designed to support and build toward the long-term plan put forward during 1987 for the DIII-D facility. This plan has as its ultimate goal developing sufficient understanding and predictive capability to enable the demonstration of a high beta plasma with non-inductively driven toroidal current. The early stages of this plan call for the optimization of the plasma configuration for good confinement at high beta while simultaneously developing the need rf power systems for current drive, profile control, and heating.
Date: August 1, 1989
Creator: Luxon, J.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Safety assessment of indoor live fire range, May 1989

Description: The following Safety Assessment (SA) pertains to the indoor live fire range (LFR) at EG&G Mound Applied Technology plant. The purpose of the indoor LFR is to conduct training with live ammunition for all designated personnel. The SA examines the risks that are attendant to the operation of an indoor LFR for this purpose.
Date: May 1, 1989
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Assessment of the AWC TRUclean process for use on Mound soils and sediments

Description: The AWC TRUclean System has been proposed as a method to reduce the volume of LSA waste during D&D excavation of Pu-238 contaminated soils on the Mound Site and Pu-238 contaminated sediments in the Miami-Erie Canal. Following test runs with Mound soil, AWC suggested that the TRUclean Process could reduce the amount of LSA waste by greater than 90% if a machine could be built and used to process the Mound soil. The cost savings which could potentially be realized by assuming this magnitude of volume reduction were thought to be significant on large projects. These preliminary results suggested that a review of the TRUclean Process and the 1987 test results should be performed to determine a course of action. The AWC TRUclean Process and the test data have been evaluated and the potential effectiveness of the process determined for use on Mound soils and/or on the sediments in the Miami-Erie Canal.
Date: March 23, 1989
Creator: Rogers, D.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An investigation of bridge width measurement and processing capabilities (1985)

Description: An investigation of Mound`s ability to measure and process bridges was conducted in 1985. Prior to improvements in the measuring system and technique, bridge width was found to have a sigma of 0.00019 in. After improvements were made, a sigma of 0.000047 was realized. Bridge length was found to be more erratic than width, although most of the inaccuracy was caused by measurement uncertainty. Length and width were found to have little or no correlation.
Date: May 15, 1989
Creator: Armstrong, K.P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Modification to the Remedial Action Plan and site design for stabilization of the inactive uranium mill tailings site at Mexican Hat, Utah: Volume 1, Text, Attachments 1--6. Final report

Description: This document provides the modifications to the 1988 Remedial Action Plan (RAP) of the contaminated materials at the Monument Valley, Arizona, and Mexican Hat, Utah. The text detailing the modifications and attachments 1 through 6 are provided with this document. The RAP was developed to serve a two-fold purpose. It presents the activities proposed by the Department of Energy (DOE) to accomplish long-term stabilization and control of the residual radioactive materials (RRM) from Monument Valley, Arizona, and Mexican Hat, Utah, at the Mexican Hat disposal site. It also serves to document the concurrence of both the Navajo Nation and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) in the remedial action. This agreement, upon execution by DOE and the Navajo Nation and concurrence by the NRC, becomes Appendix B of the Cooperative Agreement. This document has been structured to provide a comprehensive understanding of the remedial action proposed for the Monument Valley and Mexican Hat sites. It includes specific design and construction requirements for the remedial action. Pertinent information and data are included with reference given to the supporting documents.
Date: January 1, 1989
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Comparison of US/FRG accident condition fuel failure and release models

Description: Although there are many differences between the High-Temperature Gas Cooled Reactor (HTGR) concepts being developed in the US and the High Temperature Reactor (HTR) concepts in the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG), the coated fuel particles are very similar. Significant benefits are achievable through cooperative research and exchange of information and data on the fuel performance and radionuclide retention in the coated fuel particles. This draft report describes cooperative work on HTGR safety research as agreed to in the "USA/FRG Umbrella Agreement for Cooperation in GCR Development: Safety Research Subprogram Plan," specifically, this work was conducted under Project Work Statement (PWS) S-6 titled "Fission Product Retention in Fuel," 9 refs., 12 figs., 4 tabs.
Date: May 29, 1989
Creator: Bolin, J. & Dunn, T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An evaluation of the suitability of laser-induced fluorescence for measurements of fission-product iodine sorptivity in the MHTGR [modular high-temperature gas-cooled reactor]

Description: Experiments and calculations indicate that laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) lacks the sensitivity needed for sorptivity measurements of I{sub 2} or other molecular species at partial pressures below 10{sup {minus}11} atm. Although the technique may have sufficient sensitivity for measurements of atomic species, the species of interest are, in all likelihood, not atomic. Methods of measurement which would allow the determination of species are proposed. 9 refs., 6 figs.
Date: July 1989
Creator: Sherrow, S. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Calorimetry exchange program quarterly data report for, January 1989--March 1989

Description: The goals of the calorimetry sample exchange program are to: discuss measurement differences; improve analytical methods; discuss new measurement capabilities; provide data to DOE on measurement capabilities to evaluate shipper-receiver differences; provide standardized materials as necessary; and provide a measurement control program for plutonium analysis. A sample of plutonium dioxide powder is available at each participating site for NDA analysis.
Date: 1989-04~
Creator: Lyons, J. E. & McClelland, T. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department