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Report of the Twenty-Fifth National Conference on Weights and Measures, 1935

Description: Report of the annual conference on weights and measures, hosted by the U.S. National Bureau of Standards in Washington D.C. It includes conference proceedings, a list of attendees, information about committees and officers, and other reports or commentaries discussed at the meetings.
Date: June 1936
Creator: United States. Bureau of Standards.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Phosphate Rock Near Maxville, Philipsburg, and Avon, Montana

Description: From abstract: This paper gives the results of a resurvey of certain areas in Montana to which renewed interest has been directed by the development recently of a market for crude phosphate rock in British Columbia, nearby.
Date: 1936
Creator: Pardee, J. T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Richey-Lambert Coal Field, Richland and Dawson Counties, Montana

Description: From abstract: The Richey-Lambert coal field is an area of about 900 square miles in Richland and Dawson Counties, eastern Montana, along the divide between the Missouri and Yellowstone Rivers. In this region only flat-lying continental rocks occur near the surface. About 300 feet of the Lebo shale member and about 930 feet of the coal-bearing Tongue River member of the Fort Union formation, of Eocene age, are exposed in the area. Deposits of terrace gravel at two levels in the field are tentatively correlated with the gravel on the Cypress Hills, Saskatchewan, which has been assigned to the Oligocene by the Canada Geological Survey, and with the Flaxville gravel, of upper Miocene or Pliocene age.
Date: 1936
Creator: Parker, Frank S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Rosebud Coal Field, Rosebud and Custer Counties, Montana

Description: From abstract: The Rosebud coal field, named from Rosebud Creek and the village of Rosebud, includes an area of about 1,050 square miles and forms a very small part of the subbituminous and lignite coal fields of eastern Montana and Wyoming and the western part of the Dakotas. It is an irregularly bounded tract lying south of the Yellowstone River in eastern Rosebud County and western Custer County and measures 50 miles from east to west and 28 miles from north to south. It adjoins the Forsyth coal field, on the west, the Ashland coal field, on the south, and the Miles City coal field, in part, on the north.
Date: 1936
Creator: Pierce, William Gamewell
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Mineral industry of Alaska in 1934

Description: From Introduction: "The value of its mineral resources has long been recognized as a matter of concern in the welfare of every nation, and all wise governments almost from time immemorial have taken steps to find out about, utilize, and safeguard such of these natural resources as lie within their own boundaries or to acquire rights in those they need that lie outside those boundaries. Obviously one of these lines concerns itself with the record of present performance-how much of the different mineral commodities is the country at present producing, where does this production come from and what are the facts as to the current developments in the industry? To answer some of these questions authoritatively is part of the work of the Alaskan branch of the Geological Survey, and answers to those questions for the year 1934 are given in the accompanying report."
Date: 1936
Creator: Smith, Philip S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Mineral Deposits of the Ruby-Kuskokwim Region Alaska

Description: From Abstract: "The following report is essentially a description of the mineral deposits that have been found in this region and of the status of mining in 1933."
Date: 1936
Creator: Mertie, John Beaver, Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geomorphology of the North Flank of the Uinta Mountains

Description: From introduction: The geologic record of the Tertiary period in the Green River Basin of southwestern Wyoming consists, in a broad way, of two quite different parts. The history of the first part, lasting through the Eocene epoch and perhaps on into the early Oligocene, was recorded in a thick series of sedimentary rocks of fluviatile and lacustrine origin. The history of the second part was recorded chiefly by successive stages of stream planation and stream trenching, but also in part by fluviatile sedimentation and, in certain localities, by glacial deposits. The first part of the record is virtually continuous, though its interpretation is by no means simple and obvious. The second part of the record is distinctly fragmentary, and the evidence the fragments provide is difficult to evaluate and to integrate.
Date: 1936
Creator: Bradley, Wilmot H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Flora of the New Albany Shale: Part 1. Diichnia Kentuckiensis, a New Representative of the Calamopityeae

Description: Abstract: A new genus of the Cycadofilicales, Diichnia, is described from the New Albany shale, of late Devonian age, in central Kentucky. The one known species, which is based on stem material showing internal structure, belongs in the family Calamopityeae. Foundation for the generic segregation is seen in the double leaf truce of the genotype, D. kentuckiensis, in contrast with the originally single trace in other known representatives of the family.
Date: 1936
Creator: Read, Charles B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geology of the Coastal Plain of South Carolina

Description: From abstract: The Coastal Plain of South Carolina extends from the Atlantic Ocean inland a distance ranging from 120 to 150 miles to the Fall Line, where it adjoins the Piedmont province. It includes an area of more than 20,000 square miles, or nearly two-thirds of the State, whose total area is 30,981 square miles, of which 494 square miles is water. The geographic divisions of the Coastal Plain are the marine coastal terraces, or "low country", which stand less than 270 feet above sea level, and the Aiken Plateau, the High Hills of Santee, the Richland red hills, and the Congaree sand hills.
Date: 1936
Creator: Cooke, C. Wythe
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geology and Mineral Resources of the Butler and Zelienople Quadrangles, Pennsylvania

Description: From abstract: This report is one of a series of publications on the geology and mineral resources of the Appalachian Plateaus. The areas described are the Butler and Zelienople quadrangles, which together include about 450 square miles in Butler, Beaver, and Lawrence Counties, western Pennsylvania.
Date: 1936
Creator: Richardson, G. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geology of the Monument Valley-Navajo Mountain Region, San Juan County, Utah

Description: From abstract: The Monument Valley-Navajo Mountain region is part of the Colorado Plateau and includes about 1,100 square miles in San Juan County, southeastern Utah, lying between the San Juan and Colorado Rivers on the north and the Utah-Arizona State line on the south. Included in the region are Navajo Mountain, the Rainbow Natural Bridge, and a part of the picturesque Monument Valley.
Date: 1936
Creator: Baker, Arthur A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight measurements of the dynamic longitudinal stability of several airplanes and a correlation of the measurements with pilots' observations of handling characteristics

Description: The dynamic longitudinal stability characteristics of eight airplanes as defined by the period and damping of the longitudinal oscillations were measured in flight to determine the degree of stability that may be expected in conventional airplanes. An attempt was made to correlate the measured stability with pilots' opinions of the general handling characteristics of the airplanes in order to obtain an indication of the most desirable degree of dynamic stability. The results of the measurements show that the period of oscillation increases with speed. At low speeds a range of periods from 11 to 23 seconds was recorded for the different airplanes. At high speeds the periods ranged from 23 to 64 seconds. The damping showed no definite trend with speed.
Date: July 15, 1936
Creator: Soulé, Hartley A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flow phenomena on plates and airfoils of short span

Description: Investigations on the flow phenomena at plates and cambered models were carried out with the aid of force measurements, some pressure distribution measurements, and photographic observation. The experimental methods are described and the results given. Section III of this work gives a comprehensive account of the results and enables us to see how nearly the lift line and lift surface theories agree with the experimental results.
Date: June 1, 1936
Creator: Winter, H
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Full-scale wind-tunnel and flight tests of a Fairchild 22 airplane equipped with a Fowler flap

Description: Full-scale wind-tunnel and flight tests were made of a Fairchild 22 airplane equipped with a Fowler flap to determine the effect of the flap on the performance and control characteristics of the airplane. In the wind-tunnel tests of the airplane with the horizontal tail surfaces removed, the flap was found to increase the maximum lift coefficient from 1.27 to 2.41. In the flight test, the flap was found to decrease the minimum speed from 58.8 to 44.4 miles per hour. The required take-off run to attain an altitude of 50 feet was reduced from 935 feet to 700 feet by the use of the flap, the minimum distance being obtained with five-sixths full deflection. The landing run from a height of 50 feet was reduced one-third. The longitudinal and directional control was adversely affected by the flap, indicating that the design of the tail surfaces is more critical with a flapped than a plain wing.
Date: August 1, 1936
Creator: Dearborn, C H & Soule, H A
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Full-scale wind-tunnel to determine a satisfactory location for a service Pitot-static tube on a low-wing monoplane

Description: Surveys of the air flow over the upper surface of four different airfoils were made in the full-scale wind tunnel to determine a satisfactory location for a fixed Pitot-static tube on a low-wing monoplane. The selection was based on small interference errors, less than 5 percent, and on a consideration of structural and ground handling problems. The most satisfactory location on the airfoils without flaps that were investigated was 10 percent of the chord aft and 25 percent of the chord above the trailing edge of a section approximately 40 percent of the semispan inboard of the wing tip. No satisfactory location was found near the wing when the flaps were deflected.
Date: March 1936
Creator: Parsons, John F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Interference of wing and fuselage from tests of 209 combinations in the NACA variable-density tunnel

Description: This report presents the results of tests of 209 simple wing-fuselage combinations made in the NACA variable-density wind tunnel to provide information regarding the effects of aerodynamic interference between wings and fuselages at a large value of Reynolds number.
Date: January 1, 1936
Creator: Jacobs, Eastman N. & Ward, Kenneth E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of full-scale split trailing-edge wing flaps with various chords and hinge locations

Description: This report gives the results of an investigation conducted in the NACA full-scale wind tunnel on a small parasol monoplane equipped with three different split trailing-edge wing flaps. The object of the investigation was to determine and correlate data on the characteristics of the airplane and flaps as affected by variation in flap chord, flap deflection, and flap location along the wing chord. The results give the lift, the drag, and the pitching moment characteristics of the airplane, and the flap forces and moments, the pressure distribution over the flaps and wing at one section, and the downwash characteristics of the flap and wing combinations.
Date: January 1, 1936
Creator: Wallace, Rudolf
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Noise from two-blade propellers

Description: The two-blade propeller, one of the most powerful sources of sound known, has been studied with the view of obtaining fundamental information concerning the noise emission. In order to eliminate engine noise, the propeller was mounted on an electric motor. A microphone was used to pick up the sound whose characteristics were studied electrically. The distribution of noise throughout the frequency range, as well as the spatial distribution about the propeller, was studied. The results are given in the form of polar diagrams. An appendix of common acoustical terms is included.
Date: January 1, 1936
Creator: Stowell, E Z & Deming, A F
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The measurement of the field of view from airplane cockpits

Description: A method has been devised for the angular measurement and graphic portrayal of the view obtained from the pilot's cockpit of an airplane. The assumption upon which the method is based and a description of the instrument, designated a "visiometer", used in the measurement are given. Account is taken of the fact that the pilot has two eyes and two separate sources of vision. The view is represented on charts using an equal-area polar projection, a description and proof of which are given. The use of this chart, aside from its simplicity, may make possible the establishment of simple criterions of the field of view. Charts of five representative airplanes with various cockpit arrangements are included.
Date: January 1, 1936
Creator: Gough, Melvin N
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Full-scale tests of NACA cowlings

Description: A comprehensive investigation has been carried on with full-scale models in the NACA 20-foot wind tunnel, the general purpose of which is to furnish information in regard to the physical functioning of the composite propeller-nacelle unit under all conditions of take-off, taxiing, and normal flight. This report deals exclusively with the cowling characteristics under condition of normal flight and includes the results of tests of numerous combinations of more than a dozen nose cowlings, about a dozen skirts, two propellers, two sizes of nacelle, as well as various types of spinners and other devices.
Date: May 18, 1936
Creator: Theodorsen, Theodore; Brevoort, M. J. & Stickle, George W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

General considerations on the flow of compressible fluids

Description: This paper presents an introduction to the subject of the flow of compressible media. Information regarding steady potential flow, flows with "subsonic" velocities, higher approximations of subsonic velocities, flow with supersonic velocities, an approximate method for general two-dimensional supersonic flow, passage through the velocity of sound, and the application to airfoils is provided. Historical development and hydraulics are omitted.
Date: October 1936
Creator: Prandtl, L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department