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A Study of the Influence of Kenneth Cooper's Work on the Teaching of Wellness and Fitness in Physical Education Programs in 2-Year Community Colleges in the United States

Description: Kenneth H. Cooper is considered to be a noted scholar in the field of wellness and fitness. This study explored his contributions to the preventive medicine and wellness movement in community college physical education programs in the United States. It examined Cooper's influence on the development of preventive medicine and wellness from its inception and growth to its impact on changes and factors affecting curriculum in community college programs. A random sample of436 physical education division directors from the nation's 1,400 community colleges yielded a 62% survey response. For purposes of comparison, the sample was stratified into two regions taken fromeast and west of the Mississippi River. Chi-square analysis at the .01 level of significance found no difference between variables due to geographic region. The findings of this study indicate that Kenneth Cooper's contributions to preventive medicine and wellness in community college physical education curriculum are overshadowed by state and local governing bodies that are the force behind curricular development in the nation's 2-year community colleges. However, as an individual contributor, Cooper ranks highly in influencing the wellness and physical education curriculum primarily in the areas of aerobic exercise, physical fitness, and cardiovascular disease. The extent of Cooper's impact on community college physical education programs is recognized by the wide utilization of the 1.5 mile run test and 12-minute run test developed by Cooper. Two areas of Cooper's research—antioxidants and spiritual fitness—are not priorities in physical education programming. Changes in physical education programs in the past 10 years show an increased emphasis and popularity in aerobic fitness courses. It was also found that 40% of the community colleges responding to the present study indicated no physical education programming and that credit hours for physical education are decreasing.
Date: May 1997
Creator: Coan, Barbara A. (Barbara Ann)
Partner: UNT Libraries

[News Clip: Elderly Exercise]

Description: Video footage from the KXAS-TV/NBC station in Fort Worth, Texas, to accompany a news story about exercises for the elderly. B-roll footage shows people exercising individually and in a group. The story aired at 5:00 P.M.
Date: June 13, 2005
Creator: KXAS-TV (Television station : Fort Worth, Tex.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

A Comparison of Physical Fitness and Anthropometric Measures of Pre-Adolescent Mexican-American and Anglo-American Males

Description: The problem of this study is that of comparing certain physical fitness and anthropometric measures for early adolescent Mexican-American and Anglo-American males. The purposes of the study are to determine if Mexican-American and Anglo-American males differ in physical fitness or anthropometric measures; to determine if the relationships between age and physical fitness, age and arthropometric measures, and anthropometric measures and physical fitness items are significantly different for Mexican-American and Anglo-American males; to compare the rate of maturation for pre-adolescent Mexican-American and Anglo-American males in physical fitness items and anthropometric measures.
Date: December 1972
Creator: Brogdon, Gayle Lyndon
Partner: UNT Libraries

Associations Between Physical Fitness and Academic Achievement: A Meditational Analysis

Description: Research has illustrated the interrelatedness of childhood physical fitness and psychological wellbeing, psychological wellbeing and academic achievement, as well as physical fitness and academic achievement. In this study, we proposed that psychological wellbeing (self-esteem and depression) serves as a mediator between physical fitness and academic achievement during adolescence. In a sample of middle school children (N = 1,530), significant correlations were found between all three variables (p.0001). A hierarchical regression analysis was performed to assess the associations between physical fitness, psychological wellbeing, and academic achievement. The regression analysis reported a significant partial mediation effect. The results of this study supported the proposed hypotheses, including a mechanism of psychological wellbeing partially mediating the relationship between physical fitness and academic achievement. The findings of this study support the importance of encouraging activities to promote both physical fitness and psychological wellbeing in schools.
Date: May 2015
Creator: Dorfman, Jocelyn C.
Partner: UNT Libraries

[News Clip: Fitness Fair]

Description: Video footage from the WBAP-TV station in Fort Worth, Texas, to accompany a news story about a fitness fair. This b-roll footage shows children playing soccer and a game with a parachute, having their height and weight recorded, and playing hand bells. This story aired at 5:00 P.M.
Date: April 14, 1985
Creator: KXAS-TV (Television station : Fort Worth, Tex.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

Relation of Pre- and Post-Puberty Anthropometric Measurements and Performance of American Negro and Caucasian Females on the AAHPER Physical Fitness Battery

Description: The problem of this study is to determine the relationship that may exist among the variables of racial status, puberty status, anthropometric measurements, and physical fitness. Particularly of interest are the anthropometric differences that may exist among Negroes and Caucasians and the effect that these differences may have upon physical fitness as measured by the AAHPER Physical Fitness Battery. Differences among racial groups and puberty groups will be determined by analysis of variance technique and relations among anthropometric measures and physical fitness components will be compared and determined by correlational techniques.
Date: August 1967
Creator: Terrell, Ruth Evelyn
Partner: UNT Libraries

A Study of the Effect of a Creative Dance Program on the Physical Fitness Level of Mentally Retarded Subjects at Denton State School Denton,Texas

Description: The study was undertaken for the following purposes: 1. To determine the present level of physical fitness of a group of mentally retarded girls at Denton State School. 2. To determine the effect of a creative dance program, devised by the author, on the physical fitness level of a group of mentally retarded girls at Denton State School. 3. To determine the feasibility of the inclusion of creative dance in an overall physical education program for mentally retarded girls.
Date: August 1967
Creator: Bradford, Minnie M.
Partner: UNT Libraries

A Comparison of the Effects of Four Selected Programs of Physical Education with Regard to Physical Fitness and Attitude Toward Physical Education

Description: The problem of this study was the determination of the relationship between four selected programs of physical education and (a) physical fitness, and (b) attitude toward physical education among low-physically-fit freshman and sophomore male college students.
Date: January 1969
Creator: Gravett, Bob Lee
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Relationship of Selected Factors and Physical Fitness of White and Negro Students at Two Different Levels

Description: The purpose of this investigation was to extend the study of possible differences between Negro and white boys on measures of physical fitness and to determine the relationship between certain variables and physical fitness for Negro and white boys.
Date: August 1970
Creator: Dahl, Ralph L. (Ralph Loyd)
Partner: UNT Libraries

Survey of Physical Education in Texas High Schools

Description: The first purpose of this study was to determine whether the physical education programs of Texas high schools met the recommended minimum requirements of the Texas Education Agency in the following areas: 1. Appraisal of fitness 2. Body mechanics 3. Conditioning exercises 4. Gymnastics 5. Weight training (modified for girls) 6. Rhythms 7. Minimum of two team sports 8. Minimum of two individual-dual activities 9. Track and field. The second purpose of this study was to determine whether the small high schools in Texas were meeting the recommended minimum requirements of the Texas Education Agency to the same degree as large Texas schools. The third purpose of this study was to determine whether the boys' physical education program in Texas high schools were meeting the recommended minimum requirements of the Texas Education Agency to the same degree as girls' programs.
Date: August 1965
Creator: Norris, Melvin Leon, 1930-
Partner: UNT Libraries