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Mine Safety: MSHA's and Other Federal Agencies' Improved Oversight Could Enhance Safety for Coal Miners

Description: Testimony issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "The Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA), the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), the Federal Mine Safety and Health Review Commission, the Department of Labor's Office of the Solicitor, the states, and the mining industry share responsibility for ensuring mine safety. In two reports released today, GAO examined the challenges underground coal mines face in preparing for emergencies, how well MSHA oversees mine operators' training efforts, how well MSHA and NIOSH coordinate to enhance the development and approval of mine safety technology, MSHA's coal mine inspector recruiting efforts, and how civil penalties are assessed."
Date: May 16, 2007
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Mine Safety: Reports and Key Studies Support the Scientific Conclusions Underlying the Proposed Exposure Limit for Respirable Coal Mine Dust

Description: Correspondence issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "Our evaluation of the reports MSHA used to support its proposal and the key scientific studies on which the reports were based shows that they support the conclusion that lowering the PEL from 2.0 mg/m3 to 1.0 mg/m3 would reduce miners’ risk of disease. The reports and key studies concluded that miners’ cumulative exposure to coal mine dust at the current PEL over their working lives places them at an increased risk of developing CWP, progressive massive fibrosis, and decreased lung function, among other adverse health outcomes. To mitigate the limitations and biases in the data, the researchers took reasonable steps, such as using multiple x-ray specialists to reduce the risk of misclassifying disease and making adjustments to coal mine dust samples where bias was suspected. In addition to addressing the limitations and biases in the data, researchers used appropriate analytical methods to conclude that lowering the existing PEL would decrease miners’ risk of developing black lung disease. For example, in addition to taking steps to precisely estimate a miner’s cumulative exposure, the researchers accounted for several factors in their analyses—such as the age of the miners, the carbon content of the coal (coal rank), and other factors known to be associated with the disease—to better estimate the effect of cumulative exposure to coal mine dust. Further, the other studies we identified generally supported the conclusion that reducing the PEL would reduce miners’ risk of disease."
Date: August 17, 2012
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Mine Safety: Better Oversight and Coordination by MSHA and Other Federal Agencies Could Improve Safety for Underground Coal Miners

Description: A letter report issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "The Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA), the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), the Federal Mine Safety and Health Review Commission, the Department of Labor's Office of the Solicitor, the states, and the mining industry share responsibility for ensuring mine safety. GAO examined the challenges underground coal mines face in preparing for emergencies, how well MSHA oversees mine operators' training efforts, how well MSHA and NIOSH coordinate to enhance the development and approval of mine safety technology, and how civil penalties are assessed. To address these issues, GAO surveyed a representative sample of active underground coal mines, analyzed agency data, conducted site visits, and talked with agency officials and other experts. The survey results are estimated at the 95 percent confidence level."
Date: May 16, 2007
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Mine Safety: Basis for Proposed Exposure Limit on Respirable Coal Mine Dust and Possible Approaches for Lowering Dust Levels

Description: A letter report issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "The Department of Labor's Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) appropriately did not use recent trend data on coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP) as a basis for its proposal to lower the permissible exposure limit for respirable coal mine dust. These recent data from the Department of Health and Human Services' National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) are inappropriate for this purpose because they do not include the types of detailed information about individual miners needed to estimate the likelihood that miners would develop CWP at different exposure levels, such as historical dust exposures. MSHA primarily based its proposed new limit on two reports and six epidemiologic studies, which each concluded that lowering the limit on exposure to coal mine dust would reduce miners' risk of developing disease. MSHA's proposed coal mine dust limit was supported by these reports and studies because, unlike recent CWP trend data, they included information needed to conduct a reliable epidemiological analysis of disease risks associated with different levels of exposure to coal mine dust."
Date: April 9, 2014
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Mine Safety: MSHA's Programs for Ensuring the Safety and Health of Coal Miners Could Be Strengthened

Description: A statement of record issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "The Chairman, Subcommittee on Labor, HHS and Education, Senate Committee on Appropriations, asked GAO to submit a statement for the record highlighting findings from our 2003 report on how well the Department of Labor's Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) oversees its process for reviewing and approving critical types of mine plans and the extent to which MSHA's inspections and accident investigations processes help ensure the safety and health of underground coal miners."
Date: January 23, 2006
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Mine Safety: MSHA Devotes Substantial Effort to Ensuring the Safety and Health of Coal Miners, but Its Programs Could Be Strengthened

Description: A letter report issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "Despite a drop in injury and fatality rates since the formation of the Department of Labor's Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA), mining is still a dangerous industry. Focusing on underground coal mines, GAO assessed how well MSHA oversees its process for reviewing and approving critical types of mine plans and the extent to which MSHA's inspections and accident investigations processes help ensure the safety and health of underground coal miners."
Date: September 5, 2003
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Mine Safety: Additional Guidance and Oversight of Mines' Emergency Response Plans Would Improve the Safety of Underground Coal Miners

Description: A letter report issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "In 2006, several mining tragedies led the Congress to pass the Mine Improvement and New Emergency Response Act of 2006 (MINER Act). The law required underground coal mine operators to develop emergency response plans that contain several components designed to improve accident preparedness and response, including providing a refuge of air to miners trapped underground after an accident and wireless communications systems. The Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) is responsible for approving the plans and ensuring their implementation. GAO examined (1) the effectiveness of the approval process, (2) the status of implementation of the plans, and (3) MSHA's efforts to enforce and oversee implementation. To address these questions, GAO reviewed a nonprobability sample of emergency response plans, analyzed MSHA data, and interviewed MSHA officials and members of the mining community."
Date: April 8, 2008
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

First National Mine-Safety Demonstration, Pittsburgh, PA., October 30 and 31, 1911

Description: Report discussing the first national mine-safety demonstration in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, for the purpose of aiding the increase of safety in the mining industry. The demonstration was conceived as a means of encouraging the adoption of first-aid instruction or instruction in the use of artificial breathing devices and life-saving apparatus. This bulletin is intended for those who were unable to attend the demonstration.
Date: 1912
Creator: Wilson, Herbert M & Fay, Albert H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fire Doors for Noncoal Mines

Description: Report issued by the U.S. Bureau of Mines discussing the development and use of fire doors in non-coal mines. As stated in the abstract, "this report discusses current fire-door technology in the context of the underground mine environment and the design, fabrication, lab testing, and in-mine field testing of a mine-worthy fire door" (p. 1). This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Date: 1987
Creator: Bickel, Kenneth L. & Pomroy, William H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Carbon Monoxide Recorder and Alarm

Description: Technical paper issued by the Bureau of Mines over the development of carbon monoxide alarms and recorders. Descriptions of the recording equipment are presented and discussed. This paper includes tables, photographs, and illustrations.
Date: 1926
Creator: Katz, Sidney H.; Reynolds, D. A.; Frevert, H. W. & Bloomfield, J. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Metal-Mine Accidents in the United States During the Calendar Year 1914

Description: Report issued by the U.S. Bureau of Mines covering accidents that happened in metal mines located in the Untied States including statistics for injuries, fatalities, kinds and causes of accidents, and operational data, such as number of mine workers and shifts worked. This report includes tables and illustrations.
Date: 1916
Creator: Fay, Albert H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Respiratory Protective Devices Approved by the Bureau of Mines as of December 31, 1968: A Revision of Information Circular 8281

Description: Report issued by the U.S. Bureau of Mines discussing a revision on the breathing devices approved for use in mines and mineral industries. As stated in the abstract, "this publication lists the respiratory protective devices approved by the Bureau of mines as of December 31, 1968, and the names and addresses of their manufacturers" (p. 1). This report includes tables.
Date: 1969
Creator: Schutz, R. H. & Kloos, E. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Slip-and-Fall Accidents During Equipment Maintenance in the Surface Mining Industry

Description: Report issued by the U.S. Bureau of Mines discussing mining accidents during equipment maintenance. As stated in the abstract, "this U.S. Bureau of Mines report identifies potential causes of slip-and-fall accidents occurring during surface mine equipment maintenance and describes the relative roles of direct worker behavior and machine design" (p. 1). This report includes tables, and illustrations.
Date: 1990
Creator: Albin, Thomas J. & Adams, W. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Causes of Roof-Fall Fatalities in Anthracite and Bituminous-Coal Mines, 1955 and 1956

Description: Report issued by the U.S. Bureau of Mines discussing coal mining roof-fall accidents during 1955 and 1956. As stated in the summary, "the study includes an analysis of individual accident reports, sets forth the measurable factors, and compares such factors with a representative sample of average data from 39 anthracite mines and 117 bituminous mines" (p. 1).
Date: 1958
Creator: Joseph, R. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Recent Developments in Fire-Resistant Hydraulic Fluids for Underground Use

Description: Report issued by the Bureau of Mines discussing the use of fire-resistant hydraulic fluids in coal mines. As stated in the summary, "this report reviews investigations to determine the fire hazard in coal mining when using flammable petroleum hydraulic oils to actuate mining equipment and summarizes research by the Bureau of Mines and industry on fire-resistant hydraulic fluids" (p. 1). This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Date: 1961
Creator: Polack, Samuel, P.; Smith, Allan F. & Barthe, Henry P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Safety Cars of the United States Bureau of Mines

Description: Report issued by the U.S. Bureau of Mines discussing the mine stations and safety cars used to reach miners in distress. As stated in the report, "the purpose, equipment, personnel, and construction of its safety cars" is presented. This report includes an illustration, and a map.
Date: March 1931
Creator: Forbes, J. J. & Ankeny, M. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Standardized Construction of Mine Ventilating Doors

Description: Report issued by the U.S. Bureau of Mines discussing the development and construction of ventilation doors in mine operations. The importance of functioning ventilating doors is presented. The construction process is described in detail. This report includes an illustration.
Date: April 1944
Creator: Hartley, J. C. & Moschetti, A. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of Fire in the Kings Mine, Princeton Mining Company, Princeton, Indiana

Description: Report issued by the U.S. Bureau of Mines discussing the fire that occurred in Kings Mine in Princeton, Indiana. The circumstances surrounding the fire, including mining methods and conditions are presented. This report includes tables, and illustrations.
Date: February 1949
Creator: Herbert, C. A.; Gallagher, W. A. & Smith, F. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department