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V : invest.

Description: Red poster with blue and white border. In the center is a large blue "V" and below that is the word "INVEST" in white.
Date: 1919
Creator: United States. Dept. of the Treasury. War Loan Organization.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Your war bonds are a stake in the future.

Description: Painting of an engraved stone plaque affixed to an outer red brick wall of a building. The plaque has an eagle/shield at the top and the text engraved below it. A U.S. flag wrapped around its pole leans toward the plaque in the foreground.
Date: 1943
Creator: Saalburg, Allen Russell, 1899-1987.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The value of human rights on the open market: Liberal economic policies and the achievement of personal integrity rights.

Description: At the end of World War II, the United States emerged as a world leader, putting into place international institutions based on its own liberal economic philosophy. Since then, the world has witnessed an increasing interconnectedness among states, with economic relationships continually blurring the distinction between domestic and international, as well as between state and societal forces. Much of the world associates this increased interconnectedness with human suffering around the globe. This dissertation seeks to test the effects of economic globalization on personal integrity violations within a state, on the whole. Specifically, I examine three aspects associated with globalization, trade openness, investment and IMF funding within a state. Liberal economic theory suggests that economic relationships should foster positive gains. Particularly, economic relationships engender economic prosperity, diffusion of norms and idea, as well as the growth of a middle class which increasingly demands respect for its political and civil rights. Consistent with the liberal paradigm, I find that open trade and investment lead to improved personal integrity rights. In addition, investment which originates from the hegemon is especially likely to increase a state's respect for personal integrity rights. Conversely, IMF funding is likely to provoke protests from people in recipient countries, which often leads to increased repression by the state. To the extent that the IMF chooses to place importance on human rights, future attention should be paid to the practices of recipient countries. Overall, this dissertation suggests overall support for the liberal paradigm, that open economic policies are most likely to lead to improved levels of personal integrity rights.
Date: December 2003
Creator: Harrelson-Stephens, Julie
Partner: UNT Libraries

Internal Capital Market and Capital Misallocation: Evidence from Corporate Spinoffs

Description: This study investigates the importance of reduced capital misallocation in explaining the gains in corporate spinoffs. The capital misallocation hypothesis asserts that the internal capital market of a diversified firm fails to meet the needs of the relatively low growth divisions for less investment and the needs of the relatively high growth divisions for more investment. Higher differences in growth opportunities imply that more capital is misallocated. This study finds that the higher the difference in growth opportunities of a diversified firm's businesses, the more likely the firm is to conduct a spinoff. This finding supports the argument that diversified firms conduct spinoffs to reduce capital misallocation. This study finds differences in managerial ownership of spinoff firms and of nonspinoff firms. This suggests that the misallocation of internal capital is an agency problem. A low management ownership stake, coupled with the existing differential in growth opportunities between parent and spunoff firms, leads to misallocation of internal capital, thus creating incentives for a spinoff. Spinoffs should result in a shift to the “right" investment policy and to better operating performance for both the parent and spunoff firms. This improvement in operating performance for the post-spinoff firms is expected to be higher when they are from highly different growth opportunity spinoffs. I find mixed evidence regarding market reaction, changes in investment policy, and changes in operating performance. The evidence that supports the capital misallocation hypothesis does not appear uniformly and consistently across the proxies for growth opportunities. However, there is evidence that both parent and spunoff firms benefit from a spinoff. The magnitude of the benefits is larger for spunoff firms than for parent firms. This is as expected because the capital misallocation problem may be reduced, but does not entirely disappear, in the parent firm.
Date: August 2001
Creator: Warganegara, Dezie L
Partner: UNT Libraries

Help him ... help yourself ... : for victory, at least 10% of your pay every payday.

Description: Color poster features black and white photographs, with large arrows containing captions pointing to each photo. The captions explain the benefits of war bonds. One photograph is of a soldier in a combat uniform, holding a rifle. The other photograph is of a man in a work shirt, doing mechanical work.
Date: unknown
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Opportunity's one knock.

Description: A woman (Opportunity) knocks on a door labeled W.S.S. with a knocker that has "THRIFT" on it. She holds a basket of money. Extended text in red and black fills most of the page; it is a quote by James J. Hill.
Date: unknown
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department