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Adequacy and Equity: How the Texas Supreme Court's Perceptions Have Changed Over the Past 50 Years

Description: The purpose of this study identifies state court cases involving public school finance specifically related to adequacy and equity in funding. Results address how state court cases have challenged the constitutionality of school finance in the United States, including Texas, over the last 50 years. The study further shows how the decisions from previous cases have influenced the Supreme Court of Texas decision in the Texas Taxpayer & Student Fairness litigation.
Date: May 2017
Creator: Ford, Daniel William
Partner: UNT Libraries

Food Equity

Description: Lesson plan containing a collection of activities and resources regarding the study of food that meet state education standards and national sustainability standards for the 7th grade level.
Date: June 26, 2014
Creator: Ibarra, Vanessa
Partner: UNT Office of Sustainability

Student Scores on Advanced Placement Exams: Gender Variables

Description: The results of the Advanced Placement exams given to students in 2006 were disaggregated according to gender. The level of performance was compared between males and females using Cohen's d. The standardized differences between male and female performance group levels were compared to previous results for the 1992 Advanced Placement (AP) exams. One purpose of this study was to determine whether or not the male-favored results that existed in 1992 still existed in the 2006. This study found that differences still exist in results based on gender and no real progress has been made in reducing the gap in achievement between males and females. A second purpose of this study was to compare and contrast the local data to the national data set to see if scores in Brazosport were similar to scores collected at the national level. To determine if similar results would be obtained at the local level the results of 267 Advanced Placement exams taken by 190 students from Brazsosport Independent School District in 2006 were disaggregated according to gender. The level of performance was compared between males and females using Hedge's g. Because of limited sample size, only 9 Advanced Placement exams were reviewed at the local level. This study found that the results from Brazosport were, in many cases, quite different from those found on the national level and there was no pattern to explain the variation among the differences. This study supports the collection of local data for monitoring gender bias that might exist on Advanced Placement exams. The data collected in the current study indicates that individual district progress in overcoming gender differences that historically have existed in specific scores on the AP exam might be overlooked if only national data is reviewed.
Date: December 2007
Creator: Brown, Staci Deanne
Partner: UNT Libraries

Equity of access: Exploring Internet connectivity within Oklahoma public schools.

Description: The purpose of this study was to ascertain if conditions or combinations of conditions existed within Oklahoma public schools that created inequities in the availability of classroom Internet connections. A stratified random sample of the 471 school districts was used to identify 300 specific schools for the purpose of data analysis. Data was gathered utilizing a database provided by the Oklahoma State Department of Education and a researcher developed questionnaire. The database provided data relating to four independent variables (region, district size, school type, and school size,). The dependent variable, percentage of classrooms connected to the Internet, was obtained by the researcher designed questionnaire. The state database also provided percentage information relating to students who qualify as minorities and qualify for free or reduced lunches. The data was tested using a series of ANOVAs and a Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient. The findings of the study are as follows: (a) The analysis of variance showed that none of the independent variables had a significant effect upon the percentage of classrooms connected to the Internet; (b) The Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient revealed little or no correlation between the percentage of disadvantaged or minority students and the percentage of classroom Internet connections.
Access: This item is restricted to UNT Community Members. Login required if off-campus.
Date: December 2004
Creator: Garrett, Galen
Partner: UNT Libraries

Characteristics of Successful Texas Schools Which Predict Components of an Adequate Education.

Description: The purpose of this study was to identify high performing school districts in Texas and to determine if there are different characteristics leading to the provision of an adequate education in high performing districts as compared to low performing districts. It specifically sought to determine which characteristics contributed most to an adequate education and used data from the Texas Academic Excellence Indicator System (AEIS) which chronicled scores on the Texas Assessment of Academic Skills (TAAS). The population for this study consisted of all 2001-2002 Texas public school districts with the exception of charter schools, special-purpose statutory districts, and state-administered districts, which resulted in using data from 1027 Texas school districts. Descriptive discriminant analysis was chosen as the method for statistical analysis. Data were obtained from the Texas Education Agency (TEA). Adequate and inadequate districts were analyzed according to eight variables. They were (1) taxable value per pupil, (2) the percentage of special education students, (3) the percentage of students coded as bilingual and ESL, (4) pupil-teacher ratio, (5) the size of the district, (6) the percentage of economically disadvantaged students in the district, (7) the district community type, such as rural or suburban, and (8) the total operating expenditures per pupil. Two analyses were conducted. The first analysis sought to determine the different characteristics between adequate districts (districts that scored 80% or above on the TAAS test) and inadequate districts (districts that scored 79% or below on the TAAS test). In order to determine these differences with a higher standard for adequacy, a second analysis was performed. The second analysis focused on districts deemed adequate by scoring 90% or above on the TAAS test compared to those districts deemed inadequate by scoring 69% and below. The eight variables accounted for 21% and 37% of the variance between groups respectively. For ...
Access: This item is restricted to UNT Community Members. Login required if off-campus.
Date: December 2005
Creator: Ryan, Robin S.
Partner: UNT Libraries

An Analysis of the Current Texas School Finance System to Determine to What Extent it Meets Criteria for Equity Concerning School Finances

Description: The main purpose of this study was to determine the effect of Texas House Bill 72 on equalization of finances in the public school districts of Texas. House Bill 72 is a finance reform bill which was passed by the Texas Legislature during the Summer of 1984. This study involves basically three steps. First, current criteria for equity as defined by school finance "experts" and recent definitive court decisions were determined. Second, financial data from the Texas Education Agency were statistically analyzed for the 1984-1985 school year. Third, the statistical analysis was used to determine if the current Texas school finance plan meets the current criteria for equity. The population used in the study was 1,068 school districts. Based on the findings of this study the following conclusions were drawn. 1. The use of a per capita flat grant by the Texas Public School Finance System contributes to the unequalizing of financial resources available to school districts. 2. School districts with greater property index values are required to exercise very little effort toward the support of their public schools. 3. School districts with high property index values tend to have lower effective tax rates and high per-pupil expenditures. 4. School districts of least wealth exercised substantially more local tax effort in support of educational programs in their schools than more wealthy school districts. 5. School districts with low property index values are almost entirely dependent upon the Foundation School Program monies to provide the educational opportunities available within the school district. 6. The disparities in local tax effort, per-pupil expenditures, and revenues are attributable primarily to the school district's heavy reliance on local property wealth. 7. A completely perfect system of equalization would be full state funding with monies distributed to districts on an educational needs basis.
Date: December 1986
Creator: Arrington, Ronald L. (Ronald Lee)
Partner: UNT Libraries

Equity

Description: Lesson plan containing a collection of activities and resources regarding equity that meet state education standards and national sustainability standards for the 5th grade level.
Date: June 26, 2014
Creator: Rodriguez, Kathia
Partner: UNT Office of Sustainability

Understanding Fair Trade

Description: Lesson plan containing a collection of activities and resources regarding the study of fair trade that meet state education standards and national sustainability standards for the 6th grade level.
Date: June 26, 2014
Creator: Ibarra, Vanessa
Partner: UNT Office of Sustainability

[News Clip: Home Equity]

Description: Video footage from the KXAS-TV/NBC station in Fort Worth, Texas, to accompany a news story. This story aired at 6:00 P.M.
Date: November 5, 1997
Creator: KXAS-TV (Television station : Fort Worth, Tex.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[News Clip: Home Equity]

Description: Video footage from the KXAS-TV/NBC station in Fort Worth, Texas, to accompany a news story. This story aired at 10:00 P.M.
Date: November 4, 1997
Creator: KXAS-TV (Television station : Fort Worth, Tex.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[News Clip: Equity]

Description: Video footage from the KXAS-TV/NBC station in Fort Worth, Texas, to accompany a news story.
Date: 1997
Creator: KXAS-TV (Television station : Fort Worth, Tex.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

Social Justice Models for Campus Engagement [Keynote]

Description: Video of the keynote for the 2017 UNT Equity & Diversity Conference. In this video, Melissa Harris-Perry discusses the questions educators face when engaging in social justice. This video also contains an introduction of the speaker by Shani Barrax Moore and video presentation introduced by Dr. Jacqueline Vickery of a student video project arguing for the need for diversity in faculty and staff.
Date: February 23, 2017
Creator: Harris-Perry, Melissa; Moore, Shani & Vickery, Jacqueline
Partner: UNT Libraries

2018 UNT Equity and Diversity Conference - Opening Statements

Description: This video contains opening remarks for the 2018 University of North Texas Equity and Diversity Conference. Joanne Woodard, Vice President of the Division of Institutional Equity & Diversity, along with Shani Barrax-Moore, Director of the Office of Diversity and Inclusion, introduce the conference and welcome the conference attendees. Presented by sponsor GCC Enterprises, UNT Housing and Residence Life receives the award for Inclusive Excellence.
Date: February 22, 2018
Creator: Woodard, Joanne & Barrax Moore, Shani
Partner: University of North Texas

2018 UNT Equity and Diversity Conference – Rosa Clemente, Keynote Speech

Description: This video contains the keynote speech for the 2018 University of North Texas Equity and Diversity Conference featuring Rosa Clemente, 2008 Green Party Vice Presidential candidate, community organizer, and journalist. From Harvard to prisons, Rosa has spent her life dedicated to scholar activism. She is the president and founder of Know Thy Self Productions, which has produced four major community activism tours and consults on issues such as Hip-Hope activism, media justice, voter engagement among youth of color, third party politics, intercultural relations between Black and Latinx, immigrants’ rights as an extension of human rights, and universal healthcare. During her keynote session, Clemente addresses identity intersectionality as a bridge to inclusion.
Date: February 22, 2018
Creator: Clemente, Rosa & Barrax Moore, Shani
Partner: University of North Texas

2018 Equity and Diversity Conference - Dr. Dafina-Lazarus (DL) Stewart, Social Justice Speaker

Description: This video contains the social justice keynote address for the 2018 University of North Texas Equity and Diversity Conference featuring Dr. Dafina-Lazarus (D-L) Stewart (PGPs: he, they, or ze) is professor in the School of Education and Tri-Chair of the Student Affairs in Higher Education program at Colorado State University. Over the course of his 17-year faculty career, ze has focused most intently on issues of race and ethnicity, sexuality, and gender, as well as religion, faith, and spirituality in their research, teaching, and service to professional organizations and institutions across the nation. In this session, Dr. Stewart speaks on navigating privilege and marginalization in building social justice competence.
Date: February 22, 2018
Creator: Stewart, D-L; Hobson, Kathleen & Attar, Nichol
Partner: University of North Texas

Continued Conversations: Women of Color and White Women in the Academy: Understanding White Privilege

Description: Video recording of Part Two of the Unlikely Allies in the Academy Series, hosted by the Office of Diversity and Inclusion for continued dialogue based upon the book "Unlikely Allies in the Academy: Women of Color and White Women in Conversation." Featuring Dr. Frances Kendall, this presentation paints a picture of white privilege by detailing what it is, who it involves, what it looks like, and other important aspects.
Date: April 20, 2017
Creator: Kendall, Frances E. & Barrax Moore, Shani
Partner: University of North Texas