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Congressional Commission on the Strategic Posture of the United States

Description: The bipartisan commission was tasked by Congress to "examine and make recommendations with respect to the long-term strategic posture of the United States." Chaired by former Secretary of Defense William J. Perry, Congress created the Commission as part of the National Defense Authorization Act of 2008. The final report, consisting of over one hundred findings and recommendations, was delivered to Congress and the White House on May 6, 2009.
Date: 2008
Creator: National Assessment of Vocational Education
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electronic Government: Performance Measures for Projects Aimed at Promoting Innovation and Transparency Can Be Improved

Description: A letter report issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "Congress enacted the Electronic Government (E-Gov) Act in 2002 to promote better use of the Internet and other information technologies (IT), thereby improving government services for citizens, internal government operations, and opportunities for citizen participation in government. Among other things, the act established the E-Gov Fund to support projects that expand the government's ability to carry out its activities electronically. The act also created the Office of Electronic Government within the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). The Administrator of this office is to assist the OMB Director in approving projects to be supported by the E-Gov Fund. The General Services Administration (GSA) is responsible for administering the fund and notifying Congress of how the funds are to be allocated to projects approved by OMB. GAO was asked to (1) identify and describe the projects supported by the E-Gov Fund, including the distribution of fiscal year 2010 funds among the projects and their expected benefits; and (2) for selected projects, identify their progress against goals. To do this, GAO reviewed project and funding documentation, analyzed project goals, and interviewed agency officials.."
Date: September 23, 2011
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electronic Government: Federal Agencies Continue to Invest in Smart Card Technology

Description: A letter report issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "Smart cards--plastic devices about the size of a credit card--use integrated circuit chips to store and process data, much like a computer. Among other uses, these devices can provide security for physical assets and information by helping to verify the identity of people accessing buildings and computer systems. They can also support functions such as tracking immunization records or storing cash value for electronic purchases. Government adoption of smart card technology is being facilitated by the General Services Administration (GSA), which has implemented a governmentwide Smart Card Access Common ID contract, which federal agencies can use to procure smart card products and services. GAO was asked to update information that it reported in January 2003 on the progress made by the federal government in promoting smart card technology. Specific objectives were to (1) determine the current status of smart card projects identified in GAO's last review, (2) identify and determine the status of projects initiated since the last review, and (3) identify integrated agencywide smart card projects currently under way. To accomplish these objectives, GAO surveyed the 24 major federal agencies. In commenting on a draft of this report, officials from GSA and the Office of Management and Budget generally agreed with its content."
Date: September 8, 2004
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electronic Government: Smart Card Usage is Advancing Among Federal Agencies, Including the Department of Veterans Affairs

Description: Testimony issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "The federal government is interested in the use of smart cards--credit card-like devices that use integrated circuit chips to store and process data--for improving the security of its many physical and information assets. Besides providing better authentication of the identities of people accessing buildings and computer systems, smart cards offer a number of other potential benefits and uses, such as creating electronic passenger lists for deploying military personnel and tracking immunization and other medical records. Over the past 2 years, GAO has studied and reported on the uses of smart cards across the federal government. Congress requested that GAO testify on federal agencies' efforts in adopting smart card technology--based on the results of this prior work--and on the specific actions that the Department of Veterans Affairs is taking to implement smart card technology."
Date: October 6, 2004
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electronic Government: Selection and Implementation of the Office of Management and Budget's 24 Initiatives

Description: A letter report issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "In the President's Management Agenda, a key element for reforming the federal government is the expansion of electronic government (e-government)--that is, the use of technology, particularly the Internet, to enhance access to government information and services. Accordingly, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) established a task force to select and manage strategic e-government initiatives. GAO was asked to review the completeness of information used for choosing and overseeing these initiatives."
Date: November 22, 2002
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electronic Government: Progress and Challenges in Implementing the Office of Personnel Management's Initiatives

Description: Testimony issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "Electronic government (e-government) refers to the use of information technology (IT), including Web-based Internet applications, to enhance access to and delivery of government information and services, as well as to improve the internal efficiency and effectiveness of the federal government. The Office of Personnel Management (OPM) is managing five e-government initiatives whose goal is to transform the way OPM oversees the government's human capital functions. These 5 initiatives are among 25 identified by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) as foremost in the drive toward egovernment transformation. The 25 initiatives have ambitious goals, including eliminating redundant, nonintegrated business operations and systems and improving service to citizens by an order of magnitude. Achieving these results, according to OMB, could produce billions of dollars in savings from improved operational efficiency. In today's testimony, among other things, GAO identifies the challenges facing OPM as it moves forward in implementing the five human capital initiatives."
Date: September 23, 2003
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electronic Government: Challenges to the Adoption of Smart Card Technology

Description: Testimony issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "The federal government is increasingly interested in the use of smart cards--credit-card-like devices that use integrated circuit chips to store and process data--for improving the security of its many physical and information assets. Besides better authentication of the identities of people accessing buildings and computer systems, smart cards offer a number of potential benefits and uses, such as creating electronic passenger lists for deploying military personnel, and tracking immunization and other medical records. Earlier this year, GAO reported on the use of smart cards across the federal government (GAO-03-144). GAO was asked to testify on the results of this work, including the challenges to successful adoption of smart cards throughout the federal government, as well as the government's progress in promoting this smart card adoption."
Date: September 9, 2003
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electronic Government: Federal Initiatives Are Evolving Rapidly But They Face Significant Challenges

Description: Testimony issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed the evolving electronic government (e-government) environment, focusing on: (1) the statutory and policy framework; (2) key efforts to implement electronic government programs; and (3) the major challenges confronting both government and the private sector in making the transition to online business and service environments."
Date: May 22, 2000
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electronic Government: Better Information Needed on Agencies' Implementation of the Government Paperwork Elimination Act

Description: A letter report issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "The Government Paperwork Elimination Act requires federal agencies to give the public the option by October 2003 of submitting, maintaining, and disclosing required information in electronic rather than paper format. The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) is responsible for overseeing executive branch efforts to comply with the act. Although the October 2000 implementation plans contained much useful information, GAO also found omissions and inconsistencies. Electronic options for many activities are not planned until 2003 at the earliest, and electronic options for other activities are not scheduled at all. As a result, many agencies are at risk of failing the meet the act's deadlines. The October 2000 implementation plans did not provide enough information on agencies' strategic actions, such as prioritizing conversions on the basis of achievability and net benefit, that would minimize the risk of noncompliance. Given these shortcomings, OMB's oversight efforts will be challenging. Without better information, agency progress in achieving the act's goals cannot be accurately assessed."
Date: September 28, 2001
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electronic Government: Implementation of the Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006

Description: A letter report issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "The Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006 (FFATA) is intended to increase the transparency of and accountability for the over $1 trillion that federal agencies award each year in contracts, loans, grants, and other awards. Among other things, the act required the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) to establish, no later than January 1, 2008, a publicly accessible Web site containing data on federal awards. The act also authorized OMB to issue guidance to federal agencies on reporting award data and instructs agencies to comply with that guidance. OMB launched the site (www.USAspending.gov) in December 2007. GAO's objectives were to determine the extent to which (1) OMB is complying with FFATA requirements to make federal award data available, (2) federal agencies are reporting required award data, and (3) inconsistencies exist between data on the Web site and records at federal agencies. To do this, GAO reviewed FFATA requirements and OMB guidance, interviewed OMB and agency officials, and examined a sample of awards reported to OMB."
Date: March 12, 2010
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electronic Government: Federal Agencies Have Made Progress Implementing the E-Government Act of 2002

Description: A letter report issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "The E-Government Act (E-Gov Act) of 2002 was enacted with the general purpose of promoting better use of the Internet and other information technologies to improve government services for citizens, internal government operations, and opportunities for citizen participation in government. Among other things, the act specifically requires the establishment of the Office of Electronic Government within the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) to oversee implementation of the act's provisions and mandates a number of specific actions, such as the establishment of interagency committees, completion of several studies, submission of reports with recommendations, issuance of a variety of guidance documents, establishment of new policies, and initiation of pilot projects. Further, the act requires federal agencies to take a number of actions, such as conducting privacy impact assessments, providing public access to agency information, and allowing for electronic access to rulemaking proceedings. OMB has linked several of the act's provisions to ongoing e-government initiatives that it has sponsored. While some deadlines specified in the act have passed, many required actions do not have statutory deadlines or have deadlines that have not yet passed. This report responds to a Congressional request that we review the implementation status of major provisions from Titles I and II of the E-Gov Act."
Date: December 10, 2004
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electronic Government: Government Paperwork Elimination Act Presents Challenges for Agencies

Description: A letter report issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Government Paperwork Elimination Act (GPEA) and how it enables citizens to interact with the federal government electronically, focusing on: (1) the status of the Office of Management and Budget's (OMB) efforts to develop guidance implementing GPEA; and (2) major challenges or impediments that might affect successful GPEA implementation."
Date: September 15, 2000
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electronic Government: Planned e-Authentication Gateway Faces Formidable Development Challenges

Description: A letter report issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "For on-line government services that involve sensitive information, such as financial or personal information, it is important to be able to confirm the identity of potential users. This confirmation process, known as authentication, is crucial for security and user confidence. The General Services Administration (GSA) is developing an "e-Authentication gateway," which is to provide a consolidated electronic authentication service to support the e-government initiatives sponsored by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). The figure depicts schematically how the gateway process would work. GAO was asked to (1) assess GSA's progress in implementing the proposed initiative and (2) identify the challenges associated with implementing the gateway."
Date: September 12, 2003
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electronic Government: Potential Exists for Enhancing Collaboration on Four Initiatives

Description: A letter report issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "In accordance with the President's management agenda, the Office of Management and Budget has sponsored initiatives to promote expansion of electronic government--the use of information technology, particularly Web-based Internet applications, to enhance government services. Each initiative demands a high degree of collaboration among organizations. For four of these initiatives, GAO was asked to determine, among other things, their implementation progress and the extent of collaboration among agencies and other parties involved."
Date: October 10, 2003
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electronic Government: Initiatives Sponsored by the Office of Management and Budget Have Made Mixed Progress

Description: Testimony issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "One of the five priorities in the President's Management Agenda is the expansion of electronic (e-) government--the use of Internet applications to enhance access to and delivery of government information and services. To this end, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has sponsored 25 high-profile e-government initiatives. The initiatives were selected on the basis of value to citizens, potential improvement in agency efficiency, and the likelihood of being deployed within 18 to 24 months. In May 2002, a total of 91 objectives were set for these initiatives. At the request of Congress, GAO assessed the progress of the initiatives in addressing these 91 objectives as well as key challenges they have faced."
Date: March 24, 2004
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Access America E-Gov E-Zine

Description: Access America E-Gov E-Zine tells the stories of how federal employees are using information technology to deliver services to the American people and to improve their own productivity. Their work captures the vision of Vice President Al Gore in his book, Access America: Reengineering Through Information Technology.
Date: January 3, 2001
Creator: Woods, Greg & Wood, Patricia
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electronic Government: Opportunities and Challenges Facing the FirstGov Web Gateway

Description: Testimony issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "This testimony discusses what can be accomplished with FirstGov.gov and identifies challenges that should be addressed as it continues to be developed and refined. Under FirstGov, an important and previously unavailable capability--searching the entire government's web pages--was rapidly and successfully put into place. The FirstGov Board of Directors needs to address the following four issues: (1) improving site security, (2) assessing and acting upon information in the Fed-Search database that might facilitate malicious activity, (3) addressing issues regarding private sector sponsorship, and (4) developing plans for the future. An overall management plan for FirstGov.gov would be a useful vehicle for setting expectations about what general functions are likely to be achievable for FirstGov in the near term, how the site will be managed on an ongoing basis, and how progress toward the larger goals set forth in the President's December 1999 memorandum will be measured."
Date: October 2, 2000
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electronic Government: Selected Agency Plans for Implementing the Government Paperwork Elimination Act

Description: Testimony issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "The Government Paperwork Elimination Act (GPEA) requires that by 2003 federal agencies provide the public the option of submitting, maintaining, and disclosing required information--such as employment records, tax forms, and loan applications--electronically, instead of on paper. In October 2000, federal agencies submitted GPEA implementation plans to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), which is responsible for executive branch oversight of GPEA. The plans submitted by the the Department of the Treasury and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) generally provide the kind of information that was specified in OMB's July 2000 guidance. However, the Department of Defense's (DOD) plan did not describe the department's overall GPEA strategy and, in some cases, the data provided for specific information collections may be inaccurate, incomplete or duplicative. Officials at all three agencies said that they faced challenges in complying with GPEA, particularly with regard to implementing adequate security assurances for sensitive electronic transactions and in planning for and implementing computer network infrastructures. Furthermore, OMB will be challenged in providing oversight of agency GPEA activities because the plans submitted by the agencies go not document key strategic actions, nor do they specify when they will be undertaken. Taken in isolation, the plans do not provide enough information to assess agencies' progress in meeting the objectives of the act. OMB may wish to require agencies to report on major agencywide activities, including specific planned tasks and milestones and the rationale for adopting them."
Date: June 21, 2001
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electronic Government: Success of the Office of Management and Budget's 25 Initiatives Depends on Effective Management and Oversight

Description: Testimony issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "A key element of the President's Management Agenda is the expansion of electronic government (e-government) to enhance access to information and services, particularly through the Internet. In response, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) established a task force that selected a strategic set of initiatives to lead this expansion. GAO previously reviewed the completeness of the information used for choosing and overseeing these initiatives, including business cases and funding plans."
Date: March 13, 2003
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Texas Tax Reform Commission

Description: The Texas Tax Reform Commission (TTRC) was a bipartisan group of 24 Texans who developed proposals to modernize the state tax system and provide long-term property tax relief as well as sound financing for public schools. Governor Rick Perry directed the Commission to make recommendations on how to reform the state's business tax structure and provide significant property tax relief. Both goals are essential to promoting long-term economic growth and ensuring a stable, long-term source of revenue for public education. Accordingly. the Commission presented its final Report in March, 2006 and the recommendations not only address the Governor's directive, but also meet later court-mandated improvements in how Texas funds its schools.
Date: 2006
Creator: Texas Tax Reform Commission
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

President's Commission on the United States Postal Service

Description: The Commission's objective was to advise the President on the state of the United States Postal Service, prepare a report articulating a vision for the future of the United States Postal Service, and recommend the legislative and administrative steps necessary to enact reform needed to ensure the viability of postal services. Much has changed since the nation last revisited its mail system in 1970, most notably the rise of the Internet as a faster and more affordable communications alternative. Accordingly, the Commission final recommendations aim to tailor the Postal Service to the modern mail needs of the country and focus the institution on "best execution" in all aspects of its operations. The report concluded that a revitalized 21st century Postal Service-one that makes best use of every resource it has and takes full advantage of private-sector partnerships and new technologies-can serve as a prime example of how to enhance the quality and cost effectiveness of operations throughout the Federal government.
Date: 2003
Creator: Commission on the United States Postal Service
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Return to Flight Task Group

Description: On June 13, 2003 the NASA Administrator appointed two vetereran astronauts to lead an external task group in an independent assessment of the agency's "Return to Flight" efforts and to help the nation return the Space Shuttle safely to flight. On August 17th, 2005, the task group completed its work with the delivery of a final report to the NASA Administrator.
Date: 2003
Creator: Return to Flight Task Group
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electronic Government: Funding of the Office of Management and Budget's Initiatives

Description: A letter report issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "In accordance with the President's Management Agenda, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has sponsored initiatives to promote electronic government--the use of information technology, such as Web-based Internet applications, to enhance government services. Generally, these "e-gov" initiatives do not have direct appropriations but depend on a variety of funding sources, including monetary contributions from participating agencies. GAO was asked to review the funding of e-gov initiatives that relied on such contributions: specifically, to determine, for fiscal years 2003 and 2004, whether agencies made contributions in the amounts planned and to determine the timing of these contributions."
Date: April 25, 2005
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electronic Government: Challenges Must Be Addressed With Effective Leadership and Management

Description: A statement of record issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "Advances in the use of information technology (IT) and the Internet continue to change the way that federal agencies communicate, use and disseminate information, deliver services, and do business. Electronic government (e-government) refers to the use of technology, particularly web-based Internet applications, to enhance the access to and delivery of government information and service to citizens, business partners, employees, other agencies, and entities. This testimony discusses the status of federal e-government initiatives, the key challenges facing the government in implementing these initiatives, and the chief information officer (CIO) approach proposed by the E-Government Act of 2001. GAO found that federal agencies have launched an array of e-government applications, including using the Internet to collect and disseminate information and forms; buy goods and services; submit bids and proposals; and apply for licenses, grants, and benefits. Many of these initiatives have the potential to increase the speed and efficiency with which citizens and businesses interact with the government. However, the government faces several challenges in transitioning to an electronic environment. Among other issues, the government must minimize the risks associated with the dissemination of personal information and maintain a focus on the needs of citizens accessing government Web sites. The E-Government Act of 2001 would create a federal CIO who would address these challenges. The CIO would provide the strong central leadership role needed to provide guidance to federal agencies concerning information resources and technology management."
Date: July 11, 2001
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department