Search Results

The Effects of Music Training on Electroencephalographic Coherence of Preschool Children

Description: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of music training on electroencephalographic (EEG) coherence of preschool children. EEG coherence is a measurement of brain wave activity that reflects anatomical and neurophysiological parameters and functional connectivity between areas of the brain. Participants were 4- to 6-year-old children divided into two groups: one received music training for 20 minutes twice a week for 10 weeks while the other group served as controls. Nineteen channels of EEG data were collected from each child pre- and post-training. Data were collected from three conditions: eyes-open resting, listening to music, and performing the Object Assembly subtest of the Weschler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence - Revised (1989). The hypothesis was that the music training group would show increased EEG coherence as compared to controls. The EEG data was reduced into seven bandwidths and analyzed separately for each condition. Multiple ANCOVAs were used to factor out pre-test variability and to maximize connectivity changes between the two groups. The dependent measures were the post-QEEG electrode pairs and the covariates were the pre-QEEG electrode pairs. Results indicated the eyes-open and listening to music conditions showed more significant changes between the groups than the Object Assembly condition. Overall, each condition showed increased connectivity for the music training group versus controls. The eyes-open condition differentiated children with and without music training during a resting condition, and showed similar patterns as those identified by other researchers comparing musicians versus nonmusicians. The listening to music condition identified connections including a topographical pattern of auditory analysis, increased working memory activation, increased activity between musically sensitive areas, and increased interhemispheric activity. Findings with the Object Assembly condition were not as robust as expected. However, patterns of increased connectivity associated with visuospatial processing were found with the music training group.
Date: August 1999
Creator: DeBeus, Roger J. (Roger John)
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Dynamics of EEG Entropy

Description: This article discusses the dynamics of EEG entropy.
Date: March 5, 2009
Creator: Ignaccolo, Massimiliano; Latka, Miroslaw; Jernajczyk, Wojciech; Grigolini, Paolo & West, Bruce J.
Item Type: Article
Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences

Evaluating player task engagement and arousal using electroencephalography

Description: This paper from the 6th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics and the Affiliated Conference, AHFE 2015 conference proceedings coordinate task engagement data with arousal-valence data for application to expressive transformations to video game play in real time by tuning different performance parameters in an Engagement-Arousal rule system.
Date: October 23, 2015
Creator: McMahan, Timothy; Parberry, Ian & Parsons, Thomas D.
Item Type: Article
Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences