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Effects of O2, Ar, and H2 gases on the field-emission properties of single-walled and multiwalled carbon nanotubes

Description: In this article, the authors compare the effects of O2, Ar, and H2 gases on the field-emission (FE) properties of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) and multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs).
Date: September 17, 2001
Creator: Wadhawan, Atul; Stallcup, Richard E.; Stephens, Kenneth F.; Pérez, José M. & Akwani, Ikerionwu A.
Item Type: Article
Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences

Rediscovery of the Elements: The Noble Gases--Rayleigh and Ramsay

Description: Article describing the discovery of argon, helium, and other inert gases by Lord Rayleigh, Sir William Ramsay, and other collaborators. Ramsay also characterized the noble gases and classified them within the structure of the Periodic Table of Elements.
Date: Autumn 2012
Creator: Marshall, James L., 1940- & Marshall, Virginia R.
Item Type: Article
Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences

Gas-Cooled Reactor Project Quarterly Progress Report: June 1960

Description: Report documenting ongoing research and developments at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Gas-Cooled Reactor Project. Design Investigations: The effects on the power distribuestablished. A mathematical model was developed for studying shifting of the coolant stream as it moves along a rod in order to predict the temperatures of the parallel streams as they progress through the reactor. A fuelelement life code developed for computing the internal temperature structure, the amount of fission gas released, the internal pressure, the cladding strain when the internal pressure exceeds the coolant pressure, and the creep damage was used for comparing top-loading and inventedloading fuel programs for the EGCR. A statistical method was developed for estimating the probability that the hot spot on the EGCR fuel element will exceed a given temperature. A method of cooling the EGCR control rods was developed that will minimize diversion of coolant flow through leakage paths between graphite blocks. A preliminary design of a control rod cooled by this method was developed. Means for reducing the thermal stresses in the top head nozzles of the EGCR pressure vessel were studied. The stresses in the graphite sleeves of the EGCR fuel elements were calculated, and the maximum stress was found to be within the allowable limit. A study was made of the thermal stresses in the EGCR pressure-vessel support skirt, and a satisfactory design was developed. Procedures for removing ruthenium and cerium contamination from steel were outlined and incorporated in procedures for decontaminating the EGCR charge and service machines. Experimental information was obtained on the thermal characteristics of the specified EGCR fuel cluster. The effect of relative orientation of adjacent clusters on the heattransfer distribution in the downstream element was studied by means of mass-removal measurements on naphthalene-coated reds. Velocity distributions in the downstream element of two adjacent EGCR-type clusters ...
Date: August 22, 1960
Creator: Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department